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Publication numberUS1622397 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 29, 1927
Filing dateSep 25, 1922
Priority dateSep 25, 1922
Publication numberUS 1622397 A, US 1622397A, US-A-1622397, US1622397 A, US1622397A
InventorsHerman Schlaich
Original AssigneeHerman Schlaich
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1622397 A
Abstract  available in
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 29 1927' H. scHLAlcl-i li r TUBING Filed Sent. 25. 1922 other purposes where fluid or gai j will protect A ing,

Patented Mar. 29, 1927.



Application led September 25, 19,22. Serial No. 590,276.

This invention relates to tubing intended particularly for use as transmission tubing for thermometers of the distance type, detector tubing for tire alarm systems. or fol` filled transmission tubes mav be employed. The invention is hereinafter shown and described as embodied in an improved article,.which maybe considered as an improvement upon Y the article described in my co-pending application, Serial No. 227,754, filed April 10, 1918 for improvements in small bore tubing and the making of the same.

The general object of the present invention is to provide for small-size or capillary tubing, an improved form of casing which the tubing and will, at the same time, permit the tubing to be bent as desired without danger of kinking sharply enough to be closed.

The invention is particularly useful in connection with capillary tubing of the kind having longitudinally extending rib-like projections on its exterior` and is shown and described as applied to tubing of that character but its utility is by no means confined to such tubing. Generally speaking, the invention is characterized bythe provision of a covering of braided wire around the tubsaid wire being preferablv so braided that interstices are left between the wires. When a. coveringr of braided wire of the kind mentioned is used on capillary tubing of the kindprovided with longitudinally ex tending rib-like projections on its exterior, the braided wire makes contact with the tops of the rib-like projections, and spaces are left on each side of said rib-like projections between the tubing and the braided covering. The, existence of this space not only permits air passingthru the braided covering to circulate in contact with the tubing, but also gives the effect of a braided covering cushion upon the tubing. This last. mentioned effect increases the protection afforded by he braided covering. since the latter is free totyield .slightly when it is subject to pressure or a blow as it may ofte-n be during installation of the covered tubing. Moreover, a covering of braided Wire of the kind mentioned also protects capillary tubing from ciystallizingl and fracturing when it is lsubjected to constant jarring as it may be when installed in certain locations. 4The braided covering itself does not crystallize and fracture even when subjected to extreme jarring, and it exerts enough cushioning action upon the tubing so that the latter does not crystallize.

The invention will'be understood from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing in which Figure 1 is an elevat-ion on an enlarged scale of a piece of tubing embodying the invention; Figure 2 is a sectional view thru the covered tubing on the line II-II of Figure 1.

. Referring to the drawing, the soft metal tubing 5 is shown as of the general kind disclosed in my aforesaid co-pending application, said tubing being of capillary size and having longitudinally extending rib-like projections 6. Surrounding the tubing, and braided thereon, is a soft metal covering of Wires 7, preferably of copper. As shown, the wires 7 are arranged in pairs and these pairs are rather loosel braided so that interstices are left in the braiding between the pairs of wires enabling the covering to bend readily. As clearly shown in Figure 2. the braided covering is in contact with the projections 6 of the capillary tubing, thereby leaving spaces on each side of the ribs 6 between the tubing 5 and the braided covering, with the advantageous results hereinbefore described.

Tubing made up` and covered as has been described has been found to be a remarkable improvement over anything heretofore available for the purpose. The outer braided covering is so flexible that it is practically impossible to injure it during installation of the instrument. or when the instrument is in use. It is not affected by excessive vibration, such as is found in airplanes. It forms a protect-ive sheath or cover which encloses and supports the inner 'capillary tubing and therefore the likelihood of breaking the latter is very remote. When the covered tubing `is bent, the braiding readily stretches at the outside ofthe bend, and compresses on the inside, thereby avoiding placing a longitudinalstress on the capillary tube and preventing the making of too sharp bends in the tubing which would rupture or weaken its thin walls. Theyielding nature of the covcring effectively cushions the capillary tubing. j.

The covering is axially compressible and stretchable to a considerable extent, on account of the loose Way in which it is braided, and may readily be pushed back along the lin vl. A transmission tubing -for pressure re sponsive instruments, comprising a. capillary tubing having a covering inthe form of a braided Wire sheath sufficiently flexible to tubing having 20 4itively preventing bending permit bending the tubing but so proportioned and constructed With reference to the size and boreof the tubing as to make it impossible to kink the tubing sharply enough to close the bore thereof.

2. A transmission tubing for pressure responsive instruments,

longitudinally extending riblike projections on its exterior, .and having a sheath or covering in the form of a braided wire tube suiciently flexible to permit bending the tubing and sufficiently strongto protect thecapillary tub-ing against injury, but capable of positively prevent-ing bending of the tubing 3. In i combinati n corrugated capillary tubing and a flexible inelastic braided-covering for said capillary-tubing, capable, of posof the tubing sharply enough to close the bore of the tubing:

comprising a capillary sharply enough to close the boreof the tubing.

4. In combination, a soft metallic capillaryl tubing and a flexible metallic braided covering for said capillary tubing, said braided covering having interstices to permit longitudinal movement of a portion of the coveringrelative to the 'capillary tubing, and

, belngconstructed of soft enough metal to avoid il'ijuring the tubing. when such movement occurs.

5. In combination, a metallicA capillary tube of such soft and pliable metal that it is easily scratched or indented, and of such small cross section that it/i's easily bent and 1s easily broken oil Where scratched, by bending` due to vibration or other causes, and is also Yapt to bekinked accidentally, the bore of said tube being so fine that `it is apt to be permanently closed by kinking, and a flexible, inelastic, shockabsorbing, extensible wire braid armor sheath of soft metal enclosing the tube and forming a protective cover for guarding the' tube against contact with other objects, but suiciently loose upon the tube to permit a limited creeping of the tube Within it to accommodate bending, and of soft enough meta] to avoid injury to thea tube by such creepinog-said braid being freelybendable and not disposed to recover its .original shape when bent, but being so constructed and proportioned withreference to the tube as *to make it'impossible to kink the tube sharply enough to close the bore thereof.

In testimony whereof I have ailixed my signature to this specification.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2661025 *Apr 3, 1948Dec 1, 1953Hoover CoFlexible hose
US4345624 *Nov 2, 1981Aug 24, 1982Gould Inc.Blow-out guard for high-pressure hoses
US4682713 *Feb 22, 1985Jul 28, 1987Microcare Chemical CorporationPressurized fluid remote-dispenser and assembly including the same
US5340508 *Oct 25, 1993Aug 23, 1994Clean-Flo Laboratories, Inc.Aeration system and method
U.S. Classification138/110, 138/124, 138/44, 138/139, 174/128.1, 138/114, 138/40
International ClassificationF16L11/14, F16L11/00
Cooperative ClassificationF16L11/14
European ClassificationF16L11/14