US 1622647 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
In 0672 07". Carl 2. J acz ison.
March 1927' c. w. JACKSON HAIR TRIMMING APPLIANCE Flled Apnl 29, 1926 Patented Mar. 29, 1927.
UNITED STATES CARL W. JACKSON, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
Application filed April 29, 1926. Serial No. 105,437.
This invention has to do with improvements in appliances for use in connection with hair trimming. More particularly, it has to do with improvements in devices for assisting the barber in trimming hair'ior what is known as hair-bobbing. The device herein disclosed is intended especially for use in the trimming of womens and girls hair, but it will appear that the device is not limited to this class of service.
One oi the objects of the invention is to provide a device for indicating to the barber the proper line oi trim in order to produce a hair trim of predetermined shape or style; also, in this connection, to provide an arrangement which will greatly assist the barber in securing a perfectly uniform and even trim and one which is preferably symmetrical.
A further object is to provide a device which can be readily adjusted to the individual head whether large or small, or of \Vl'lttt-GVGI shape, so as to secure the desired shape or style for the individual. In this connection, it is an object to provide means for setting the guard elements either up or down depending upon the desired cutting edge.
A further feature of the invent-ion relates to the provision of a sectionalized guard,
so arranged that the side sections may be used interchangeably with diiierent back sections. This will make it possible to use the same simple and inexpensive outlit for securing numerous styles oi trim and for many different sizes and shapes of head.
Other objects anduses oi the invention will appear from a detailed description of the same, which consists in the features of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter described and claimed.
In the drawing,-
Fig. 1 shows a side elevation of a girls head, showing by dotted lines the guard applied thereto, including only the skull cap and side guard, but not the back section, the guard itself being shown in dotted lines;
Fig. 2 shows a back view corresponding to Fig. 1, but with the back section in place and the side guards removed;
Fig. 3 shows a plan view of the skull cap;
Fig. 4 shows a side elevation correspond ing to Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 shows a face View of a front-section guard for trimming bangs;
Fig. 6 shows a top view Fig 5;
Fig. 7 shows a face view of a back section for trimming the neck in one form of trim;
Fig. 8 is a cross section on the line 8-8 of Fig. 7, looking in the direction of the arrows;
. Fig. 9 is a cross section on the line 9-9 of Fig. 8, looking in the direction of the arrows, but on an enlarged scale;
Fig. 10 shows the two side guard sections;
Fig. 11 shows an edge view corresponding to the right-hand guard of Fig 10;
Fig. 12 shows a fragmentary cross section on the line 12-12 of Fig. l, looking in the direction of the arrows, but on an enlarged scale;
Fig. 13 shows a fragmentary cross section 011 the line l3-13 of Fig. 10, looking in the direction of the arrows, but on an enlarged scale;
Fig. l l is a View of a back guard for trimming the neck in another form of trim;
Fig. 15 is a view or a back section for corresponding to trimming the neck in still another form of trim; I
Fig. 16 is a view oi a back section for trimming the neck in still another form of trim;
Fig. 1'? is a view of a back section for trimming the neck in still another form of trim.
Referring first to Figs. 1, 2, 3 and 4, I provide a skull cap 20, preferably of light and loose texture such as netting, and shaped to conform more or less to the shapeqot' the upper portion of the head. This skull cap is provided with a series of radiating ribs 21, preferably of flexible material, such as whalebone, thin steel, etc. The ribs are suitably attached to the netting,either by running them between double thicknesses of netting or by sewing, or in any other convenient manner. The ribs themselves are preferably curved and formed so that they tend to draw the lower portion of the cap firmly around the skull and temples of the wearer, as Will be clearly evident from Fig. 4. If desired, the lower edge 22 of the netting may be reinforced by establishing a double or triple thickness thereof, together with suitable lines for stitching, but without too much interference with the free expansion of said lower edge when the skull cap is forced down over the head.
- proper limits of trim.
In conjunction with the skull cap itself, I provide. a series of guards, which are detachably connected to the skull cap, and the lower edges of which guards define the Preferably, I pro vicle one or more back guards of desirel shape, together with a pair of side guards. If desired, the side guards may be directly incorporated with the back guard, but by having these parts s parately made, I may be able to get greater flexibility and a wider range of usefulness with a given number of sections.
in Fig. 7, I show a b ck guard for triniming the neck in one form of trim. This guard is preferably made of light material, such as netting, and includes a plaque havingits upper edge preferably reinforced by a double or treble thickness of the fabric, or even, in some cases, by a light whalebone or the like. The lower edge 25 of this section is formed on the proper curvature to define the desired trimming limit. In the case of Fig. 7, the 1 wer center of the guard comes to a point 26. The sides 27 and 28 of thisguard will reach around to points somewhat behind the ear of the wearer.
The back guard 23 may be connected to the skull cap in any convenient manner, but I prefer to use snapping devices such as ordinary glove buttoners. For this purpose, one section of each glove buttoner is secured to a ribof'the skull cap, and the other section tothe upper edge of the guard 23. Thus, for example, the studs Ell-may be secured to the ribs and the button elements 30 to the guard. With this arrangementit is only a moments work to snap the guard on to the skull cap if the latter is in place on the wearer.
In order to provide for vertical adjustability of the guard 28, I may provide several of: the studs 29 placed at different vertical positions on. the ribs. in the arrangement shown. in Figs. 1 to 4k, inclusive, there are threesetsof these studs, so that it is possible to set the guards at three different elevations.
In order to define the trimming limits for the side portions of the head, the guard 23 may be provided with side extensions; but ordinarily I prefer to make use of separate sidesections 31 and 32, such il ustrated in Figs. 10 and 11. Each of these is provided with buttoners on its upper edge tofasten to the skull cap; and the back edges 83 of these side guards are adapted to cooperate With the front. edgesQT and Q8 of the back guard so as to establish he. necessary continuity of the. guards.
If desired, there may beprovided a front section for trimming. bangs. Such a front SQCtiOIlBl is shown in Figs. 5v and (3. It is relatively shallow, and its upper edge is like- Wise provided with. suitable buttoners to fasten on to the front portion of the skull cap.
In Figs. 14, 15, 16 and 17 are shown modilied forms of back guards for giving trims of different shapes, but manifestly the shape of the trim is entirely optional with the designer, and it is possible to produce an infinite number of different shapes of trims.
While I have herein shown and described only certain embodiments of the features of my present invention, still I do not intend to limit myself thereto except as I may do so in the claims.
1. As a new article of manufacture a de vice of the class described comprising a skull cap for the upper portion of the head and having spring means for secure engagement with the head, a guard for the lower portion of the back of the head having its lower edge suitably formed to correspond with a desired trim line for hair trimming, a. pair of side guards for the sides of ihe head having their lower edges adapted to reg or with the ad acent lower edge poi-- tions of the back guard to establish conti1urations of the trim line aforesaid, suitable button on the upper portions of the back and side guards, and a plurality of series of cooperating buttoners on the lower portion the skull cap located at diflercnt distances from the lower edge of the skull cap, whereby the guards may be set at different ole a tions as desired, substantially described.
2. As a new article of manufacture a device of the class described comprising a skull cap for the upper portion of the head and having spring means for secure engagement with the head, a guard for the lower portion of the back of the head having its lower edge suitably formed to correspond with a desired trim line for hair trimming, a pair of side guards forthe sideso'l? the head having their lower edges adapted to register with the adjacent lower edge portions of the back guard to establish continuations of the trim line aforesaid, suitable buttoners on the upper portions of the back and side guards. and co-operating buttoners onthe lower portion of the skull cap, substantially as described.
3. As a new article of manufacture a device of the class described comprising a skull cap for the upper portion of the head and having spring means for secure engagement with the head, a guard for the lower portion of the back of the head having its lower edge suitably formed to correspond with a desired trim line for hair trimming, a pair of side g-.ards for the sides of the head having their lower edges adapted to reg ster with the adjacent lower edge portions of the back guard. toestablish continuations of the trim line aforesaid, and suitable means for detachably connecting the guards to the slzull cap, substantially as described.
CARL .V. JACl' lSONv IOU