US 1623466 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April s; -19.27'.
c. DI MARTINO lET AL COIN GONTROLLED MEQHANISM '2 vSheets-Sheet 1 Original Filed Jan. 13, 1926- WITNESS v I "A7TOIINEL `2 sheets-sheet 2 Apr 7 .c. DI MARTINQ E1' Al.
yGOIN CONTROLLED MECHANISM original Filed Jan. 13, 192s Patented pr. 5,' 1927.
- teniet/- eaifear CARMELO :or MARTINO AND EDWARD Linnanisr, or PATEESOMNEW JERSEY. l v
Original application lecl January 13, 1926, Serial No. 80,940. Divided and this application filed-'May l yOur present applicationy is adivision of our application for Letter-s Patent for im` provements in vending machines Serial No. 80,940, andy the invention herein set forth consists in improved.coin-controlled mechanism for use in vconnection with vending machines and the like.V l
.Fig. l is ar front elevation of a vending machine embodying our improvements;
Fig', 2 is a horizontal section on the yline 2 2 in Fig. l of the-right hand portion of` the machine;l l
Fig. 3 is a right side elevation; l y .Fig. 4 is a yfragmentary lsection on line 4 4, Fig. 3; f i Fig. y5 is a left side elevation of a fragment ofY a machine, partlyvbroken away;
Fig. 6 isa fragmentary section on line V6 6, Fig. 3; .y 1,. y Fig. 7 is a sectional detail of the com chute; and Y f Fig. 8 shows the door latch. Briefly describing the vending machine shown, the same being fully Iset forth in detail in our aforesaid application: The case of the machine has two side walls l, a front wall 2 with an opening 2a therein, top and bottom Walls 3 and 4, top and bottom cross braces, 5 and 6, and a door 7k occupying the opening 2a and adapted to swing from closed to open position downwardly on a horizontal axis at its lower or pivoting edge. The case contains, suitably journaled in 5 and6 on a vertical axis, a semi-circular shield 9 and also, suitably pivoted therein, a tray or carrierl ll (Fig. 3)` which is pivvoted at l2 in the case and when the door is .open andthe shield is in the position shown in Fig. 2 will Vbe shifted in la horizontal plane forwardly through' the door opening and 'over the door, themeans whereby the door `and tray are connected to move together in this way-being vnot necessary to vdescribe herein in detail; l
Releasable locking means for theudoor is provided, the saine comprising the springheld latch 19, pivoted to front wall 2, which normally holds the door closed, and a manually rotated member for lmoving the latch clearof the door, this `membercomprising aspindle20y journaled in wall 2 and hav- ,ving an arm-202? to engage the latch and a knob 20h. This/means, however, cannot .be operated until the customer has deposited the proper coin or coins, as will appear.
opening of the dooris prevented because full Serial N0'. 112,008.
The fiXed-npper portion 2lmof a coin-chute, L, whose intake opening is indicated at .21a in Figli, is provided at the back offrontwall 2, this discharging into another chute-por-v tion, as will-"appear, which is adapted to sup.-
vport temporarilya `coin in the positionindicated atpA in'Fig. 4 vso that said. coinin part occupies chute-portion 2l, which hasa a coin is present at A it intervenes between a cam 22 on spindle 2O anda pawl 23 pivpres'sed inward by a oted on apin 24 and spring 23a, said cam and pawl being received by the slot if'the lspindle is turned thecam,L
by `wiping against the coin, represses it` and to(k consequently the detentformed bythe pawl,
which thus permits the spindle to complete the movement necessary` to `movey the `latch and release the door. If no coin is present turning moveinent'of the spindle is then obstructed bythe detent or pawl. f Y
'The coin-controlledv controlling nism is constructed so 4 that the doory cannot (be -releasedunless a coin of'a predetermined size, asa nickel, is used" and av predeterlmined number of such coins'are deposited;
mecha-l provision is alsomade forI the return` of coins not earned. To these ends the fixed chuteportion 2l` debouches into a .lower :chuteportion formed in. part by a (normally) fixed plate 25 andin part by a channel-plate 26L adapted tof swing away from plate 25v on thev pin 24 as a pivot but normaliynrged vtoward the same by the yspring 232k Plate 25 has tapped into it at different elevations screws 27 whose inner ends are pointed (Fig.
7) and formstops for the-coins. We make use"ofthese stops for supporting'- al coin in the position A, and'accor'ding as one, two,
locking the door-latcli-releasing means the vthree or'ffour coins-'are necessary for un` iirst, second, third or fourth stopis screwed fully in and the rest are screwed back or [withdrawn (except, as .will appear, the
fourthl or lowest stop is always screwed in). rihe channel-plate 26 has at the back, opposite the lowest screw 27, an outlet 26, Figs.4 3 and 6, arranged at the same level as the upper or cam-inlet end of an "inclined chute 28 which discharges into a coin-box 29. In the normal position of the channelplate' this outlet fis opposed. by the inner wall of the chute28 sothat n0 Coinvcould'- ,y
pass into the 4latter (Fig, 6); butfy the.
` the arrow in Fig. l6 the coins can enter the fashion,
` lower end of the ,channel-plate.
` the propernumber of proper coins has beenjffsett'ing of thekstopsV 27 the door may be releasedbytheturning of knob b and its Y lfalling/will resultin the coins being .1, posited in the coin-box.v As eXplaine c f stops'f27vaford means forl sustaininga predetermined number of'coins so that oneof "themcontrols the means 'for releasing the n door;,andit may be remarkedthat when the i channel-plate shifts away from plate it 110 f f '27 which is supporting a coin or a stack of them lto lpermit the coin or coins to pass, and i "that it is to assistl the Coins lclearing the l fstopf'actually functioning as such. that said 25 `f Chute 28, rit thus acting as a receiving meniber for vthe coin. n n channel-plate vis effected by the arm 7b of the yThis shifting of the doory (when the latter falls) engaging, cam- If, then,
deposited in the -apparatus according, to the the affords"` clearance between ity and thatjstop stops have'their'endsy pointed. The delivery r vof the coins is normally as already described, H or into the coin-bombut the mechanism con- Plate25 is hinged asshown in Fig. 2y on 4,templates also the following:
axvertical axis at the back thereof. v Ithas [connected with it',l a -rearwardly extending rod 30. Iffor any reason a coin or coins i @are to be returnedthe customer notifies the 'las Vattendant 'and/thevlatterby pulling on the rodshifts plate 25 and hence stops 27 from the channel-plate ;v the coins theiifreely pass -,cause the formernormally opposes the out .let 26l of the latter ityis aI factor in supporting the "stack of coins with yone in the V*position A 1in those instances where they fthe loweststopi and into the' pocket 26, `,'.whereup'onplate 25.1is' returned"V to normal ."position'. i' .A 140. structure 28l y'receives the coins laterally from 1 'Inthe present example, where the chute the chutev structure 26', it happens that bef `maximum number of coins (here four) is required to effect release voftheloclnng means.
'We Vtherefore claim this coaction of the two n chute structuresv 26 and r28in their function of supporting the stack so that one will be in thecontrolling position A, without being i' "limitedas to which of the structures is moved. to bring the inlet of the receiving structure' 28' andthe outlet of `the structure `26 into:V registry so as to freexthecoins or Y what causes such movement. Y l 31 'is simply a light to illuminate thejin- 'fterior of the case through ahole 32.
tion what 'we' claim 'byLetters Patentis; .l Y
fl. In a coin-controlled apparatus, means tobe manually moved having a cam surface, detent arranged to obstruct the movement described our inven- Having' thus fully vand desire to secure the inclined `face of a toe 26'b at the vpermit' said movement to 'saidlimin y 2. Ina coin-controlled apparatus, means to l.be manuallyrotated'having a cam surface, a detent arranged to obstruct the rota- 'tion of the first means beyond a predetermined limitjand movable to clear the same, f
and means'to receive `and support a coin be-l tweensaid cam surface and detent in position for the cam surface to transmity motion to the detent on initial rotation of the'irst son means whereby toclear the detent therefrom and permity saidy rotation to said liniit.y y
3. vIn combination, a supporting structure l a closure movable therein, coin-controlled releasable-means normally locking said closure against movement, and achute to receive ay coin for controlling said means and including'opposite members vone of which'hasa stop coacting with the other member to support the coin in controlling position and one of which is shiftable from the other to'release the coin from said stop, said shiftable member beingadapted to be shifted by the closure on release and movement thereof.
4. In combination, a supporting structure,
a closure movable therein, locking means for the closure manually movable to release the same, a detent arranged to obstruct the movement of the locking means short of release of the closure and movable to clear the same, and a chute to receive a coin and including opposite members one of which has a stopcoacting with the other member to support the coin between the locking `means and detent in position to transmit motion from the locking means to the detent on initial movement of the former whereby to clear the detent therefrom and lpermit said locking means lto complete' the Amovem'entnecessary to release the closure, one of said chute members being shiftable from the` other to release the coin from the stop and being adapted to be so shifted by the closurek on release andmovement thereof.
r5. In combination, a supporting structure, a closure movable therein, coin-controlled releasable means normallylocking said closure lagainst movement, means to receive coin fory controllingl the first ymeans and including, withy a chute member to contain the coin in controlling position and hav- 'ing a coin-outlet, acoin-receiving `member -normally vobstructing said outlet ,andcoizol iso p' said out-let and coin-inlet into registry With each other. f
6. In combination,a supporting structure, a closure movable therein, coin-controlled releasable means normally locking said olosure against movement, means to receive coin for controlling the irst means and including, With a chute member to contain the coin in controlling position and having a, coin-outlet, a coin-receiving member normally obstructing said outlet and cooperative with the chute member to support the coin in the latter in saicl position and having a coin-inlet to register with said outlet and receive the coin therefrom, one of said members being shiftable to bring said outlet and coin-inlet into registry With each other and being adapted to be so shifted by said closure thereof. v i
In testimony whereof We aiiix oni' signatures.
` CARMELO DI MARTINO.
`on release and movement