|Publication number||US1626930 A|
|Publication date||May 3, 1927|
|Filing date||Sep 11, 1925|
|Priority date||Sep 11, 1925|
|Publication number||US 1626930 A, US 1626930A, US-A-1626930, US1626930 A, US1626930A|
|Inventors||Grogg Charles C|
|Original Assignee||Grogg Charles C|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (16), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1,626,930 May 1927' c. c. GROGG CONTAINER Filed Sent. 11. 1925 7 4 593 la J 6 [H MIHH F1 3 Fig.5 I I M Patented May 3, 1927. 4
PATENT OFFICE- cnmns c. eaoee, or mursrmnn, omo. conrnnna.
Appllcatlon filed September 11, 1885. Serial No. 55,705.
This invention relates to containers.
It is well known that in piling cans or the like upon each other such as are used gencrally in stores containing such ingredients 5 as corn, fruit, oil, fish, paint, spices or the like that have the bottoms and tops thereof constructed in a manner that makes it diflicult to pile same upon the tops of each other lor the purpose of conserving space or shelf room and also add to the symmetrical appearance of the pile.
in other words the tops and bottoms are usually made cylindrical and constructed of a iorm making it dillicult to pile and maintain a plurality of containers in equipoise, alignment or balanced with respect to each other, so as to prevent same from falling during or after the piling operation.
The primary objects of the present invention are to so construct a container as to form the bottom and top of complementary interlitting members that will guide the operator in piling the containers upon each other, so that they can be positioned in alignt5 ment with each other in a convenient and eflicient manner to maintain their equipoise and balance with respect to each other.
Another object is to provide a suflicient area of annular flat contacting surfaces or the like and thereby sustain and maintain the containers at rest uponeach other, without tendency to slip out of alignment with each other or shift from their positions.
A further object is to provide means for quickly and rapidly piling containers one upon the other by providing means for guiding and adjusting each can to align with each other automatically, whereby a plurality of containers can be piled upon each other, in such a manner as to maintain their equilibrium with respect to each other, thereby providing means to pile a number of cans upon each other Without danger of the containers tending to fall or tumble from each other.
A further object is to provide an efficient and rapid means of piling a plurality of containers in alignment with each other to present a uniform and symmetrical appearance to the eye of the observer when said containers are arranged in parallel rows on a shelf or the like.
These and other objects are attained by the mechanism illustrated in'the accompanying drawing, in which:
complementary interlitting closure members engaging each other.
rigure 3 shows a cap counterbored on one side to lit the head of a milk bottle or the like and formed on the other side similar to the top and bottom closure members of the other containers.
Figure Al shows a sectional view of the closure member for the container provided with an upstanding flange member.
Figure 5 shows two milk bottles or the like piled upon each other with a cap member interposed therebetween to permit the vertical piling of a plurality of said type of containers.
in the drawings reference numeral 1 represents the body portion of a container of conventional type. The container is provided with the closure members 2 and 3 which are formed complementary and adapted to interfit with each other when piled upon each other.
An'annular semi-circular rib portion 4 is provided on the closure member 3 to'fit an annular groove portion 5 formed on the closure member 2. The aforesaid members as shown in Fig. 2 are adapted to fit each other and being circular or tapered in form, when the grooved member is placed over the rib member in piling the containers the grooved member gradually is guided by the surface thereof to fit the rib member snugly and when said action takes place the groove in one closure member and annular rib in the other member guide and adjust the body portions of the containers, so that the containers can be moved in alinement with each other.
The fiat annular surfaces 6 and 7 of the containers are more or less extended to provide flat surfaces to support each other in equipoise by the mutual counteraction of the two forces.
In order to further assist in aligning the plurality of containers when piling same upon each other a circular depressed portion 8 is provided on one of the closure members which is adapted to fit and engage an upstanding annular portion 9 formed on the complementary closure member. The annular portion 9 is preferably formed with a flat top 9' to provide means of forming a hole or the like therein at the center. It will be observed that by forming and constructing both closure members of the container comprising the bottom and to thereof, as described, that means are provide to guide and adjust the containers in alignment with each other automatically within certain limits when the same are being piled and means are also provided to'present extended annular flat surfaces to each other to provide a means of supporting each container with sufiicient flat area to prevent any tendency of overbalancing or slipping out of ali nment with each other.
n order to apply the same principle and -idea for piling bottles such as milk bottles or the like a cap 10 is provided and counterbored as shown at 11 to fit over the end 11 of a bottle 12 or the like as shown in Fig. 5.
The upper portion of the cap is provided with an annular upstanding rib member 13, which is adapted to fit an annular groove formed in the bottom of the bottle 14. It will be observed that a plurality of bottles can be piled upon the top of each other and the same being guided automatically in piling as the type of containers hereinbefore described which prevents the bottles or the like from slipping from each other or tending to lose their equilibrium or balance when a plurality of same are piled upon each other.
In Figs. 1 and 2 the closure members are shown fitted within the body portion of the container and are adapted to be fastened thereto by any well known. means such as soldering or the like.
In Fig. 4 a flange 15 is provided that can be fitted to the periphery or outside of the body of the container or if preferred can be fitted internally by beading same around the container or by other well known fastening means.
Attention is called to the fact that by the means shown and described for constructing the closure members of a container that means are employed that conserve time in pilin the containers one upon each other and t at means are em loyed to maintain the equilibrium and in piling during and after a plurality of containers are piled on top of each other then each container is gulded and aligned automatically with the next succeeding and preceding container throu' h the medium 0 the tapered or semi-circu ar construction of the inter-fitting annular rib and annular groove formed in the complementary closure members as hereinbefore described. The invention described herein is designed for the purpose only of maintaining cans of canned goods in proper alignment and balance, and the invention herein is not designed to be used for drums or other similar type of vessels such as shown in the British patent to David Caird Letters Patent Number 10,646 granted A. D. 1896.
- 1. In a container of com aratively small size, a body portion of uni orm size, a closure member of the same size as the body portion for the body provided with an annular rib, another closure member of the same size as the first closure member provided with an annular groove, both closure members bein constructed complementary to each other or providing means for piling a plurality of containers symmetrical in alignment with each other and maintaining the equilibrium of said containers, when piled upon each other.
2. In a container of comparatively small size, a body portion of uniform size, a closure member of the same size as the body portion provided with an annular rib, another closure member of the same siz as the first closure member having an annular groove formed therein, which is adapted to fit the rib, said container being adapted to be piled on another container of similar complementary structure to retain a plurality of containers in alignment with each other.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature. v
- campus 0. GROGG.
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|U.S. Classification||206/508, 215/10, 188/181.00R|