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Publication numberUS1627966 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 10, 1927
Filing dateApr 17, 1920
Priority dateApr 17, 1920
Publication numberUS 1627966 A, US 1627966A, US-A-1627966, US1627966 A, US1627966A
InventorsNicholas M Goodlett
Original AssigneeArkell Safety Bag Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for operating on paper and other fabrics
US 1627966 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

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Il u n :Im u IUT :HUI l IH Il Il Il E' :HUH III Il Hl H lll /9 :Hl 1U N. M. GOODLETT APPARATUS FOR OPERATING ON PAPER AND OTHER FABRICS Filed April 17. 1920 numz OOO..

OULO i i OOOOOO S0 OO O C O OO OO May 10, 1927.

Patented :May 10, 1927.

UNITED l.S"l`-ATl'lS p PATENT voi-Fica NICHOLAS M. GOODLETT, F NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR TO ARKELL SAFETY BAG y `('JOMPANY, 0F NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.

APPARATUS FOR OPERATING 0N PAPER AND OTHER FABRICS.

Application mea Aprn 17, l1920. serial No. 374,636.

This invention relates to a new apparatus for operating on paper.

One object of the invention is the provision of improved means in the .production of paper that shall be stretchable in twov directions, that is, longitudinally and transversely. Another object of the vinvention is the production of such paper by forming crinkles crosswise of the paper after it has been corrugated lengthwise. Another object is to form in the paper such longitudinal corrugations and cross crinkles 'during the forward travel of the paper in the Web. Anotherobject is to operate on thev paper with no more moisture in it than is .properlyrequired to form the crinkles and thus reduce the cost of subsequently drying the paper. In some cases, the paper may be operated upon without the previous addition of moisture.` Other objects of the invention` will-appear from thei following description. u v

The invention consists ofthe structure and arrangement and in the steps of operation hereinafter set forth.

In the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, and in which like reference numerals .designate corresponding parts, the apparatus is shown in one of its various embodiments. v v

Fig. 1 is a central sectional elevation of a suction crinkling cylinder and associated parts.

Fig. 2 is a view of said cylinder, partly in section, withits associated doctor, lookinfr from above.

Fig. 3 is a diagrammaticview of the series -of corrugating rollsv shown in Fig. 1.

Referring to the .particular structure, as shown in the drawings, 1 is .a perforated suction cylinder mounted on a fixed tubular shaft 2 which is open to the interior by the openings 3. The open end of the shaft 2 connects with a pipe 4 leading to a suitable suction pump 5 which may be driven by an electric motor 6. The plpe 4 is provided. with `a relief valve 7 whlch may be operated to regulate the suction in the ipe 4. 8 is a suction box movably mounte on the shaft 2 and communicating therewith through the openings 3. It is held in place set screws provide for the circumferentialv adJustment of the suction box 8 so that the `\-area of pressure on the paper may be adteeth or serrations 13 which fit into the grooves 11 of the cylinder. Cooperating with the cylinder 1 is a set of corrugating rolls 14, 15, 16,17, 18 and 19. The paper on the cylinderpasses underneath these rolls in the order named. Roll 14 is provided on the shaft 2 by set screws 9 and 10. These with `a single bossv 20 arranged to enter the central groove of the cylinder 1. Roll 15 is provided with a'u middle boss inalignment with the boss 20 and with two additional bosses all similar to boss 20 and arranged to enterthe ,grooves on either side of that in which boss' 20 operates. The remaining corrugatingrolls are similarly provided with bosses, each roll having bosses in alignment with those on the preceding roll V.and two bosses in addition, the last roll 19 having as many bosses asV there are grooves in the cylinder 1. These corrugating rolls act to press the paper down into the grooves 11 and they a'ct upon'the paper progressively .from the middlev outward.-

21 is the web of paper passing through the apparatus. After it meets the doctor 12, it emerges aslthe web 22 provided with crinkles across its' surface vand with corrugations longitudinal thereof. The web 21, before entering the apparatus, may be in a Hat smooth state. In this case the corrugating rolls 14 and 19 progressively press it into the grooves 11 of lcylinder 1 and thereby form corru ations in it. The suotion ebox 8 causes t e paper to be held on the cylinder and in the grooves thereof by air pressure immediately in advance of and yat the 4doctor 12. Thisfv pressure on the paper or holding ofthe paper down on the cylinder resists the stripping action of the doctor. It also enables the paper to be suitably crinkled in a drier state than would be otherwise possible. If desired, the web 21, before being fed to the cylinder l, may previously have been provided with longitudinal corrugations. In this case, the corrugating rolls 14 to 19 may act merely to further set the. corrugati-ons so previously formed or they may act to increase the depth and sharpness of such corrugatlons. Furthermore, in cases Where the paper 21 has been previously corrugated, or in cases Where it is not desired'to form corrugations in theY paper, the corrugatingrolls 14 to 19, as elements cooperating directly wlth the crinkling cylinder 1, may be-dispensed with. Rolls 14 to 19 may be made of any suitableO material, yielding or otherwlse. They may be friction-driven from cylinder 1 or they may be driven from any other source of power. A l

23 is a tank cont-aining hot Water through which the paper may pass beneath submerging rolls 24 if it is desired to Wet the paper beforefit passes on toi the cylinder 1. Other means for moistening the paper maybe used.

' 25 is a guide roll for the paper on its Way to formed^in t e pa the cylinder 1.

lVhilel it is preferred that the 'supporting surface for the paper in cooperation with the corrugating rolls and in cooperation With the doctor or crinkle-forming abutment be in the form of a cylinder, the invention is not restricted to such formof supporting surface. Andvwhile it is preferred to use fluid pressure, and particularly'air pressure provided by a suction box, to hold the paper on the cylinder and in the grooves thereof, andl particularly immediately in advance of or at the doctor, the invention contemplates anyA means for Athus holding the 'paper or for applying pressure to the paper in cooperation with a grooved supporting surface'and a doctor or other crinkle-forming means. By crinkling paper that has been previously corrugated in accordance with this invention, the crinkles extend across the paper in zigzag-lines and therefore, of themselves, provide for a certain transverse stretchability of the paper.

Such transverse stretchability is increased b the longitudinal corrugations r. It will be seen that the present invention 'contemplates an extension or new applicationv of the invention set forth in my formen application Serial'No. 267,430, filed Decemv ber 19, 1918.

What I claimis: 1. In an apparatus for operating on paper, the combination of a supporting surface for tpe paper having grooves therein parallel sure means for holding the 'paper downon l sai surface immediately in advance of the' abutment. d

3. In an apparatusjor operating on paper, the combination of a supporting surface for the paper having grooves therein parallel with the direction of travel of the paper and y y a crinkle-forming abutment having serrations fitting into said grooves, and fluid pressure means operative immediately in advance of the abutment to limit the stripping action thereof. y' A 4. In an apparatus for operating on paper, the combination of a supporting surface for the paper having rooves therein parallel with the direction olfJ travel of the paper and a crinkle-forming abutment having serrations fitting into said grooves, and means for causing the paper to adhere to said surface by fiuid pressure.

5. In an apparatus for operating on paper, the combination of a supporting surface for the paper having grooves therein parallel with the direction of travel of the paper and a crinkle-forming .abutment having serrations fitting into said grooves, and means for causing the paper to adhere to said surface` by fluid pressure, the area of pressure and said abutmentbeing relatively adjustable to and from' each other;

6. In an apparatus for operating on paper, a rotating cylinder for the paper having transverse ,grooves therein `and a crinkl'eforming abutment having serrations fitting into said grooves, in combination With means for causing the paper to adhere to said cylinder by fluid pressure, the area of pressure and sald abutment being relatively adjustable to and from each other, Y

9. In an apparatus for operatingon paper,

vthe combination of a supporting surface for the paper having groo'ves therein parallel with t-he direction of travel` of the paper,

means Afor pressing the paper into said grooves, means to crinkle the paper, andl Y paper, the combination of a supporting surface for the paper having grooves therein parallel with the direction of travel of the' paper and a crinkle-forming abutment having serratipns fitting into said grooves, means for cansin said surface by fluid pressure, and means for forming corrugations -in the paper in advance of said'abutment.

12; In an apparatus for voperating on p paper, a rotating cylinder vfor the paper having transverse grooves therein and a crinkleforming abutment having serrations fitting into sa1d grooves, 1n combination with means for holding the paper down on said cylinder by fluid pressure immediately in advance ofl the abutment, and means for forming corrugations in the paper in advance' of sald abutment.

13. Inv an apparatus for operating on paper, a rotating cylinder. for the aper having transverse grooves therein an a crinkleforming abutment havin serrations'tting 'into said grooves, in combination with means for causing the paper to .adhere to said cylinderby fluid pressure, and means for form-l 1ng corrugatlons 1n the paper in advance of* said abutment., Y

14. In an apparatus for operating on paper, the combination' of a supporting surfacefor the paper having grooves therein parallel with the direction of travel of the paper and a crinkle-forming abutment .hav-

ing serrations fitting into said grooves, and means for progressively forming corrugament. v i

15.v In an apparatus for .operating on aper, the combination of a supporting surace forvthe'paper having grooves therein parallel with the direction of travel of the paper and a orinkle-formingabutment having serrations fitting into said grooves, and means for frming corrugations in the paper in advance of said abutment, said means tions in the paper in advance ofI said abutv,

r into the paper to adhere to comprising a series of corrugating rolls arranged to act progressively;

16.l In an apparatus for operating on paper, the combination .of a supporting surface -for the paper having grooves therein parallel-with the direction of travel ofthe paper and a crinkle-forming abutment having sex-rations fitting into said grooves, means for applying pressure to the paper immediately in advance of the abutment, and means for progressively forming corrugations in the paper in advance of said abutment.

17. In an apparatus for operating on paper, the combination of a supporting surface 'for the paper having grooves therein parallel with the `direction of travel of the paper and a crinkle-forming abutmenthaving serrations fitting into said grooves, means for applying pressure to the paper immediately in advance of the abutment, and means for forming corrugations in the paper in advance of said abutment, said means comprising a series of corrugating rolls arranged to act progressively.

18. In .an apparatus for' operating on aper, the combination of a supporting surace for the paper having grooves therein parallel with the direction of travel of the aper`and a. crinkle-forming abutment havmg' `serrations fitting into said grooves,

means for holding the paper down on said abutment.

1'9. In. an apparatus for operating on paper, the combination of asupporting surl'facefor the paper having grooves' therein parallel with the direction of travel of the paper and a-crinkle-forming abutmentV having serrations fitting into said grooves, means for holding the paper down on said surface'iminediatel in advance of the abutment, and 'means or formingcorrugations in' the paper in advance of said abutment, said means comprising -a series of corrugating rolls arranged to act progressively.,l

20. In an apparatus for operating on paper, the combination of a supporting surface for the paper having grooves therein parallelwith the direction of travel of the paper and a crinkle-forming abutment havlng serrations fitting into said rooves, means for causing y,the paper to a here to said surface by uld pressure, and means for progressively forming corrugations in the parallelv with the direction of travel of the aper and a crinkle-forming abutment havmg serrations fitting into said rooves,

vmeans for causing kthe paper to a here to said surface by fluid pressure, and means for forming corrugations in the paper in advance of said abutment, said means comprising aseries of corrugating rolls arranged to act progressively.

22. In an apparatus for operating on paper, a rotating cylinder for the paper having transverse grooves therein and a crinkleforming abutment having serrations fitting into 'said grooves, and means for progressively Jforming corrugations in the paper in advance of said abutment.

23. In an apparatus .for operating on paper, a rotating cylinder for the paper having transverse grooves therein and a crinkleforming 'abutment having serrations fitting into said grooves, and means for forming corrugations in the paper in advance of said abutment, said means comprising a series ot corrugating rolls arranged to act progressively.

2a. In an apparatus for operating on paper, a rotating cylinder for the paper having transverse grooves therein and a crinklevforming abutment having serrations fitting into said grooves, in combination With means for holding the paper down on said cylinder immediately in advance of the abutment, and means for progressively forming corrugations in the paper in advance of said abutment.

, fitting into said grooves, in combination with means for holding the paper down on said cylinder immediately in advance of the abutment, and means for forming corrugations in the paper in advance of said abutment, said means comprising a series of corrugating rolls arranged to act progressively.

26. In an apparatus for operating on paper, a rotating cylinder for the paper'having transverse grooves therein and a crinkleforming abutment having serrations fitting into said grooves, in combination With means for causing the paper to adhere to vsaid cylinder by fluid pressure, and means for progressively forming corrugations in the paper in advance of said abutment.

27. In an apparatus for operating on paper, a rotating cylinder for the paper having transverse grooves therein and a crinkleforming abutment having serrations ttingA into said grooves, in combination/With means for causing the paper to adhere to said cylinder by fluid pressure, and means for ilorm ing corrugations in the paperin advance of said abutment, said means comprising a series of corrugating rolls arranged 4to act progressively.

28. In an apparatus for operating on paper, a rotating perforated suction cylinder l for the paper having transverse grooves therein and a crinkle-forming abutment havpaper, a rotating perforated suction cylinder -for the paper having transverse grooves therein and a crinkle-forming abutment having serrations fitting into said grooves, and means for forming corrugations "1n the paper in advance of said abutment.

30. In an apparatus for operating on paper, a rotating perforated suction cylinder for the paper having transverse grooves therein and a crinkle-orming abutment having serrations fitting into said grooves, and means for progressivelyforming corrugations in the paper in advance of said abutment.

3l. In an apparatus for operating on paper, a rotating perforated suction cylinder for the paper having transverse grooves therein and a crinkle-forming abutment having serrations fitting into said grooves, and means for' forming corrugations in the paper in advance of said abutment, said means comprising a series of corrugating rolls arranged to act progressively- 32. In an apparatus for operating on paper, the combination of a supporting surface for the paper having grooves therein parallel with the direction of travel of the paper, and 'means cooperative with saidV grooves -or forming 'porrugations in the paper, said means comprising a series of corrugating rolls arranged to act progressively. 33. In an apparatus for operating on paper, a rotating cylinder for the paper having transverse grooves therein, and means cooperative With said grooves for progressivelypressing'the paper into said grooves.

34. In v an Y Vapparatus for 'operating on paper, a rotating cylinder for the paper having transverse grooves therein, and meansY cooperative with said grooves'for forming the corrugations in the paper, said means comprising a series of corrugating rolls arranged' to act progressively.

35. In an apparatus for making crinkled paper, a rotating perforated cylinderrfiorithe paper having transverse grooves therein, and means for exhausting the air from between the pa erland the surface of the cylinder.

3a-Ih an apparatus for making crinkled paper, a rotating perforated cylinder for the paper having transverse grooves therein, and a suction ,box inside-v said cylinder for exhausting the air from between the paper and the surface of the cylinder.

37. In an apparatus for making crinkled paper, artzing perforated cylinder for the paper havingv transverse grooves therein, a

crinkle forming abutment, and means for eX- `hausting the air from between f the paper and the surface of the cylinder.

. 38. In an apparatus for makingicrmkled paper, a rotatingperfatd cylinder for the paper having transverse grooves therein, a paper having transverse grooves therein, and

- serrated crinkle-forming abutment, and a means for holding the paper down on said m suction box inside said cylinder for exhaustcylinder by iuid pressure. ing the air from between the paper and the This specification 'signed this sixteenth 5: surface of the cylinder. vday of April, 1920, A A39. In an apparatus for making crinkled paper, a rotating perforated cylinder for the NICHOLAS M. GOCDLETT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2425207 *Feb 19, 1940Aug 5, 1947Cincinnati Ind IncCreping corrugated papers
US2471482 *Nov 1, 1946May 31, 1949Book Machinery Company LtdMeans for creasing linings for books and for analogous purposes
US2710043 *Apr 14, 1952Jun 7, 1955Theodor Bell & Cie AgApparatus for corrugating paper or cardboard
US2761490 *Nov 9, 1953Sep 4, 1956Theodore N DanforthCondensing of sheet materials
US2915109 *May 7, 1957Dec 1, 1959Walton Richard RCondensing traveling sheet materials
US3969802 *Feb 3, 1975Jul 20, 1976Jean BouvetMill roll
US4859169 *Dec 23, 1987Aug 22, 1989Richard R. WaltonWeb processing by longitudinal compression using matched drive disks and retarding fingers
US4921643 *Jun 24, 1988May 1, 1990Richard R. WaltonWeb processing with two mated rolls
US5649890 *May 2, 1995Jul 22, 1997De La Rue Giori, S.A.Draw roller for the transport of a material web, particularly a paper web in a web-fed printing machine
US5829740 *Oct 25, 1996Nov 3, 1998Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AgDevice for the temporary guidance of successively transported sheets
US7818853 *Nov 4, 2005Oct 26, 2010Rieter PerfojetDrum, particularly for a machine for entangling a nonwoven fabric using water jets
US8672825 *Mar 23, 2009Mar 18, 2014Hbk Family, LlcApparatus for producing corrugated board
US8771579Oct 30, 2013Jul 8, 2014Hbk Family, LlcMethod and apparatus for fluting a web in the machine direction
US9346236May 6, 2014May 24, 2016Hbk Family LlcMethod and apparatus for fluting a web in the machine direction
US9649821Jan 27, 2014May 16, 2017Hbk Family, LlcApparatus for producing corrugated board
US20080028581 *Aug 2, 2007Feb 7, 2008Stork Prints Austria GmbhScreen, in particular for manufacturing nonwoven fabrics by means of a gaz jet or liquid jet solidification process
US20080092350 *Nov 4, 2005Apr 24, 2008Rieter PerfojetDrum, Particularly For A Machine For Entangling A Nonwoven Fabric Using Water Jets
US20100331160 *Mar 23, 2009Dec 30, 2010Kohler Herbert BApparatus for producing corrugated board
WO1991007336A1 *Nov 15, 1990May 30, 1991Richard Lucas & Söhne KunststoffwerkAssorting inlay for packaging individual articles, in particular chocolates, and device for manufacturing a material blank which can be deformed into assorting inlays
Classifications
U.S. Classification162/282, 492/33, 271/196, 493/463, 28/155
International ClassificationB31F1/12
Cooperative ClassificationB31F1/122
European ClassificationB31F1/12B