|Publication number||US1628848 A|
|Publication date||May 17, 1927|
|Filing date||Nov 19, 1926|
|Priority date||Nov 19, 1926|
|Publication number||US 1628848 A, US 1628848A, US-A-1628848, US1628848 A, US1628848A|
|Inventors||Russell B Kingman|
|Original Assignee||Metal Textile Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (6), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
. 1,628 848 May 17 1927 R. B. KINGMAN MEANS FOR STAPLING TAGS To ARTILEs 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed NOV. 19 1926 May -17 1927.
R. B. KING-MAN MEANS FOR STAPLING TAGS TQARTICLES Filed Nov. 19 1926 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENToR. y I/JSeZZ.
Patented -May 17,1921 Y UNITED STATES PATENT oFF'lcE.
' RUSSELL B. KINGMAN, OF ORANGE, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR TO METAL TEXTILE CORPORATION, OF WEST ORANGE, NEW JERSEY, A CORPORATION 0F RHODE IS- LAND.
MEANS ron sTArLING :rAGs 'ro narrows.
App-lication led November 19, 1826. Serial No. 149,333.
This invention relates to the attachment of tags to spongiform articles and tomechanism' for applying label or similar tags to such articles.
The invention has for its principal object to provide anovel means for attachin a label or similar tag in direct coupled relation to a spongiform article, such as a scouring .device in the form of a ball or mass of other shape made up from knitted metallic fabric,
/ "similar, for example, to that shown in my prior United States Patent #1,533,868, dated LApril 14th, 1925; and the invention has for afurther object to provide a novel mechanism for forming and applying the novell tag attaching means cooperatively with the tag and article.
Other objects o'f this invention, not atthis time more. particularly enumerated, will be clearly understood from the following detailed description of the same.
The invention is clearly illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a front elevation of a mechanism for forming and applying a novel tag attaching Ameans cooperatively.. with a tag and article; f
Figure 2 is an enlarged plan view of the tag supporting table and tag fastener stationary bending dies of the said mechanism;
Figure 3V is a fragmentary part side elevation and part vertlcal section, showino the anvil of the mechanism in operative posltion,
and the preliminary bender and driver and bender guide in initial raised posltlon; and Figure 4 is a transverse vertical section of the parts so disposed, taken on line 4 4 in `Figure 3;
Figure 5 is a view similar to that shown in Figure 3, but illustrating thevprelimina-ry7 bender in operated position, and Figure 6 1s a transverse verticalY section taken on line 6 6 in Figure 5;
Figure 7 is also a view similar to that shown in Figure 3, but illustrating the driver in actuated position to operatively engage the tag fastener means with the stationary bending dies, and Figure 8 is a transverse vertical section taken on line 8-8 in Figure 7 Figure 8A is a view similar to Figure 8 showlng a modified arrangement of the sta'- tionary bending die; and
Figure 9 is a perspective view 'of,.an article having a label tag connected therewith by Vthe novel attaching means.
Similar characters of reference are employed i'n all of the hereinabove described pling machine modified in accordance with this invention to provide a means for formv ing and applying the novel tag attaching means cooperatively with a tag and the article to which the latter is desired to be connected. Sov far as the initial feeding and forming of the Wire preparatory to application thereof in the final form providing the n'ovel attaching means for connecting a tag with a desired article is concerned, the mechanism may be similar to that of any suitable type of wire-stitching or stapling machine, and may consist, for example, in a wire feeding and forming mechanism similar tothat disclosed in United States Letters Patent No. 662,184, dated November 20, 1900, to Briggs et al., in'Which there is provided, in connection with a supporting frame-Work 11, a vertically reciprocable preliminary bender l2 and bender-guide 13, a driver 14 and anvil 15 with which the preliminary bender cooperates, all driven in operative timed relation by suitable power -transmitting cam mechanism 16; and cooperating-` with this mechanism is the usual wire feeding mechanism 17, which automatically delivers the wire (from which the novel attaching means is formed) from a supply roll or spool 18 to the preliminary `bender and driver mechanism.
19 are the aforesaid stationary bending dies 2() having at their free end chamfered bending noses 22. Said stationary bending dies are laterally disposed in transversely aligned relation, with their bending noses 22 opposed one to the other in desired spaced apart relation, and so as to overhang the opening" 21 of said stationary plate 18. The bodies of said stationary bending dies 2O are provided with elongated slots 23 through which pass the fastening screws ,24, which screw into the plate 19 to thus secure the said dies in desired adjusted position. Fixed on saidv plate 19 to extend forwardly thereon fromjgs'aidistationary bending dies 20 are a pair ofgide plates 25,' one on each ofthe side marginalv portions of the plate opening 21. Said guide plates L25 are provided at their inneredges with downwardly stepped supporting ledges 26 to carry a tag T, when the latter is inserted between said guide plates 25. The guide plates 25 thus serve to both support/the tag T and also to hold the saine against lateral displacement during the operation oi applying the novel attaching means thereto. Suitably secured upon the upper surfaces of said guide plates 25 are retainingiplates 27, which possess laterally projecting portions 28 extending beyond the v'inner margins of the main body portions of said guide plates 25 ,so as to i overhang said supporting ledges 26. In-
tegrally connected with the inward ends of said retaining plates 2'( are rearwardly projecting extensions or arms 29, having at their free ends downwardly projecting stop lugs or tongues 30 to engage and stop the inserted' endiof the tag-T, to thereby operatively position the same over said stationary bending dies 20, all of which will be clearly v understood from an inspection of'Figure 2 of the drawings more particularly.
The bending` nosesl 22 of the stationaryy dies 20 are adjusted so as to be disposed 5eneath the preliminary bender` and driver mechanism to operatively coact therewith.
In the operation of the? machine, the tag T is inserted in 'the tag positioningmeans,
with its inner end properly positioned above the stationary bending dies y20, and the article to which the tag T is to be connected is held by the hand of the operator within the plate .opening 21 and beneath the bendingdies 20 and the inserted tag, as shown in Figures 3 to 8 inclusive. The article to which the tag is to be connected must be of penetrable material, or of interstitial structure calculated to admit of the penetration thereinto of the prongs of the novel attaching means of this invention. Forv example, scouring devices formed from a preformed mass of knitted metallicl fabric, such as already above referred to, and indicated in the accompanying drawin st by thel reference character A. are especia ly adapted to receive the connection of tag therewith by means of the novel attaching means according to this invention. When, therefore, suchv an article is held and pressed-upwardly through the plate opening 21 and against the underside ofthe stationary bending dies 20 the operation of the machine will both form and apply the novel attaching meanscooperatively with and tothe tag and article in thevfollowing manner The wire 31fserved by the wire feeding mechanism 17 is also cut or severed by the latter and delivered upon the shoulders32 of the anvil 15, which is initially outwardly rojected in the path of the normally raised ender 12, as shown in Figures 3 and 4. When the severed wire is thus delivered the mechanism operates tolower the bender 12. 4
,which bends the wire over the anvil 15 into the `staple form 31', as shown in Figures 5 and 6 of the drawings. After the wire is thus bent into staple form to provide the downwardly7 projecting prongs,the mechanism operates to withdraw the anvil 15, and thereafter to lower the driver 14, which moves or thrusts downwardly the wire staple lyitsA prongs being guided bythe grooves of the bender 12. As the wire staple 31 is thus downwardly moved, its prongs are caused first to pierce the body of the tag T, and then engage the underlying bending noses 22 of thestationary bending 'dies 20, so as to be downwardly moved against the same. This movement of the staple prongs in engagement with said bending noses 22 causes thel same to be inwardly and downwardly directed and curved, so so that the same are caused to penetratingly move into the interstitial body of thearticle A,` as it is held beneath the stationary dies and the overlying tag, all as shown in Figures 7 and 8 of the drawings. As thus bent the prongs of the staple 31 form o posed gripping fingers f which are interloc ed in the material of the article A, thus serving very eiliciently as an attaching connection for unitin the label tag T therewith.
4It will e understood that the stationary die arrangement of the device ma be Varlously modified to produce the bendmg of the prongs of staple 31,', in otherthan the inwardly directed manner above described.
For example the prongs ma be outwardl 'deflected and y y bent in a desired direction as indicated in Figure 8^, wherein the' modied stationary die 20 is positioned to accomplish such result.
The product of themechanism, functioning in the manner above described, is a ta ged article, the tag of which is positively united thereto so as not to become easily deet the label tags f gagement with t Aably mounted Aon sai maas-1s chamfered bending noses. beneath which the article may be h'e d, and means to support and position a tag over said bending means whereby operation of-said driver thrusts theA prongs of a formed staple. through said tag into engagement 'with said bending noses which turn said lprongs into penetrating ene article.
2. In a machine for attaching label tags to penetrable articles, the combination with a Wire staple forming `mechanism.v and a driver, of an underlying stationary plate having an opening aligned to the path of movement of said driver, apair of opposed.
bending dies adjustplate, said bending dies Having chamfered bending noses overhanging said plate opening, and beneath spaced apart stationa ywhich the article may be held, and means on said plate to supportv andy position a tag over said bending dies whereby operation of said driver thrusts the prongs of a formed staple through said -tag into engagement with, said bending noses which turn said prongs into penetrating-engagement with the artic e.
- 3, In a machine Tor attaching label tags to bending means "having -inner'ends of said bending dies, all w this 6th day -of November, 1926. v
pena-.fable articles, the, cbmbimtion with a' wire staple forming'mechanism and a driver, of an underlying stationarplate having an opening aligned to the pat of movement of said driver, a pair of opposed spaced apart stationary, bending dies mounted on said plate, said bending1 dies havin 'chamfered endin noses at t eir oppose inner ends toover ang said plate opening and beneath which i vthe article lmay beheld, .laterally spaced apart guide.- lateson said statioliael1 plate between whc a tag may be inse and retaining platesV on said ide-plates having portions, `to overhang t e inserted. Y
tag, said overhanginlg portions having stopportions to enga e t re inserted end of said tag to position t e same over theA oplposed ereby' operation 'of said driver thrusts the prongs of' a-'formed staple through said "tag into engagementwith said bending noses which turn said prongs intopenetratingf-engagement with the article. l f
. In testimony, that :I claim, the inventionset forth above Ihave hereunto set my hand" nUssEfiiL B; Gin i'
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2839753 *||Apr 15, 1955||Jun 24, 1958||Acme Steel Co||Stapling machine|
|US2978706 *||Oct 20, 1959||Apr 11, 1961||Brooks Co E J||Tag applying apparatus|
|US3915366 *||Jul 22, 1974||Oct 28, 1975||Joseph L Mitchell||Fastener driving tool|
|US4211350 *||Nov 8, 1978||Jul 8, 1980||Interlake, Inc.||Wire stitching machine|
|US5339517 *||Apr 12, 1993||Aug 23, 1994||The John Henry Company||Plant tagging apparatus|
|US5467524 *||Apr 25, 1994||Nov 21, 1995||The John Henry Company||Apparatus for tagging plants|
|U.S. Classification||227/83, 227/64, 493/376, 227/91, 227/155, 428/544, 66/190|