US 1628879 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' 1,628,87 May 1927' .J. J. GILLMAN 9 WINDOW CONSTRUCTION Fi1ed"Ju1y'21. 1924 s Sheets-Sheet 1 John Jfi'mman QKornzg. v
M 1927. ay 17, J. J. GILLMAN WINDOW GON STRUCTION Filed July 21. 1924 3. Sheets-Sheet 2 Inuemor JohnJ.(-1H\nmn ay J. J. GILLMAN WINDOW CONSTRUCTION 'nuenfor John Jfifllmun 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed July 21. 1924 Patented May 17, 1927.
seen AND scnnnn MICHIGAN.
Application filed M,
This invention relates to a. window con struction, designed to .be made entirely of steel and in the frame of which either glass or screen panels may be detachablv mounted so as to be interchangeable for different seasons of the year. My invention comprises many novel constructive details and arrangements of parts whereby the glass or screen holding frame of the window may be lo cated and held in closedposition in. the
metal casing for the frame, tilted back and held at an" angle to said casing, or swung inwardly at the bottom and then upwardly to make a full'o ening to the casing. These features, .as wel -as many others not at this time specifically stated will appear as understanding of the invention is had from. the following description, taken in :connection with the accompnnying'drawings, in which,
Fig. 1 is a. perspective view of the win dow tilted back with respect toits casin v Fig. 2 is a perspective -view of the win ow swung inward at the bottom from the cas Fig. 3 is a fragmentary inside elevation of the-window at an upper -corner thereof.
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary horizontal section, through one side ofthe window construction.
F lg. 5 is an, enlarged vertical section throughthewindow with the window frame partially tilted inward.
Fig. 6 is-a like view showing'the window frame liftdfa short distance to disengage its lower edge from the easingpreparatory.-
' (o swinging the same-inward at its lower portion.
Fi 7 is a like view witln the window starting on its-inward swing at its lower portion, and
Fig. 8'is a fragmentary inside elevation of the window at the middle upper portion thereof, parts being broken away and shown in section and illustrating the locking means used to hold thewi-ndow frame in closed position. A
Fig. 9 is. fragmentary elevation of one corner of the window in closed position showin a modified form of link baniig. 10 isa transverse section of the same on the line 10-10 of. Fig. 9.
Fig. 11 is a fragmentary plan, partially 'parallel right angles in a plane pizrallel to the .parts 2 thereby forming the section or part wnmow consmoc'rrou.
1824. Serial N0. 727,115.
in section, of parts of the window showing a modified form of lock coiistruction, and
--I*i. I2 is a fragmentary perspective view of the same showing the window partially closed and the lock partly turned.
Like reference characters refer to like parts in the difherentifigures of the drawthe construction of thewindow. a window casing. is made from sheet metal. T his casing isofrectangular form and includes an upper. horizontal side and two vertical sides ofi identicallform, and comprising an outer vertical flange 1 from the inner edges of which the metal is bent at right angles for a short distance, as indicated at- 2, then again bent outwardly at right angles for a short distance to make the parts 3 which the flange 1, then again bent at 4 which at its-rear edge .is bent again at .right angles making an inner flange 5 shore.
er than the flange 1 but in parallel relation thereto. The casing is completed by a horizontal lower side also of sheet metal and 00., 01'" HEIGHTS, MICHIGAN, ACORPOQA'ILON QF comprising an outer flange 6 lying in the same plane as the flanges 1 on the .upper and vertical sides, from the upper edge of which the metal is turned inwardly making the horizontal section 7 below and parallel to the upper side section 2 but extending farther inward than said section 22. At the rear edge of said section 7 the metal is aga n bent at right angles, making the vertical section 8. it being bent at its upper edge inwardly to the rear to make the horizontal section 9 located directly below the upper side section 4 but shorter in length than said section 4, thelower side then being com-. pleted by a. dpwnturned vertical flange 10 paralleling the front flan e 6 but of greater width. It will be note that the vertical section 8 at'its .ends lies back and is spaced :1 short distance from the arts 3 of the vertical sides, thereby rovi ing recesses 11v for a purpose which will later appear,
As a very convenient and practical manner of constructing this window casing, the upper and vertical sides are made from two commercial forms of iron readily obtained fill as stock production. That is, the flange 1 and the part 2 bent therefrom makes an angle i-ron form, while the parts 3, 1 and 5' makes a. stock Z-bar form readily obtainable, the connection between the edges of the flanges 2 and 3 being by welding, preferably. Similarly, the parts 9 and 10 make an angle iron identical with that made by the parts 1 and 2, and the parts 6, 7 and 8 make a Z-bar identical with the Z-bar made by the parts 3, 4 and 5, so that no special forms of iron have to be produced, and only the two classes of stock are required for the window casing 'material. The lower side of the casing, it w'illbe noted is identical with the upper side exce )t for the reversal of position. At the di ercnt corners of the casing, permanent securing of the horizontal and vertical sides is made by weldin In tie casing thus made, the frame for holding glass or screen is adapted to be mounted. The upper horizontal side and the vertical sides of the frame are made from -T-bar forms of iron with flanges 12 at the front from which the web 13 extends in wardly to the rear. The lower horizontal side of the frame is made from a length of .Z-har with the flange 14 thereof in the same piane withthe flanges 1-2, the web 15 bein nt to the rear from the upper edge 0 flange 14, and the other flange l6 projecting vertically fromthc rear edge of the web. A vertical partition may be'located between the upper nd lower sides of the frame, formed .fro i the same T-bar forms as used for the, vertical sides and the upper side of the frame. This divides the frame into panels in which proper sizes of glass or of screen may be p seed, the lower edges of said screen or glass being placed on the web 15 in front of the flan e 16 and the upper and vertical edges of the glass or screen coming against the rear sides of the flanges 12. The detachable means for securing the glass or screen panes or panels in place is that used by Fay A. Yeageiyos disclosed in his application for patent, Ser. No. 543,606, filed March 14-, 1922, and as it forms no new feature in the present application is not shown.
At the :upper ends of the'vertical sides of the frame, the flanges 12 are cut away,
as shown in Figs. ,1, 2 and 3. A link bar 17 is'pivotally mounted at 18 at its upper end near the upper end and to each vertical side of the casing. Each bar 17 is formed with a longitudinal slot-19 near its lower end, through which a headed in 20 passes into each vertical side of th g ass or screen holding frame.
Two cars 21, one at each side and at the upper end of the frame are welded or otherwise ermanently connected to said vertical si es, the same extending laterally over the links 17. a block. 22 is secured to the upper side of the frame substantially midway between its ends through which a rod is assed and rotatabl mounted, at its rear en being turned at rightangles to make a handle 23 and at its front end rovided with a latching finger 24 which is a apted to pass through an opening25 in tbepart 4 of the upper side of the casing, serving to hold t e wndow in closed position.
The window frame with its glass or screen mountin s therein is one of t ee positions. It may be placed in closed position and held therein by the latch finger 24, It may be tilted, as shown in Fiqn, l, the latching means first being moved 0 disengage the finger 24 from the opening 25 and then the upper portfon of the frame moved backward until movement is stopped by ins 2O engaging the ends of the slots 19. 0 place the frame in the. third position, it is first unlatched and its upper ondpartly moved back, as in Fig. 5, then the frame is lifted free of the casing, as shown in Fig.0, and then the lower end of the frame is swung outward, as in Figs. 2 and adapted to occupy any 1 7. The first part of the movement is by turning the frame about the pins 20 as pivots until the ears 21 come against links 17, after which the frame and links .turn about the pins 18. The frame may be swung to'desired position and held therein by the usual overead book used in basement hinged windows, this being wellv known as requiring no disclosure.
The modified link bar 17 shown in Figs.-
9 and 10 obviates theinecessity of the cars 21 to limit the movement of the link relative to the frame in one direction. The link 17 has an extension 17 beyond the slot 19 which engages the flange 12 of the frame and retains the link parallel with the side member of the frame during the operation of swinging the window inward at the bottom.
The modified lock shown in Figs, l1 and 12 comprises a pin 26 extending downward from the part 4 of the casing and a lever. 27 is pivoted. to the top member 13 of the frame and has an upwardly extending lip 28 which swings around the pin 26 as the lever is turned to catch behind the pin and hold the window closed. A notch 29 is cut in the flange 12 to permit it to pass the pin 26.
One great advantage of this structure is the arrangement of the flange 14 which lies outside of the part 8 to drain the water outside and also the lass, when in place over-- laps the flange 16 or a like purpose. When the window is closed or open at the top for ventilation, water deposited by rain or snow will run off and over the outer surfaces and can not possibly leak inside the building.
Thecaslng or the sash may bebuilt of wood or other material in place of the metal structure shown-and described." The eration of the combined top ventilating an' to a hinge feature'is operative equally well with either structure. I
The construction described is particularly simple and easy. The t ree window frame, either closed, or fully open, and the constructions ositions possible for the portly open rmitting such latitude of position are eaturcs.
of the invention of great merit. The apnded claims define the invention and all orms of structure coming within their scope are to be considered as comprehended by my invention. A
IcIaimr 1. In a window constructiongan open' casing, a frame constructed for the placing of glass or screen therein andadapted to lie in said casi links connected pivotally to the upper en s of the opposed vertical sides .of 1
the casing and having slotted lower end portions, headed pins into the vertical 'si es of the frame a short distance below the upper ends, detachable and pivotal interengixgmg means integrally formed on the lower members of theframe and cnsing, and a laterallyturned ear at the upper end of each of the vertical-sides of the frame to extend over said links, sub
stantially as and for thepurposes described.
2. In a windjiw construction, an open casing of metal having a lowerrail formed at one side with n. vertical sectionconnected' with which is a horizontal ledger, window. frame ada ted to received said window frame having a lowercasing, sai I rail of angle formation having a vertical flange adapted to lie alongside of said vertical section of the lower rail of the casing,
- and a horizontal flange adapted to bear upon said horizontal ledge of the lower rail of the casing whereby the frame may be tilted'on said ledge or bodily liftedjso that its vertical flange will pass above and clear said ledge and means for securing the frame in close position in the casing. p
3. A construction containing the elements in combination defined in claim 2, combined with means connecting the upper end por- 'tions of the side of the frame with the upper. end ortions of the side of the casing for olding the frame a limited distance awa said means also having pivotal connection to both the casing and frame whereb'ythe frame when liftedupwardly and disengaged from the lower rail' of the casing'ma swun outwardly and upwardly throng an are '0? substantially ninety degrees.
4. In a window construction, an. open window casing formed of metal, it's u'pper "hhrizontal side and the vertical sides thereof 'heing formed from an angle iron and a Z-bar ractical. Its manufacture istheir upper ends.
passing through the slots" the casing and o siti'on;
from the casing at its upper portiom'.
joined together; and the lower horizontal side heingsimilarly formed and inverted in position whereb a frame receiving recess is made at the inner portion of the casing with anupwardly srojectin ledge onthe lower horizontal si e exten ing into said recess, a window frame having upper and lower sides and vertical sides, the lower side be|ng formed of a Z-bar, with a downwardly extending flange to pass in front of said ledge with the web of. the bar ada ted to rest on the ledge the ends of the Z- or being held from orward movement by the vertical sidesof the casing, links ivotally connected at one end tothe vertica sides of the. casing adjacent the u perends thereof,
theslots 1n 'the "links "and connectin with-the sides of the frame adjacent 5. A construction containing the elements said links being longitu nally slotted at their opposite ends, and headed pins passing .throug in combination defined in claim 4, combined vwith means 7 projecting laterally from adjacent the upper ends of the vertical sides of the frame over the ed es of said links.
6. A window frame 'vin upper and lower sides and vertical sides, t to lower side. being formed from a Z-bar, and the other sides from 'T-bars, the flan es of the T-bars and one ofthe flanges of e Z-barxlyin in the same plane, with the web of, the Z- or turned back at rightangls' and the other flange of-said Z-bar lying basket and in 1 plane parallel to the flanges of'the T-bars --wherebg receive sideof the frame adapted to-bc manu ly- 1c frame on the lower predetermined position in' which position-the window is closed, and means at the-upper operated to en a c with the npper'side of 8.'-In tangular window casing of metal-having a lower bar formed at its outer side with an "upstanding channel portion, a rectangulard the frame in clo'sodrpoa window construction; anopen rec;
window frame adapted tobereceived in said" a be casing andhaving alower side formed with a downwardl extending flange adapted 'to said channel portion of the ower bar of the casing, connecting. the upper portion oftheframe to the casiso ass back 0 ingan foldable into position alongside the *frame when the frame'is in closed position and extending between the casing and frame when the upper portion of the frame is tilted away from the casing, said means acting to limit the extent of tilting movement of the frame and also acting to connect the upper portion of the frame to the casing when the lower side of the frame is disconnected from the casing and the frame is swung outward, and means on the frame adapted to en age with saia first mentioned 10 first mentigned means in the same plnne on further swmgmg movement o'f'the frame; 15
In testiznqny whereof I afiix my signature.
JOHN J. GILLMAN