US 1629213 A
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l.. HUGHES TooL HOLDING DEVICE Filed June 1o, 192e operated Aand poi-t `Athe tools iii an ail-tight the container and Patented May 17, 1927.
etereo stars ymim; UGES, or' wns'iriisteron, DISTRICT or* coLUiviBIA.v
Application medina-e id, 192e. 1 sferiai No; 115,135.
Such manner as to pret-'rent :them from beL coming dry and liar-d and unfit forfuture use. The particular 'object of this lin-vention `is to provide that form of a container of the general type described Vin my' application filed May 17, l1924, Serial Number 714,054, with a--particu-lai'ty'pe fof tool 'hold ing and gripping means that. may be easily -is adapted to' receive and hold the ltools securely and permit the .release thereof by:V the operation of springcoiiti'olled clamps which engage and hold the tools; |The container described hei-'ein is made of sheet metal,- but any other metal or ma# terial adapte-d for such use may be used. It isa purpose of this device in connection with the particular form `of rtool liolding means-'to l provide a container that will sup con dition and preserve them against thev fluence of the atmosphere. This is done by l secluding lthe air from the .free Contact .with the ltools and lby 'providing a vvolatile ,sub-
stance thatJ tendsto `meisten and preserve, ythe tools in a pliablefcondition.
These and other 'advantages willappear inthe -ifollowing description, taken 4in connection with the drawings, which exemplify 'one embodimentof this device 'and in which:
Figure l is a side View of a :container showing' the closure applied thereto7 Figure-2 is ya vertical cross section `of the closure asa whole, showing the special form of tool holding device, A
Figure 3' is a top planview ofthe .metallic tool 'holding ring `and the special form of Vgripping means'. thereon,
i Figure"Ily is a fragmentary View of thetool holding ring andY 'showing a bottom plan View of 'said fragment, f'
, tool holding ring showing 'the 'gripping jaws ringshowing the particular means by whichl an operating spring vis` supported and the lIJ'articul'ar means by lwhich 'the .ring is supported in the container.
` The' invention described'herein is an im- Figure .5 is 'a fragmentary View yof they proviennent .on the .invention .described in vmy prior application .mentioned above. The nu nierall l represents the body ofthe container which on the drawing is shown to becylin" drical in form, and has abase member indicated'by the ii'iunierailZ.A YLocated iii' the centerl of the container Vand upon ymemberl 2,5is a vessel, '3, adapted to contain or hold vsome yolatile liquid, such asturpeiitine or.,
a like substance. Near tlie,tippeipart gf the" container vthere vis a seriesof.studsprojecting withinthe container and forming ysupports fora `tool holding ring which is 'to be described later. Thesel studs, e, not only' forni means `for supporting the tool holding ring, but :they also forni ,part ofthe means by l.which a closure, 7, may be securely engaged with the container. The yclosure is ofthe same general shapeas that of the c ontainer and is adapted Vto, lit within the container. and to engage the ystuds forholding the` container and closure. in airtight rela tion to each other. F or thepurposfe fof-p'rof Viding a more nearly aiiftiglit closure the upper part of tliecontainer isPrOVided with a rib, 8, and the closure yis provided withA y 'a similar rib, 9, which forms shoulder l kengaging `the `upperpart jofstlie container v-wheiitlie closure is placed inclosed position.` Theuppei" part of the closureis indicated the numeral :10, andghas vattached" thereto a handle member, 11 by ywhich the closurel vmay be operated in placing iton y,ortaking .it oft-'the container, or by which the device as a whole inayy be vcarried from place to place. l 'i 4 .Located in the upper part ofthe'container and support-ed by the studs,4t, isa tool holdf `.ing ring, 5, Amade of sheet Vmetal and vsupporting and carryingrthe particular ,forni of At-ool gripping means which -its the l chief ifeaturey of this application. The tool holding ring, 5, ifs circular fin for-ni andsupports a `series Of c'OIlCentrically arranged tool grip- `ping-laws. In the present device' there'are shown two :series of these concentrica-lly larv ranged gripping means. IIn each series there are two or inorefindiyidual gripping nieans.
jaw. The fixed jaw Vis Aintegral' with the. body oftheringand` has formedvtherein a seatvfoi'r the receptionof the'tools.l This'seat `ln the n present rinstance, three such means vare -105 :sliownineach series Each gripping means ,is cloniposeddof a 'fixed vjaw andv a movable is mounted by a pivot means, 14, upon the ring, 5, and is provided with a seat, 15, co-
' Y jaws open or closed owing to its relative position in regard to the pivot, 14. The spring,
19, is supported by suitable lugs, 20, and eX- tends aroundthe outer circumference ot' the tool supporting ring. This spring, 19,1nay be in olie piece or more. In the present 1nstance it is shown to be in three sections. The spring, 19, is always in engagementwith the lip member, 18, and thereby .serves at all. times to hold the jaws open or closed.. The stop member, 16, engages the spring, 19, when the pivotal jaw is open, and prevents lthe lip, 18, from passing ofi' what might be called dead'center, The stop, 17, engages the spring, 19, when the jaws are closed.`
When the pivotal j jaw is open, the inner shoulder or heel of the seat projects slightly over or out beyond the tool seat provided by the fixed jaw, as is shown by the numeral 21. This being the case, when the pivotal j aw is open and-a brush or any other tool is placed within the aw and brought in contact with the heel, 21, the pressure on the heel causes ythe lip, 18, tomove away from4 dead center,
and the s ring acting upon the lip,`18, will torce the jaws together and secure thetools. For the purpose ofconvenience and facility in Voperating the pivotal jaw, 13, a finger iece, 22, is provided. The foregoing is a description of one of the gripping means of the outer series of said means. The inner series is constructed of gripping means of substantially the same nature. Each gr1pping means is composed of a lixed jaw, 23, projecting from the body of the ring, and a pivotal jaw, 24, pivotally supported 1n connection with the fixed jaw bya pivot, 25. Thesejaws in cooperation with each other,
'form a tool seat, 26, more or less circular in shape. The end of the pivotal jaw remote from the tool seat, 2G, is provided with two spring engaging lips, 27 and 28. The lip, 28, serves the same purpose that the lip, 18, serves in' the outer series, while the lip, 27, acts as astop to prevent the jaws t'rom becoming too widely opened and to stop the lip, 28, at suoli a time that it forms with the pivot and the center oi the tool seatja straight'line when the jaws are open. IVhen the pivotal jaw is open, the inner part o1 jthe tool seat thereof projects beyond the corresponding part of the fixed aw, as is shown by numeral 2 9, and formsV an abutment thereby throws the lip, 28, out of alignment with the pivot, 25, and the seat, 26,and through the spring, 19, vtends to snap the jaws together. For purpose of facility and ease in operating the jaws to close them or open them, each jaw is provided with a finger piece, 30. The spring that engages the lips, 27 and 28, is the same spring that engages and operates lip 18.
For the purpose of supporting the tool ring within the container, there is formed on the ring two or morestirrup members, 31, which are adapted to engage the studmembers, .4. integral with the the ring or may be of These stirrup members may be separate material attached thereto by any suitable means. and the stud members, 4, cooperate with each other in supporting the ring and in holding the ring in spaced relation to thecontainer, so that when the closure is placed in engagement with the container, it will tit vwithin the container and between the walls thereof and the ring. For thepurpose of engaging the studs, 4, the closure is provided with `a series of bayonet slots, 6, into vwhich the studs, 4, fit and engage when the closure is applied with the container. These bayonet slots are so constructed that the closure may be placed upon the container by adjusting it therewith so that each slot will receive a stud, and when the container is rotated slightly the stud will engage another part of The stirrup members, 31,.
the slot 4to hold the closure in engagement Y with the container. For the purpose` of preventing the closure from lbecoming detached, there is provided a locking lmeans indicated by the numeral 32. There is also provided foot piece, 33, to be used by the foot when the closureis being applied to the container.
Having described my invention, what I claim as new and wish to protect by Letters Patent is: y v
1. In a tool holding device, a container, a plurality of tool holding means within the container, each ofsaid tool holding means consisting of a fixed part and a relatively movable part, a common spring means acting upon the movable kparts and adapted to hold said movableparts in either open or closed position in regard to the fixed parts.
2. In a tool holding device, a container, ya ring `within the container adapted to carry a plurality of tool holding means, each of said tool holding means consisting of a lixed part and a relatively movable part, a common spring' means supported by the ring l,and engaging the movable parts and adapted to hold said movable parts in either open or closed position. 4
3. In a tool holdingrdevice, a container, a tool holding ringV within the container and held in spaced relationl thereto, a plurality of fixed clamp members associated with the ring, a plurality of movable clamp memlio bers associated with the fixed clamp members, and a common spring means engaging the movable clamp members adapted to hold them in or ont of engagement with the fixed clamp members.
4. In a tool holding device, a container, a tool holding ring Within the container, a plurality of fixed clampelemente extending from the ring, a pluralityot movable clamp `elements pivotally connected With the ring and cooperating 1with theV fixed clamp elements, and a spring means lsupported by said ring and extending around interior of the closed container-and adapted to hold the movable clamp elemente in relation to the fixed clamp elements.
5. In a tool holding device, container, a tool holding ring within the container, a lined clamping element integral with the ring, a movable clamping),` element pivotally connected with the ring, a spring supported.
by the ring and engaging the Amovable clamping element to hold it in open oi' closed posit-ion in relation to the fixed clamping element, and a heel means, adapted to be engaged by the tool when it is placed Within the clamping element to move the movable ing element Supported thereby, a'movablev clamping element heldin pivotal relation to the fixed clan'ipirng` element, means for holding the movable clampingelementin or ont of engagement With the fixed clampingV element, and meane assoeiated'with themovable clamping element to be engaged by the tool lto snap thefclamping elements in engagement with the tool.,
7. In a tool holding device, a'ixed clamping element supported thereby,a movablev clamping element held in pivotal relation to the liXed-clamping element, spring "means attachedl to thel fixedY clampingv element,
means on the movable clamping element cooperating with the spring meansto hold the movable clamping element either open or closed, and means on the movable clampingv elementv tolimit .the movement ofthe movlable Clamping element as it swings openror closed due to the aetion'of the spring means;
In testimony whereof I aiix my signature. y