US 1633495 A
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June 1927' .1. B. O'CONNOR COAT HOOK Filed May 21; 1924 Patented June 21, 1927. i I.
UNITEDSTATES JOHN B. wooimbia, onnunom, rumors,
AssIGnon "r0 LYON mnr umrc' inmmrnd TUBING COMPANY, or AunonaiLLmoIsg A conronarmn on rumors COAT HOOK.
Application filled May. 21,
My invention relates to hooks for coats and like articles, the invention being especially useful in connection with sheet metal cal-bis nets and lockers. One of the objects ofthe invention is to provide hooks which can be assembled in the locker with a minimum of labor and a maximum of security. Another object is to provide a construction which will require but a single hole in the partition upon which the hook is tofibe mounted, and this without sacrificing the rigidity with which the hookwill maintain its position. It is evident that ordinarily if but a single bolt be employed there will be a tendency for the hook to rotate about the bolt as an axis in case the hook is struck from the side. One of my objects is to prevent such rotation without increasing the number of holes which will have to be punched in the partition. Another object is to provide means whereby a pair of hooks may be mounted on opposite sides of the partition by the aid of but a single bolt. Still another object is to obtain the above mentioned results from hooks which are exact duplicates of each other, thus requiring but a single form.
I obtain my objects by theconstruction illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which I Figure 1 is a perspective view showing two hooks embodying my invention with a sheet metal partition between them. This view is diagrammatic in showing the hooks separated from the partition and indentations in the partition. Ordinarily such in-- dentations are produced only after the hooks have been applied.
Figure 2 is a front view showing a hook fastened in position on av partition.
Figure 3 is a side view of a pair of hooks mounted upon a partition, the partition itself being shown in section.
Figure 4 is a plan section on the line 4-4i Figure 3.
Figure 5 is a diagrammatic sectional view illustrating the position of the parts before the bolt is drawn up tight.
Like numerals denote like parts throughout the several views.
In lockers to which my invention is particularly adapted the sheetmetal partition 1 will have holes 2 punched in it to the numher and according to the arrangement desired. In Figure 1 I have shown only a fragment of a partition and only one of these holes. The hooks '3 each have a base iadsip'ted to seat against the partition. In the base of each hook isa hole fithrough which the shank 7 of a bolt may pass. On the inner side ofthe abuse 4., that is, on theside which will contact the partition, there is a lugpr projection .7. At the same distance from the :hole and-on the opposite of it there a recess The lugs and recesses are ;.oounterparts of each other withv-theresul-t that when with their bases ,ilLoontaot, a l hook will fit into the recess on t e other. Thus it may be said that the hooks mate with each other or interfit, the lug and recess being symmetrically placed with reference to the hole in the base. The result of this construction is that when two hooks are placed on opposite sides of the partition and aboltis inserted in the holes 2 and 6, and when a nut 10 is applied and screwed up the hooks are brought back to ba k thatJi .01 one I ti ht, the nut, cooperating with the head. 11
oi the'bolt, will cause a lug to indent the metal of the partition and force it to a greater or less extent intothe recess 8von the opposite hook. The result is that when the parts are thus drawn up tight, the lugs will seat in the indentations 12 and prevent the hooks from rotating about the bolt as an axis. Thus it will be seen that the hooks will be rigidly fastened and will resist any. tend-. ency to rotate or otherwise become displaced and yet this effect is accomplished by the aid of but a single bolt. There are several disadvantages which would result from employing two or more holes in the partition for a single hook or pair of hooks. One is that it would add to the labor and expense of production. Another is that it would weaken the metal somewhat. Another is that it entails a possibility, in view of the fact that these structures are made in large quan tities, that the parts will not always register perfectly. These disadvantagesare avoided by the construction which I have described and shown.
The extent to which indentations will be formed in the partition will depend, of course, upon circumstances such as the gauge and composition of the metal of the partition, the force applied by the operator in screwing up the bolt, etc. However, with my construction it is not necessary that the indentations completelyfollow the the configuration of the recesses 8 or of the lugs 7 for Which might othervvise cause them 'to rotate;
In the best form the bases 4 are symmetrical With respect to the center hole, hence making it possible to make one hook an exact duplicate of the other, thus requiring but a single pattern and avoiding the need of providlng rights and lefts'.
'Having thus described my invention What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. The combination With arelatively thin Wall, of a hookhaving a base with a projection, 011 one side of the Wall, a. backing havi11 a recess opposite said projection on the ot er side of the Wall, and'means extending thru the Wall to draw the hookand backing toward each other,'the Wall being distorted bysaid projection into the recess.
2. The combination "stated in claim 1, said means comprising a bolt extending thru the base, the Wall and the backing.
The Y combination with a sheet metal Wall, of a hook having a base fitting against one side of said, well, a backing on the opposite side of said Wall, said base and backing' having gcomplementary lugs and recesses, and means to clamp said base and backing against the Wall and distort'the metal of the Wall between said lugs and recesses. 7
4. The combination stated in claim 3, said means comprising a bolt extending thruthe base, Wall and backing, one lug and recess on each base and backing being symmetricallydisposed at opposite sides 01 said bolt.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my-name.
. JOHN B. OGONNOR.