US 1634953 A
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1,634,953 July 5,1927. M. MCCUNE ET CARTRIDGE RACK Filed June 9, 1923 1 LVVZHVIZIR M10 M 619116 BY Lharlas L,Paulud A TTORNEY Patented July 5, 1927.
UNITED STATES IILO MOCUNE AND CHARLES Ii. PATILUS, 0F DAYTOiN', OHIO.
Application filed June a, 1923. Serial no. 044,439.
This invention relates to a new and improved type of cartridge rack for the carrying of pyrotechnic cartridges in an aeroplane in proximity to the pilots seat.
Due to the open construction of the cartrid e rack, the type of signal to be used can be etermined by the sense of touch. The ammunition used, which. is cylindrical in shape, is furnished with certain specified knurled rings upon its outer diameter which indicates the color and kind ofsignal encased. The rack whichis made of a very light material such as aluminum or duralumin is of such construction .that it can be installed in a comparatively small space, which is very necessary especially when used in an aeroplane. The main object of the invention is to provide a means of carrying pyrotechnic ammunition or other ammunition of a like nature, in such a way that it is always readily available for use. A second object of the invention is the construction of an ammunition rack which is formed entirely of one piece of metal of a light material and constructed in such a manner as to give it the required strength. Further objects of the invention will become apparent in the description and attached claims.
In the accompanying drawings.-
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the rack;
Figure 2 is a top plan view of the same; and
Figure 3 is a section taken on lines 3 on Figure 2.
The upper horizontal portion 1 of the rack is held rigidly in position at right angles to the back or mounting surface 2 by the use of the reinforcing member 3 which is a part of and formed from the back mounting surface 2 of the device. The reinforcing member 3' is welded, or otherwise secured at points 5 and 6 to the upper horizontal portion 1, and the lower horizontally extending portion 4. This arrangement maintains the upper portion 1 and the lower surface 4 'at right angles to the rear mounting surface 2 and gives the device a very rigid construction. The bottom or retaining section 7 is held in position by the lower reinforcing panel 8 which is also welded or secured at 9 and 10 to the lower surface4 and the bottom retaining section 7. The upper surface 1, back 2, lower surface 4, front 4' and bottom retaining member 7 are formed of a single sheet of duralumin which is bent and stamped into the shape described. The reinforcing side members 3 and 8 are also parts of the same sheet of metal. Receiving holes 11 and 12 are provided in the upper and lower horizontal surfaces 1 and 4 respectively by a suitable stamping openation in which the edges of the opening are flanged over as shown for strength. Sui-table lightening holes 13 may be provided as indicated in Fig. 1 in the back 2 and lightening holes 14 are also provided in the bottom member 7, these bottom holes, however, not being directly below the holes 12. Suitable holes 20 are provided in the back part 2 by which the device can be bolted to the inside of an aeroplane cockpit in a convenient location.
A plurality of flat steel springs 15 are suitably secured to the rear mounting surface 2 by rivets 16. The upper part 17 of the spring 15 is of such a length as to prevent any rotation of the spring upon the rivets 16. The formed flanges 18 and 19 of the upper portion 1 and the bottom retaining section 7, respectively,- are for the purpose of stiffening these surfaces. The bottom retaining or supporting surface 7 not onl prevents the cartridge from slipping throug the rack but also forms a fire proof member which will prevent fire from being thrown into the fuselage of an aeroplane in the event of an accidental discharge of the cartridge, in which case the cartridge would be blown up and out of the rack. Although the primary use of the device is for carrylng pyrotechnic ammunition in an aeroplane for the purpose of signalling, it can be used equally as well in any other place where ammunition of like description is used.
Having thus described our invention what we desire'to claim and protect by Letters Patent is 1. An ammunition rack comprising aback plate, an upper plate at the top of the back plate, a lower plate at the bottom of the back plate, a bottom plate, afroht plate between the lower and bottom plates, and side plates interconnecting the back, upper and lower plates, all of said plates being formed of a single sheet of metal, and holes in said upper and lower munition cartridges.
2. An ammunition rack comprising a substantially, vertical front plate, a substantially vertical ack plate, an upper plate attached to the top edge of the back plate, a lower plates formounting amplate and a bottom plate below the lower plate, a side reinforcing member integrally uniting at the side, the top, back and lower plates, other reinforcin members integrally uniting at the sides t e lower, front, and bottom plates, and means for frictionally retaining cartridges in said plates.'
3. An ammunition rack comprising a front plate, a back plate, an upper late joined to the upper edge of said back plate, a lower plate joined to the bottom edge of the back plate and to the top edge of the front plate and a bottom plate, said upper, lower, and bottom plates being superposed, a side rememes inforcing member into ally uniting at the side the top, back, an? lower plates, other reinforcin members integrally uniting at the sides the lower, front, and bottom plates,
openings in said upper and lower plates for a V MILO MGCUNE, lsr LT. A. S.
CHARLES L. PAULUS.