|Publication number||US1636141 A|
|Publication date||Jul 19, 1927|
|Filing date||Jun 1, 1926|
|Priority date||Jun 1, 1926|
|Publication number||US 1636141 A, US 1636141A, US-A-1636141, US1636141 A, US1636141A|
|Inventors||Lawrence W Mammen|
|Original Assignee||Lawrence W Mammen|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (13), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1,636,141 July 1 1927- L, w. MAMMEN ORNAMENTAL LIGHT Filed June 1, 1925 2 Shee tS-Sh et l 39 Inm/ntor 1,636,141 L. w. MAMMEN ORNAMENTAL LIGHT July 19, 1927.
Filed June 1, 1925 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented July 19, 1921.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
LAWRENCE W. MEN, CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
Application filed June 1, 1938. Serial No. 112,805.
My invention relates to an ornamental light more especially intended for decorative purposes; the invention contemplating a light made in semblance of a star. 0
The object of m invention is the provision of an electric light constructed so as to provide light beams radiating in the manner of the rays of a star.
The objects and advantages of my invention will be more readily comprehended from the detailed description of the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 is a sectional elevation of one form of my improved light.
Figure 2 is a side elevation thereof.
Figure 3 is a cross sectional view taken on the line 33 of Figure 1.
Figure 4 is a sectional elevation of a modified form.
Figure 5 is a side elevation of the modification shown in Figure 4.
Figure 6 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 66 of Figure 4.
My improved ornamental light as shown in the first three figures of the drawin s comprises the side walls 10, 10 similar in construction and configuration and preferably composed of a translucent material, such as suitably coated or ground glass moulded into proper shape to provide the various star points 11. The sloping sides of the various points 11 are provided with openings as at 12, while the inner or opposing faces of the two side walls, in the point portions thereof, are formed with the outwardly bulging or sloping portions 13 arranged to provide openings14 disposed generally in the direction of the points 11 in order that the light emitted by the openings will be directed radially outward in the semblance of the rays of a star.
The sidewalls 10, 10, at points below the bases of the point portions are each formed with a circumferential rim or flange 15, with the flanged sides of the complementary members disposed toward each other. The flange portions 15 maintain the side walls 10, 10 in suitable spaced relation thereby providing a chamber between the two sides and within the abutting rims for the reception and mounting of the electric bulbsshown at 16 and 17.
The flange portions 15, 15 are encircled by a suitable band 18, which may be of sheet metal formed to snugly fit about the'flanges and have holding relation therewith to maintain the side walls 10, 10 in place. The ends of the band 18 are shown secured in Figure 1 by means of small screws 19 to a flange formed on the stem portion 20 of an inner concentric band 21 within which is mounted a third concentric band 22 in slight spaced relation with band 21. The two bands 21 and 22 are shown secured to an insulating plug 23 which also extends into the stem portion 20; the insulating plug 23 as well as the respective socket members 24 secured on the inner band 22 maintain the proper spaced relation between the two bands 21 and 22; while the stem portion 20 maintains the proper relation between the inner concentric bands 21 and 22 and the outer band 18. The stem portion 20 is also adapted to receive aplug member 25 adapted to form proper electrical connection with the terminal points 26 arranged within plug member 23; the terminals 26 being in turn wired to the respective lamp holding socket members 24 and the inner socket member 27 as shown at 28 in Fi ure 1, so that all of the bulbs within the lig t may receive current from a single lead or supply line 29.
The outer band 18 is shown provided along its circumferential center line with a plurality of openings or slots 30; and the band is also shown provided with smaller open ings preferably arran ed at prearranged spaced points apart as shown for example at 31 and registering with similar holes made in the rims or flanges 15, 15 in order that light may be emitted through the openings.
in the opaque band in the form of defined rays.
The band 21 is employed for the purpose of rigidly holding the various socket memhere 24 and light bulbs 17 in place. This band, however, may be omitted if the inner band 22 is made of sufficiently strong material. The filament holding portion of the light bulb '16 is shownv preferably disposed substanially at the center of the star or light, while the bulbs 17 aredisposed at points coincident with the star points,
In Figures 4 to 6, I show a modified form with the side walls 32, made of any suitable translucent material or translucent glass; the side walls bein moulded to provide any suitable number 0 star-points or portions 33; while theopposing faces of the side members are provlded with the circumferential flanges 34, substantially similar to the construction shown in Figure 1. The circumferential flanges 34 are encircled by a band 35, preferably of sheet metal, snugly fitted about the flange portions 34 so as to hold the sides 32, 32 in juxtaposition. The band 35, at points coincident with the valeys intermediate of the points 33 of the two outer side walls 32, is provided with openings at 36 surrounded by the outwardly disposed converging walls 37 which may be formed by stamping the sheet metal band.
Arran ed concentrically within the band is a and or ring member 38 which is preferably dished or concaved in cross-section as shown in Figure 6. A plurality of lamp-holding sockets 39 and 40 are mounted on the band 38; the sockets 39 being disposed on the outer dished side, while the sockets 40 are arranged on the inner perimeter of the band 38, see Figure 4. Dishing the band 38 as shown permits the same to be used in the nature of a reflector for the light emitted'by the bulbs 41 and causes the same to be reflected toward the openings 36, coincident with which bulbs 41 are mounted. The inner band 38 is maintained in proper concentric spaced relation with the flanges 34 of the main side walls and therefore also with the outer band 35, by the insulating block 42 to which the inner band 38 is secured as for example by the screws or bolts 43. The block 42 is rovided with suitable terminals 44 adapte to receive the usual connecting plug 45 attached to the end of the lead line or wire 46. The various bulbs are all electrically connected by suitable wiring as at 47 in Flgure 4 so as to permit a single lead line to be'employed. The bulb-holding sockets 39 and 40 are preferably arranged in the staggered relation shown in Figure 4 on the outer and inner perimeters of the band 38; and it will be ,understood, of course, that colored bulbs may be employed for the sockets 40 if desired, while White bulbs are employed in the sockets 39 so as to transmit bright rays through the openings 36.
These lights may be secured or suspended in place in any suitable manner, and any number of small filament bulbs may be em ployed to roperly illuminate the entire side walls of t e light and also to provide the li ht-rays through the openin s; and while I ave shown certain exempliflcation of my invention, it will be understood, that modifications may be made without, however, departing from the spirit of my invention.
What I claim is:
1. An ornamental light in the nature of an illuminated star composed of a pair of complementary star shaped members of translucent material formed at the oints with double walls in s aced relation, t e inner walls of both mem ers at the base of the points each having a laterally disposed annular flange, a band encirclin the flanges for holding the members together in spaced relation, said band being provided with an electric plug and lamp holding socket.
2. An ornamental ight in the nature of an illuminated star composed of a pair of complementary star shaped members of translucent material formed at the points with double walls, the inner walls of both members at the base of the points each terminating in a laterally disposed annular flange, a band encircling the flanges for holding the members together, said band at circumferentially spaced points having defined openings for the outward passage of the li ht and being provided with an electricp ug and lamp holding socket.
3. An ornamental light in the nature of an illuminated star composed of a pair of complementary star spaced members of translucent material formed at the points with spaced double walls, the inner walls of both members at the base of the points each terminating in a laterally disposed annular flange, the double walls of the star points being provided with openings for passage of lightrays therethrough, a band encircling the flanges for holding the memberstogether and rovided with an electric plug and lampolding socket.
4. An ornamental light in the nature of an illuminated star composed of a pair of complementary star shaped members of translucent material formed at the points with spaced double walls, the double walls of the star points bein provided with openings for passage wit the light-ra s, the inner walls of both members at the ase of the points terminating in laterally disposed annular flanges, a. band encircling the flanges for holding the members together and provided with an electric plug holdin socket, and an inner concentric band provided with bulb holding sockets.
LAWRENCE W. MAMMEN.
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|US2525001 *||Mar 12, 1948||Oct 10, 1950||Fred W Sherwood||Ornamental lamp for vehicles|
|US2575512 *||Apr 22, 1948||Nov 20, 1951||Gen Plastics Corp||Hollow display article|
|US2637380 *||Jan 11, 1949||May 5, 1953||Clopay Corp||Window cornice|
|US2696596 *||Jul 28, 1951||Dec 7, 1954||Eurich Henry||Electrical plug-in connector having a plurality of lamp sockets|
|US2794284 *||Jul 22, 1955||Jun 4, 1957||Bradford Novelty Co Inc||Ornament for a tree or other decorative purpose|
|US2803904 *||Aug 2, 1955||Aug 27, 1957||Bradford Novelty Co Inc||Decorative ornament|
|US2917853 *||Nov 12, 1957||Dec 22, 1959||Max W Lawsky||Article reminiscent of special occasions|
|US3694648 *||Mar 9, 1970||Sep 26, 1972||Robert L Yates||Ornamental device|
|US4698735 *||Feb 26, 1986||Oct 6, 1987||Kuroi Glass Industry Co., Ltd.||Decorator lamp|
|US5257173 *||Dec 3, 1991||Oct 26, 1993||Stanley Electric Co., Ltd.||Light irradiating apparatus having light emitting diode used as light source|
|US5772312 *||Oct 30, 1996||Jun 30, 1998||Pihl-Niederman; Susan M.||Lighted holiday ornament|
|US6929375 *||Jul 16, 2003||Aug 16, 2005||Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba||Illumination apparatus|
|US20040021834 *||Jul 16, 2003||Feb 5, 2004||Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba||Illumination apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||362/121, 40/540, 362/249.17|