US 1638065 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
9, v19.27 L. s. snm-DN TRANsoM HINGE Filed'Jan". s. 192s l2 Sheets-Sheet .1
. Fig. 3
L. S. SIMON TRANsoM .HINGE Aug. 9, 1927.
2 sheets-sheet 2 Filed Jan. 8, 1.925'
Patented Aug. 9, 1927.
LESTER S. SIMON, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.,
AssIGNon To LESTER s. SIMON, INC., A
CORPORATION 0F NEW YORK.
Application filed January This invention relates to swinging devices, such as transoms and the like.
An object of this invention is to provide a device of the character described, which` may be held in adjusted position in a new and improved manner.
A further object is to provide a device of the character described in which the resistance to displacement may be varied at will and with ease and without dissassembling the hinge. y
A further object is toproduce a transom which will be held in adjusted position, but f which may have its adjustment varied noiselessly.
A further object is to produce a device of the character described, in which allowance may be made from time to time for wear'so that the friction of adjustment may be maintained throughout the life of the transom.
Other objects of the invention will be in part obvious, and will in part appear hereinafter.
The invention accordingly comprises the features of construction, combinations of elements, and arrangement of parts, which will be exemplified in the construction hereinafter set forth and the scope of the application of which will be indicated in the claims.
For a fuller understanding of the nature and objects of the invention, reference should be' had to the rfollowing detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing7 in which:
Figure 1 kis a sideview 0f a door frame snowing afragmentary portion of an application of the invention;
Fig. 9. is a section on the line 2 2v of Fig. 1, the pintle 'and transom'being added;V
Fig. 8 is an elevation of the transom showing thepintle, and g Fig. 4 is an elevation of a transom and frame embodying the invention. v y
Fig. 5 is a horizontal section along the line 5 5 of Fig. 2; Y
Fig. 6 is a side elevation of amodified form -of construction; j
Fig. 7 isa horizontalsection on the line` 7 7 of Fig. 6, and l.
Fig. 8 is an elevation of the pintle of the modification shown in Figs. 6 and l7.
In the drawings, the numeral A1 designates generally a frame as for example, the frame in which a transom is to be pivoted, and the. numeral 2 designates in general the transom.
8, 1926. Serial No. 79,916.
Attached to the frame l isa housinfr measured from the base to the edges of the flanges 5 7, equal to the thickness of the inner and outer parting stops 1a and 1b on the frame, such that when the said stops are kcut away iush with the frame, the housing may be set completely within the recess so formed with the outer face Aof the housing substantially ush withl the outer faces of the parting stops. The outer face of the flange 4 lof the housing is preferably mounted flush with the inner edge of the inner parting stop 1a so that an yadjusting l screw 8 extending throughitpvill be accessible when the tran- 'j somy is in place.
Mounted witliinthe housing is a journal 11 comprising a strap4 9 attached to the exposed ywall A4 as by rivet 10. The other end of the strap 9is bent around in circular form as shown, to form a bearing surface of the journal 11, the eXtreme end being bent parallel to the wall 4 as shown at 12. This end 12 is threaded to receive the screw 8.-, whereby itwill be clear that the turning of the screw 8 may be caused to increase or decrease the size of the journal 11. The housing may Vbe securedfin position on .the frame by screws17 as shown. A plate 13 is adapted to beattached to' the transom and carries centrally disposed thereon, apivot or pintle 14 of a size and inA position to it snugly within and engage the journal 11. l
`The pivot 14 and pivot plate-13 are ofsuch dimensions and areso attached upon Y parting stops 2a and 2*down level Wit the end or' parting surface of the vtransom without cuttingu the transom itself, as will be apparent upon reference toFigs. 2 and 3. In this connection it will be observed that the parting surfaces between the frame and transom are disposed'in closely mating relation so as to form va tight joint when thetransom isV in closed position. The arrangement of the pintle with reference to the pivotal support or housing also provides a tight closure joint at and adjacent to the pivotal mountingY of the transom by virtue of the without mutilation or disassembly Vof :the
frame or adjacent parts.
In order'to permit thev plate 13 to turn after the parts are assembled, the side flanges l and 6 are cut away as shown at le in Fig. 2. l3`urtlierinore,it will be obvious, since the upper edge of the plate 3 3 turns in the arc of a circle about the aXis of the pintle, that the top of this plate will not quite reach the flange 5. rI'here is therefore provided an eX- tension of the' flange a at the extreme topv edge as"l shown at lil such that when the transom is closed, the projection 4b together with'` the plate 13 will form a substantially continuous surface. j
llhere the strain upon the hinge is apt to be severe, suitable lugs 3" and 3l may be attached to the plate 3 in position to support thestrap l1 should vthere be any tendency'for it to sag. In general, a single type of hinge may be used for both right and left hand side, being turnedupside down to effect the change. Vrlhe lug Sa'will thus be in position to'l support the strap when the hinge is used as a right hand `hinge asillustrated in the drawing, while the lug 3b will be in position to support it when used as a lefty hand hinge. c Y y In the modification illustratedin Fig. 7, a plate 23 is adapted to be attached to or set into the frame and carries Ya strap 24 integral therewith. This-strap 24k has afhorizontal flange 25 and is bent around as shown at 26 into a journal, the size of which is contiolled by screws 27 as in the previous form. This plate is attached to the frame by means of screws 28. to or set within the transom carries a pintle 30 adapted to lit within the journal 26. The platey 29 may be held to the transom by screws 3l. j
A transom may be hung by the first of these devices in the following manner:A
The parting stops lal and lb of the frame are cut level with the face of the frame for a sufficient distance to provide a recess for the reception of the housing while kthe parting stops Qa'aiid" of the transom are cut level with the end parting surface of the transom frame for a distance sufficient toL clear the end edges of the housing. The plate 13 may now be attached to the transom in the center of the cut portion. Thereupon the' journal ll is inserted over the pintle and as the transom is put in place, the housing is slipped into its recess in the frame parting stops. Thetransom 2 may then be turned to the horizontal position exposing the location rfor screws 17 by whichY it may be at.
A suitable plate 29 -attached tached to the frame, so that these screws may now be put in place.
With'this construction, it will be evidentthat the friction of thejournal ll upon the pintle may be varied at will by turning the screw 8. Atthe same time, should the parts bind excessively or tend to become noisy, they may be lubricated when the transom 1s open.
With the second modification, the Vplate 23 may be inserted within its recess and fastened. Thereupon the'plate :29 carrying'the pintle may be inserted and the transom put By swinging the transom to thev in place. horizontal position, accessniay be'had to the screw 3l to attach the plate to the transom.
vBy both of the above constructions, it will be evidentthat the pintles `and journals may move relative to each other along their axes and thus adjust themselves to takecare of shrinlniigor swelling of thetransoni.
Since certain changes may be madein the above construction and different einbodiments of the invention `could be made without departing from the scope thereof, it is* intended' thatv all matter containedy in the .above4 description or shown in the laccompanying drawing shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
It is also to be understood'that vthe follow-` ing claims are'intended to cover all of the generic and specific features of the invention herein described, and vallV statements of the scope of 'theinvention which asia matter ofv llV therebetween. i 1
ner face of said frame and having outturned flanges,vcertain of which has a cut-away por!` tion at the outer Vedge thereof to provide a recess positioned below the outer faceof the Y. housing, and an adjustable strap 'journal mountedwithin said housing, Va pintleplate mounted upon said transom adjacent said housing, and having a pintlev adapted to'eX- tend into said journal so as tor` provide av support for the transom, saidpintle plate., projecting abovepthe face'of thetran'som to which it is attached andfpositionedto move within said recess in the Harige;
2. A device of the character described,v
comprising, in combination, a frame. and a transom, a housing, a journal withinV the housing`r a pintle adapted to befxfrictionally.V engaged within said journal 'for hinging said transom to said frame forjswin'ging adlle justment, and an Yadjusting device for `said Y' journalV positioned wholly within said housi ing and being accessible from the outside of said'housing for adjusting the size of said journal relative to said pintle.
3. A device of the character described including, in combination, a housing adapted to be mounted upon the parting face oa :trame so as to have one face of the housing exposed for access outside of said parting face, a' variable size supporting journal mounted within said housing and attached thereto, a pintle attached to the parting face of a transom, or the like, and adapted to tit Within said journal to provide a transom support through said journal and an adjusting device extending through the ex-v posed face of said housing and cooperating with said journal to vary the size thereof.
Ll. A device of the character described, including, in combination, a housing adapted to be mounted upon the parting face of a frame so as to have one face of the housing exposed for access outside of said parting face, a support-ing strap journal of variable size, having two ends, and mounted within said housing with one end securely att-ached thereto, a pintle attached to the parting face of a transom, or the like, and adapted to t Within said'journal to provide a transom support through the journal, an adjusting device extending through the exposed face of said housing and cooperating with the other end of said journal to vary the size thereof, and a supporting lug on said housing 'for cooperation with said journal to prevent sagging there-ot.
5. A device. oli' the character described, comprising, in combination, a housing adapted to be attached to a frame in posi tion to leave one face of the housing exposed, a variable size journal within said housing, comprising a vstrip bent in-to al nearly complete circle with parallelk ends,
` one ot which is attached to said face and one of which is free, and a screw extending through said exposed face and threaded into said free end whereby the size of said jourf j nal may be varied, and a pintlek for attachment to a transom or the like.
6. A device of the character described, including, in combination, a frame and transom, a housing seated in a recess in the inner face of said frame and having outturned flanges, certain of which has a cut-awayv portion at the outer edge thereof to provide a recess positioned below the outer face of the housing, an adjustable strap journal mounted within said housing, a pintle plate mounted upon said transom adjacent said housing, and having a pintle vadapted to extend into said journal so as to provide a support for the transom, said pintle plate projecting above the face of the transom to `which it is attached and positioned to move within said recess in the lange, said recess terminating short of the adjacent housing flange so that the edge ot the pintle plate. cooperates with the housing flangel to provide a substantially continuous exterior surface, and a journal adjusting device accesf sible from without. said casing to vary the friction between said journal and said pintle.
7. A device of the character described, including, in combination, sash and fra-me members each having mating parting stops j thereona housing attached to one of said members and having a thickness substantially equal to the thickness of the corresponding parting stop, and having its outer 'face substantially llush with the outer face of the parting stop, a bearing mounted in said housing, a pintle plate secured to the adjacent face of the other said member, and l'ying substantially wholly within the/plane of the outer face of said housing, and a pintle `carried by said pintle plate and extending into supporting relation with said bearing.v In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.
Y LESTER s, s'IMoN.