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Publication numberUS163838 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 1, 1875
Filing dateOct 21, 1874
Publication numberUS 163838 A, US 163838A, US-A-163838, US163838 A, US163838A
InventorsDavid Baker
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement in mariners compasses
US 163838 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


Mariners Compass Pa tented June I, 1875.-





Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 163,838, dated June 1, 1875 application filed October 21, 1874.


To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, DAVID BAKER, of Boston, in the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Mariners Oompasses, of which the following is a specification:

The nature of my invention consists in so constructing a mariners compass that the axis of the outer gimbal-ring shall be in a line fore and aft of the compass-bowl sus pended therein; and-further in making the indicating-mark, known as the lubber-pdint, on one or both sides of the compass-bowl, and at a point in the direction of the said axis of the outer gimbal-ring, instead of being at right angles thereto, as heretofore constructed.

Mariners compasses heretofore have been constructed so that the axis of the outer gimbal-ring was at right angles to a line passing through the COlllPLSSbOWl fore and aft, (when in use.) which line is represented by a mark or markson the inside of the compassbow], at a point fore or fore and aft, such mark being termed by mariners the lubber-point, and is the guide, in connection with the compass-card, used in steering.

By such construction of the axis of the outer gimbal ring, (when in use,) as to be atliwart-ships or crosswise of the vessel, and having a fixed support, it will be seen that whenever the vessel is heeled or inclined to either side the gimbal-ring. is also inclined, and while in this position any pitching motion of the vessel, as she rises and falls over the sea, causes the mark, called the lubber-point, on the compass-bowl, to move out of line with the vessels direction, and thus misrepre- Sent fl lllfiflll I m NM This erroneous indication of a vessels course is a great stumbling-block to the mariner, and is often attended with danger, particularly in stormy weather when near the coast, and is, doubtless, the cause of many disasters.

The object of my invention is to overcome these imperfections in mariners compasses; and I find, after many experiments, that with a compass constructed according to my invention, however much the vessel may be heeled, her pitching motion, as she rises and falls over the sea, does not cause the so-called lubber point to move out of true line with the vessels course or direction, but her course is as truly represented by such mark or point as when the vessel is sailing in the smoothest water.

Figure 2 is a top plan view of a mariners compass constructed according to my invention, the card being omitted. Fig. 1 is a Vertical central section of the same at the point indicated by the dotted lines X Y, the lower portions being broken away.

A represents the compass-case of usual construction. B represents the outer gimbalring, and O O its journals or axismoving freely in bearings D D affixed at opposite sides, and on the top edge of case A. E represents the compass-bowl, provided with pivots F F which have their bearings in the gimbalring B, and at opposite sides thereof, being at right angles to the journals 0 O of gimbal-ring B. G represents a mark or marks or other means of indicating a point or line in the direction of the axis of the outer gimbalring, or other equivalent means therefor. This point or mark I have indicated by one or more marks upon the inside of the compass-bowl, and at a point in the direction of the axis of the outer gimbal-ring, and at one or upon opposite sides of the compass-bowl. A mark upon the top of the glass-plate, or on the top of the compass-bowl, or other means of indieating or designating the lubberpoint, socalled, located in the direction of the axis of the outer gimbal-ring, would be sufficient to serve for the purposes contemplated.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is 1. In a mariners compass, a mark or marks or-other means of indicating a point or line in the direction of the axis of the outer gimbal-ring, as and for the purposes set forth.

2. A mariners compass provided with means for indicating the lubber-point, placed in the vertical pane of the axis of the outer gimbal-ring, substantially as and for the pur pose set forth.

DAVID BAKER. Witnesses:


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2441556 *May 10, 1939May 18, 1948Sperry CorpStabilized gyrocompass
US2599231 *Apr 11, 1950Jun 3, 1952Gen ElectricInsertable hinge mounting structure
US2890009 *Jul 13, 1955Jun 9, 1959Combustion EngVessel support
US2937003 *Oct 12, 1956May 17, 1960Croll John LHydraulic lift
US3265200 *Oct 22, 1964Aug 9, 1966Gen ElectricPackaging device
US3656649 *Jul 20, 1970Apr 18, 1972Martin Louis NDelicate instrument shipping crate
US4182504 *May 5, 1978Jan 8, 1980E-Systems, Inc.Balanced snubber apparatus
US4571843 *Sep 5, 1984Feb 25, 1986Instrumentverken AktiebolagDevice for preventing error in a compass
US6286386 *May 6, 1999Sep 11, 2001Sandia CorporationPassive orientation apparatus
Cooperative ClassificationG01C17/00