US 1639468 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
S. ROSENBERG ET AL CAP Filed Feb. 25, 1927 INVENTOR.
A TTORNE V Patented Augi a 1921.
SAIUEL ROSENBERG, OF MILWAUKEE, AND ELMER N. J'OHA, WAUWATOSA, WIS- -consru, I
A conroaarron or wrscozusm..
ASSIGNORS TO RELIABLE KNITTING WORKS, OF MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN,-
Application fled February 85, 1927. Serial No. 170318. 7 I
Our invention relatesto improvements in caps, with particular reference to caps of that type in which leather crowns or crowns composed of equivalentimpervious material are'utilized.
Heretofore it has been the practice to proa to the excessive perspiration frequently resulting from the use of such caps, and the practice of providing such ventilating apertures has been 'continued 'for many years notwithstanding the obvious objection that r they are insutficient to provide proper venti-' lation'and that they also allow an excessive chilling of the skin exposed at the aperture when turned toward severe winds.
Another objection to the use of a leather cap is that the crown portion-tends to spring away from the head at the front and rear, and the ear flaps, beinginelastic, require 1 either aseries of fastenings or adjustable fastenings'in order to secure these flaps under the chin of the wearer, and the tendency is for flapssecured under the chin to apply tension across the top of the crown above the ears, thereby causing the front andarear margins to spring away from the hea The object of this invention is to provide a cap which will wholly overcome the above objections and in which the sideflaps or car coverings will be suiiiciently elastic to allow them to be buttoned under'the chin of the wearer without requiring the use of more than one fastening for that purpose; also to provide side flaps of such a character that the tension when elastically extended will be exerted toward the front and rear to a greater extent than along the transverse line over the top of the head; also to provide a cap in which .the covering for the ears and sides of the face will 'allow sufiicient air circulation to prevent an accumulation of perspiration while preventing excessive chill; also to provide a cap having a leather crown and foldable. flaps which may be turned upwardly and buttoned to the side of the cap without giving to the cap a clumsy appearance or rendering the same uncomfortable to wearer.
In the drawings: .7
Figure l is a side view of a cap embody- 1ng our invention.
Figure 2 is a sectional view drawn on line 2-2 of Figure 1'.
Figure 3 is a side view with the knitted portions of the cap turned upwardly to a position of non-use.
Figure 4 is a side elevation showing a modified form of construction.
Like parts are identified by the sam reference characters in all views.
The crown 1 of the cap as shown in Fig- 7 urs 1, 2 and 3, is composed of leather or equivalent 'imperviousjmaterial gored. and folded as indicated at 2 and contoured to form a visor portion 3, a side portion 4 and back portion 5. The lower margins o the side portions 4 are adapted to be arranged just barely above or slightly overlapping the upper edges of the wearers ears. A pairvofknitted flaps 6 are secured by suitable stitching 8 to the lower margin of the side portion 1 and are conneeted'by a correspondingly knitted band 9. the upper. margin of which is correspondingly stitched to the lower margin of portion 5 of the crown. The side,- or flap portions 6 cover the ears and the glands of the neck, including portions of the chin when swung downwardly for that purpose. The band portion depends from the crown to a less extent and is adapted to cover theback of the head and neck above the coat collar. The lower margin of the band 9 extends alonga curved line at eachend of the band downwardly and merges with the side portions 6. Similarly the front ortions of the side portions 6 are curved orwardly at their upper ends'and merge with the visor portion 3. These margins are all reinforced by any suitable means and are here shown asbeing covered by a suitable binding or strip of fabric 14 suitably stitched to the knitted material as shown.
The stitching which connects the knitted material to the impervious crown is preferably what is known as over stitching which facilitates folding the knitted portions upwardly upon the crown. The lining fabric 1 2.is applied to the entire inner surface of the'crown, side and neck portions. This lining fabric is-preferably integral and continuous, the same being cut and fitted and then stitched in place to the front and rear of the impervious crown 1 and around the margins of the side portion 6.
It will be apparent that the binding 14 not only prevents the knitted side portions from pullin or stretching out of shape from usage, but afiso serves to render the margins of these side portions less elastic than their central portions and it is to be understood that the invention comprehends the provision of any means which will perform either of these functions. Due to the fact that central portions of the side flaps are more elastic than their side margins, it will be apparent that by reason of the crown 1 being constructed of inelastic material and the. side, flaps being constructed from substantially elastic material, that the front and rear portions of the crown will be drawn inwardly "to better fit the head of the wearer when the side portions are drawn under thewearers from stretching or pulling out of shape and it also prevents the wind from blowing through the knitted fabric to an objectionable extent, although allowing free ventilation throughout the area of the knitted portion. The lining fabric is preferably free from the crown at the junction of the flaps and crown.
Due to the fact that the crown 1 is constructed of unyielding material and the edges of the side portions thereof are adapted to be arranged either just above the ear or slightly covering the upper part thereof,
it will be apparent that the substantially elastic ear flaps 6 will always be disposed in a position to cover the ears regardless of how tightly the ear flaps or side portions are drawn beneath the chin of the wearer, since the crown portion 1 is incapable of stretching to lower the ear flaps.
The lower extremities of the flap portions 6 are preferably provided with button holes 13 and a button 15 is securedto the crown oneach side to facilitate supporting these portions in their raised or folded position by buttoning them to the crown. A button 16 on one flap may engage in the button hole 13 on the other to connect the flaps under the chin of the wearer.
In Figure 4C a modification is illustrated in which the knitted band 9 is omitted and the leather portion of the crown extended downwardly to a greater extent than in Figure l to take the place of the knitted band 9. At the sides of the leather portions are cut away in the form of an inverted V into which the knitted portion 18 of the flap 6 extends, the flap being stitched to the margins of the notched or cut away portion. In this construction when the flaps are buttoned together under the chin the sides of each flap, being relatively inelastic by reason of the binding 14: and also by reason of their shorter length, will draw the front and rear margins of the cap more forcibly against the head of the wearer than in the structure disclosed in Figure 1, although the flaps shown in Figure '1 are also more elastic in their central portions than they are along their bound margins, and are therefore capable of accomplishing the same purpose to a sufficient extent in view of ing convergent side margins connected by knitted'material extending downwardly below the crown portion in the form of ear and face covering flaps, each flap being provided with a binding along its side margins, whereby the side margins are rendered relatively inelastic.
3. A tially inelastic crown portion and depending side portions composed of knitted ma, terial bound and relatively inelastic at their cap having an impervious, substan margins as compared with their central portions, and a lining secured to the crown portion and extending downwardly along the side portions and secured to the margins thereof. a
4. A cap having a substantially flexible and non-stretchable crown, depending side portions connected to said crown and adapted to be tensioned when parts of said side portions are disposed beneath the chin of a wearer, said side portions being yieldable in a direction from the top of, the crown to the lower extremities of said 'side portions to a greater extent at their central portions than along their side margins.
5. A cap having a flexible and inelastic crown, depending knit sidefiaps, and reinforce means associated with said flaps to maintain their marginal contour from being misshaped from use.
6. A cap having a flexible and inelastic crown portion, depending porous and elastic side flaps, and a substantially inelastic binding for said side flaps connected to said crown.
7. A cap having a flexible and inelastic crown portion, depending porous and elastic side flaps, and a substantially inelastic tion and side'flaps and connecting the crown and side flaps on an arc.
8. A cap havihg a flexibleand inelastic binding and lining being secured to said crown.
9. A cap having -a crown portion and depending substantially elastic side por-t tions, said side portions being relatively inelastic at their margins.
10. A can having a substantially flexible and inelastic crown portion and depending 145 side flaps composed of knitted material bound and relatively inelastic at their margins as compared with their central portions.
ELMER N. J OHA. SAMUEL ROSENBERG.