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Publication numberUS1640448 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 30, 1927
Filing dateFeb 28, 1925
Priority dateFeb 28, 1925
Publication numberUS 1640448 A, US 1640448A, US-A-1640448, US1640448 A, US1640448A
InventorsJr Cromwell A B Halvorson
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lighting unit
US 1640448 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1,640,448 1927' c. A. B. HALVORSON. JR

LIGHTING UNIT wg f8, 1925 Inventor CromweLL A.B. H aLvor-son Jr.

WWW

, HLs Attorngy Patented Aug. 30, 1927.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

CROMW ELL A. B. KALVORSON, JR., F LYNN, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOB TO GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.

LIGHTING unrr.

Application filed February 28, 1925. Serial No. 12,424.

My invention relates to lighting units of a type which is especially adapted for highway lighting, although it may be used for interior lighting as Well. Y a It is quite common to find in the lighting art units which are adapted to illuminate uniformly a circular area or zone about the axis of the unit. In some instances a paraboloidal reflector. is used for this purpose 1-) and a secondary conic reflector is interposed at any suitable distance in the path of the beam which intercepts and uniformly distributes the light in the zone. But as far as I am aware, in no instance has there been used in a li hting unit a main reflector of the ellipsoi al type With'an auxiliary re flector located at or about the conjugate focal point and having a light source located at the principal focal point, the axes of both reflectors being coincident for uniformly or asymmetrically lighting the zone.

It is an object of my invention to provide a unit with such elements for the purposes indicated.

Furthermore, it is an object to construct the auxiliary reflector in the form of a curved surface of revolution for producing the uniform type of illumination in the zone about the axis of the unit and,to construct 0 the auxiliary reflector as a warped'or curved surface unsymmetrical with respect to the axis of the unit to produce the asymmetric type of illumination of the zone. The means for accomplishing the results indicated in the foregoing are hereinafter more fully set forth and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawing in which Fig. 1 shows the unit of my invention in section and in elevation; Fig. 2 is a perspective reduced drawing showing the main and auxiliary reflectors and the source of light in their relative positions; and Fig. 3 is a bottom view of the elements shown in Fig. 2.

Referring more in detail to the drawing, it will be seen that the unit has a main reflector 2, which reflector is ellipsoidal in form. At or about the main focal point F the unit has a light source 3, and at the conjugate focal point F it has an auxiliary reflector 4. Enclosing the unit appears the globe 5, on the upper end of which rests the ellipsoidal reflector 2, the lower end being provided with a circular flange 6. This flange may be suitably secured to the upper rim of the globe 5 by means of screws 7.

It will be understood that the socket for the light source 3 may be supported by any suitable frame work which may, if desired, be made to rest on the upper side of the reflector 2, also the auxiliary reflector or the target 4, as it is sometimes called, is provided with a threaded stem 8, thereby adapting the target to be screwed to any suitable supporting element at the base of the unit. It will be understood further that the auxiliary reflector surface may be of any suitable form. It may be curved, convex or concave; the curve may be parabolic, hyperbolic, elliptical or spherical; or it may be partly concave or convex, depending upon the character of light distributed desired.

\Vith a lighting uiiit having the elements illustrated and described, the rays of light originating at the focal point F, for example, will follow a-path indicated by the arrows and the nature of the distribution will be determined by the configuration of the surface of the target, as very clearly indicated in Fig. 3. With a device of this type, in order to change the nature of the distribution of light it is necessary only to take out the target 4 and replace it with another target having the proper form of reflecting surface.

It will be seen that with a unit such as applicant has devised he is able to produce a much Wider zone of light about the axis of the unit than by using, for example, some other conicoidal form of main reflector. It

will also be seen that a much broader zone of 1 light is obtained with a much smaller auxiliary reflector at the conjugate focal region; and that the intensity of the light in the zone may be varied as desired by making the auxiliary reflector asymmetric in form.

Another advantage in applicants construction is that by using an ellipsoidal reflector the auxiliary reflector may be made muph smaller and, therefore, the shadow cas by the unit will be less rominent.

While I have shown and described my invention in a specific and concrete form, it will be understood I do not Wish to be so limited, inasmuch as variation and modification of my invention will readily suggest themselves in view of the disclosure and may be roduced without departing from the spirlt of the invention or from the scope of the claims herein.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is,-

1. In a lighting unit, in combination, an ellipsoidal reflector, a source of light lo rated at the main focal point of the reflector, and an auxiliary asymmetrical reflector located between the main and conjugate points of the ellipsoidal reflector, the axes of the two reflectors being parallel and whereby a converging beam of light is projected toward the conjugate focal point of the cllipsoidal reflector. and intercepted by the aux iliary reflector and distributed asymmetrically in a zone about the axis of the unit.

In a lighting unit, in combination, an ellipsoidal reflector, a source of light located at the principal focal point, an auxiliary re flcctor located about the conjugate focal region of the elipsoidal reflector and having a surface generated about its longitudinal axis, the apex of the auxiliary reflector being located at a point between the two focal points of the ellipsoidal reflectors, whereby the beam of light projected toward the auxiliary reflector by the ellipsoidal reflector is distributed asymmetrically in a zone about the axis of the unit.

3. In a lighting unit, in combination, a main ellipsoidal reflector, a source of light located at one focal region of the reflector and a convex reflector covering the conjugate focal region of the main reflector, the convex surface of the convex reflector being toward the main reflector and also being asymmetrical in configuration whereby a Zone of light is produced about the axis of the unit having asymmetric distribution.

In witness whereof. I have hereunto set my hand this 26th day of February, 1925.

CROMIVELL A. B. HALVORSON, J11

by Letters Patent of the 1. In a lighting unit, in combination, an ellipsoidal reflector, a source of light located at the main focal point of the reflector, and an auxiliary asymmetrical reflector locatcd between the main and conjugate points of the ellipsoidal reflector, the axes of the two reflectors being parallel and whereby a converging beam of light is projected toward the conjugate focal point of the ellipsoidal reflector. and intercepted by the auxiliary reflector and distributed asy1nn1etri rally in a zone about the axis of the unit.

In a lighting unit, in combination, an ellipsoidal reflector, a source of light located at the principal focal point, an auxiliary reflector located about the conjugate focal region of the elipsoidal reflector and having a surface generated about its longitudinal axis, the apex of the auxiliary reflector being United States, is,-

Patent No. 1,640,448.

CROMWELL A. B.

located at a point between the two focal points of the ellipsoidal reflectors, whereby the beam of light projected toward the auxiliary reflector by the ellipsoidal reflector is distributed asymn'ietrically in a zone about the axis of the unit.

In a lighting unit, in combination, a main ellipsoidal reflector, a source of light located at one focal region of the reflector and a convex reflector covering the conjugate focal region of the main reflector, the convex surface of the convex reflector being toward the main reflector and also being asymmetrical in configuration whereby a zone of light is produced about the axis of the unit having asymmetric distribution.

In witness whereof. I have hereunto set my hand this 26th day of February, 1925.

CROMWELL A. B. HALVORSON, J R.

Granted August 30, 1927, to HALVORSON, JR.

It is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification of the above numbered. atent requiring correction as follows: Page 2, lme 10, claim 1, for the word of read by; and that the said Letters Patent should be read with this correction therein that Ofiioe the same may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Signed and sealed this 11th day of October, A. n. 1927.

M. J. MOORE, Acting 00mmof Patents.

Certificate of Correction. Patent No. 1,640,448. Granted August 30, 1927, to CROM WELL A. B. HALVORSON, Jn.

It is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification of the abovenumbered. atent requiring correction as follows: Page 2, line 10, claim 1, for the word of read by; and that the said Letters Patent should be read with this oorredzion therein that the same may conform to the record of the case in the Patent signed and sealed this 11th day of October, A. 1). 1927.

[mm] M. J. MOORE,

Acting Umnmim'our of Patents.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2469412 *Mar 29, 1945May 10, 1949Carl B RoebkenTherapeutic lamp
US3070688 *Dec 14, 1960Dec 25, 1962Gen ElectricLight source system
US3382357 *May 3, 1966May 7, 1968Holophane Co IncReflector for street lighting luminaire
US5567031 *Oct 20, 1993Oct 22, 1996General Electric CompanyCentralized lighting system
US5618102 *Jun 7, 1995Apr 8, 1997Adac Plastics, Inc.Plasma discharge lamp
US5705804 *Jan 23, 1996Jan 6, 1998Science Applications International CorporationQuadrant light detector
US5733028 *Jan 23, 1996Mar 31, 1998Advanced Optical Technologies, Llc.Apparatus for projecting electromagnetic radiation with a tailored intensity distribution
US5773819 *Jan 23, 1996Jun 30, 1998Advanced Optical Technologies, Llc.Single element light detector
US5886351 *Feb 20, 1998Mar 23, 1999Advanced Optical Technologies, LlcSingle element hemispherical light detector
US6043873 *Jan 10, 1997Mar 28, 2000Advanced Optical Technologies, LlcPosition tracking system
US6088091 *May 12, 1998Jul 11, 2000Advanced Optical Technologies, LlcPosition tracking system
US6220740Jul 12, 1996Apr 24, 2001General Electric CompanyHigh efficiency dual output light source
US6238077Sep 16, 1999May 29, 2001Advanced Optical Technologies, L.L.C.Apparatus for projecting electromagnetic radiation with a tailored intensity distribution
US6266136Feb 14, 2000Jul 24, 2001Advanced Optical Technologies, LlcPosition tracking system
DE4233930A1 *Oct 9, 1992Apr 15, 1993Juergen ScheweWall- or ceiling-mounted spot light - has adjustable deflection mirror to direct light onto specific object or area
Classifications
U.S. Classification362/303, 362/346, 362/316, 362/453, 362/454
International ClassificationF21V7/04
Cooperative ClassificationF21V7/04, F21V7/0025
European ClassificationF21V7/00C, F21V7/04