US 1640851 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 30, 1927. 1,640,851
D. QXARART VENDING MACHI NE Filed nea.l 2s. 1925 2 sheets-sheet 1 Aug. 30,1927. Y 1,640,851
D, OXARART VENDING MACHINE Filed Deo. 23. 1925 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Aug 30, A L11 Application December 23, 1925; serialil 4N9.'7'i,"215.=" f- :i :e
' My'invention isiavendin machine of the coin operated type, designe particularl .to vend loose'articles'suchas nuts, loose can les, etc'fl f An objectiof my invention is a vending machine having a coin vcontrol in which'the vendingdevice is mounted on a shaft and the `movement of the shaft is controlled by a coin receiving device, the coin operating a latch to allowrotationof the shaft and dischargeor vending of the` article.
A further object of my invention 1s a vending ymachine a provided f with a hopper over which a container having -the articles to be vendedmav be/inserted, preferably by invertingA and the articles discharged through fing imachine. .illustrating the a chute-at thel si'de-4 of? the vending machine, the:A articles being fed from the hopper to the chute by a rotarIy shaft.
f- Inl myinvention` utilizea cabinet in the "Y formroflla small .size -bozty which may be 4placed on .atable-or stand, this box having alongitudinal shaft, one portiony of which hasa transfer device for;receivingand carryinglthe-articles ,to ;bervended` this device being'situated at the base 'of a hopper forming a 4closure therefolwand discharging into a chute; the rotation of the shaft being Controlled by alatch engaging in a coin receiving disc, the disc having a socket adaptedl to receiveanduholda coin, `whereby thel coin acts as a cam and displaces the latch. The articles yto be vended are preferably enclosed 'inva:glass;jar which may be inverted over the hopper, allowing the feeding ofthe articlesto thehopper -asthey are vended. .-;My invention vwillbe more readily understood from4 the following description and drawings,in which;`
Figure l? is-a perspective Lview of my vendexternal construction. v i
' Fig. 2 isanlelevation showing the interior v mechanismnvith the side plate removed.. 1x-Fig. 3is alvertical longitudinallsection through theactuating shaft,'the` coin controlled mechanism and the vending portion ofithelmachine. f i
Fig. 4 is a. transverse sect-ion on the line of Fic, 4,y in the direction of the arrows, throught e'c'oinl controlled imechanism.
Fig. 5 is a vertical transverse section on the line 5-5 of Fig. 3 in the direction of the arrows.
My vending machine considered generally comprises a box-like cabinet l having "Mfr-waff..
a removablevlsideA `wall cup 3 attached theretoginlwhich the articles to be vended are .depositedwAcontainenfft preferably made of: glass is inverted', having therneclclof theV container extending-into an'. opening 5; in the top 1 of Vthe cabinet? A coin slot G leadsto a coin:controlled'mecl1A anismi and: a handle 7 operates'a shaft for vending the articles aftr'deposit of a; coin in` the coinslot, as will-be hereafterdescribed 'fi "f 7 yf; 1%.
The vending mechanism is?` constructed substantiallyTIK as` follows, 'having reference particularly-'to Figsmlg' and 5r ihrr Hr:
The neck 8'of the 'container4 isl irtsert'e'd part way* in they hopperlf) formedl by th'eeon verging.l side' lwallsf 10 an'ri 'thewparallel lend wallsffll.. These end walls 4haveffia isemiicircular 'out 4outse'ctionY l2ia'dapted Ato :itf tHe transfenbloclr 13' mountednonl thel'rothtable shaft 14. i The [transferg blockr has'f anf'lelon; gated'groove; A15,` the-cubic `capacity o such groove being that of the material to befvend ed I.correspionding to the value :oft 'av coin utilized to' actuatextheivending maehi'rem iA chute y 16 f l'is i f positionedf.: beldwrnthe? transfer block and? hasa dischargefend 4'throughf-a'n aperture 17 in' to the cup 2 with :1f-receiving,-
the removable sidef2 leading The shaft/.14 is supported inr'jouinalsf mechanismin its normal'stationaryposition ashereafterdescribed.`
A rubber bumper 23is attached to the base of the cabinet anda: rubber-bumper 24 is attached "to one of the end `Wallsf 11-of the' hopper, these being designed' to form stop for'tlie counter-weight arm.
The'coinlcontrolled mechanism is substantially as described, having referenceparticularly to Figs. 2, 3V and 4. The coin slot 6 is ofi'ftlielconventional"type-fand proportioned to the size of coins intended to be used in the vending machine. A coin receiving disc 25 is rigidly attached to the shaft 14 and is shaped in profile somewhat as a cam, having a portion 26 having a coin pocket -,2,7 oVf-greaterE radius4 than theportion 28,1 thereby forming a radial surface 29 between these portions of the coin disc. This surface forms an abutmentffor eatchingiong, the latch 30 which is hinged by'aspringA hinge 31, to the frame 32. The springhinge uppermostJ position by means of the counterweight 22, this position beingshown in Fig. 4. However. should the shaft and coin disc 25 be partially rotated by the'handle 7, it can only be rocked part tray forward orin an anti-clockwise direction as indicated by Fig-4, until the abutment 29 engages the hook'34 of the latch 30. rThe counter-weight arm 21 engaging the bumper 23 prevents rotation .in` the other direction.' A.' lperson therefore Afinding the 'device inoperative would allow it-to'come to itsinormall position for receivingthe coin, in the coin pocket. Aswthe purchaser rocks 'the handle 7.' in a clockwise direction as indicated inFg.- 1,
. the coinldisc :is rotated in-ananti-clockwise weight arm strikes the bumper 24. In Athis action the coin passes through the notch 33 in the latch and is deposited in the coin box 35..
Thevending action is as follows: 'lVhen the shaft 14 is rotated asabove 'dcscribed.-it will -be understood that the hopper `9 is maintained fullvof the articles -to be vended, such articles being peanuts, `loose candy or other articles to be soldin bulk as distinguished from package sale. Therea i 'fore-the, groove 15 is lled with the articles .to be vended and as the block 13 is rotated with the shaft, this pocket goes downwardly in anl anti-clockwise direction as indicated in Fig. 5, below the lower edge of the hopper and drops the articles into the chute 16, from whence they pass through the aperture-17` to the pocket` 3-,on theremovable sideof Vtli'- mlii11"e"t. 'llhepurehaseii may then take the articles from the cup. On releas- ,ing` the handleTnthe Ycounter-weight 22 will vendingblock to their normal positions as indicated 1n Figs. 3, 4 and 5.
Itl willzhenoted that the groove l5 with the material to be vended and its relation to the hopper 9 are such that the latch 30 must ridefo'l' thel portion 26 of the discand'pass the abutment so as to engage therewithon return motion before the groove can be filled withthc articles'from the hopper.
. It vwill thus be seen that I have invented a vending machine which4 is coin controlled, 0fa verysimple character requiring comparatively fewcparts and .that'the 4device may 'he made to occupy comparatively small f space compared with. the to be vended. f A
My vending machine and coin controlled mechanism may be changed in general details and in specific features without depart# ing from thel spirit thereof as set forth in 4the description, drawings and claims.i
`Hav-ing? described my invention,- what I claim is: c
bulk of the goods w' g1..'fIn-favendingmachine, a rock shaft, a
discimonnted thereonhavinga coin pocket, a radial abutment lon I.said ldisc, a spring pressed "latch havinga hook end,the hook end beingpositioned vto engage ythe said abutbeinga 'notch in the hook end, thelatch being engagedby a coin in the coin pocket on'partial rotation'of thei disc, such coin pressing the latch and disengaging the hook end from the abutment, the coin '.falling.
through the notch allowing'rotation of the disc. i 'f 2. In a vendingmachine a boit like structure having a. coin chute with a'lateral lUt groove' at'the lower end on one side, a rock shaft having a disc, the disc being below the chute and having acoin pocket therein, a radial abutment on the disc, Ya latch having a hook end with a notch'in such end, a
springfnormally pressing the latch to engage the hook-end with the abut1nent,the latch being engaged by a coin in the coin/pocket on-:partial rotation of thedisc, such coin pressingthe latch and disengaging the hook end from the abutment,I the coin falling .through the notch allowing rotation of the disc.` .M l
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification.