US 1640968 A
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Aug. 30, 19 27.
' 1,640,968 w. B. SOUTHERN AUTOMOBILE smr Filed Jul 8. 1925 a Sheets-Sheet 1 1 7 v is a J 1 7 1f a 1 1a WITNESSES. INVENTOR Aug. 30, 1927. v 1,640,968
w. B. SOUTHERN AUTOMOBILE SEAT Filed July-8. 1925 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 171.7 ATTORNEY w. B. SOUTHERN AUTOMOBILE mm Filed July 8. 1925 s Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR Patented Aug. 30, 1927.
UNITED STATES WILLIAM B. SOUTHERN, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNS YLVANIA.
Application filed July 8,
My invention relates to automobile seats and its object is to provide seats ofthe inclined type such as are now the 'accepted standard for use in automobiles, which may be swung on their mountings to aposition to form a substantially level bed.
This object, and other advantageous ends which will be described hereinafter. I attain in the following manner, reference being had to the accompanying drawingsin which Figure 1 is a side elevation of seats made in accordance with my invention showing them as they would be secured to the body of an automobile,
Figure 2 a plan view of the seat shown in Figure l illustrating the seats moved to a'position to form a bed,
Figure 3 an enlarged side view of the seats as shown in Figure 2,
Figure 4 a rear view of the front seat shown in Figure 1, j
Figure 5 a section on line 55 of Figure 3,
Figure 6 a side elevation of another form of seat, and
Figure 7 a view similar to Figure 6 illustrating the elements in another position.
Referring to the drawings, particularly Figures 1-5, lindicates the body of an automobile, 2 the back of the rear seat fixedto the body, 3 thecushidn of the rear seat hinged to the body at 4. The cushion is swung on its hinges to a raised position and 1 is held in this position bya slotted brace 5 pivoted to the cushion at 6 and slidably connected with a pin 1 on the body. The
slot has an off-set part 8 intoswhich the pin fits when the cushion is in its raised position as shown in Figure 3. 2
The front seat has a cushion 9 hinged to the body at 10. A back 11 of. the front seat has a bracket 12 at each side pivoted at 13. to a bracket 14 on each side of cushion 9. Each bracket 12 has an arm 15 pivotally connected to a link 16 pivoted on a plate 17 secured to each side'of the seat-supporting part'of the body. Each plate has a shoulder 18 against which link 16 is adapted to abut to hold the parts in the bed-forming position.
In Figures 6 and 7, I have shown a pair of bed sections 19 and 20 hinged together at 21, and section 19 hinged to the'body at 22. IVhen the sections are swung from the full line position to the dot-and-dash line posi-- tion shown in Figure 6, a leg 23 pivoted on 1925. Serial No. 42,115.
hinge 21 is swung with a slotted brace 24 in position to form a rigid support for section 19. The section in this position may be used as a seat. IVhensection 20 is swung from under section 19,to the position shown in Figure 7, a b i ace 25 pivoted. to section 20 at 26 is connected with a pin 27 on leg 23 by slipping its notch 28 over the pin.
The sections in this position form a substantially level bedwith the cushion'of the rear seat.
To swing the back and cushion of the front seat into a bed forming-position, the back is raised slightly to bring each link 16 past its dead center relatively to the arm 15, and then swing downward until links 16 abut shoulders 18. When the links abut the shoulders they lock the back and cushion against further movement in that direction, and provide a firm support for keeping the back and cushion in asubstantially horizontal position as shown in Figure 3. The cushion of the rear seat is then raised to be level with the back and cushion of the front seat. The off-set part of brace 5 fits over pin 7 when the cushion is in "this position,
'To raisevthe back and return the cushion of the front seat to their former position, the back is simply raised to the position shown in Figure 1. Link 16 will automatically cause the parts to return to their former position and will lock the parts against accidental movement to the bed-forming position. 1
The back and cushion connected in this manner will remain locked in the seat-forming position under the ordinary use of the seat and will remain locked in the bedforming position without additional supports at the free end of the back.
While I have described my invention as I alterations as fairly come Within the scope of the appended claims.
Having thusdescri'bed my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is a 1. In combination with thebodyof an automobile, a cushion him ed to the body; a
back pivoted to the cus ion; an arm fixed to each side of the back, and a link pivotally i connected to each arm andto the body forming with said arms a pair of levers, the pivot of said levers being adapted to be moved from one side to the other of the line of centers to support the back and cushion in a seat-forming position and a bed-forming position.
2. In combination with the body'of an au tomobile, a cushion hinged to the body; a back pivoted to the cushion; an arm fixed to each side of the back; links connected with the arms and pivoted to the body, said links and arms being adapted to be swung from one side to the other-of a line of centers through said pivots, whereby the back and cushionwill be held in a seat forming position, when the arms are positioned on one side of'the line of centers through said pivots, and in a bed-forming position when the arms are swung to theother side of said line of centers; and an abutment secured to the body adapted to be engaged by the links to support the back and cushion in the bed forming position.
3.- A device as set forth in claim 1 further characterized by plates connected to tomobile, an inclined cushion movably connected with the body; an inclined back, and arms'pivotally connecting the back with the cushion; links connecting said arms with the body, said arms and links being adapted to be swung from'one side to the other of the line of centers through the connection therebetween, whereby the back and cushion will be supported in an inclined seat forming position, will be moved simultaneously to a horizontal bediforming position, saidarms and levers being arranged that the back and cushion when in either inclined seat forming' or horizontal bed forming position are prevented from accidentally assuming the I other position.
In testimonywhereof. I'have signed my name to this specification.