|Publication number||US1641560 A|
|Publication date||Sep 6, 1927|
|Filing date||Oct 11, 1926|
|Priority date||Oct 11, 1926|
|Publication number||US 1641560 A, US 1641560A, US-A-1641560, US1641560 A, US1641560A|
|Inventors||Whidden Austin C|
|Original Assignee||Whidden Austin C|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 6, 1927. 1,641,560
A. C. WHIDDEN VALVE OPERATING MEANS Filed O01?. 11. 1926 Patented Sept. 6, l1.927.
UNITED STA jjfraiat vALvE-oiJERA'rING MEANS.
Applieation'led gctober 11', 1926. Serial No.` 140,7-78.
\This invention l relates toimprovements November 3, 1926, -Serial No.
and Qontrol' delfor novel means for operating the valves. of
double faucets by a single control, and which means will effectively hold the valves closed f desiredI degree until such'- '6r opened to any means areoperated in the proper manner by the user."
A.' further object is to provide a novel attachment for operating the valves of, and which may be easily and quickly applied to, a standard double faucet having compres# sion valves. f
In carrying out my inventionIy provide a simple, u-nitaryattachment that may be easily and uickly attached to standard compression va ve double faucets by simply removing the standard handles therefor .and unscrewing thepacking gland nut, apply- `ing my attachment after .which both valves may be controlled by asingle handle.
Features of the invention are lshown in' the construction, combination and arrange- -ment of the parts. -v
Other'objects, advantages, and features of invention mayj appear froml the accompanying drawing, the subjoined detail descrip.- tion and the appended claims.:
-The'accompanying drawing illustrates the invention in a form I at present deem preferable. f
Figure. 1 is a view'partly insplan and partly in horizontal section, taken on'line V1-1, Fig. 2, showing m -inventionj as ap'- plied to a standard doub faucet.4
application executed October the valves of double land varying degrees of tem-A object of lmy Vinvention .is to and reseating vsaid nut',
Fig 2 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view partly 1n m2, Fig. l.
'Fig 3 is a: transverse, vertical sectional viewitaken online m3, Fig. 1. v
Fig. 4 is a transverse vertical section taken on line m4, Fig. 2.
irregular line .5e-'5, Fig. 2.
Fig 1s a detail elevational view of one oli the valve operating plnion's.
-M i valve operating mechanlsm A is 'shown elevation, and taken on 'line Fig. 5 is a horizontal 'section taken on applied to a standard double faucet B having compression valves.
The faucet B is preferably of standard construction that may be purchasedon the open market and I'do not-make'any claim in lthis application to such construction'Y which comprises the usual casting b, formed with inlets' vl and 2, outlet 3, mlxing 'chamber 4 interposed between said inlets and outlet,:and valve housings 5 and 5 extending from lcasting b' and in which are house .screw or compression valves 6 and 7, respec controlling the passage' of 'cold tively, for
lfrom the inlets 1 and 2 into and' hot Water said vmin-ing chamber 4. Tl1e'va lves 6 and. '7 are eachformed with a vthread 8- Which .engages a thread 9 in the valve housing and by rotation of the' valves-6, 7 such 'nsI threads lower the valves onto their seats 10 or raise tlfe valvesof their seats depending on the direction the valves'are turned.
My invention includes ans attachmentthat v may be easily secrued to casting' b without` l drilling holes therein, and comprises pinions fitted on .the outer l1 and 12 that are of the' stems 15 and.
squared ends 13 and 14 16 of valves 6 and 7, respectively. 17 vand 18 mesh with said pinions,'r especf tively,
-ment lin U-shaped rack guides 19- and 20 that are fuk-ruined at their lower portions and' are mounted for sliding moveon the valve stems 15 land 16 and are fulcrumed on their upper ends on the pinions 11, 12-.` .A crank wheel 21 to which said 4racks '17, 18 arepivotally connected is (pro- -vided Withashaft 22 to the outer en of which 'al handle 23 is secured. A cover 24 through which pinions, racks, guides, and `crank Wheel, and said cover is secured to and` supported by 'a supporting or base member 25 ,thatfit seshaft 22 extends encloses said A curely mounted on the faucet B as will be bers 29, upper members 30 and intermediate connecting members 31. The valve stems 15, 16 extend through the lower members 29 of the rack guides 19, 2O and the pinion hubs 26 extend through the upper members 30 of said guides. The racks 17, 18 engage the inner sidesoof the intermediate members Y 1 of said guides and are thereby respectively maintained in mesh with the pinions 11, 12. rThe intermediate'connecting members i 31 of guides 19, 20 are formed with recesses 32 in which the 'racks 17, 18 slide, and such racks are thereby prevented from moving upwardly with the pinions 11, 12 when said pinions are rotated to raise the valves 6 and 7 off their seats.
The crank wheel 21 consists of a pair of spaced disks 33 .and 34 secured on thefshaft 22'and the racks 17, 18 are pivotally conneet-ed by pins 3,5, 36 to sai-d cra-nk wheel between said disks, preferably at points about 90 degrees apart and in such position that, upon a half revolution of the wheel 21 in clockwise direction from the position shown in F ig. 1, the cold water valve 6, throughthe medium of the rack -17 and pinion 11, will be rotated so as to be fully opened and closed, while the hot water valve 7 will be fully opened, as will be apparent from Fig. 1. The rack 18 is bowed at 37 so as not to contact with the shaft 22 when the rack 18 is moved to open valve 7 The base member 25 comprises an elongate b'ar 40a centrally disposed stud 41 upstanding from said bar intermediate its ends, and whlch is connected to a plate 42 formed on the upper endof said stud and'to which cover 24 is secured to form a housing. The
- bar 40 -is formed at its ends with enlargements 43 provided with openings 45, through which openings are extended the valvehousings 5 and 5', of the faucet B after the packing nuts 46 are removed. The bar 40 when connected to double faucets of the type shown preferably rests upon theV upper wall of the mixing chamber 4. Bolts 47 extend through the ends of the plate 42-and the bar 40 and nuts'48 screwed onto the lower ends of said bolts engage the under side of said bar 40. Spacing sleeves'49 'surrounding said bolts between bar 40 and plate 42 properly space the bar and plate apart. The plate 42 is provided with vopenings 5 0, 51 through which extend th'e valve steun; 15, 16, respectively. rlhe cover 24 is formed with vertical embossnients 52 in opposite corners thereof which rest upon plate 42 and support the cover 24 on the plate with the lower edges of the cover 24 over-hanging the edges of the plate. The cover 24 is secured to plate 42 vby screws 53 extending through the embosscover 24 and the valve stems 15, 16 extendA loosely through the lower members 29 of said guides and the hubs 26 extend loosely through the upper members 30 offsaid guides and through cover 24 sothat the valves 6, 7 and their pinions 11, 12 may be raised or lowered to open or close the valves.
Although I have shown my attachment as applied to a double faucet which has a common outlet, it is apparent that my device may be attached to a series 4of two single faucets, which for the purpose of this application may be considered a double faucet.
ln Fig. 2 l have illustrated the valves as being provided with right and left hand threads. However, it is believed apparent that, il' my device is desired to be attached to valves having right hand threads, this may be easily accomplished by simply positloning the rack-17 so as'to engage the reverse side of pinion 11.
ln operation the valves 6, 7 as shown in Fig. l will be closed and in order to open the valves the handle 23 is turned in a clockwise direction, whereupon the valve 6 is opened through the medium of crank wheel 21, rack 17 and pinion 11, and cold water will be delivered from the faucet through inlet l, chamber 4 and outlet 3 which may `be connected to a swinging spout or to a shower lixture or other desired place of uelivery.
Upon turning the handle 23 in a clockwise direction about one-eighth of va revolution the cold water valve stem 1,5 will be rotatednearly a half revolution which opens the valve sufficiently, to give approximately vfull flow of Coldwater. Durinrr the rst oneeighth revolution of crank wheel 21 lthe pivot 36 of rack 18 will move upwardly .in F ig. 1 through an arc which will not'ma.- terially open the hot walter valve 7 through its connections to the crank wheel.v
Upon further movement of handle 23 in said direction the cold water valve 6 will not be materally further opened during the les next one-eighth revolution of handle 23. no
Whereas, the hot water valve 7 will berapid- 'ly opened so asto permit a full iiow of hot water, lwhile at the saine time the cold water valve is opened so as to permit a full fiow of Coldwater whenthe handle is moved one-quarter of .arevolutlon 1n a clockwise. direction from the position shown 1n Fig. 1.
" as it is apparent that only a predetermined trolled by the valve.
quantity can How through the passage. con- From the foregoing it will be apparent that if it is desired to change the relative points and the rapidity at which the valves begin to open 'and close, it maybe accomplished by changing the pitch of the threads on the valve stems, or by changing the pinions secured to the upper end ofthe'valve stems to a smaller or greater diameter.
In this respect one valve may be provided with a 'greater or lowerpitch thread on the valve stem, or with a pinion having a tooth portion of a .larger or smaller diameter than the other valve andthereby I may-provide a .device in which the valves may openand close 1n varying degrees and-at varying -times relative to one another.
I claim: l. The 'combination with a plurality of faucets. each having a screw 'valve stem; of
including screw valves; a valve operating.
handle controlled means ioperatively connnected tosaid screw valve stems and adapted upon operation of said handlein a single direction'for lopening one of said valves before the other, and then opening the other of said valves and closing the first opened valve; anda'single handle. .for operating said means.
2. In a device of the 'character set forth,
mechanism comprising pinions lsecured on -the valve stems of said screw valves; a crank wheel; racks in mesh with said inions and v lwheel that when said crank wheel is'rotated.
being connected to said crank w eel; and a handle connected for moving said crank wheel.
3. In a device of the character described, including screw valves; a valve. operating mechanism comprising pinions secured on the valve stems of said screw valves; la crankwheel; racks in meshwith said pinions and being soconnected to 4said crank -a part of v'a revolution oneof said valves vwill be opened .and closed, and the other valve will be opened; anda handle for rotating said crank wheel.
4. In combination, valves having valve stems; "a valve operating mechanism comprising pinions secured on said valve stems; racks `meshing with said vpinions; rack guides on said stems; a'crank wheel to which .i70- said racks are connected; and a handle for operating said `crank wheel.
5. In combination with a double faucet including valves; a valve operating mechanism comprising a base member fitted on 7b said faucet; a cover membersecured to said base member; a shaft journalledin said base member and said cover and extending through said cover.; and means in said cover actuated by said shaft for' opening and so closing said valves.
6. In combination 'with a double faucet including -valves having valve stems, a valve operating mechanism comprising a base member fitted on said faucet, a cover member se- 35 cured tosaid base member; a shaft journalled in said base member and said cover and extending through said cover the valve stems extending into said cover, pinions secured on said valve stems; racks iny mesh with said pinions; rack guides mounted-on said valve stems in said cover for maintaining said racks in mesh with said. pinions;4 a' crank wheel secured on said s haft'in said cover to which wheel said racks are connected; and a 95. handle on the outer end of said shaft to operate said wheel.
7 An attabhment of thev character set forth including abase member having openings adapted yto receiye 'valve housings, and 109 comprising aplate`meinber; a cover secured to said plate member and forming a housing; pinions adapted to be fixed to valve stems to be operated; and means in said housing to operate said pinions for -the purpose setforth.
. 8. An attachment of the character set forth including a base member adapted to be detachably securedto a faucet; a housing Asupported by said base member; pinions in 11o said housing adapted to be secured to valve stems to be operated; crank means in said housing; means vconnected to said fcrank means and extending in opposite directions and being operably connected to szfid pinions; and aI handlel connected to operate said crank means.- E
9. The combination with la plurality of faucets having valvge stems tobe operated valve housings andV packing gland nuts 120 Ascrewed onto said housings; o f a base member adapted to span the *distance* between, and be supported on said faucets, by clamp.
ing said member between said' nuts and vsaid f' valve housings; a housing'carred by said -125 base member and into which housing sald valve'stems extend; and means in said housing'operablefby 'a single-handle without said /L/./
housing to operate one of said vvalve stems in one dlrecton and then m' a reverse dlrectlon- 130 to open and close itsl valve and to operate the other of, said valve Stems in one direction to open its valve.
10. An attachment of the character set I forth comprising a housing; Ibearings in said housin on diametrically opposite sides thereo racks in said bearings; pinions in mesh with said racks adapted tov bey non-rotatabl mounted on valve stems to be op- 10 crate a handle extending' from said housing; means operabl;r connected to said handle for moving said racks; and a: base member extending from saidhousing adapted to ybe received on and be secured to the valve AUSTIN c. WHLDDEN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2464852 *||Aug 23, 1946||Mar 22, 1949||De Lisa Samuel L||Faucet|
|US2467065 *||Jul 20, 1946||Apr 12, 1949||White George W||Mixing faucet|
|US2828768 *||Jul 29, 1955||Apr 1, 1958||Adams Ernest C||Valve control device|
|US4685156 *||Jun 11, 1986||Aug 11, 1987||Brabazon James A||Adjustable water temperature safety control unit|
|US4949753 *||Jun 12, 1989||Aug 21, 1990||Stewart John V||Fluid mixture and flow control valve|
|US5205482 *||Jan 31, 1990||Apr 27, 1993||Ideal-Standard Gmbh||Sanitary mixing unit|
|US6220266||Jan 14, 2000||Apr 24, 2001||Frank J. Hennessy||Plumbing installation|
|U.S. Classification||137/630.17, 137/607, 251/250, 74/471.00R|
|International Classification||F16K11/16, F16K11/10|