US 1642530 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
- Sept. 13a '1927, y
F. R. BARBOUR TENT ' Filed. Jan. 25, 1926 Patented sept. 13, '1927.
f UNIT ED STATES PATENT OFFICE. f
` Y FRED n. BARBOUR, or Los ANGELES, CALIFORNIA.v
Appiication med January 25, 1926. Vserial N. 33,597.v
'This' invention relates to and has for a main object the provision of an improved, simple and economical form of tent and support structurel therefor, vcapable of being quickly collapsed and assembledfor .supporting' a" tent'injoperative or inoperative posi- OD. g' y 'f AAnother object is to provide in a collapsible tent structure a unitary tent covering of rfabric`,1iree `from guys, ropes, cords orotner Vreinforcing elements, and adapted to be sup- 4ported solely by Vmeansy of a single central pole w'and collapsible cross.y arms arranged horizontallyat ther top of saidpole, and at twooppositesides ofthe tent so as to provide a rigid structurev when the llower edge ofthe tent is fstaked. tOtheVgrOund. Y
further Objectis to provide at the top of the tent Yhorizontal seams at the junction ofthe top and sides, andsectional rods held lin Vsaid seams, asectionalpole-in the center of the tent, and a sectional cross arm on the top `ofsaidipo'leconnectedat the ends with said sectional-rodsfor supporting the tent rigidly in position. -Y f Still other vobjects may appear as the del `scriptiony progresses.
' In connectiony with ythe improvements named herein, reference yis had to my issuedV Patent'Nd 1,531,473 dated-March 31, 1925, -.over which ythefpresent inventionghas several v advantages and improvements. v
InV the vaccompanying drawings I have "shown ay preferred' structure, subject to change and modification within the scope of the appended claims without departing from the spirit of my invention. v
In: said drawings:
Fig. 1 isa sectional elevation of atent einbodyingfmy,improvements.
Fig. 2 is a fragmentaryside elevationoi thesame.y 'f -f l F 3 is a fragmentary'sectional elevation ofthe-V same asviewed from a plane at right langlesy to Fig. "1'. I i Fig. 4 is an-enlarged fragmentary view o the supporting structure detached from the tentand partly in section.
Fig.' 5 is a section of the same on 5 of Fig. 4; and l l Fig. 6 is a section of the sameV on line 6 '6of'Fig.4.-- f f 'f Fig.7 isan enlarged view of the reinforcing bars em loyed-at the two opposite sides at the top o the tent." i v l Fig. 8 is a fragmentary section of the top of the tent, showing means for supporting one of the'eave supporting rods. e
In a preferred .form'my tent includes-a tent of somewhat conventional form as at T, which lias'a front 1, a rear portion- 2, sides 3 and 4, and a top sectioii all'integrally formed of the usual tent fabric, sewed 'together andV provided at its bottomV edge with a plurality of staples 6, 6, etc., by means of which the -tent Tmay be attached to the ground by means of the stakes 7 7, etc.
In willA beobserved that thesides3and 4fl are cut on arcuate lines 8%8 at the junction wit-hftlie top -5, so that said rtopr kwill be t pitched and of concave tornngradually increasing in depth fromY the corners 9, 9l downwardly to the "junctions with the sides 3 and 4, thus providing means for draining water fromtlie ridge 10 of the tent. The tent is supported solely yon a single pole P, lwhich consists of two'orinore sections as at 11 and 12,'with abutting ends, and having the joint therebetween covered yby an elongated metallic sleeve 13, with a'plurality `of perforations 14;-14.'therein adapted to receive avk pinY 15 Yso/thatthe pole'P 'may be lengthened for stin'ening the tent by placing the 'pin 15 indifferent p'erforations 1.4.,` f
- Attlie top of'tliepole P, I provide aiseetional cross aim- A'composed of a pair of mating*V sections aand a. l in the same hori- 'zontal plan-e, and a bar B underlying, the inner ends of said sections.
n The bar B has a lcentral bore 16 adapted to receive the pin 17 carried in the upper end ofthe pole P,
and said bar B and the two inner ends of the f Varms m and a are adapted to be encompassed by a metal culi C of rectangular cross sec- `-tion as shown in Figs. 4V and The arm a. and the bar B are permanentlyV secured to one end of saidrcuii by means of a bolt 18. The arm a on the ,other hand is yremovably held in the cuff C and is removably attachable to the bar B, so that when the `tent supporting ,structureV is collapsed a.
' more compact package may be made of the several sections. 'f Bar B is also additionally support for the removable arm a. i
- 4When positioned-as shown in'Fig. 4 the inner end of arm a is-extended inwardly in v'the cutf into abutting relation with a pin til) 20, which is a temporar)7 expedient held in the cull :tor limiting the inward n'ioveinent oil arin o. 'lhe outer end ot arin o. is detachabl)v secured to bar il by ineens ol the right angularlv bent strap ill which, as shown in Fig'. tl. has trunnions 222 bent inwardlv linto recesses in the uarni o. and depending portions rfl, il?) which connect said trunn ions with the portion 2l adapted to underlie the bar ll. This strap 2l adapted to swing on the arni it into and out et position with respect to the bar ll. Thus, when the three sections oit' the cross arni A are litted together as shown and de. `rilied, a unitair)v rigid structure is provided on the top ol' the pole 'for lnilding the sides l and E3 ozlf the tent stretched apart.
The outer ends otI arins t and ai are provided with inetal strips Ell, Q-l; which have hooks 25, in bent ilownwardly and outwardljv therefrom, and adapted to receive and hold apair et horiaontal bars R, R, which are adapted tobe carried in seams 26, QG at the top ol the tenti, and at the junctions between the sides l and of the top Alfter the tent has been lor seine tinte in use and subjected to the action ot the elements, the 'Fabric material of which the tent is inade will ultimately shrink, so that the length ot' ythe cross aria' A will necessarily be shortened to a corresponding extent, and said cross arn'i A may be shortened to aceoniniodate this shrinkage hy removing the pin Qtl in the culll (l so that the inner end oli arin o. will` nieve inwardly into the cull in abuttingl relation with the inner end oit the arm o.
lhe rods ll, l, as shown in Fig. T, are composed ot preferably two se tions, r and i", with their inner ends in abutting relation and enclosed 'in an elongated metallic sleeve S. 'aid sleeve being` position-ed in the center ot the tent, and the seams 2o heilig open 'tor a` short distance on either side ot' the joint between said sections so as to perniit the eninigeinent ol. the hooks Q5 et straps Q-t with the sleeves tl.
'lhetent erected and assembled in the lolltnving manner. First, the tent "l is [dared on the ground and the 'tout' corners thereotE positioned so that the tent will lorni :1` perleet rectangle and the tour sides thereof will he squared with each other, after which the corner st T are driven through the eyelets or straps G into the ground. Therea'lter the rod sections r and r are moved into abuttingl position with the ioints therebetween rovi-red h v the sleeves S. The cross bar A then assembled. the sinall arin a. being secured in the cull C and to the bar B, as hereinbetore described. and the assembled arin A. is then inoved so that the hooks 25 on each end thereof will underlie the sleeves S, S ol the arins l. R. The pole P having previoush7 been assembled, is then inoved into position beneath the cross alrin A and the pin 'lli on the upper end thereoit inserted in the bore ltl oli bar B. The pole is then nioved l1-oni an annular position into a ver tical position beneath the arm A, and the pin la iiisertcd in one ot the perforations lll in sleeve lil. so that the. pole will be sui'licientlv long to hold the tent in rigid position and stretched to a inaninunn or desired extent. libere-ritter, other stakes 7 inten .mediate the corners may be driven into the firound and the tent will be in readiness 'or use.
in collapsingt'he tient the ope 'ation 'is the reverse. Pole l .is iii-st removed and the sections' ll and l2 thereolf detached lronrthe sleeve lz, then the cross arin A isreinoved and the sections (t and o. detached.\ Therea lter the sleeve lf3 is moved in one or the other direction-i` over one or the other sections jl* and 1" so as to disengage said sections, but `the seetioniae and fr are `not removed from the nains 2o o't the tent. As a linal operation the tent l is then pulled `in a given direct ion against the stakes and then in an opposite direction Vfor strengthening the sides, and the top portion is then folded haelt over the ground, after which the stakes are removed and the tent l, which will then be in a rectangular :toi-1n on the grounthinay he 'l'olded into etn'ninu-it torni and the sec-4 tions 'il and l2 et `the pole P and the arllns u, and o. and ll ol the cross arm may be rolled in the bundle 'orined by the tent T.
ll'liat l claini is:
l. A tent structure including a rigid cross a rni composed ot an elongated bar, an arni pernninentlyY secured to aportifon ot said bar, an aria detaehably secured to an` oppo site portion ot said bar, and a metallic cutl' secured to said bar and ei'ieoinpassing the ends of said arins.
i2. A tent strueture including a rigid cross arln composed ot an elongated bar, an arm permanently secured to a ptn'tiion oit said har, an arin detachably secured to an opposite portion ot said bar, a inetalle cull' secured to said bar and encini'ipassing the ends oit said arnis. and means on said detachable :i1-1n lor dctacludily eonnectii'ig the saine with a portion ol said bar.
il. il tentstruetnre .including a, rigid cross arin composed o't an elongated bar, an arm perinaneiltly1 secured to a portion et `said bar, an :i1-1n detaclnibl)v secured to an oppo site portion ol said bar, a metallic eutll secured to said bar and encompassing the ends of said arnis. and metallic straps on the outer ends oit said arnis for the purpose described.
4:. il tent structure including a vertical pole, a. horizontal bar detachably held on the upper end ot said pole, an arin horizontally extended troni a portion et said bar and permanently secured thereto, an erin extended troni an opposite portion of flo b fi
' the' ends of said bars, and meanson the ypermanently secured to a portion of said bar, an arm detachably secured to another portion of ysaid bar, a sleeve secured vto said bar and encompassing the ends of said arms, a pair of rods disposed in parallelism at ends of said bars for supporting said'rods.
6. A tent structure'including a rigid crossY arm composed of an elongated bar, an arm permanently ysecured yto a portion of said bar,'an arm detachably secured to another Y portion of said bar, a sleeve secured to said bar. and encompassing the ends of said arms, a pair of rods disposed in parallelism at the endsy of said bars, means onA the ends of arm for supportingrall of said members in operative position.
FRED R. BARBOUR.
Y said bars for supporting said rods, and a pole detachably connected with said cross`