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Publication numberUS1643289 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 20, 1927
Filing dateOct 10, 1921
Priority dateOct 10, 1921
Publication numberUS 1643289 A, US 1643289A, US-A-1643289, US1643289 A, US1643289A
InventorsJoseph Peglay Emile
Original AssigneeJoseph Peglay Emile
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Syringe
US 1643289 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

'1 643 289 Sept. 20, 1927. E J PEGLAY 9 s SYRINGE Filed 001:. 10, 1921 Fetented I Sent 20 192i EMILE JosE'PH'rneLAY; or-1EW YORK, 1N.

Appiiciwtion he'd October in, 1921. seriall ibfsoeeea.

,firm for insertion, and reinforced 'bya pa'dding Whi ch is more elastic than ,genuine soft-rubber; and an object ot this invention is to provide elements ei'id' ai'r'angements of parts by which enelasticno lzzle is developed into a spreading device fora cavity of the human body, and is flexible to afdegree which excludes pain or inconvenience to the user.

Another object of this inyention is to have means,fOraPai'nless and actual closing of a cavityentrince internally.

A. third object in View is a SfllfiPlG-; COH struction to lessen the efforts required to transform the nozzle to spreading device, andjto prolong-an expansion Without manual activity. I v i n AQf-urther object-of this inyention is'to provide a soft closure for the mouth of the Womb.

tiew, which will appear i the description proceeds the nvention, consists of- 'the com- I [Fig.1 represents a syringe in longitudinal section, shojwinga padded" elastic'nozzjl e' and an injection 'bulb,"thereon tvhich' is partly broken away. Fig. 2' illustrates a 'per'spective 'view of a syringe comprising' a nozzle and a compressible fi-ller' container therefor. Fig, 3 is an enlarg'ed detailin 'longitudinal section or thesyringe shown in Fig, 2; beii1g t ken'on line a of F ig. '2. f Fig. L isap'a rtiall elevation, and a partiallongitudinal section b eingr-divided'by (center) line b fshowing a syringe with can, injection bulb thereon t with' suitably changed"dinr'iensions as a' nose 'orzear syringe, or, 21s a n'oz'zle; mounted on the barrel of a "piston syringe, forexample.

:Qillustrates in ap' erspective View a partly" broken away,

, Referringparticularlyto there is shown a s rmge having 'an injection bulb 1,

shown partly broken away and' a"fragmentary section thereof is designated loyi'2.

United to bulb 1 there is a 'cfilindricfal tube 3,. which I-call a nozzle-stem,and a smooth continuation thereof is nozzle 4," Wl 1i ch"ter-' niinatesin rounded tip 6 Ainar'rowentube 7 passes lengthwise through s'ziid nozzleand stein, having an I outwardly jfiarin'g "end: 5 tightly connected to stem 3,: and its opposite end is united with tip 6; therebyis formed, betWeen's'aid-outer tube 3 tandinner tube 7 a water tifght s'iiace "filled permanently QWltll' fluid filler 8" through a temporary small hole closed by internal-stopper 9. All the hereinbefore described hart-s are made pref- "Teralo'ljr'of so ft rubber, or of. an equivalent "elastic material. When injectionb'ulb lis filledloy the-user'ib'ysuction, or when dis charged by compression, then both these will known voperations are "performed throughpassa'ge "10 and outlet 11. Said filler 8 serves as: an elastic padding for the nozzle and stem', and cons1sts,-1n='thisnstance, of 2i liquid fluid (aspure Watenior examplelfas an alternative modification, a compressed gase'ouseleni'ent is employed as an elastic padding fillerjthe'fillersare i'ntroduced' into stem and nozzle-as coldas posslible, and before {the syringe is used it is prefertihly placed for a few minutes 1 in a Warm Water bath tolieat upthe nozzle to the temperature of the human body thatit shall not be disagreeable to the user, this heating expands said cold filler and increases the elastic rigidity oftlie nozzleand itsvsteln. V7 hen the filler consists of'pure i'water the temperature-at the introduction is preferably CL, and if the filler is'comjposdof "g iycerin; of a specific gravity of about 1112, for example, I then 'the' filling temperature could '-be,-as: known, as low a's '21?' C. a "10W" filling temperature "bein desirable-which varies according to thepr'oper'tiestof the filler; fiUiClSWlllQllllfiqVG too low boiling, po nts should not be usedas afiller in order to avoid an excess I of expansion in jt-he "nozzle; another requirement regarding "the practicability of" a fluid as "padding 'lin tliisnoz'zle is tliat it must'have a consistency of. 'greater density "then-air in its atmospheric' state; and shouldnot be detrimental to the syringe,'for to; a human body. The syringe sh'oWn' in Fig. l c'an be adapted,

{syringe comprising a wedge sliap'ed 00m pres'sible fill-er container le containinge been elastic stem 17 and a similar nozzle '18 Which-lies a rounded [end '20 and a plurality upper edges of stiff covers 3"? and 38, on.

one of which there is mounted a small button 40 and on the other a hinged eye 41 to form a clasping closure when near to each other duringsaid compression, and when button 10 is in hinged eye 41 they are kept in this locked position by the compressed fluid filler which exerts an internal pressure within the sides of the container, forcing them apart until released by opening said closure. The utility of the compression of container 15 will be described hereinafter.

Fig. 3

. in longitudinal section taken on line a in Fig. 2, similar numeral characters denot- In Fig. 3, filler 111g corresponding parts.

container 15 is shown united with the flaring end 16 of tubular elastic stem 17 having an inwardly taperlng wall-thlckness 41 3 gradually decreasing in thickness up to a line designated by 47, and then continued as tubular nozzle 18 which shows a thinner but even wall-thickness 44. A further extension thereof is chamber 19 and the halfround nozzle-end 20. In the exterior wall of chamber 19 is a plurality of orifices as 21, and at the centerof its bottom there is a round opening 22 to which is connected tightly the narrow flexible tube 23 forming injection passage 24L and extending lengthwise through nozzle, stem and container it is fastened therein to tube union 25 which connects it to the threaded end of tube 26 which protrudes out of the container wall through threaded flange 27, which (shown partly broken away) serves as a connection to a suitable source of an injection, preferably to one which supplies an injection fluid by gravity pressure through said short tube 26 and passage 24 into distributing cham ber 19 to be discharged through the plurality of orifices 21. Said container, stem, nozzle and its end contain a fluid padding filler 30, 31, 32 and 33 which will be described hereinafter. Chamber 19 is spaced from the end of the nozzle, and asa com munication between the nozzle and its end,

there are four small tube conduits passing through and strengthening the chamber, of

which 34 is shown in section and 35 is indicated with dotted lines, and filler portion 33 reaches the nozzle-end through said conduits. Imbedded in the structure of passage tube 23 is a spirally spread outthin wire coil 48. When, after an insertion of is an enlarged detail of a syringe the nozzle, pressure is exerted on filler container' 15, as described in connection with Fig. 2, the fluid filler portion 30 will be forced into stem 17 and nozzle 18, its thin wall 14: distends to a pear-shape as indicated with dotted outline this expansion of the nozzle serves as a spreading device to open the natural folds of a cavity membrane, in a tender manner, for cleansing ormedicating purposes. wall-ed as shown, will be distended as indicated with dotted outline 16, and can be used as a soft closure of the womb, when circumstances demand that an injection there should be prevented. A further advantage of this expansion nozzle is that it can be used as a delicate internal closure for the entrance of the vagina, when the discharge of aback-flow is to be delayed to lengthen the action of a medical injection, or for sanitary technicalities; this actual closingof a cavity entrance from inside, is accomplished, after insertion, with an internally developed soft plug as indicated by outline 15, which is partially effected by the tapering wall 43 of stem 17.

Fig. 4; represents a simplified syringe of which A is the half part of an elevation shown diagrammatically, and B designates a partial longitudinal section divided by (center) line b, in which a tubular elastic nozzle has an extension as stem 51, a continuation thereof is a compressible ball as filler container 52 which is connected by its solid neck 53 to a larger injection bulb 54, shown partly broken away. In the shown upper part of injection bulb 541 opens one end of anarrow flexible tube (Stand passing through the center of neck 53, its opposite endterminates in nozzle-tip 55 and unitedtheretoit forms outlet 57 of passage 58, for the liquid contents of injection bulb 5 1. Said tip, nozzle, stem and filler container, as a whole, form an air-tight vessel which is filled with an elastic fluid filler 61,; to be described hereinafter, through a temporary small hole closed by internal stopper 63. Nozzle 50 is shown as made of a thinner wall 59 than the inwardly projecting thickness of stem wall 60, in order to feature said nozzle wall as having a greater elasticity than the stem wall. Thus it will be comprehensibleat a glance that, after insertion of the nozzle, if pressure is exerted on filler container 52, and its portion of filler 61 is forced to flow into stem andnozzle, it distends the more elastic nozzle to a bulb shape as indicated with dotted outline 62, for the purpose to be used as painless spreading device for cleansing or medicating a vaginal or rectal cavity; and, if made in reduced proportions to suit particular purposes, it can be used as an expan sion syringe for ear or nose cavities.

The hereinbefore named elastic fluid fill- Nozzle-end 20, if made thin- Hill crs which constitute the paddings shown in Fig. 3; as 30, 31, 32 and 33, andin Fig. 4 as 61, consist in these.instances, of a suitable liquid fluid, whichpistobe filled-in at: a temperature as low as thecharacter ofa suitable liquid will allow, for the plausible purpose to gain a slight expansion of the filler, and to obtain thereby an increased rigidity of'the nozzle and stem when immersed in hot water for a few minutes to heat it up to the temperature of the human body. Similar resultscan be obtained with a readily melting gelatinous substanceused as padding filler. As an alternative-modification of said padding filler, a suitable gaseous fluidis employedtherefor in a compressed and cooled state. Practically any fluid may conveniently serve as av filler-if it has not a too low boilinpoint, and is harmless tothe humanbody and to the material of the syringe.

While the accompanying drawing illus-' can be made of a hard-rubber tube because it is surrounded by an elastic padding. In-

stead of the presently shown close relation,

aetween a nozzle-stem and filler container, they can be connected by an extended flexible tube conduit, and the container compressed by stepping on it. A nozzle expansion can be stabilized to different volumes if hinge ll in Fig. 2 will be provided with several holes instead of a single eye. The cross section of the nozzles could be elliptical-or angular, instead of bein circular. The two stifi covers facilitatingpressure on a filler container would be round or oval in case the container consists of a ball or bulb.

The hereinbefore specified elastic and stiff parts of this invention are made preferably of soft-rubber, and of hard-rubber respectively, but they can be produced of one of their substitutes, or of equivalent materials.

I claim:

1. A syringe comprising an elastic nozzle, a permanent reinforcement consisting of a fluid introduced into the nozzle, a flexible injection passage surrounded by said permanent reinforcement, and means engaged thereto to supply and discharge an injection.

A syringe of the class described, comprising an elastic tubular nozzle having acontinuous stem, a permanent padding filler consisting of a fluid introduced in a cooled state into the nozzle and stem, an injection passage surrounded by the permanent filler in the nozzle, means for supplying internally a fluid pressure to said filler, and

means for controlling therfiuid' pressure sup? plied-to thefiller.

3. A syringe comprising: an. expansible, elastic, tubular nozzle, h wing 'a continuous flexible tubular stem, a reinforcement consisting of} a cooled flu idg introduced in said nozzle and stem, a compressible container united with thestem, acooled fluid inthe container transmitting a iiu-id pressure to the nozzle-for distension, a flexible passage tube centrally passing therethrough adapted to distributeair-injection, and meanstto supply a rinjection; I i

t. combination in aspreading device for a syringe of; an expansible, tubular nozzle having a flexible stem, of varying walr thickness,;'a compressible container connected therewith, a Lfluidfil'ler filling the container stem and nozzle, said" filler serving-to expand "the nozzle when pressure-is exertedion the container, a tube centrally-located i-n the nozzle and stem adapted to convey an injection, a compressible bulb connected withthe tube as means to supply and discharge an injection.

5. The combination in a spreading and closing device for a syringe of an expansible, elastic, tubular nozzle having a flexibletubular stem at one end and a perforated hollow chamber at the opposite end adapted to distribute an injection, a compressible container connected with said stem, 2. fluid filler filling the container stem and nozzle, said filler serving to expand the nozzle when pressure is exerted on the container thereby forming a closure for the vagina, a tube centrally located in the nozzle and stem and terminatingin said distributing chamber, and means connected to said tube to supply and discharge an injection.

6. A syringe comprising an expansible elastic cylindrical nozzle having a flexible stem'and an end adapted for distribution of an injection, a compressible container in a spaced relation connected to said stein, a permanent filler introduced in the container, stem, and nozzle, saidfiller serving to expand the nozzle when pressure is exerted on the container thereby forming an elastic spreading device for a vaginal cavity, a flexible tube centrally located in the nozzle and stem and terminating in said distributing chamber, reinforcing for said tube consisting of a spirally spread wire coil imbedded in the wall of the tube, and means connected to said tube to supply and discharge an injection. Y

7 The combination in a spreading and closing device for a syringe of an expansible, elastic, tubular nozzle having an elastic tu bular stem with a wall of tapering thickness,

a compressible container connected therewith, a fluid filler filling the container stem and nozzle, said filler serving to expand the nozzle when pressure is exerted on the container thereby forming a pear-shaped closure for the vagina due to the elongation of the wall of the nozzle and said tapering wall of the stem, a pair of rigid covers on the container for applying pressure to the fluid therein, a fastening for the covers by which said closure is held in its expanded condition, a tube centrally located in the nozzle and stem adapted to convey an injection, and means engaged thereto to supply and discharge an injection. i

8. A syringe comprising an expansible, elastic, cylindrical nozzle having an expansible end, a perforated hollow chamber in w the nozzle adapted to distribute an injection,

small tube conduits in the chamber as a reinforceinent thereof, an elastic cylindrical nozzle-stem with a wall of tapering thickness, a. compressible wedge shaped container connected therewith, a permanent fluid filler filling the container stein nozzle and nozzleend, said filler serving to expand the nozzle and nozzle-end when pressure is exerted on the container thereby forming an elastic closure forthe woinb by the expansion of said cated in the nozzle and stem terminating in said distributing chamber and adapted to convey an injection, and means connected thereto to supply and discharge an injection. Signed at the borough of Manhattan, city, county, and State of New York, this eighth day of October, 1921. i

JOSEPH PEGLAY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2610626 *Jul 27, 1951Sep 16, 1952Edwards John DSyringe
US3154078 *Feb 12, 1962Oct 27, 1964Jr Edward O GoodrichCatheter combination
US3924634 *Sep 11, 1974Dec 9, 1975Kendall & CoSafety catheter and method
US4263917 *Apr 6, 1979Apr 28, 1981Moss James PMethod of sealing bile duct during cholangiography
US4299237 *Jun 27, 1979Nov 10, 1981Foti Thomas MClosed flow caloric test device
US4574780 *Nov 13, 1984Mar 11, 1986Manders Ernest KTissue expander and method
US5360402 *Jan 29, 1992Nov 1, 1994Rochester Medical CorporationHand-actuated retention catheter
US5482740 *Nov 8, 1993Jan 9, 1996Rochester Medical CorporationCured silicone rubber containing particles of nitrofuran compound; urinary catheters
US5501669 *Mar 30, 1995Mar 26, 1996Rochester Medical CorporationUrinary catheter with reservoir shroud
US5593718 *Aug 2, 1994Jan 14, 1997Rochester Medical CorporationMethod of making catheter
US5599321 *Jun 7, 1995Feb 4, 1997Rochester Medical CorporationCoating outer surface of tube with mixture of uncured silicone rubber, silicone fluid and and particles of antibacterial agent, then curing, for urinary catheters
US5670111 *Aug 2, 1994Sep 23, 1997Rochester Medical CorporationCoating with bond-preventing agent; forming cavities that may be fluid or gel filled
US5797877 *May 24, 1996Aug 25, 1998Boston Scientific CorporationCatheter for insertion into a bodily conduit
US5971954 *Jan 29, 1997Oct 26, 1999Rochester Medical CorporationMethod of making catheter
US6086556 *Aug 4, 1998Jul 11, 2000Boston Scientific CorporationMedical device balloons containing thermoplastic elastomers
US6132824 *Aug 6, 1997Oct 17, 2000Schneider (Usa) Inc.Multilayer catheter balloon
US6136258 *Apr 24, 1995Oct 24, 2000Boston Scientific CorporationCoextrusion a multilayer tube, pressurization and forming a balloon
US6383434Jun 30, 1999May 7, 2002Rochester Medical CorporationMethod of shaping structures with an overcoat layer including female urinary catheter
US6482348Apr 3, 2000Nov 19, 2002Boston Scientific CorporationMethod of forming a co-extruded balloon for medical purposes
US6626888 *Sep 26, 1995Sep 30, 2003Rochester Medical CorporationMethod of shaping structures with an overcoat layer including female urinary catheter
US6896842Apr 24, 2000May 24, 2005Boston Scientific CorporationMedical device balloons containing thermoplastic elastomers
US7585289Jun 22, 2005Sep 8, 2009Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.catheter body carrying co-extruded balloon, having two layers, co-extruded with and bonded to and disposed outside of the first layer of polyamide/polycarbonate copolymer or polyester/polycarbonate copolymer, second extruded layer containing 100% SELAR" or PET and 50% SELAR" blend; high tensile strength
US7781038May 27, 2004Aug 24, 2010Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc.Made of polyether glycol/polybutylene terephthalate block copolymer; medical catheter device; abrasion resistant
EP0181720A2 *Oct 24, 1985May 21, 1986Ernest K. MandersTissue expander
Classifications
U.S. Classification604/97.1
International ClassificationA61M3/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61M3/00
European ClassificationA61M3/00