US 1643445 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
p 1927' B. 6. CALL METALLIC SHINGLE Filed Sept. 30, 1925 INVENTOR ATTORNEY 35 ter set forth and claimed Patentd Sept. 27,1927.
UNITED STATES BENJAMIN GEORGE CALL, OF TACOMA,
WASHINGTON, ASBIGNOR TO AMERICAN BMELTING AND REFINING COMPANY, 01 NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY.
Application filed September 80, 1825. Serial No. 59,492.
The inventionrelates to shingles for roofs and other surfaces it is desired to make weather-proof and more particularly relates to shingles made of flexible and water-proof sheet material such as copper.
According to the invention each shingle is made with one longitudinal side ed e bent under and the other longitudinal si e edge bent over to form folds, the ad'oining shingles of a row having their fol s hooked to gather to form interlocking joints. Furtherturned portion on the lower transverse ed e may be pressed downwardly to lock t e joints and thereby more securely hold the shingles in position.
Variousbther objects and advantages of the invention will be obvious from the following particular description of one form of device embod ing my invention or from an inspection 0 the accompanying drawings; and the invention also consists in certam new and novel features of construction and combinations 50f parts hereinaf- In the accompanying drawings I have shown for purpose of i lustration one form of structure embodying the invention, in which Fig. 1 is a plan view showing in assembled relation' two adjoining rows of shingles made according to the invention. Fig. 2 is a section on the line 2-2 of Fi 1. %ig. 3 is a plan view of a single shingle.
Fig. 4 is an end view of the lower transverse side of a single shingle, and
Fig. 5 is a section on the line5-5 of Fig. 1 showing how the shingles of an upper row are secured to the next lower row and showing how part of the lower portion of each shin le is depressed to securely lock the oints tween shingles.
In the following description and in the claims arts will be identified by specific names or convenience, but they are intended to be as generic in their application to similar parts as the art will permit.
Referring to the drawing, each shngle is generally rectangular in shape. It comprises a body portion 10 having one longitudinal edge bent under to form a fold 11 and the opposite longitudinal edge bent over to form a fold 1 At the lower transverse edge a projection 18 is provided havng a Ion ltudmal edge 14 at substantially the midd e of the lower side of the body and an obli ue edge 15 extending from the stud longitu inal edge 14 to the overturned fold 12. The projection 13 has a portion cut away from the body 10 and bent under to form an underturned fold 16 for a purpose hereinafter described.
To assemble the shingles on a supportin surface a'lower row 1 may be first place in osition, the shingles being hooked to-' get er by means 0 the complementa folds or hooking portion 11 and 12 an nailed by means of nails 2 or otherwise secured to the supporting surface at the upper parts of the bodies thereof. The next row 3 above may then be placed in ositlon. Each shingle starting at one si e of the row may be overlapped the desired distance over the lower row 1 with the lower attaching fold or hooking portion 16 interleaved in a joint between the shingles in the lower row 1. Tween shingle of the upper row 2 may be hooked to the first shingle by means of the complementary folds, the attaching fold 16 on the bottom of it being interleaved within the next joint of the lower row 1. The shingles may be nailed by nails 4 or otherwise secured to the supporting surface at the upper portions thereof.
It will be seen that the shingles will be held with their attaching folds or hookin portions in hooked engagement by the uni 2 and 4. However, in order to more securely lock the shingles in assembled relation, after the shingles are assembled, the
un erturned attaching told 16 on the lowertransverse edge may be pressed down to siurther ldck the joints between shingles.
This expedient provides a further security against the shingles becoming loose or becoming separate en agement of the joints. e hooln'ng portions 11 and 16 both open in the same direction, while the hoolm'ng portion 12 opens in a direction opposite to that of the hooking portions 11 and 16; This construction insures an easy assembly of shingles on the supporting surface at the same time providing an edicientinterlocking engagement between shingles making good weather-proof joints. lt'will be understood thatthe entire root or othersuriace may be covered with shinin this manner. Any degles proceeding sired overla etween rows may be provided. lt Wl also be seen that the shingles are simple in design, cheap to manufacture,
rugged and durable, and that each shinglev is identical in construction Will the others.
, edges beneath said body, said first hooking v"llhe joints between adjacent zl: we; in the same row are'not liable to leak ecause of the overturned folds acting as walls to prevent the water from flowing between the shingles. Furthermore, it is impossible for the wind or elements to tear loose an upper row from a lower row because of the lower attaching folds on the shingles booked within the. joints of the lower row.
While l have shown and. described and have pointed'out in the annexed claims certain novel features of my invention, it will be understood that various omissions, substitutions and changes in the forms and details of the device illustrated and in its operation may be made by those skilled in the art withoutdeparting from the spirit of my invention.
ll claim--- 1. A shingle comprising a body, a first hooking portion on one edge above said body, a second hooln'ng portion on an opposite edge beneath said body, a third hooking portion on an edge joining said opposite portion opening in' a direction opposite I body, a second hookin said second and third hooking portions.
2. A. shingle comprising a body, a first ,hooking portion-on one edge above said portion on an o poslte edge beneath'sai body, a third hoo mg portion on an edge-pining said opposite edges beneath said SdldpSEGOIld. and third hooking portion ening in the same direction I 3. A shingle compris" a body of sheet material having at one o go a portion bent I under to form an nndeiturned fold and at another edgea portion bent over to form neonate from each other by dis- 1 -len h of the an overturned fold, said folds being adapted to form hooked joints with comp ementary. folds on like shingles, an edge of said body being rovided'with a second underturned fold adapted to be hooked into a hooked joint oi a lower row of like shin les.
4. A shingle comprisinga b0 y of sheet materialhaving at one longitudinal edge a portion, bent under to form a laterally extendin underturned told and at its opposite e go a portion bentovcr to form a laterally extending overturned fold, said folds extending substantially the entire ody and adapted. to form hoo red jointswith complementary folds on like shingles, the lower transverse edge of said body being provided with a projection having a longitudinal edge between the longitudinal edges of said body, said projection having a portion at its longitudinal edge bent under to form a second laterally extending underturned fold adapted to be hooked into a hooked joint of a lower row of like shingles.
5. A shingle comfprising a substantially rectangular ody 0 sheet material having at one longitudinal edge a portion bent rovided with an'integral projection havmg a longitudinal edge near the middle of Mid said lower side and an oblique ed e extend ing fromthe longitudinal ed e c said projection to said overturned jection having a portion cut away from said old, said pro-- and bent around its lon itudinal edge d to 5mm a second underturne fold adapted to e hooked into a hooked joint of a lower row of like shingles.
6. A shingle construction ada ted to positioned upon a supporting sur ace a row of shingles each comprising a bodyhaving hooking portionspn opposite edges to form 'o'ints with adjoin ingles, each shingle ortion'i its body distorted adt sai joints and in contact therewith tinleek one of said joints.
7. A. shingleconstruction ada ted to bpositioned upon'a supporting sur ace, a row of shingles each comprising a body, a first hooking portion on one edge above said body, a second hookin portion on an opposite edge beneath sai body, each shingle having its hook'ng portions engaged with avmg e i r therewith.
,amportion of its body pressed downdd. shingle construction adapted to be complementary hooking ortions on adoining, shingles to form joints, each shingle jacent saidjoints and in contact iao positioned upon a supporting surface, a lower row of shingles each comprising a body having afirst hooking rtion on one edge, a second hooking portion on the opposite edge to form joints with adjoining shingles, and a third hooking portion on another edge, an upper like row of shingles, the third hooking portions of the upper row being in interlocking engagement with the joints in the lower row, each shingle in the 10 In testimony whereof I have hereunto set 15 my hand and seal,
BENJAMIN GEORGE CALL.