|Publication number||US1643626 A|
|Publication date||Sep 27, 1927|
|Filing date||Jan 10, 1927|
|Priority date||May 29, 1925|
|Publication number||US 1643626 A, US 1643626A, US-A-1643626, US1643626 A, US1643626A|
|Original Assignee||Joseph May|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 27 1927. 1,643,626
J. MAY APPARATUS FOR OBSERVING THE VARIATION OF THE SOLE TREADING SURFACE WHEN THE FOOT IS UNDER LOAD AND NOT UNDER LOAD Filed Jan.l0, 1927 i the sole of theof blood of the parts Patented Sept. 27, 1927.
JOSEPH MAY, OF FRANKFORT-ON-THE-MAIN,
APIARATUS FOR OBSEItVING THE VARIATION 01 THE SOLE TREA'DING SURFACE WHEN THE FOOT IS UNDER LOAD AND NOT UNDER LOAD.
Application filed January 10, 1927,
Apparatus for observing the variations of the sole treading surface when the foot is under load and not under load are known. They consist of an open frame which as a tread surface, supports a strong transparent glass plate under which are arranged two mirrors set at an angle of 45 thereto and at a right angle to one another, which reflect the reflected image of the foot treading surface upwardly. As daylight alone was frequently insuflicient for an examination such apparatus were provided with lateral lamps for illuminating the transparent tread plate from underneath.
For observing the sole of the foot or the foot treading surface by means of such apparatus the coloration of the separate parts of foot plays the main part. Parts on which the highest pressure is exerted are more or less of a yellow white by reason of the absence of blood. Such pressure surfaces merge into such sections of the sole of which the colours are intermingled with a light'red, indicating partial absence I of the sole of the foot which are not under the full pressure of the load. To these parts are finally connected those surfaces of the sole and the edges of the sole which are not under the pressure of any load and which bear lightly on theglass tread plate. The observation therefore depends on the varying degree of the displacing of the blood from the various sections of the soleof the foot by the pressure of the load acting thereon at any time. The images which are thus exhibited to the eye of the observer are, however, not absolutely satisfactory as the more or less large absence of blood exhibited in the sole surface of the foot is partly due to the mere contact between the sole of the foot with the cold tread plate. j
Also the illuminating lamps arranged laterally for the transparent tread plate influence the observation in an undesirable manner as the rays therefrom cross one another and they are also partly visible in the eye of the observe Also the co-operation between the natural light and artificiallight unfavorably influences the observation. To this may also be added the complete shading of the eye of the observer and the possibility of the continual observation of the person examined who by leaning from his normal Serial No. 160,274, and in Germany May 29, 1925.
osition thus unintentionally varies the loadmg of the foot accordingly. These faults are eliminated by the inspection apparatus forming the subject of the invention and the inspection by means thereof gives the actual conditions free from error and also inspection images which are more eflicient and complete.
The action of external light is prevented by completely enclosing the apparatus. The tread plate is constantly heated to body temperature and directly illuminated from underneath by a base source of light which is 1nv1sible to the eye of the observer. The observers eye is shaded by a separate closed cas ng member with inspection opening, whilst the wall of the casing which is turned towards the person who is being examined is wholly or partly folded back or completely removed after the inspection has been completed so as to give the person'examined the opportunity of being able to see the pnage of the sole of his foot from his posi- An example of construction according to the invention is illustrated in the accompany.
ing drawings wherein Figure 1 is a longitudinal sect-ion of the apparatus.
Figure 2 is a plan view thereof and Figure 3 is a plan after removing the observing casing.
The casing a of the apparatus closed on all sides is provided with the sufficiently strong tread plate b of glass or the like and the reflecting mirrors 0 and d arranged underneath at suitable angles, the two mirrors being arranged so as not to extend completely under the tread plate. The mirror d also has its upper edge removed from the rear wall of the casing so that a passage e remains under the tread plate. In the opposlte wall of the casing ventilation holes 7 may-be provided in suitable positions and under the mirror d the walls of the casing or one thereof may be provided with air inlet holes. The tread plate 5 preferably rests in the middle on a cross bar which at the same time divides the tread field and the observation field of the tread plate and may also serve as a storing wall for the heating stream. 9 is a heating body, preferably an electric tubular heating body, of
which the heating stream passes through the slot e under the tread plate 6 for the purpose of heating this and then passes out through the holes f. h is the tubular lamg, preferably arranged at the bottom and sha ed from the eye of the observer for illuminating the tread plate. The lamp is provided with a reflector z of which the focus is behind the mirror 0 which is shortened by an amount equal to the width of the reflector screen. By means of this lamp arran ement the light rays are projected wit full strength directly from below against that part of the tread plate upon which the feet are placed. The ima e of the sole of the foot is produced sharp y and does not show any fogging. For shading the eye of the observer there is-provided a casing Z which is completely closed with the exce tion of the inspection opening 70, the incline wall m of the casing turned towards the person who is being examined being capable of being wholly or partly thrown open on hinges when the images of the soles of his feet are to be made visible to him in his position after the examination has been completed. During the examination itself he is not to see these as the person inspected is readily inclined to lean forwardly and thus not only alter his position but also the distribution of the load on his foot so that an accurate image of the soles of the feet would not be obtained. The wall m, instead of being wholly or partly foldable may also be wholly or partly removable.
Having thus described my invention, what ters Patent is 1. Apparatus for observing the variations I of the sole treading surface when the foot .18 under load and not under load, comprismg a transparent tread plate, two mirrors arranged at right angles to each other and at 45 1n relation to the tread plate to reflect the reflected image of the sole treadin surface upwardly, and a dark casing 0 which the tread plate forms the cover and a source of light arran ed in the bottom of the casing and invisib e to the eye of the observer.
2. Observing apparatus according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that in the space under one of the two mirrors there is provided a heating body and said mirror terminates short of the rear wall of the casing and of the tread plate so that a passa e is formed for the heating stream and at o ier suitable positions of the casing there are provided inflow and outflow openings.
3. Observing a paratus according to claim 1, characterized y the fact that above the observing side of the tread plate there is provided a closed casing having an inspection aperture for the observer, the inclined side of said casing turned towards the person who is being examined bein adapted to be wholly or partly turned bac or opened or removed.
In testimony whereof I afiixed my signature.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2463775 *||Nov 13, 1946||Mar 8, 1949||Thomas Johnson Benjamin||Combined desk and mirror device for transferring records|
|US2650518 *||Mar 22, 1951||Sep 1, 1953||Ladislav Boor||Apparatus for measuring feet|
|US6598992 *||Apr 12, 2002||Jul 29, 2003||John Lucius Ames||Portable foot inspection mirror|
|US7137950 *||May 23, 2005||Nov 21, 2006||Albert Murillo||System and apparatus for inspection of feet|
|US7144124 *||Apr 29, 2005||Dec 5, 2006||Defazio Frances||Foot reflector . . . for your health|
|US7329016||Nov 9, 2006||Feb 12, 2008||Helen Shonk||Foot inspection mirror|
|US7694968 *||Jan 17, 2007||Apr 13, 2010||William A. Sims, legal representative||Playing card viewer|
|US8240769 *||Oct 1, 2009||Aug 14, 2012||Adam Story||Multipurpose lower extremity examination stool|
|DE102004026653A1 *||Jun 1, 2004||Dec 29, 2005||Kuhberg, Olaf E.||Mirror apparatus for inspecting foot or shoe soles has a mirror fixed in a frame at an angle to the floor towards the standing viewer|
|U.S. Classification||359/857, 600/248|
|International Classification||A43D1/02, A43D1/00|