|Publication number||US1643695 A|
|Publication date||Sep 27, 1927|
|Filing date||Mar 26, 1926|
|Priority date||Mar 26, 1926|
|Publication number||US 1643695 A, US 1643695A, US-A-1643695, US1643695 A, US1643695A|
|Original Assignee||Bunger Joseph|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (6), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
J. BUNGER Sept. 27', 1927.
FRAME SQUARE AND GAUGE Filed March 26. 1926 n i F165. '"1 /N VENTO/e FIG. 2.
Patented Sept. 27, 1927.
JOSEPH BUNGER, OF OKLAHOMAL CITY, OKLAHOMA.
FRAME SQUARE AND GrAlll'GE.y
Y .Application filed March $36, 1926. Serial No. 97,738.
My invention relates to improvements in tools for frame square and gauge.
The object of the invention is to produce a device of the character described which will be handy, small, compact, and more efficient in use in measuring, laying out and marking the parts, lines and dimensions of window frames and parts, and of door frames and parts; that will -be cheap in construction and manufacture, and fulfill all the requirements now met only by the use of several tools.
The novelty, invention, and other objects will be more fully shown in the specifications, claims, and accompanying one sheet drawing, of which,
Figure l is a perspective view of the trysquare and gauge; Figure 2 is a section view through a window and window frame illustrating many of the various uses of the try-square and gauge; Figure 3 is a plan view of a fragment of the door-jamb showing the use of thetry-square in marking the width of the lines for door-butts and the gauge line; Figure 4 is a perspective view of a fragment of a lwindow sill showing the application to window sill when seven-eighth inch thickness is used or when one and one-eighths `inch thickness is used; also for the mark which marks the bevel; Figure 5 is a plan viewof a fragment Vof a window-j amb showing the application of the try-square marking the bottom or lower end cut; or marking the gauge line for the width of the window-j amb; or marking the center lines for the two sash pulleys.
The drawing at Figure 1 shows the actual size of the try-square and gauge; it is composed, preferably of a rectangularly shaped piece of hard-wood susceptible of receiving and retaining flat surfaces V1, 2, 5, and square corners. The central portion on a line between 11 and 11a, and between 13 and 13a is channeled out to admit a metal stub therein adapted to brace the metal part 10 of said try-square; the upper surface of the handle is covered with metal 2 which is held in place by screws 3, 4; on each side of the handle is a bracing member 5a, with lobes 6, 6a, 6b, Vholding rivets 7a, 8fL and 9a, through said handle and stub in perforations 7, 8 and 9; the outer end 15 of the metallic measuring portion of said try-square isnarrower than its base between 11 and 13 at the handle member; its edge 14fL between 13 and 14 is straight except for a plurality of slots 16,
tallic measuring portion between 11 and 12 Y tapers from a Wider base at the` handle to the narrower outer end 15 at an acute angle. In addition to the above indicia and slots for the usual indicia for measuring inches and subdivisions thereof are shown on said blade member.
The above description and Figure lof the l accompanying drawing will be sufiicient to enable those familiar with the art to which my invent-ion pertains to understand the purposes of the invention, and its invention and novelty and applicability. But for the Y purposes of better illustrating its use the other iig'uresof the drawing are given.
On the figures illustrating the applicability of the try square 25 designates the sill; 26 the sub sill; 27 the stool; 28 the apron; 29 the inside sash; 30 the blind stop; 31 the outside casing; 32 the jamb; 33 the back-stop; 34 the parting stop; 35 the inside pulley; 36 the outside pulley; 37 the outside sash; 38 lead pencil for marking marks op- .posite different indicia; 40 showing the lines for door butts; 41, 42 the width of the door butts; 43 thev door butts.
Having shown the differently spaced and marked slots for the various measurements required, and the various parts of the window and sash it is not thought to Vbe necessary to go into a long detailed description of the application of the try-square for the various measurements required, especially so, so far as pertains to the stra-ight edged measurements.
The tapered edge, is for gauging the lower cut on the window casing 31 and jamb 32, the blind stop 30, and sub sill 26, and to bevel the front edge of the window sill 25, and of parting stop 34, and the corner slot 39 in the stool into which the sub sill 26 lits.
In Figure 5 is better shown the application in the upper portion of the figure for ascertaining the location of the center lines for the first sash pulley 35, and second sash pulley 36, and the gauge line for the Width of the markingfof the window jamb 33; the lower portion shows its application -for marking the bottom or lower end cut of the window.
In Figure 3 is best shown the application of the try square in marking the width and lines of the door butts 40, 4l, 42, and 43; and the gauge line 44.
In Figure 4 is best shown the application ofthe try square to the window sill when f/S inch thickness, and 1% inch thickness is usedfor the sill; and also for the marking which marks the baiiie.
"Only one surface .side of the metal blade member is shown. The other side (not shown) has the same indicia as that shown.
From the description and' the accompanying one page drawing, and the specifications, the advantages of construction, application and manufacture will be apparent-to those skilled in the art towhich my invention pertains. I have entered into adetailed description of the construction and relative arrangement of the parts embraced in the present and'preferred embodiment of my invention in order to impart a full, clear and exact understanding of the said embodiment. I do notdes'ire, however, to be understood as confining myself to the specific construction and relative arrangement of parts member and Ahaving' a plurality of notches 1n inasmuch as in the future practice of the invention various lchangesand modifications may be made such as fall within the scope of my invention as defined in my appended claims.
'Having' thus described the invention, what is claimed and desired to be securedbyA LettersPatent, is: i
11A device ofl the character described,.
comprising a'iiat surfaeedfsquare cornered, rectangularly shaped,handle member, a' flat metal blade member having its base centrally inserted and fastened in one Iside edge or' said handle member, having one edge at right angles with the adjacent surface of said handle member, and one straight edge at an oblique angle with relation to the adj acent surface of said handle member and said right angled edge, saidoblique -angled'edge being adapted to gauge lower cut onwindow casing amb, blind stop, subs'ill, and to bevel front edge of window sill, partingstop and corner slot in the sill, and the like, said blade member having on its right angle edge indicia denoting inches and subdivisions thereof adapted to be used for measurements, said right angle edge having also notches therein at intervals.
2. A device of the character described, comprising a handle base member having a .plane flat surface, a flat metal blade member having one edge forming a right angle with the flat surface of said base and a. straight edge forming an oblique angle with relation to said base and' said right angled'edge; one end of said metal blade member being embedded and securely fastened' in said base handle member, said blade member having indicia on its Aflat surface sides near said right angled edge denoting inches and subdivisions thereof, and having in said right angled edge a plurality of notches adapted to insert therein a marking member.
3. A device ofthe character described,
comprising a flat surfaced, square cornered,
rectangularly shaped, handle member, an edge surface thereof being of metal and forming-1a plane flat base, a metallic' blade member having one of its ends passing through said metallic edge andinto said handle member andvbeing-securely fastened therein, means Isecurely holding said' handle member and said blade meinberltightly Vtogether, said blade member having one edge forming a right angle with said base handle said edgegsaid blade vhaving a second straight edge' forming an `oblique angle with said base and right'angied edge; said blade member having adjacent said right angled edge indicia denoting inches and subdivisions thereof; said. right angled edge having therein a plurality of notches, said notches being adapted to have vinserted therein a marking member.
4. A device of the character described.l comprising a metal flat blade member hav- 'ing a. great-er width at one end than the other, a base member ot rectangular crosssection having a metal plane side edge, said side edge of said base member being adapted to receive :the larger end or" said blade meinber and to rigidly hold it centrally of the length and centrally of the thickness of said base; said blade having indicia :on one of its edges to denote inches and subdivisions' thereof, and a plurality of notches adapted for insertion therein of a markingmember.
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