US 1646936 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
1,646,936 J. A. B. SMITH TYPBWRITING CHINE Oct 25, 1927.
Filed Dec. 11, 1925 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Oct. 25. 1927. J. A. SMITH TYPBWRITING IACHINE Filed Dec.
11, 1925 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Affor/re Patented Oct. 25, 19237.
UNITED STATES Parent OFFICE.
JESSE A. B. SMITH, OF STAMFORD, CONNECTICUT, .Z-QESZGNOB TO 'UNDER'WOOD TYPE- WRITER COMPANY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., it CORPORATION OF DELAWARE.
Application fi1ec1 December 11,1925. Serial No. 74,668.
This invention relates to work-sheet handling devices for typewriting machines, and is shown as applied to an Underwood twinplaten machine.
In some systems of typewriting bookkeeping, it is sometimes desired to fill out a bill-sheet which is inserted around one of the platens, and then to copy the total of the bill upon a ledger-sheet on the other platen, said total being manifolded upon atally-strip which is permanently left in the machine.
In trying to feed a tally-strip which is wider than the ledger, a difiiculty arises, because the tally-strip cannot be fed independently of the ledger as heretofore. It has been customary to provide a tally-strip behind a ledger-sheet for the purpose of'copy ing a portion of the data typed upon the ledger, and in such cases the tally-strip is made narrower than the ledger, and by eliminating the center feed-rolls it is posvsible to line space the same by means of a positively driven rewind spool. The ledgersheet is line spaced by means of the regular feed-rolls engaging the borders of the ledger, the feed-rolls being, of course, arranged to clear the tally-strip. Since it is desired to use a wide tally-strip in this invention, it will be clear that such a receiving spool could not be used in connection with the feed-rolls, because the ratio of feed on the spool is variable, whereas the ratio of feed on the platen is constant, and, ofcourse, the strip would either sag or break, depending on the size of the receiving spool.
In order to remedy this condition it is proposed to eliminate the receiving spool, and to feed the tally-strip, together with the ledgen-sheet, by means'of the feed ro11s, the tally-strip being permitted to recoil itself into a roll of suitable size, which is torn off against a knife at convenient intervals.
In this invention novel means are provided for handling such work, the means being in the nature of anattachment for ma chines provided with two platens. According to certain features of this invention the tally-strip is inserted, together with a strip of carbon in front thereof, around the righthand platen to which it is fed from a supply-spool at the rearof the machine, means being provided, at the delivery side of the plateinforguiding the strip upwardly to a point where it is automatically refolded upon a supporting shelf. The tally-strip is held on the platen by means of paperfingers, and the feed-rolls of the machine are released in order that the ledger-sheet may be positioned to the printing point with the aid of a front paper table, upon which the ledger-sheet is held in printing position by means of a paper-finger or resilient clamp.
The bill-sheet is inserted around the leftplaten is moved to present the ledgensheet to the printing point, so that the total and possibly some identification mark may be typed on the tally-strip. The platen is then line-spaced to position the tally-strip for the first line of typing and the feed-rolls are released to withdraw both the bill and the ledger-sheets.
One of the features of this invent-ion relates to novel means for feeding and rewinding the tally-strip, the usual rewinding spool having been dispensed with, so as to permit the tearing off of portions of the tallystrip, as may be required from time to time. The tally-strip is guided against a plate at the delivery side of the platen and the strip is permitted to recoil itself into a roll of suitable length. It is customary to run the length of the strips to about one foot, which usually assembles all the daily totals of the bills sent to the various customers.
' Another feature of this invention relates to means for facilitating the tearing off of the tally-strip. To this end, there is provided alrnife secured to a front table atthe,
top edge thereof. Said knife extends the full. width of the tally-strip and is adjush ably mounted on the. front table to permit the handling of ledger-sheets of various widths. i
In this particular embodiment of the invention it is desired that the identification numeral appearing in front of each item,
side of the ledger, upon which margin the identification.numeral may be typed.
This inventlon is inthe nature of'an 1mprovement upon features disclosed in co- "pending application No. 112,226, filed May i p'aper finger.
Other features and advantages will here inafter appear.
' InIthe accompanying drawings,
Figure 1 is a cross-sectional View, in elevation, through the center of an Underwood typewriting machine, showing the worksheets around the platen,- the feed-rolls being in their effective position. Said view is taken on line l1 of Figure Figure 2 isfa diagrammatic front View, in elevation, showing all, the work-sheets around .the platen in typing positioin Figure 3 is a diagrammatic view, In ele-' vation, showing the'feed-rolls in their ineffective position, the worksheet being held against the table by means of a resilient Figure 4c is a front view, in elevation, showing theinvention applied to an Underwood twin-platen typewriting machine.
Figure 5 is a detail, showing the construction of the tally-strip supply spool;
This invention is applied to an Underwood twin-platen machine, such as disclosed in the patent to T. J. Coo, 1,539,384, dated May 26, 1925; Said machine includesa pair.
of platens and 11 mounted on a platenaxle 12, which is supportedby end plates13 and 14 of a'platenframe which is borne by "a carriage, not shown. The platen 10 iscon:
nect edby means .of atubing 15 to a fingerwheel'16,1and may be rotated independently of the other platen. The platen 11 tis fast to theaXle'12 by means of ascrewfl'l, the
axle carrying fast thereto another fingerwh eel18. By means of this arrangement it is possible to rotate either, pla-ten.independently of the other.
According to the 'method of handling the workinthis invention, a tally-strip 19, hav,'
ing a'super'posed strip. of carbon 20, is'draWn down fronrzi'supply-spool 21 mounted on af shaft22, the ends of both strips being inserted at the rear of the platen around the sa ne, and up ,in' front 'thereof. The tallystrip is passed under paper-fingers 23, bear ng on the platen, and is then led up over a table 24gwhich serves as a backing to prevent the'curling of the tally-strip, Owing to the naturaltendency of the paper to curl itself,
once having: been'woundjon a spool for some tin e;-thejsam'e is permitted to be recurled upon a supporting shelf 25. The paperfingers are provided with pressure rollers 26, and maybe swung into and out of position in the regular manner. are slidably mounted on a shaft 27 which serves as a brace forthe end plates 13 and 14 of the platen frame;
Previously to inserting the tally-strip, the usual feed-rolls 28 are released, the tallystrip' being held'in place by means of the paper-fingers 23. e The feed-rolls are r0 tatably mounted upon shafts 29, extending the full length of bothplatens, so that the feed-rolls may be simultaneouslyoperated for both platens. v A ledgersheet,30 is' 'then inserted at the realof the platen u'nder'the same and is led Said paper-fingers over a front table 81 to be laterally posi-h tioned, by meanso'f side gages 32, and also positioned to the printing line by gaging the same against front scales 83, whereupon a pressure finger 34: is swung into operated position, as shown in Figure l, to hold the ledger-sheet while a bill sheet 35 is inserted on a shaft 40, the latter being fast to endplates-tl whichare in turn secured to the plates 13 and llof the platen frame by be removed from the bracketswithout necessitating the withdrawing of s upporting' screws44e, 7' f in order to facilitate the "easy replacement ofthe supplyspool 2l',"therefis provided a pair of plates 45 piyotally mounted on the shaft 40, the'pla'tes being tied together by means of'a tube l6 and a bracea'od 47. The tube' 46' is secured to the plates 45 by means of screws 48 and carries, fast thereto, the table24r. 'By means of this arrangeinent, the supply-spool is easily replaced by rotating the shaft 22, whiclris provided with a finger-piece 49, thereby presenting fiat- V tened portions 50 toslots 51 in the plates 41,
'In order tofifacilitate-the tearing oil of portions "of the "tally-strip, there is provided a knife 52 fast to one of the sections of theftable 31 by means of rivets 52-3; The
otherend of the knife is adjustably secured to, the other section of the table by means of a screw 54 passingfthrough an elongated slot 55 in said table andscre'wing into a tapped hole in the, knife. a Referring more particularly to Figure-5,
in which a longitudinal sectional view o'fthe supply-spool 1s shown, it will be" noted that means of screws-42. The cros's bar is provlded with slots 43 so that the same may the same is provided with removable heads 57 designed to enter a tube 56 around which the tally-strip is wound. By means of this arrangement, the heads are withdrawn from the used spool and are reinserted into the tube of a fresh spool when needed.
Variations may be resorted to. within the scope of the invention, and portions of the improvements may be used without others.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. In a typewriting machine, in combination, a platen, releasable feed rolls for feeding a work-sheet and a wider continuous tally strip therearound, auxiliary feed rolls for holding the tally-strip while inserting the work-sheet in front thereof, and means for conducting the tally strip in a fiat condition, at the delivery side of the platen, up to a suitable housing to permit the natural recoiling' of the tally strip.
2. In a typewriting machine, in combina tion, a platen, releasable feed rolls therefor, a supply spool at the rear of the platen, means for conducting a tally strip on said supply spool to the platen, auxiliary feed rolls for holding said strip on the platen when the releasable feed rolls are thrown off, means including a front table for positioning a work-sheet in front of said tally strip, and a second front table, behind the first-mentioned front table, for guiding the tally strip up to a receiving bracket on which it is recoiled owing to the bent condition of the paper tissues acquired in the supply spool.
3. In a typewriting machine, in combination, a twin platen, releasable feed rolls therefor, a supply spool at the rear of one of the platens, means for conducting a tally strip on said supply spool to said platen, auxiliary feed rolls for holding said strip on said platen when the releasable feed rolls are thrown off, means including a front table for positioning a worksheet in front of said tally strip, and means for resiliently holding said work-sheet on said front table so as to permit the insertion and positioning of a bill-sheet around the other platen.
4. In a typewriting machine, in combination, a platen, releasable feed rolls therefor, a supply spool around which a tally strip is Wound, means for conducting said tally strip to the platen, auxiliary feed rolls on said platen to hold the tally strip, means for guiding the tally strip in a flat condition, and a shelf to support the free end of the tally strip in a coiled condition.
5. In a typewriting machine, in combination, a platen, releasable feed rolls therefor, a supply spool around which a tally strip is wound, means for conducting said tally strip to the platen, auxiliary feed rolls on said platen to hold the tally strip, means for guiding the tally strip in a flat condition, a shelf to support the free end of the tally strip in a coiled condition, and a knife adjacent said shelf, to permit the tearing off of portions of said tally strip.
6. In a typewriting machine, in combination, a platen, releasable feed rolls therefor, a supply spool around which a tally strip is wound, means for conducting said tally strip to the platen, auxiliary feed rolls on said platen to hold the tally strip, a table for guiding the tally strip in a flat condition, a shelf to support the free end of the tally strip in a coiled condition, a front table having side edges for positioning a work-sheet in front of said tally strip, and a knife at the top edge of said front table for severing the tally strip in suitable lengths.
7. The combination, in a typewriting machine, of a revoluble platen, releasable feed rolls cooperating therewith for feeding a work-sheet and an associated wider tally strip therearound, pressure rolls for holding the tally strip on the platen when positioning the work-sheet for the first line of typing, a spool on which the tally strip is wound, means for conducting the tally strip upwardly in a fiat condition, and means for supporting the free end of the tally strip in a manner to permit its being recoiled into rolls of suitable lengths.
8. The combination, in a typewriting machine, of a revoluble platen, releasable feed rolls cooperating therewith for feeding a worksheet and an associated wider tally strip therearound, pressure rolls for holding the tally strip on the platen when positioning the work-sheet for the first line of typing, a supply spool at the introductory side of the platen on which the tally strip is wound, means for conducting said tally strip to the platen, a table, at the delivery side of the platen, for positioning the worksheet, and means for resiliently holding said worksheet on said table when the feed rolls are released to insert another work-sheet around the platen.
9. The combination, in a typewriting machine, of a revoluble platen, feed rolls for simultaneously feeding a.tally strip and a narrower associated work-sheet, means for holding the tally strip when the feed rolls are released to insert the work-sheet, a front table at the delivery side of the platen for laterally positioning the work-sheet, means for conducting the tally strip in. a fiat condition behind the front table, and a knife fast to the upper edge of said table for mean ing off the tally strip.
10. The combination, in a typewriting machine, of a revoluble platen, feed rolls for simultaneously feeding a tally strip and a narrower associated worksheet, means for holding the tally strip when the feed rolls are released to insert the work-sheet, a front table at the delivery side ofthe platen for the-tally strip, and to guide the same toa laterally positioning the Work-sheet, means receiving-shelf on which the free end of the for resiliently holding-the Worksheet on strip is permittedjto recoil itself, and a said table so that other Work-sheets may be knife, fast tothe top edge of the fronttable, inserted around another section of the for receiving the tally strip; platen, a backing table, at the deliveryside 1 e v I o of the platen,-for preventingthe curling of I JESSE-ALBLSLHTH.