US 1647275 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
' 1,647,275 E. c. CURSONS CASHIERS BOX Filed Aug. v} 1925 a Sheets-Sheet 1 1,6472 Nov. 1.1927. F. C. CURSONS 7 CASHIER S BOX Filed A112. '7, 1925' 3 Sheets-116 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 E. c. CURSONS "CASHIERS BOX Filed Ana. 7, 1925 Nov. 1, 1927.
Patented Nov. 1 19 27 EDWARD c. con-son's, on BUFFALO, NEW YORK."
Application filed August 7, 1925. serial No. 48,778. i
This invention relates to a money box for use by cashiers of electric light, gas and otherv companies whose customers usuall pay their billsin groups at certain times eacmonth, which payments in many instances are made inpaper money of small denominations, such as one, two, live and ten dollar bank notes. During the rush hours moneyof this character makes unwi-eldly piles which the cashier, in many instances, is un- I able to dispose of conveniently, especially as this paper money is frequently badly wrinkled. making change but also unnecessarily pro longs the time in getting the paper money ready for banking inasmuch as the paper money has to be smoothed out before it can be strapped or put up inbun lles or packages ready for banking. 7 p
The purpose of this invention is to pro= vide a money box which will enable a cashier to conveniently pile the paper money as the same is received and to smooth the same so that subsequent handling for removing wrinkles is not required preparatory to bundling the money, also to permit the cashier to readily-make change, to quickly dispose of.
part of the pile of paper money so that the pile will not be excessive in height and also avoid displaying an undue amount of money which otherwise mightbe a temptation for a hold-up, and also to so store the money that the same is safe and under the control of the cashier.
Vith this end in view this invention consists generally in providing one or more upper compartments inwhich the cashier is adapted to deposit the money in piles, one or more lower compartments each adapted to receive the excess of the pile of money in one of the upper compartments, and spring pressed partition arranged between each upper compartment and a companion lower compartment and adapted to be deflectedby the hand pressure of the cashier for causing more or less of the stack ofmoney in'each upper compartment to be discharged into the form of a. pile in the respective lower compartment and stored there ready to be subsequently removed for counting and bundling 'preparatoryto being carried'to the bank.
In the accompanying drawings t Figure lis a perspective view-showing my improved money box mounted in the form This not only causes delay in.
of a drawer in the pocket-or runway ofa cabinet or desk. V
.F1gure2 1s a similar view'showing the money box wholly removed from the cabinet.
Figure 3 is a vertical longitudinal section of the money box taken on line 33, Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is a vertical cross section taken on lined-.4, Fig. 2 looking forward.
Figure 5 is a fragmentary top plan view of the money boxshown in Figures 1-4.
Figure 6 is a perspective view of one form of rack for movably supporting the money box: in the pocketof a cabinet. I c 1 Figure 7 is a top plan View of a money box having a plurality of compartments arranged in a transverse row and provided with an arrangement of partitions differing from that shown in Figures 3 and 4.
'F-igures 8 and 9 are top plan views showing further modifications in the manner of constructing and mounting the partitions.
Figure 10 is a fragmentary vertical section, on an enlarged scale, of a spring hinge for pivotally and yieldingly mounting a partition between an upper and a lower com- *partment ofthe money box, the section being taken on line 1010,'Fig. 4.
Similar characters of reference indicate like parts in the several figures of the drawmgs: I
"lhe money box proper may be organized so as to embody one or more units of upper and lower compartments which are super: posed in pairs, the particularembodiment of the invention illustrated in the drawings, Figures '1-3, containing four of such units. Each of these units comprises an upper -:C0lll13fi1t11161lt- 10 into which the cashier .places the paperv money or bank notes through the normally open top of this compartmentf,-and a. lower compartment 11 arranged below the respectiveupper compartment and adapted to receive the money from the latter. The upper compartment is shallower than thelower compartment and preferably about one third the depth of the latter inasmuch as the upper compartment is intended to hold only 'a comparatively low stack of bills while'the lower compartment is intended to receive and store a comparvtively high stack of bills or bank notes.
The upper and lower compartments of the pair of each unit are separated by a partiion or shelf 12 which is normally arranged in a horizontal position and serves as a shelf for supporting the pile of bills in the upper compartment and which is capableof being deflected downwardly by hand pressure of the cashier for discharging all or some of the pile of bills on the shelf downwardly so as to form a pile which rests on the bottom of the lower compartment.
Various means may be provided for movably supporting each partition or shelf and yieldingly holding the same in an elevated horizontal position. The means for example, shown in Figures 3, 4: and 10, consist of a spring hinge having its front leaf 13, connected with the underside of a horizontal flange 14 on the inner side of the upper part of the front wall 15 of the money box and its rear leaf 16 connected with the underside of the frontend of the partition or shelf 12, said leaves being provided with depending ears 1?, 18 which are pivoted toget-her by a horizontal transverse pintle 19. The partition is yieldingly held in its normal horizontal or uppermost position by a spring 20 surrounding the pintle and hearing at its ends against the underside of the flange l t and the underside of the partition. The upward movement of the partition un der the action of said spring is arrested when the partition is in a horizontal position by engagement of the front edge of the partition 12 with the rear'edge of the flange let, which cooperating edges form stops for this purpose.
As the cashier receives a paper bank note in payment of an account this paper bill is placed flatwise on top of the partition forming the bottom of one of the upper compartments or upon bills of the same denomination previously deposited in this compartment. When the height of the pile of bills in the upper compartment has nearly reached the top of the latter, or at any other time if desired, the cashier may reduce this height by pressing the pile downwardly together with the partition so that the position of the latter is shifted from the horizont-al position shown by full lines in Figure 3, to the rearwardly inclined position shown by dotted lines in the same figure, and at the same time the cashier pushes all or .some of the bills from the upper side of the partition downwardly between the rear'edge of the latter and the rear wall of the box into the companion lower compartment. As the bills enter the latter they stack themselves flatwise on the bottom of the lower compartment, or on the bills previously deposited therein, whereby the bills are smoothed or have their wrinkles removed sufficiently to permit of subsequently strap ping the paper money in bundles without requiring the same to be straightened out and smoothed for this purpose, thereby facilitating handlingthe money and getting the same the cashier to make change if this becomes necessary. I
If the rear edge 9 of the partition is arranged close to the rear wall '21 of the upper and lower compartments the cashier when passing his hand with the bills downwardly from the upper to the lower compartment is liable to get his hand caught between the partition and said rear wall and while no injury would result the experience might be unpleasant and cause fright and possible dislike of this money box. To avoid such a contingency the rear edge 9 of the partition stops short and is separated from the adjacent surface or rear wall '21 by an intcrve space or gap 8 which is sufficiently wide to permit a considerable part of the hand to be passed therethrough without becoming caught but still leaving enough partition or shelf areato properly support a pile of bills in the upper compartment.
In order to take care of occasional bills of large denominations, such as twenty, fifty, or hundred dollar bills, two supplemental compartments 22 and 23 are provided which are arranged in rear of the upper compartments and preferably of the same depth but not associated with any lower compartments inasmuchas the stack of such bills, as a rule, does not become very high.
For the purpose of enabling the piles of bills to be conveniently removed from the several lower compartments a movable door 24 is provided which forms the front walls of the several lower compartments and which in the preferred construction is pivotally connected at its lo-wer'end by a pivot or hinge 25 having its axis arranged horizontally and transversely of the box while its upper end is adapted to be fastened to the body of the box by means of a lock 26 of any suitable construction.
' lVhen the money box is in use the tops of the upper compartments and the supplemental compartments are uncovered but when the same contains a lot of cash and is not used by the cashier the tops of the up per compartments and the supplemental compartments are closed by a movable cover 27 which is preferably pivotally connected at its rear edge with the upper rear corner of the money box by a hinge 28 having its axis arranged horizontally and transversely and its front ec ge is adapted to be secured to the upper front corner of the box by a lock 29 of any suitable construction. NVhen roman the money box is thus clocked at the front and at the top, as shown in Figure 3, the same together with its contents maybe transported from the cashiers desk or cabinet and stowed away in a vault or other place, for safe keeping until the same is again required or to await the most opportune time for counting and strapping the money. lVhen' the cover is not in use the same hangs downwardly along the rear side of the box, as shown in Figure 2.
Although this box may be mounted in any suitable manner for use by the cashier it is preferable to provide the cashiers desk or cabinet on its rear side with a pocket or runway 31 into and out of which the money box may be moved in the manner of a cash drawer or till, as shown in Fig. 1. This box may be secured either in its outer or inner position relatively to the pocket in the cabinet by a lock 32 on the cabinet cooperating either with anouter lock opening 33 or an inner lock opening 34: in the adjacent side wall of the box.
For easily moving the box into and out of the cabinet pocket a carriage or rack 35 is provided which supports the box on its un der side and has rollers 36 which run on tracks 37 on opposite sides of the pocket.
Instead of pivotally mounting the partitions on the front walls of the upper and lower compartments the partitions 38 may be mounted on the rear walls of these compartments, as shown at 39 in Fig. 7
If desired the partition 40 may be pivotally mounted at one of its longitudinal edges on the adjacent longitudinal wall of the respective compartment by means of a hinge 41 having its axis arranged lengthwise and horizontally, as shown in Fig. 9.
Another way in which the partition may be constructed is shown in Fig. 8 in'which the partition is divided into front and rear sections 4:2, 43, which are connected at their front and rear edges with the adjacent parts of the box walls by spring hinges 44:, 45, and have their opposing edges separated by an intervening space or gap l6, so as to prevent the hand of the cashier from being cut, pinched or otherwise injured.
I claim as my invention:-
1. A cashiers box comprising an upper compartment, a lower compartment arranged below the upper compartment, and a movable partition arranged between the upper and lower compartments and adapted to support the money in the upper compartment and to be deflected downwardly by hand pressure against said partition to permit the passage of money from the upper to the lower compartment, said upper compartment permitting money to be deposited and removed therefrom manually at will from the top of this compartment.
2. A cashiers box comprising an upper compartment, a .lower compartment arranged below the upper compartment, a movable partition arranged between the upper and lower compartments and adapted to support the money in the upper compartment and to be deflected downwardly by hand pressure against said partition'to permit the passage of moneyfrom the upper to the lower compartment, and means for. yield partition to permit the passage of money.
from the upper compartment to the lower compartment, a spring which tends constantly to move said partition upwardly into its normal position, and a stop which limits the upward movement of said partition under the action of said spring, said upper compartment permitting money to be deposited and removed therefrom manually at will from thetop of this compartment.
4. A cashiers box comprising an upper compartment, a lower compartment arranged below the upper compartment and adapted to receive money from the upper compartment, a movable' partition adapted to be normally arranged in a horizontal po sition and to support the money in the upper compartment and also to be deflected downwardly by hand pressure against said partition to permit the passage of money from the upper compartment to the lower compartment, a spring which tends constantly to move said partition upwardly into its normal position, a stop which limits the upward movement of said partition under the action of said spring, and means for piv-.
otally mounting said partition on the box so that thesame turns about a horizontal axis said upper compartment permitting money v to be deposited and removed therefrom manually at will from the top of this compartment. I
5. A cashiers box comprisingan upper compartment, a lower compartment arranged below the upper compartment and adapted to receive money therefrom, and a partition adapted normally to be arranged in a horizontal position between said comartments and pivotally connected at one edge with the box to turn about a horizontal axis and having its opposite edge normally separated from the opposing surface by an intervening gap said upper compartment permitting money to be deposited and re moved therefrom manually at will from the top of this compartment.
6. A cashiers box comprising an upper compartment, a lower compartment arranged below the upper compartment and adapted to receive money therefrom, a partition adapted normally to be arranged in a horizontal position between said compartments and pivotally connected at one edge with the box to turn about a horizontal axis and having its opposite edge normally separated from the opposing surface by an intervening gap a'spring foryieldingly holdmg said partition in an elevated position, and a stop for limiting the upward movement of said partition said upper compartment permitting money to be deposited and removed therefrom manually at will from the top of this compartment.
In testimony whereof I 'aiiix my signature.
EDVARD G. GURSONS.