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Publication numberUS16478 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 27, 1857
Publication numberUS 16478 A, US 16478A, US-A-16478, US16478 A, US16478A
InventorsJames W. W. Gordon
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vaccinating instrument
US 16478 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




Specification of Letters Patent No. 16,478, dated January 27, 1857.

To all whom 'it may concern:

Beit known that I, JAS. WV. W. GORDON, of Catonsville, in the county of Baltimore and State of Maryland, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Vac-4 Y part of this specification.

The nat-ure of my improvement consists in so constructing an instrument for vaccinating that by the employment of acupped end rod or perforator, the virus deposited in said cup may be transferred and deposited, at one operation in the cuticle or true skin at a depth that shall insure its taking, and without the risk of failure from bleeding at the puncture consequent to the use of other instruments.

The vaccinator may be described as follows: A represents the case of the instrument: B a strong spring: C a driving arm carrying on its upper end the vaccinatorrod D; whose end (a) is recessed or cupped for the purpose of holding the virus to be deposited, the edges of said cup, also greatly facilitate the perforation of the epidermis by their sharpness.

E is the tensor, or compressor of the skin, for producing the necessary tightness thereof and also serving as a guide for the depth of deposit of the virus; (it being requisite that a suficient dept-h in the cuticle may be obtained, yet without an excess).

b, is a small holding spring moving on the pivot of the arm C, whose office is to keep the arm steady and in place, in its movement.

F is the trigger or catch, similar in its oiice to that of the ordinary spring lancet. The term vaccinator this instrument truly deserves, as the operation of perforating the skin and introducing the virus is but one operation.

The manner of using it is as follows. Having charged the small cup on the perforator rod with semi-fluid virus or liquid matter, or that rendered so, the arm and rod D are drawn back a slight distance from the face of the tensor E; the tensor is then pressed with its face in contact with the flesh of the subject, and While so held the spring is liberated by pressing on the trigger; the arm c, being forced forward, the perforator rod, D, is driven into the cuticle and the virus deposited. The tensor also serves as a guide to the perforator.

The character of the incision is such by the minuteness of the puncture, that the constriction of the cuticle completely prevents any iiow of blood, and consequently all liability of washing out the virus is obviated, thus rendering any further attention, such as applying court plaster7 &c., over the puncture unnecessary.

Fig. 5 exhibits a modification of the instrument.

In the employment of my vaccinator I have found that by giving a slight Obliquity to the entrance of the charged cupped perforator as it passes into the cuticle, that a flap is formed of the epidermis which cffectually closes the orifice of the puncture and thus prevents bleeding.

Having thus described by improvement what I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is,

The application of the cup shaped perforator rod D to the ordinary spring lancet in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name before two witnesses.




Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4230118 *Aug 4, 1978Oct 28, 1980Holman Rury RAutomatic lancet
Cooperative ClassificationA61B5/1411