US 1648277 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. s, 1927. 1,648,277l
W. KORB SECTIONAL BIN Filed Oct. 9, 1924 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 l 3' 2a, 2v
ATTORNEY l WILLIAT//H-B Nov. 8, 1927.
w. KORB SECTIoNAL BIN Filed Oct. 9. 1924 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 /N vif/VT@ f@ f yKNZB ATTON E Y lWILLIAM desirable storage bin adapted to be bui Patented Nov. 8, 1927.
WILLIAM IOBB, 0F CHEYIOT, OHIO.
Application filed October 9, 1924. Serial No. 742,803.
My invention relates to sectional bins particularly, though not exclusively, adapted for use in garages and other places for storing various articles in separate compartments.
Heretofore bins, having separate compartments, have consisted of a structure having the partitions fixed to its frame having a width suliicient to accommodate the'desired number of compartments arranged in horizontal alinement, and having a predetermined hei ht usually equal to the distance from the goor to the ceiling of the room in which they are positioned. It very often happens, when it is desired to move a usual bin from one lace to another, such removal is impossible without remodeling the bin, at considerable expense and delay, for the purpose of alterin its dimensions to conform to the size of t e space it is to occupy or to permit its removal through doorways. Furthermore, the excessive weight of a usual bin, built in one section and which is filled with stored articles, makes it necessary to remove the articles therefrom, at considerable inconvenience, before the bin can be readily moved from place to place.
The objects of my invention are to provide a simple, practical durable and hi hly t in sections and each section having a structure capable of being quickly and conveniently assembled with or disassembled from other similar sections, whereby the various sections of the bin can be removed from place to place without removing its contents and irrespectiveof the size of the space the bin is to occupy; to provide means adapted to lock said sections securely together, where' by two or more assembled sections appear as a single unit; to provide a sectional bin having a construction particularly adapted to withstand rough usage.
My invention consists in providing a bin consisting of a pluralit of sections each having a frame containing a plurality of compartments and the bottom of each of said frames adapted to slidably receive the top of any other section, whereby as many sections as desired may be united as one unit; and in providing simple and effective releasable locking means' adapted to secure said sections in engagement with one another.
My invention further consists in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction, as herein set forth and claimed.
In the drawings: Fig. 1 is a perspective showing two sections of my invention in assembled position; Fig. 2 1s a bottom view of one section of my invention; v
Fi 3 is a vertical transverse section taken on a ine corresponding to 3-3 in Fig. 2
Fig. '4 is a vertical longitudinal sectlon ltaken on a line corresponding to 4--4 in 1g. 5 is a plan view of m eccentric locking catch adapted to releasa y lock the sections of` my invention together;
Fig. 6 is a perspective of the formed two sides and back;
Fig. 7 is a perspective of the formed botl tom shown partly broken away;
8 is a perspective of the formed top; Fig. 9 1s an enlarged plan view of m eccentric locking catch shown in unlocke position and with the back of my invention partly broken away; and
Fig. 10 is an enlarged plan viewl of my eccentric locking catch shownin locked p0- sition and with the back of my'invention partly broken away.
In the preferred construction of m 1nvention I provide bin 1 consisting ofy sections or yreceptacles 2 and 2 comprisin sides 3 and 4, top 5, bottom 6, back 7 an open front 8. Each section is divided into a plurality of compartments 9 by horizontal artition ll0 and vertical partitions 11 an 11. The horizontal partition is fixed in position by its upturned end ed es 12, upturned back edge 13, and u turned ront edge 14, respectively, being xed to sides 3 and 4, back 7 and inturned front edges 15, respectivelyfof the sides. The upper vertical partitions 11 `are maintainedl in xed positions by their horizontally 'bent edges 16 .and 17, respectively, being ixed to top 5 and horizental partition 10. Lower vertical portions 11 are maintained in fixed positions yby their horizontally bent edges 18 and 19, respectively, being fixed to horizontal partition 10 and bottom 6. The bent or turned edges of the partitions may be :fixed in their respective positions to the adjoining surfaces by as soldering or spot tops 21 and 22, respectively,of the horizontal partition and the bottom, are smooth and free from a roughened or cutting surface,
.and whereby the edges are unadapted to injure the flesh of a person who extends his hands into compartments 9 for placing articlestherein or removing articles therefrom. Furthermore, the upturned edges 14 and 2O are considerably strengthened by having one layer of material bentt upon 'the other. Sturdiness of construction is especially desirable and advantageous at these points when it isl considered that front upturned edges 25 and 25', respectively, fixed' to the upper edges of sides 3 and 4. Back 7 has upperhorizontal inwardly bent edge 26 fixed to the rear longitudinal edge 27 of upper layer 23 of top 5 having spaced apart holes 28 and 29 therein, whereby sto s 30 and 31 are formed integral with the ack, and extending upwardly and in alinement therewith.
Eccentric plates'or catches32 and 33, respectively,lare mounted on rivets 34 and 35, respectively, `fixed in holes 34 and 3 5 in back 7'. The catches 32 and 33, respectively,
are positioned adjacent holes 28 and 29 so.
that thecatches ymay be manuallyv rotated by actuation of finger contact outwardlyextending flanges 36, whereby projecting points 37 and 38, respectively, are adapted to extend through-holes 28 and 29 in.top 5 and 1n engagement with lower edge 39 of back of upper section2and whereby the upper section 2 and Alower section 2 are 4locked in' the position as shown in Fig. 1 with the bot` tom of the u per section in close` contact with the top of t e lower section at 40.
U per edges 41 and 42 of sides 3 land 4 are ent U-shaped, whereby grooves 43 and .44 are formed for slidably receiving'inturn horizontal edges 45 and 46, respectivelyxof sides 3 and 4 of the lower section and which is made possible by the construction of bottom 6 having portions 47 and 48 bent up- .,ple, practlcal, etlicient and highly desirable wardly at 49 then outwardly at 50 and then upwardly at 51, whereby space 52 is formed between inturned edge 45 of lside 3 and upturned portion 49 of'bottom 6 and similar space 53 is formed between inturned edge 46 of side 4 andupturned portion 49 of bottom' 6. vThe vspaces 52 and 53, respectively, are
` adapted to receive curved portions 54 and 55.
respectively, of U-shaped edges 41 `and 44 of the adjoining section for sliding upper section 2 into engagement with lower section 2 to a point where the stops 3() and 31, formed on the upper edge of back 7 are adapted to engage the lower edge of back 7 of section 2 for maintaining the front edges and rear edges, respectively, of the adjoining sections 1n alinement with each other, as
tom 6, whereby section 2 is locked in engagement with section 2', as heretofore explained.
When it is desired to- Separat'e sections 2 and 2 eccentric catches 32 and 33 are manually rotated until bases 61 contact lower edge 24 of top 5 whereby the respective points 37 and 38 are removed from slots 56 and 57 and disengaged from the lower edge of back 7, thereby permitting'inturned edges 45 and 46, respectively` of sides 3 and 4 of the upper section to. be slidably removed from the respective grooves. 43 and 44 of the lower section.
In Fig. 6 I show a perspective of the formed sides 3 and4 and back 7 `integrally connected, whereby this portion of my invention is adapted to be stamped, by suitable machinery,`from a vsingle sheet of material and then formed by suitable, means. Top 5 and bottom 6, also, are adaptedto be stamped and formed from respect-ive pieces of sheet material and thenv assembled'with the intel shown in Fig. 1. Manual rotation of eccengrally formed sides and back. Downwrdly turned ends'25 and 25', respectively, of top 5 areprovided with notches 62 and 63 at their outer ends, whereby -'assembling the -top and sides and back is greatly simplified, 1 as end 64 of the top may be inserted at 65 of side 3 and then by slightly bending the top the other end 66 of the top may be inserted at 67 of side 4 and then the top maybe slid rearwardly so that rear edge 60 engages the under side of inturned edge 26 of back 7. It is understood that the word plurality, afs used herein means two or more.
It is apparent that I have invented a simnaar cially advantageous when it is considered that it is comparatively a simple matter to rearrange the sections or remove them from place to place without the necessity of remodeling the bin or tearing it apart for they purpose ofremoval or changing its location.
Furthermore, my invention may be used for other purposes than the construction of storage bins. It -is a parent that such uses of my invention as 1n the construction of lockers, bookcases, etc. is especially advantageous, and if desired the sections may be connected horizontally as well as vertically in the same manner. 4
While I have chosen to illustrate the form and construction of my invention by the herein drawings and explanations of the same, it is understood that my invention resides in the combination, arrangement of parts and the details of construction, as hereinater claimed, and that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention can be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of the invention. A
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A sectional bin comprising a plurality of receptacles each of which consists of two sides, a back, a top, and a bottom suitably secured together, said sides having their upper edges bent U-shaped, whereby agroove lis formed at thetop edge of each of said sides and extending transversely of said receptacle and said sides having-their lower edges bent L-shaped and extending inwardly and adapted to fit into said grooves, respectively, and the central portion of said bottom extending lin alinement with said Lshaped edges and having its outer transverse edges, respectively, spaced apart from said L- shaped edges and bent upwardly then outwardly and then upwardly, whereby the bottom of one of said receptacles is adapted to be secured adjacent the top of another of said receptacles as by said grooves slidably receiving said L-shaped edges, whereby -a plurality of said receptacles are adapted to be secured together in vertical alinement, iulstantially as and for the purposes specii e 2. A bin comprising a receptacle having the upper edge of each side bent U-shaped, whereby a groove is formed at the top edge of each of said sides and extending transversely of said receptacle, said sides having their lower edges bent L-shaped and extending inwardly, a. top ixed to said sides and having a palr of spaced apart holes therein adjacent the rear edge thereof, a back lixed to said sides, and having a pair of spaced apart outwardly extending stops integral with the top edge thereof, and adjacent and in alinement with said holes, the bottom edge of said edges, respectively, and 'in alinementthere-` with, whereby the bottom of, one of said reccptacles is .ada ted to be secured to the top of another sai receptacle, as by said L- shaped edges of one receptacle adapted to slidably lit into said grooves of another receptacle and the back ofthe upper receptacle adapted to engage said stops on the lower receptacle and said eccent-rics are adapted to be manually rotated for engaging* the points with the lower edge of the back adjacent said slots in said upper receptacle.
3. A sectional bin comprisinga plurality of receptacles each having a portion of its edge bent U-shaped', whereb a groove is formed at the top edge of each7 of its sides, having their lower edges bent inwardly, a top fixed to said sides, and having a palr of spaced apart holes therein and adjacent the rear edge thereof, a back fixed to said sides and said top and having an inwardl bent edge having a pair of spaced apart s ots therein, respective in alinement with said holes, respectively, a pair of spaced apart manually operative catches rotatably mounted on the inner side of said back adjacent the top edge thereof and, respectively, in alinement with said holes and said slots, a bottom having yits outer transverse edges spaced apart from said Lshaped edges, `respectively, whereby the 4bottom of one of said receptacles is adapted to be secured to the top of another of said receptacles, as by said l.- shaped edges of the lowerreceptacle adapted to slidably fit into said grooves of t-he upper receptacle and said eccentrics are adapted to be manually rotated for engagementpwith the lower edge of the back of said upper receptacle and adjacent said slots therein.
4. A sectional bin comprising a. plurality of receptacles each having the upper edges of their sides bent U-shaped, whereby a pair of grooves are formed therein, and said sides having their lower edges bent inwardly, a top tixed to said sides and having a pair of spaced apart holes therein adjacent the rear edge thereof, a back fixed to said sides and having a pair of spaced apart upwardly extending stops integral with the top edge thereof and having an inwardly bent bottom edge having` a pair of spaced apart slotsy therein, a pair'of spaced apart manually operative catches rotatably mounted on the 1nner side of said back adjacent the top 'edge thereof, a bottom having its outer transverse back having an inwardly bent edge having a edges spaced apart from said L-shaped edges,
respectively, and in alinement therewith,
` and the back of the upper receptacle adapted to enga e said stops on the lower receptacle and said eccentrics adapted to be manually rotated for engagement with the lower edge of the back adjacent said slots in said upper receptacle. v v
5. A sectOnalbin comprising a plurality of receptacles Veach consisting of aback, a
formed portion having twc spaced apart and parallel sides integrally connected with said ack, said sides having a groove formed in each of its upper edges and having their lower edges bent inwardly and adapted to fit into said grooves, respectively, said back having an inturned upper edge having a pair of spaced apart slots therein and having a pair of integral'upwardly extending stops adjacent said slots, respectively, a bottom comprising a plate having each of its transverse sides bent upwardly, whereby a pair ofupper langes are formed and adapted to be secured to said sides, respectively, substantially as and for/the purposes specified.
" -WILLIAM KORB.