US 1648551 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
1 'VVENTOR Roberf Klein ATTORNEY R. KLEIN CONVERTIBLE CAP Filed Feb. 5. 1927 Nov. 8, 1927.
Patented Nov. 8, 1927.
UNITED STATES ATENT OFFICE.
ROBERT KLEIN, 0E BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, tSSIGrhTOR TO KLEIN, FRANKFELDT AND ARNOFF, INC., A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.
Application filed February 3, 1927. Serial No. 165,521.
This invention relates to caps and particularly to that type which may be converted from-one having one type or style of material exposed to View, to one having other types or styles of material exposed in the same manner.
Heretofore caps of this type have been made with parts on the inside unfinished and allowing the raw edges of the material to be seen at certain points where the parts have been seamed together. 7 My invention con templates the provision of a cap which can be reversed and turned or manipulated in various ways whereby any one of the three different types of material which are used in the cap may be exposed to view. In my improved construction no sweat band is needed, the material intended to come into contact with the head being preferably soilproof and water-proof. Finished edges are presented throughout the entire cap at all points inside and outside, so that the wearer may reverse the cap if he so desires and he may have the choice of exposing any one of three different coverings to view, without adversely affecting the appearance or utility of the cap.
The above and other objects of my invention will be clear from the description which follows and from the drawing, in which,
Fig. 1 is a vertical central lateral section of my improved cap, showing in dotted lines how the cap may be converted into one with a different crown and visor fabric.
Fig.2 is a perspective view of the same. showing the flap partly turned up to expose the underlying parts, and
Fig. 3 is a horizontal section through the lateral seams.
In the practical embodiment of my invention illustrated, I prefer to provide three distinct crowns 10, 11 and 12. Each of said crowns may be made of a different type of material to widen the range from which. the wearer may choose on the proper occasion. For instance, the crown is preferably made of dark silk, the crown 11 of white or colored, striped or checked fabric such as might match the overalls or other garments of the wearer, and the crown 12 of suitable water-proof material such as leather, glazed or leatherized fabric or imitation leather. To construct and shape the crowns at the least expense, I prefer to form each of said crowns of four sectors each of the same size crown and as the sectors of the other crowns.
At least two sectors of each crown may be seamed together to form crown halves which are later combined in pairs in the three pos sible permutations, as will be hereinafter more fully described. The visor 13 is covered on one side with the same material as that of the'crown' 10, which in this case is black silk or similar fabric 14 which does not show soil marks or the marks of perspiration and the like due to contact with the head'of the wearer. On the other side, the visor 13v is covered with leather or imitation leather 15 such as is used in the crown 11, and suitably treated to give said material water-proof properties, and adapted to be washed when desired to remove soil marks.
The visor 13, however, may be covered with either ofthe other two combinations of. material if desired, or with different mate rial entirely, though I prefer to use the dark material on one side and the waterproof material on the other as described above.
Each of the crowns may be made up separately by sewing together thelateral and transverse edges of the four sectors thereof on the reverse side, as by the lateral stitching 29 and 30 and similar transverse stitching or the crowns may be made in halves, which are then ready to be secured to each other and in part to the visor in a permutation series as 1110; 1() 12; and 11'12, as will now be described. I
After the crowns 11 and 12 or the halves thereof have been formed, the lower rear edges 16 of said crowns are seamed'together by the stitching 17. The seamed edges 20 of the crown10 may then be stitched to the seamed edges 21 and 22 of the respective crowns 11 and 12 at the transverse seam 18 by the transverse stitching 19 running completely across the cap or certain of the crown halves may be so stitched together and the seamed edges of one of the crowns may be left unseamed by the stitching 19 as will be obvious. If desired however, the various crowns may first be made in halves and then all or some of the various half crown edges 20, 21 and 22 may be sewn together by the stitching 19 transversely, after which the edges 16 of the crowns 11 and 12 may be turned in and seamed together.
It now remains only to seam together the of Fig. '1.
g I V 1,e4e,551
lower front edges 23 of the crowns 10 and 11. by the stitching 24:, and to insert the covered visor 13 between the lower front edges 25 of the crowns l0 and 12 and finally to se-- cure the visor in place and to finish the cap by the lower front stitching 26.
i It will he noted that by means of my imno right or wrong side to the cap, since it may be used equally well when turned inside out from any position thereof.
The flap 28 is so arranged that the material ot' the crown 11 \Jl'llCll may not be soil orwater-proot is always either on the outside as shown by the full lines of Fig. 1 or folded into adjacent halves not arranged to contact with the head shown by the dotted lines of Fig. 1 whereby the crown 11 may be kept clean indefinitely.
If it is desired to convert the cap into one showing the crown 11 together with the water-proofmaterial of the visor 13, said visor is merely moved from the front to the rear of the cap as indicated by the dotted lines To bring the crown 12 on the outside of the cap, the flap 28 is thrown over from the front to the rear about the stitching19, and the entire cap turned inside out, thereby maintaining the crown 11 in its unsoilable position; or the visor may he moved to the rear as indicated by the dotted lines, and the resulting flap composed of the crown halves 19. and 11 may be turned over from what was formerly the rear of the cap to what was formerly the front. In none 015 the three or more possible posit-ions oi the cap are any unfinished edges presented either on the outside or on the inside.
It will be, seen that I provide a simple, neat and easily and economically constructed cap of finished appearance throughout adaptedeiior manipulation into positions giving at; least three different aspects, and that while the invention is illustrated in con nection with caps usually used by locomotive engineers, it may equally be used in'connection with caps of other types. other changes are contemplated and may be made in the illustrated embodiment of my invention, it beingmy intention to claim the same as broadly as will be permitted by the state of the prior art. V
1. In a cap of the character described, six halt crowns-seamed to conceal the raw edges thereof, stitchin securing the lower edges of said crown halves together in pairs to form three separate flaps, the pair of crown halves '01 each of said laps forming a diil'erent combination from the pair in each of the remaining flaps, and a visor seamed in place between the lower edges of the crown halves of one of said flaps, the other flaps being completely free of said visor. v
2. In a cap of the character described, three crowns 0t dili erent materials, any one of said crowns being adapted to serve as the lining of the cap, and any one of said crowns being adapted to be so arranged as to be at all times out of possible contact with the head of the wearer,.each of said crowns consisting oitwo halves of substantially the same size and shape, stitching joining" the crown halves together attheir lower edges in pairs to 'form three separately and inde pendently movable'flaps free at their lower edges, each flap comprising a pair of different crown halves (littering as to material from the pair of crown halves of the remaining flaps, thefiaps being arranged so thatthe crown halves of the same material are'ad acent to. each other on the. outside or on the. inside of the cap, and a visorfsecured to and between theinturned lower edges of one otthe flaps and tree and independent ot the other flaps, whereby said visor may be moved toeitherend of the cap when'the flap to which it is attached is intermediate of the other flaps.
" ROBERT KLEIN.