US 1649212 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 15, 1927.
1,649,212 R. w. BoRcHARD SINK ATTACHMENT Filed Deo. 26. 1924 Patented Nov. 15, 1927.
UNITED STATES l ROBERT W. B0EMEIA.RID,` OF MILWAUKEE, WSCONSIN.
Application ledjeccmber 26, 1924. Serial No. 758,020.
This invention relates in general to improvements in household appliances, and relates more specifically to improved attachments for enhancing the utility of kitchen sinks or the like.
A general object of the invention is to provide an improved attachment for sinks or the like.
The standard modern kitchen sink is formed of a single enameled casting constituting a basin and a back formed integral with the basin7 the back being provided with means for hanging the sink from a wall. These standard sinks are of two general types.. lin one type a drain board is cast integral with and is located at a side of the basin. In the other type, the side of the basin is formed for attachment thereto of a separate drain board. In both of these types, the basins and the drain boards are provided with integral lower depending lugs for the purpose of permitting attachment of supporting legs or brackets in case no suitable place is available for hanging the sink from its back. For domestic kitchen use, these` lower lugs are seldom employed for supporting purposes, the sinks being universally supported only fromr the backs.
and the drain boards being supported directly from the basins. The present kitchen sinks of these types are not furnished with any kind of storage drawersy and the space beneath such sinks is usually free from obstruction other than piping which is located below the basin.
It is an objectv of the present invention to provide simple and eflicient vmeans for increasing the utility of such standard sinks, by providing a readily attachable drawer cooperable with the unemployed supporting lugs. The drawer thus provided is conveniently accessible from in front of the -sink and the drawer supporting structure is capable of rapid and rigid attachment by a novice to any standard cast sink having the ordinary lower supporting lugs located beneath a drain board or beneath the sink basin. In order` to insure proper alinement and operation ofthe drawer, the invention contemplates provision of simple and readily manipulable means of adjustment. rlhe invention also contemplates provision of a novel drawer structure and means for supporting and enclosing the same in Order to prevent entry of dust. The invention also has for its object the provision of improvements in the details of construction of sink attachments whereby the cost of manufac ture thereof is reducedvto a minimum and theeiiiciency of operation is enhanced to a maximum. These and other objects and advantages attainable with the present improvement, will be apparent in the coursey of the following description.
A clear conception of several embodiments of the invention and of the manner of constructing, affixing and of manipulating attachments manufactured in accordance there@ with, may be had by referring to the drawing accompanying and forming `a part of this specification in which like reference characters designate the same or similar parts in the various views.
Fig. l is a front elevation of a standard cast metal sink having an improved drawer attachment associated with the drain board thereof.
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary end View or elevation of the sink looking toward the drain and depending supporting lugs with which the drawer attachment is associated. n
Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary longitudinal section through a sink and its drain board, showing details of construction of an improved drawer support and a drawer associated therewith.
Fig. 4i is an enlarged fragmentary transverse section through the drain board of a standard sink having another type of drawer support and a drawer Vassociated therewith.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentarylongitudinal section through the drain board and drawer support of the type shown in Fig. 4.
Fig. 6' is a side elevation of one of the slide supporting brackets of the device shown in Figs. 4L and 5.
rlhe standard one-piece cast-metal sink and drain board specifically illustrated in the drawing7 comprises in general a basin 2; a drain board 5 located laterally adjacent to the basin 2; a backB adjoining and located rearwardly of the basin 2 and drain board 5 and having thek usual faucet openings 4 therein; a rounded rim 17 extending from the back 3 around the sides and front of the basin 2 and drain board 5; and a pair of downwardly depending supporting lugs 7 l0- cated below the drain board 5. All of these elements are formed integral with each other and the normally visible surfaces thereof are ordinarilyenameled white. When used in kitchens, these sinks areY universally sup-V the improved drawer attachment illustrated therein as having been applied to the standard sink, comprises generally a pair of sheet metal brackets 13 adjustably secured to the depending lugs7 by means of bolts 22; a supporting bar 10 enetrating and supported by each of the brac (ets 13 and extending longitudinally beneath the drain board 5; a pair of laterally spaced slide supports or sheet metal brackets 14 adjustably supported by each of the bars 10; a pair of laterally spaced parallel wooden slidesy 15 clamped between the brackets 14 and the bars 10 by means of clamping screws 19 and extending transversely beneath the board 5; a wooden drawer 6 slidably associated with the slides 15; and a sheet metal drawer closureor cover 9 located above the drawer 6 and clamped in position between the yslides 15 and the bars 10. The brackets 13 are identical in structure and may be readily constructed with dies. Each of these brackets 13 has a square hole through which a bar 10 extends and is pro vided with an integral laterally projecting flange 20 engageahle with the bottom of the bar 10. Each of th-e bars 10 is provided at its' opposite ends with a pair of leveling or adjusting screws 11, 12 for properly positioning thebars 10 relatively to the drain board 5 and to each other, the nuts 18 coacting with the screws 11, 12 to retain the bars 10 in adjusted position. The slide supporting brackets 14 are identical in structure and may likewise be readily constructed with dies. Each of these brackets 14 has a hook shaped lower end and a square hole adjacent to which is located an integral laterally projecting flange 21 formed for engagement with the top of a bar 10. The clamping screws 19 pass through holes in the brackets 14 and cooperate with nuts 18 to lock the slides 15 and the cover 9 in place. The slides 15 have lateral lower guide rails which coact with .upper projections 16 extending laterally from opposite sides of the drawer 6, in order to supportthedrawer. The sheet metal cover 9 has anA upwardly extending integral front 8 formed to lit the edge of the rim 17 in the mannerillustrated. This cover 9 may likewise be formed of sheet metal with the aid of dies. The front of the drawer 6 may be provided with lateral projections 26 for stopping the drawer.
Referring specifically to Figs. 4. 5 and 6.` the improved drawer attachment illustrated therein as having been applied to a standard sink, comprises generally a pair ot sheet metal brackets 23 adjustably attachable to the depending lugs '7 by means of bolts 22; a pair of parallel supporting bars 10 secured to'each of the brackets 23 and extending longitudinally beneath the drain board 5; a pair of laterally spaced brackets 24 adjust ably associated with each of the bars 10; a wooden slide 15 clamped between each alined set of'braekets 24 and the adjacent bars 10 by means of clamping screws 19 and nuts 1 8,
and extending transversely beneath the drain board 5; a drawer 6 slidably associatedvwith the slides 15 and having t'ront projections 26 formed to engage the front ends of the slides; and a drawer cover 9 located above the drawer 6 and clamped between the slides 15 and the bars 10. The brackets. 23 are identicaly in structure and may be readily constructed with dies. These brackets 23 are adapted to carry the bars 10 closely adjacent to the bottom of the drain board 5 and thus reduce to a minimum, the space between the drawer 6 and the drain hoard 5. 10 of the supporting structure shown in Figs. 4, 5 and 6 are also preferably provided with levelingscrews 11, 12. The brackets 24 are identical in .structure and may likewise be readily formed with dies. Each of the brackets'24 has a hook shaped lower end and a top flange 25 adapted tor engagement with the top of a har 10. The remainder of the structure illustrated in Figs.' 4, 5 and 6 is the same as that shown in Figs. l. 2 and 3.
In order to apply either of the attachments to a standard sink` it is only neces sary to properly assemble the supportingY bars 10 and the brackets 13. 23, and to fasten the brackets 13. 23 to the lugs 7. by means of the bolts 22. The brackets 14, 24 may then 'be applied to the bars 10 after which the bars 10 may be rigidly secured and properly leveled by applying the screws 11, 12 and the nuts 18 coacting therewith. The cover 9 and the slides 15 may then be attached to the brackets 14, 24 by means of the clamping bolts 19 and the nuts 18 associated therewith, after which the drawer Gmay bev freely inserted upon the slides 15. The removal of the attachment may be y just as readily effected by a novice and with the aid of a screw driver.
It will be obvious that the various elements are capable of convenient adjustment in order vto insure proper operation and to present a neat and mechanical appearance. The device is attachable to the lugs at the bottom of the. basin as readily as to those beneath the drain board in casethe latterl are not provided. It is found however that a majority of the sinks of this kind are provided with lugs depending from the drain board 5whether or not such board is formed integral with or separate from the basin 2. The drawer 6 obviously enhances the utility ol' a sink to which it is applied and is readily accessible from in front of the sink. cover 9 serves to provide a dust proof closure for the drawer 6 and also to fill the gap be- The bars The lll() tween the top of the drawer front and the rim 17. The brackets 13, 14, 23, 24 and the cover 9 may be punched from standard sheet metal and painted or enameled, and the bars l0, slides 15 as well as the drawer 6 may also be punched from sheet metal if desired. rlhe fastening and clamping screws 11, 12, 19, 22 are of standard construction thus permitting manufacture of the attachment at minimum cost.
lt should be understood that it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact details of construction herein shown and de scribed for various modifications within the scope of the claims may occur toy persons skilled in the art.
lt is claimed and desiredto secure by Letters Patent- 1. An attachment for a sink having an integral depending lug, the combination of a bar formed for attachment at its medial portion to the sink lug and disposable longitudinally of the sink, means cooperable with an end of said bar to adjust the same relative 'to the sink, and spaced parallel guides associated with said bar for slidably supporting a drawer.
2. An attachment for a sink having an integral depending lug, the combination of a bar formed for attachment at its medial portion to the sink lug and disposable longitudinally of the sink, means cooperable with an end of said bar to adjust the same relative to the sink, spaced parallel guides associated with said bar, and a drawer slidablj,T supported by said guides.
3. An attachment for a sink having an integral depending lng, the combination of a bar formed for attachment at one portion to the sink lug and having means cooperable with another portion thereof for adjusting said bar about the lug relative to the sink, and spaced parallel guides adjustably suspended from said bar for slidably supporting a drawer.
Ll. An attachment for a sink having an integral depending` lug, the combination of a bar formed for attachment atone portion of the. sink lug` vand having means cooperable with another portion thereof for adjusting said bar about the lug relative to the sink, spaced parallel guides adjustably suspended from said bar, and a drawer slidably supported by said guides.
5. As an article of manufacture, a drawer and supporting structure therefor comprising, a bai' formed for suspension at its medial portion from a supporting structure and having means cooperable with its end portion for adj Listing` said bar about said medial portion, spaced parallel guides adjustably associated with said bar, and a drawer slidably supported by said guides. i
ln testimony whereof, the signature of the inventor is aflizied hereto.
ROBERT WV. BORCHARD.