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Publication numberUS1651284 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 29, 1927
Filing dateMar 6, 1926
Priority dateMar 6, 1926
Publication numberUS 1651284 A, US 1651284A, US-A-1651284, US1651284 A, US1651284A
InventorsMorris Leiberman
Original AssigneeMorris Leiberman
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Collapsible box
US 1651284 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 29, 1927. r 1,651,284

M. LEIBERMAN COLLAPSIBLE Box Filed March 1926 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Q Q t 3' k $3 \9 O o Q flfame/s 45/656 7 INVENTOR ATTORNEY Nov. 29, 1927. 1,651,284

M. LEIBERMAN COLLAPSIBLE BOX Fil'ed March 6. 1926 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 f A 9 7- /M//////z1////4///////// 3/ www' 09 Q 99 22 ATTOR N EY Patented Nov. 29, 1927."

[U I nsure momus ,LEIBERMAN, or cIIIcAGo, ILLINOIS- coLLAi'sIBnE Box; I

Appl ication filed March 6,1926. Serial No. 92,845.

This invention relates to certain novel improvements in collapsible. boxes'and has for its principal object the provision of. an improved construction of this character which Wlll be highly "efficient in use and economical in manufacture.

Among the salient objects of'tlieinvention is the production of a box of this character wherein there is provided a simplecombi nation of parts for locking thewall portions of the box in distended position and wherein by the removal'of the locking elements the Walls of the box can be. expeditiously col lapsedto provide a small compact condition of the box when in collapsed position to'fa cilitate returning ofthe box from the consignee to the original shipper- In accordance with one object of the inqvention'there is provided an element, here- Fig.3,

' sition.

inafter'referred to asthe mainlocking element, which serves as an instrument for locking certain of the wallportions"ofthe box when in distended position and \vhereinthis element inturn is employed to lock *certain other elements "which are employed to lock certain of the wall portions in distended .po-

Other objects will appear hereinafter;

i Theinvention consists in thecombination and arrangement of partshereinafter de scribed and claimed. f

The invention will be best understood by reference to the accompanying drawings illustrating the preferred tion, and in which I Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the box embodying "the invention illustrating certain Wall portions thereof in open position, Fig. 2 is a perspective view of thebox illustrated in Fig. 1 showingv the box'incollapsed position, V

Fig. 3 is a top plan view of thebox illustrated in Fig. 1 showing a part ofthe cover thereof removed. Figs is a fragmentary sectional detail View taken substantially online 1+4; of

form of construc- 5'is a fragmentary sectional detailed view taken substantially on 'line 5-5 of Fig.3, Referring more particularly to the drawings, especially to Fig. l, the bottom wall of the box is indicated at 10. To this bottom wall are permanently hinged, through the medium of exterior hinge members 11, side walls 12 and 13. To the side wall 12 oppo- The cover 15 is likewise site the hinge connection'l l permanently I lug members 18 and 19'. These lug members The end walls 18 and 19 include lug wings 20 defining knuckles 21 arranged in aligned relation and adapted to receive removable pintles or lock pins 22 and 23 having head portions 24; serving to limit insertionof these lock pins through the knuckles 21. The cover 15 is detachably secured to the end walls 17 through the medium of interior lug members 25. These lug members 25 include leaf members 26 defining knuckles 27 arranged in aligned relation adapted to receive removable pintles 28. The side wall 13 has formed therein openings 29 which are adapted for alignment. with the openings 30 formed in the knuckles 26 of the lug wings 26 when this side wall 'isdisposed "in distended position wit-hres'pect to the end walls 17. These openings29 permit the insertion of the pintles 28 through the openings 30 of the knuckles when the cover 15 is disposed in distended relation with respect to the endwalls. In Fig.

5 it will benoted that corresponding ends 31 r I of the pintles 28 areadapted for abutment with the inner wall surfaces of the side wall 12 and that opposite corresponding end portions31" are disposed inwardly of the heads 31, asillustrated in Fig. 5, are normally disposed in the path of withdrawal of the pintles 22 and in this position these end portions serve to prevent upward movement of the pintles 22. we r y detachably con nected to the-side wall 13 through the medium of a lug member 32 including lu wings '33 having" aligned knuckles 34 bore of the pintles 23 for reasons hereinafter un- ,derstood. The corresponding end portions to receive the main locking'pin 35.- To permit insertion of the main locking pin 35 through the knuckles of the lug-wings 33 there is" formed in corresponding corners of the end walls 17 aligned openings 35 through which this main locking pin is inserted when portions thereof are'confined in the bores of the knuckles 34. As willlbe noted in Fig; 4 the main locking pin 35 is disposed in the path of withdrawal of the looking pins 533 so as to prevent upward movement oil these looking pine. It will be likewise noted in Fig. 5 that this looking, pin is disposed in the path of withdrawal of the locking); [Jim- :58 through the openings :li) thereby preventing wsel't-displaeement of those looking; pins.

Prorisicm is made for preventing self-displacement of theniain locking pin tn the Pl'eE-Tlllll; .initanre this main locking pin inehldes an end porlioailli bil meatei'l asat it? to receivi :1. latehplatr ilS wh clris lllY" otally earried by this main pin, at its bl fureated end portion through the medinin oi a suitable pivot pin Ell). It in intendedthet this latch plate, when the main look pin 35 1* inserted in the position illustrated in Fig, it, will by reason ot gravity dispo e ileelii: in a position substantially at right angles with respert to the bi'lm'catrd end portion of this main locking pin so that in disposin itself in this position \vitlnlrawal ol the main locking pin is resided.

The end portion of the main locking pm as, Upl hlbfllll the hitu wted end "portion thereof. delines a handle port ion in to facilitate withdrowing of" the inaii'r lorlilng pin from the position illustrated in Fig. l, when the lateh plate is disposei'l in alignedposition with this pin.

In order to 1n'event nnanthorimwl removal of thin looking pin there is provided in the main locking; pin at the bifurcated end portion thereojt', inwardly ol? the pivot pin 39 aligned openings all for the reception of a wire shunt: ii! of a seal elk) of any approved type. If this seal is fl'onnd brokenit will indicate that the main loelzin g pin has been withdrawn by one not authorized to do In collapsing the box thus ill-air describei, the main loelr 11; pin and the looking pins .12. E23 and 538 are withdrawn from i the knuckles of the inn wingslopermit the end walls Ill to be il'oldednpon the bottom Wall 10 and to permit tlie eide Wall 12 and eover 15 to be tl'olded upon the bottom it). opposite the end walls 1? andnpon the side wall 13 ie'epcx'tively. In this collapsed condition of the box it is apparent that a small eompaet parcel is provided greatl :lacilitaling returning of the bozein the collapsed condition to the shipper. i

The folding of the end .Wall 1? npon the under side oi the bottom 10 is permitted by reason that in the preferred form of const rnetion the hinge members 16 are disposed with the hinge leaves .16 thereof on the o1:- terior sin-times of these end Walls and bottom wall It ll.

The meeting: edges oithe wall portions making up the box when in distended position are bevelled an at ll to permit a tight line of jnnetion between the meeting edges of the walls herein mentioned.

By reference to the accompanying drawlogs it will be noted that there provided on the Wall surfaces of the Wall portions making up the box o iiposite each of the hinge leaves a reinforcing strip which in arranged to receive the connecting elements t? which serve to seem-e the hi members of the hinges to their respective n'all portione Oil the Im.

From the tlGlI-Tlltl'llJtlUll herein it. will. be. rmmiiest that l proviiile a simple eoinbinalion and arrm'iecinent of parts 'i'Ll' ell :ively locking the wall portions maliinej up the box in distemled position and that this simple combination and arrangementoi? parts permits expeditiom collapsing of these wall portions.

ll'hile 1 have illustrated the preferred torm of construction of my invention, it in to be understood that various changes and alte aliens ma he carried out in manntaetnre without departing from the spiritoi the invention or the scope of the appended claims. i l

The device having been set forth, what I claim as new and awful is:

l. A box of the class described including a body defining a bottom \fall and side and end. Walls permanently hinged to the bottom wall, means detaehably connecting the side and end Walls in distended position, said means including lug members having [removable .intles, a cover permanently hinged to one-0t the side Walls. means detachably connecting the cover to theotherof the side Walls and to the end walls, said lastinentioned means including 1n; memlnrrs having removable pintles certain of the jpintles of said last mentioned lng membeis having end portions disposed in the path of withdrawal of certain of the pintles Ul l'hQ first. mentioned lug members. i i

2. A box of the class deseribml including abody defining a bottom wall and side and end Walls permanently hinged to the bottom Wall, means detachably connecting the side and end walls in i'listended position, said means including log members having removable pintles, a cover, means. detaeliahly connecting the cover to one of the side walls, said last mentioned means including lug ill) lllll llo members havii'ig reniovable pintles certain of the pintles ojl said last mentioned lngmemhers having portions disposed in the path of Withdrawal of eertain of the pintles oi. said first mentioned lug members.

3. A box of the class described inelnding a body defining a bottom wall and side and end Walls, means i'letaehably eonnei ing the side and end Walls in distended po ition, a cover, means permanently hing 'edly connecting the cover to one of the side walls, means detaehably ('ionneeting the cover to the other of the side walls saidoneans including a. connecting pin; :1 gravitg artuated latch member carried at one end portion of neanasa ment with one ofthe end walls to prevent withdrawal of the connecting pin,'-and a of'the connectingpinp- Y 1 a 4.;Abox of theiclass described including handleportion formed on'theopposite end a bodydefining' a bottom'wall and side and end walls, means connecting the side and end walls to thebottom wall, means including lug members having removable pintles providing connection between the end walls and the side walls, a cover, means including a lug member having a removable attaching pintle. providing detachable connection a between the cover and one of the side walls,

said pintle having end portions dis'posed in the path of withdrawal of certain of the said pintles, means providing hinge connection between the cover and the other of the side walls, and means including lug members having removable pintles providing detachable connection between the cover and the side walls, means connecting the end walls tor the side walls, said last-mentioned means ineluding lug members having removable pintles, means connecting the covervto the end walls, said last-mentioned means including lug members having removable pintles with corresponding end portions of the pintles adapted to be disposed in the path of withdrawal of certain of the first mentioned pintles, means connecting the cover to the other of the side walls said last-mentioned means including lug members, a removable connecting pin adaptable to be disposed in the path of withdrawal of the firstmentioned pintles having an end portion defining a handle portion, and a gravity actuated latch plate pivotally carried at theop posite end of the connecting pin, said handle portion and latch plate cooperating together to prevent self-displacement of the connect 6. A box of the class described including a body defining a bottom wall and side and .end walls, means hingedly connecting the side and end walls tothe bottom wall, a

cover having a hinge connecting with one of the side walls, means connecting the end walls to the side walls, saidlast-mentioned means including lug members having removable pintles, means connecting the cover to the end walls, said last-mentioned means including lug members having removable pintles with corresponding end portions of the pintles adapted to be disposed in the path of withdrawal of certain of the firstg mentioned pintles, means connecting the coverto the other of the-side walls, said last-mentioned means including lug memv the first mentioned pintles having-an end portion defining a handle, a gravity actuated latch plate pivotally carried at the op posite end of the connecting pin, saidhandle portion and latch plate cooperating together to prevent self-displacement of the connecting pin, said connecting pin being adapted to be disposed in the path of with drawal' of the other of-said first mentioned pintles and inthe path of withdrawal of said second mentioned pintles.

7. A box of'the class described'including a body defining a bottom wall and side and end walls, means'hingedly connecting the side and end walls to the bottom wall, a cover having a hinge connecting with one of the side walls, meansconnecting the end walls.

to the side walls, said last-mentioned means including lug members having removable pintles, means connecting the cover to the end walls, said last-mentioned means including lug members having removable pintles with corresponding end portions of the pin 'tles adapted to'be disposed in the path of withdrawal or certain of the first mentioned pintles, means connecting the cover to the other of the side walls, said last-mentioned means including lug member, a removable connecting pin having an end portion des fining a handle, and gravity actuated latch plate pivotallycarried at the opposite end of the connecting pin, said handle portion and latch plate co-opera'ting together to prevent self-displacement of the connecting pin, said connecting pin being adapted to be disposed in the path of withdrawal of the otherof the said first mentioned pintles and v in the path of withdrawal of said-second mentioned pintles, and reinforcing strips extending along the peripheral edges of the walls. 1

8. A box of theclassdescribed including a body defining a bottom wall and side and end walls, having bevelled meeting edges, means hingedly connecting the side and'end walls 'to the bottom wall, a cover having a hinge connecting with one of the side walls,

means connecting theend walls to the side 7 .walls, said last-mentioned means including lug members having removable pintles, means connecting the cover to the end walls, said last-mentioned means including lug members having removable pintles with corresponding end portions of the pintles adapt ed to be disposed in the path of withdrawal of certain of the first mentioned pintles, means connecting the cover to the other of the side walls, said last-mentioned means including lug members, a removable connecting pin having an end portion defining a handle portion, and a gravity actuated latch plate pirotnlly carried at the opposite end of the connecting pin, said handle por tion and latch plate cooperi'vting together to prevent self-displacenicnt of the connecting pin. it

9. The combination with at log member includiin lug Wings defining aligned inter locking 'nuckles, of a connecting pin PQFW ing through the knuckles for connecting the lug wings together, amid connecting, pin having :in end portion defining handle and an opposite end portion hitnrcnl'ml, and a latch bolt pivotally carried by the connecting pin at the bifurcated end thereof adapted to be disposed substantially at right angles with respect to the connecting pin to cooperate with the handle portion to prevent self-displnce1nent of the connecting locking knuckles, of a connecting pin puesing through the knuckles for connecting the lug wings together, said connectingpin having an end portion defining a handle and an opposite end portion bifurcated, and a gravity actuated latch bolt pivot-ally carried by the connecting pin at the bifurcated end thereof adapted to be disposed substantially at right angles with respect to the connecting pin to cooperate with the handle portion to prevent self-displacement of the it connecting pin. In testimony whereof I aiiix my signature.

MORRIS LEIBERMAN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2419587 *Apr 9, 1942Apr 29, 1947Parks Leon HTool container formed of interlocking sections
US2444461 *Jan 11, 1946Jul 6, 1948Robert E MoreySupport for crucibles and ladles
US2583915 *Jun 30, 1948Jan 29, 1952Mabelle L DierCollapsible box
US2605617 *Mar 3, 1949Aug 5, 1952James B ReplogleCollapsible cabinet refrigerator
US2650737 *Dec 29, 1949Sep 1, 1953American Car & Foundry CoKnockdown shipping container
US3879053 *Jun 27, 1973Apr 22, 1975Coca Cola CoMobile display cart
US6540134 *Oct 18, 2000Apr 1, 2003Joseph A. RascheParcel box
US7296704Aug 11, 2004Nov 20, 2007Ferrini Jonathan BCollapsible container
DE102011055019A1 *Nov 3, 2011May 8, 2013Schoeller Arca Systems GmbhTransport- und Präsentationsbehälter
Classifications
U.S. Classification220/6
International ClassificationB65D6/18
Cooperative ClassificationB65D7/26
European ClassificationB65D7/26