|Publication number||US1651887 A|
|Publication date||Dec 6, 1927|
|Filing date||Oct 23, 1924|
|Priority date||Oct 23, 1924|
|Publication number||US 1651887 A, US 1651887A, US-A-1651887, US1651887 A, US1651887A|
|Inventors||Hawes William L|
|Original Assignee||Hawes William L|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (11), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 6, 1927; 1,651,887
w. L. HAWEs SPRINKLER Filed Oct. 25. 1924 retested Dec. 6, 1927. Y
5 NITED WILLIAM L. HAWES, 0F IBURBANK, CALIFORNIA.
Application filed umb r 2a, 1924. Serial nay r5325. a v
1 asprin'kler which is adapted to be connected ina' line of hose'orpipeand to seat onthe ground so as to form a fountain'whereby a water spray may be dire'cted'separately from the nozzle and spread laterally therefrom soas to irrigate a wide area of ground from adjacent the nozzle to points remote therefrom, and which nozzle is so constructed that a plurality of. sprinklers may be readily connected in series in a conduit.
A further object is to provide a sprinkler of the type specified which is simple in construction and which may be manufactured at such low cost that it may be marketed at a comparatively low price. v
I The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a plan view of the device.
Figure 2 is a view of same in side elevat-ion.
Figure 3 is a view in vertical section as seen on the line 85 of Figure2. I
Figures 4, 5 and 6 are plan views of demountable and interchangeable plates employed in the sprinkler. V
Figure 7 is a plan view illustrating the manner in which the sprinkler is arranged in series in a conduit.
More specifically, 8 indicates the body of the sprinkler which is here shown as being in the form of a T-coupling comprising a pair of aligned integral nipples 9 and 10 from which projects an open ended tube 11 formed intermediate the ends of the nipples and extending at right angles thereto; the body being formed with a main passage'A extending through the nipples and communicating with a vertical passage B in the tube 11. The nipples 9 and 10 are here shown as externally threaded and adapted to be con nected to lengths of conduits 12 which may comprise flexible hose or metallic pipe, as may be expedient.
The tube 11 is externally threaded and is formed at its outer end with an inturned flange 13 to provide a seat for a gasket 14. Seating on the gasket 14: is a plate 15, here shown in the form of a disk, and. which.
plate may be formed with a series of perforations 16 arranged at suitable intervals apart throughout the central area thereof, as
shown in'Figure 4, o'rmay provided with j rater FA ENE? BF EE perforations 17 arranged throughout a portion of the area'of the central part 10f the disk or plate a's'shown in Figure 5, or it may be imperforate as shown Figure 6. The plate 15 is demountably secured in place by an aperturedf'cap 18 which is screwed on the tube 11 andis formedwith anjinturned j flange: 19 rormn g h margin; of an opening 20 in the top ofthe cap and which flangeis adapted to seat on the margin of the plate 15 as shown in Figure 3 whereby the central portion of the plate 15 is exposed through.
the opening 20 in the cap. The central per-' forated portion of the plate is preferably bowed outwardly so as to extend into the opening 20. The passage B with the cap 18 and the perforated plate 15 constitute a spray nozzle. m j
Extending at a slight downward angle from thehorizontal from the opposite sides of the body 8 intermediate the ends and adjacent the underside thereof is a pair of U- shaped wires 21 and 22 the terminations of the side members of which are embedded in the material of which the body Sis formed; the wires 21 and 22 extending downwardly at a slight incline from their intersection with the body 8 and serving as .foot members whereby the sprinkler may be seated on a substantially flat surface as on the j ground and positioned with the nozzle ex tending vertically; the wire T0013. members having such lateral spread as to hold the nozzle against tilting in event the ground on which the sprinkler is placed be slightly uneven, and by virtue of the foot members being long and narrow they are adapted to be pressed into the ground where necessary in order to level the sprinkler should occa sion so require. I
In the application of the invention a series of any suitable number of sprinklers are connected together by conduits 12 of suitable lengths to space the adjacent sprinklers the desired distance apart. A line of con.- duit may thus be formed of any desired length with any suitable number of sprink lers interposed therein, being ordinarily portable so that it may be readily shifted from place to place and which by reason .of
thelateral projections afforded by the foot members 21 and 22 may be easily positioned with the nozzles extending upwardly. The
conduit thus formed, being connected to a source of water supply, water will be delivp in the sprinkler nozzle.
ered successively to each of the sprinklers in the. line and will be discharged therefrom according to the character of plate 15-placed As a means for impartlng an upward tendency to the flow of water through the passage A so as to direct it into the passage I B, the bottom wall of the passage A is formed at a point beneath the passage B with transverse ribs 23 having inclined faces adapted to direct upwardly a-portion of the Water flowing through the passage A, which ribs, however, are rounded on top and are shallow so as not to materially impede the flow of Water from one nipple to the other. I claim r A sprinkler of the class described'comprising a body portion constructed as a unit of substantially T-shape, and consisting of a pair of aligned nipples, for connection in a water line, an open topped.
branch extension formed at an angle to the nlpples and for connection with a sprinkler head, and a support; formed 8X:
ject from each side of thebody and at-an angle downwardly and outwardly ther efrom, the botttom of said SUPPOIblYlDg in substantially the same'plane as the free ends of said foot members. I
' WVILLIAM L. HAl/VES.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2746792 *||Nov 3, 1951||May 22, 1956||Homer H Hough||Pattern spraying lawn sprinkler|
|US3282508 *||Jun 24, 1964||Nov 1, 1966||Roberts Simon||Self-retracting lawn sprinkler nozzle|
|US5233940 *||Apr 16, 1992||Aug 10, 1993||Zonco, Inc.||Piglet protection apparatus|
|US6450418 *||Jun 16, 2000||Sep 17, 2002||Waterway Plastics, Inc.||Pool/spa waterfall apparatus with an interchangeable outlet cap|
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|US8011604||Nov 10, 2004||Sep 6, 2011||B & S Plastics, Inc.||Pop-up water jet assembly|
|US8214935||Jan 31, 2007||Jul 10, 2012||B & S Plastics, Inc.||Pop-up fountains|
|US20040188540 *||Mar 27, 2003||Sep 30, 2004||Derba Mills||Adjustable height inverted lawn and garden sprinkler|
|US20080180939 *||Jan 31, 2007||Jul 31, 2008||B & S Plastics, Inc. Dba Waterway Plastics||Pop-up fountains|
|EP0553108A1 *||Aug 15, 1991||Aug 4, 1993||American Standard Inc.||Water spout with plurality of arcuately disposed outlets|
|EP0553108A4 *||Aug 15, 1991||Dec 8, 1993||American Standard Inc.||Water spout with plurality of arcuately disposed outlets|
|U.S. Classification||239/267, 239/596, 239/567, 239/391, 239/280|