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Publication numberUS1652650 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 13, 1927
Filing dateJul 17, 1834
Publication numberUS 1652650 A, US 1652650A, US-A-1652650, US1652650 A, US1652650A
InventorsGeorge D. Watson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
George d
US 1652650 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

' Dec. 13, 1927. 1,652,650

a. D. WATSON ET AL OIL WELL APPARATUS Filed July 17, 1924 A TTORNEYS.

Patented Dec. 13, 1927.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE;

GEORGE D. WATSON, 'OF TORRANCE, AND HERBERT 'E. GBAU, OT 1205 AIQ'GELES,

CALIFORNIA.

OIL-WELL APPARATUS.

Application filed July 17, 1924. Serial No. 726,478.

This invention relates to oil well a paratus, and particularly to an improve form of perforated screening, casing, liners or the like. At the present time during a pumping 5 action, or in case the well has sufficient gas pressure within the same to elevate oil or other liquid, it often happens that debris enters through the perforations of the screen, casing or liner, so that the inside of such screen or the like becomes coated with mud, sand and other particles, and eventually renders the screening or the like useless, and entails the placement of new screening, casing, liners or the like.

An object of the present invention is to provide a perforated casing, liner or screen- 1 ing in which the oil is given a rapid rotary movement unon its entering within the casing or the like, so as to keep clean one surface of such casing, liner or screen during a pumping operation.

In the drawing:

Figure 1 is a fragmentary view showing the invention as associated with well pumpin apparatus;

igure 2 is a fragmentary enlarged view partly in section and showing one form of screen. casing, or liner;

Figure 3 is a fragmentary view of a second form of such screen, casing or liner;

Figure 4 is a cross sectional view on an enlarged scale taken on the line 4-4 of Figure 2; and,

Figure 5 is an enlarged fragmentary cross sectional view showing a modification of the openings formed in the screening, casing. liner or the like. I

In the drawings three forms of casing, screening or liners are shown and designated as A, B and C respectively. The form shown by A consists in perforating the easing or the like in such a manner as to provide openings through such casing or the like which are in the direction of chords of the cross sectional annular plane best shown in Figure at at 1. A plurality of such openings is provided as indicated in Figures 2 and 4.

It is noted that the usual screening, casing or liner is substantially annular, and in Fig. 5 the chorded opening is designated as '2 and such annulus has been struck inwardly as shown at 3, so as to restrict the en opening shown at 4 will naturally passthrough the remaining portion of such opening, as it is larger than the entrance opening, and prevent a clogging of such 0 ening.

In Figure 3 the openings are s own at 5 and are substantially slits or slots which are in the direction of chords of the cross sectional annular plane of said annulus. In other words, the slits or slots would present an appearance approximately the same as that shown in section in Figures 4 and 5 if a cross section were taken of the device C.

In actual operation and referring to Fig. 1, we have the usual pumping apparatus shown at D and the usual screen is provided at 6, and immediately within the same we have perforated pipe or casing as shown at 7. The screening, pipe or casing shown at either 6 or 7, or both, may be any of the forms shown in Figs. 2 to 5 inclusive, so far as openings in the same are concerned. If oil under gas pressure is forced through the openings in such screening, casing or liner, the stream of oil will be forced against the inner wall surface 8 of such devices A, B and C, and clean the same of any sediment whatsoever. In other words, a jet of oil or other fluid would be projected inwardly of the casing for each opening and upon hitting the surface 8 a whirling action of the 011 or other fluid will result within such casing, and this whirling action will clean the inner surface and maintain clean such inner surface of the casing, screening or liner at all times during a pumping action of the oil or other fluid.

It will be noted that the openings 1 are of greater length than diameter, and that the same is true as regards the width of the slits 5. This construction is of course accomplished by providing a casing having a relatively thick annular wall and the slots are so made in order that a jet effect may result upon passage of a fluid through said slots into the casing.

It is obvious that various changes may be made in the arrangement of the openings in such casing, screening or liner within the scope of the invention to obtain the results n I deslred, namely, the whirling action Within such easing or the like to clean the inside of same.

' Having thus disclosed our invention, We 5 clann and desire to secure by Letters Patent:

Improvements in ell casing, said casing being formed with openings whichextend in

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4064938 *Jan 12, 1976Dec 27, 1977Standard Oil Company (Indiana)Well screen with erosion protection walls
US4150932 *Apr 18, 1977Apr 24, 1979The B. F. Goodrich CompanyExtruder strainer plate
US4182414 *Aug 12, 1977Jan 8, 1980Gilbert Marvin EWater screen
US4382470 *Jul 13, 1981May 10, 1983Naffziger Larry CMethod and well casing
US6006829 *Jun 6, 1997Dec 28, 1999Oiltools International B.V.Filter for subterranean use
US6354373 *Nov 25, 1998Mar 12, 2002Schlumberger Technology CorporationExpandable tubing for a well bore hole and method of expanding
US8397818 *Dec 7, 2009Mar 19, 2013Aker Well Service AsMethod and device for cleaning a cavity in a petroleum well
US20110232911 *Dec 7, 2009Sep 29, 2011Espen OsalandMethod and device for cleaning a cavity in a petroleum well