US 1653464 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
- 1,653,464 J. T. LOMAS GEOGRAPHICAL EDUCATIONAL GAME APPARA' IUS Filed Jul 22, 1926 *2 Sheets-Sheet 1 LATIUDE USE THIS ENFOR mmcmou- WHEN FLYING E.mW.
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INVENTOR WITNESSE$ v I (JOHN 7. LCM/76 ATTORNEYS Patented Dec. 20, 1927.
JOHN'T. LGMAS, F NEVWY'ORK, N. Y.
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Application filed July 22;
This invention relates to the class of game apparatuses, and has especial reference to game apparatuses characterized by educa. tional features.
Theprincipal object ot the present-1nventionis the: provision-of an educational game apparatus which is instructive 111 geography to the persons usi-ngthe apparatus, and which-incidentally gives so-me oi thepleasurable benefits derived-.irom trave ingabout. from place to place and-in the playing with. which, accordance with rules provided, certain. questions will; arisetobe answeredin the progress of the game.
Another object of thepresent invention is the provision in a game apparatus of a novelitorm of spinn-ingdevice.
With the ioregoi-ng, other objectsot the invention will appear from-theembodiment of the invention which by way of-example is described inthe following specification and illustratedin the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a plan view of a spinner formin-g apart ot'the apparatus of thepresent invention. I
Fig. 2 is a view similar-to Fig.1, showing the slide of the spinner moved to its other, position.
Fig 3 is a sectional view on the line3 3' 0t Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a view ofthe map forming .a part of the apparatus.
Fig. 5 is a perspectiveview of one of the game pieces in theform of an airplane.
Fig. 6' isv a perspective view of another type ot-game piece.
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary plan of a modified form. of spinning device.
Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 7 showing the hinged ind-icia bearing 'member in its other position. I
Fig. 9 is a sectional view taken: onthe line 9--9 of Fig. 7. I V
Generally stated, the game apparatus, of the present invention comprises a map 10, a spinningdevice 11, and tokens orga-me pieces 12 which are moved with respectto the map by the persons playing the game.
More specifically stated, the parts consist of and are used in a manner presently to be described. The map 10 maybe orfany section of the world, and in fact may be a map of the world; In the present instance theinap 10 is a' map of Africa and some of the adjacent countries, and will be printed characteristics of the device .11.
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ona suitableplate. The map 10 will includeamong the principal cities-andbodies of water properly named, lines 13 denoting longitude,, and lines- 14 denoting latitude. Certain of the linesoii longitude 13 1 are indicated by accurate designations 15 of-degrees nfrom the meridian, whereas, certain oi the lines 14 are'indicated by'accuratedes-- ignations i. 16 of; degrees fronr the Equator.
The spinning device shown in Figs. 1 and. 2 includes top andbottom-members 17 and 18.; the top member 17 i being slidably acne.- ciated with the bottom member 18. The top. member 17 has imprinted on one face thereof a dial 19 subdivided intosectors 20, 21and22. The sectors 20 are-of adistinctive color andeachhas indicia 24c therein denoting degrees. The sectors 21 each have indicia similar to thatof the sectors 20. The sectors 22 have 'indicia '25 as. follows: I Forced down, Blown 4 NF, Blown 4 5., Blown i" E., Blown 1? VVF; The sectors22 are distinctively colored. A pointer26 is associated with the dial 19 and is capable ofbeing spun with respect to the dial. The bottom member 18 is provided with. a. marginal portion 27 which-guides the top member 17 for sliding movement, and limits its movement in-opposite directions. At one end of the, bottom member 18' on one face thereofnis imprinted indici'a 28 which is complemental to the indicia otthe sectors -20,
21." "The opposite end of'the hottom member 18 on the same face having the indicia 28, is indicia 29 which is complemental to the indicia of the. sectors 20, 21.
The token or :gamepiece used is one-which simulates all-airplane. As shown in Fig. 5 the game piece consists of a member 30 in the form of a pointer which'ha-s attached thereto bya supporting member 31, a member 32 of aform vto simulate an airplane. In lieu of the type of game. piece shown in Fig. 5, a type of game piece such as the one-shown in Fig- 6 may be provided. In the type of game piece shown in Fig. 6 a pointer 33 has secured thereto a member 34 formed to simulate an airplane.
Figs.'7, 8 and 9. illustrate a modified form of spinning device having the same general The modified form ofdevice 35 consists ofa plate 36 having a dial 37 similar to the dial 19 printedthcreon and which will have associated therewith a, pointer. -One end of the plate has hingedly connected thereto a member 38; the member being hinged in small bearing members 39 on pintles 40, one of which has a knurled knob ll for turning the member 38 from one position to the other to cover and uncover certain portions of the face of one end of the plate 36. One side of the member 38 has indicia 42 which corresponds to the indicia 29 of the device 11, whereas'the face portion of the end of the plate having the member 38 has indicia 43 which corresponds to the indicia 28 of the device 11. The arrangement is such that in one position of the member 38 the indicia 43 will be covered as shown in Fig. 7 and when the member 38 is in its other position the indicia 38 will not beflvisible while the indicia 43 will be uncovered, as shown in Fig. 8.
In playing the game which will be known as the educational aero race certain rules will govern as follows:
1. Players first decide upontheir starting and finishing points.
2. Each player in turn will take one spin and move as direct-ed by arrow.
3. In the event of an airplane being forced down the owner will have one minute in which to state one fact or answer one ques tion relating to the country over which he was flying.
l. This play-er may-choose whether he shall state a fact or answer a question.
5. Should the player fail to make a correct statement or to correctly answer the question, he will remain upon the particular point negotiated until all other players have taken their spin. 2 7
6. The player wins who first passes clirectly over the finishing point. 1 V A reference book giving certain data relating to the countries appearing in the map and the cities, and divers other information regarding the people and products for which the different localities are noted will be furnished, to add to the interest of the game and to be in accordance with certain features of the game for governing the moves of the game pieces.
In playing the game the player uses the spinning device and determines whether the pieces are to be moved with respect to the longitude or latitude by exposing the particular indicia 28 or 29. Assuming that a player moves the member 17 to uncover the indicia 28, it will then be understood that the player has decided to move the game piece east or west in accordance with the indicia'appearing in the sector at which the pointer 26 stops which will be a certain number of degrees east or west, which will bring the game piece'at a certain degree of latitude or longitude. The pointer may stop over one of the sectors 21 or 22 and a corresponding move will be made in the event that it is consistent with the particular indicia 28 or 29 exposed at this particular time. If the pointer 26 stops over the section having the indicia Forced down it will be necessary'for the player to adhere to rules 3 and 4t hereinbefore'set forth; If the top member 17 is moved to the position shown in Fig. 2, the indicia 28 will be covered and the in dicia 29 will be QXPOSGClSO that a player may move the game piece with respect to latitude or longitude. the pointer 26 stops over one of the sectors 20 a move will be made in accordance with the indicia appearing in the particular sector. In moving each game piece 12 the pointed end will be brought to the particular degree of longitude or latitude as the case may be. Figs. 7 8 and 9, as before stated, has the same general features as the device shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3 and may be used in conjunction with the map 10 and game .pieces 12 by simply moving the member 38 from In the event that The spinning device shown in one position to another at the will of the player. I
It is to be understood that the invention is not restricted to the precise features and details of construction shown and described,
slide slidable with respect to said plate to.
alternately uncover said end portions, said slide subdivided into sectors, indicia in each sector complemental to the indicia on said end portions to denote different distances, and a pointer operatively carried by said slide to be spun with respect to said sectors to indicate a particular distance.
2. A game device comprising a plate, indicia on eachend portion of said plate, a slide slidable with respect to-said plate to alternately uncover said end portions, said slide subdivided into sectors, indicia in each sector complemental to the indicia on said end portion to denote different distances, a pointer operatively carried by said slide to be spun with respect to said sectors to indicate a. particular distance, and means limiting the sliding movement of the slide in opposite directions.
3. A spinner for a geographical educational game apparatus, said spinnercomprising top and bottom members, the top member carried by and movable with respect to the bottom member, the top member being smaller than the bottom member to permit opposite end portions of the bottom member to be alternately covered and uncovered, said members bearing complemental indicia, the indicia on the bottom member being covered and uncovered as the top member is moved with respect to the bot? tom member, and a pointer on the top member capable of being spun With respect to the ifpdicia thereon, as and for the purpose speci- A game device comprising a plate, distinctively colored sections on each end portion of one face of the plate, indicia on each end portion, a member movable with respect to said plate to cover one end portion of the plate to render its colored sections and indicia invisible While uncovering the other end portion of the plate to render its colored sections and indicia visible, said member subdivided into groups of distinctively colored sectors, one group of sectors corresponding in color to the color of one of the sections of each end portion, indicia in each of said sectors complemental to the indicia on each of said end portions of the plate, and a pointer on said member capable of being spun with respect to said sectors.
JOHN T. 'LOMAS.