US 1654560 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Jan. 3, 1928.
UNITED STATES STERLING, CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, .-ASSIGNOR TO WESTERN HAIR GOODS CO., OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS.
1,654,560 PATENT OFFICE.
` f FAs'rnNiING DEVICE.
`"Application filed December 17, 1926. Serial No. 155,366.'
This invention relates to fastening devices, more particularly to fastening devices for use with hair dressing attachments, and p the like,` and its objects are the provision of a generally improved and simplified device that maybe economically produced and which will conform to the head and accommodate itselfv to and firn'ilyV grip `differentamounts of hair strands.
The device is adapted to be quickly and conveniently secured in place and removed and is adapted to be worn without discomfort to the head.
yThe invention is illustrated in the acconr panying drawing, in which:
Figure llis an enlarged back or rear elevational view of a device embodying the present invention, showing a hair piece attached thereto; 2U Figure 2 is a frontelevationa-l view of the f fastening device;
Figure 3 is a side elevational View;
Figure 4 is a transverse section taken on the line 4 -4 of Figure 1;
Figure 5 is a fragmentary longitudinal section taken on the line 5-5 of Figure l;
Figure `6 is a front elevational view of the prong member.
Referring to the drawing, the embodiment of the invention shown comprises a base 5 having a prong member 6 pivoted to one end of the base and adapted to be sprung into and out of engagement with a catch 7 on the base.
The base 5 may becof suitable sheet metal and is preferably curved as shown at 8 in Figure 3 to conform to the head. As it is formed the base 5 has a pair of tabs 10 separated centrally and extending longitudinally -from opposite sides of one end of the base as shown in dotted lines in Figure 2. These tabs 10 are rolled back and form pivot knuckles 12 (Figures 1 and 3) for the prong member 6.
The front or prong side of the base 5 has a hump 14 extending longitudinally of the base and centrally between the opposite sides thereof. This hump 11i may be pressed up from the back side of the base.` It cooperates with the prong 6 and, in addition, reenforces the base 5 and imparts a desired rigidity thereto against being bent or deformed from its desired curvature.
Also centrally disposed between the opposite sides of the base 5 and longitudinally A beyond the end of the hump 14 and in alignment therewith isvthe catch 7 This catch 7 is inthe form of afstud or button projecting at substantially right angles from the front vside of the base 5 and provided with an annular groove 16 forming a head 18 past` which and into and from the groove V1G the prong 6 is adapted to be sprung.
The catch 7 may be riveted or otherwise suitably secured to the base 5.
Theprong 6 is also curved to conform to the head and 'is preferably formedof suitable spring wire looped or doubled back into'somewhat generally U formation with the free ends of the wire disposed at one end of the prong and turned laterally at 20. The prong 6 lis contracted near `one end at 21 between the laterally turned ends 2O and the generally parallel sides 22 and near its opposite endl the sides v22 may be contracted at 23' for cooperation with the catch 7. The prong Gmay be additionally contracted outwardly of the contracted catch engaging portion 23- or it maybe otherwise formed to provide a finger piece 24 which may be conveniently grasped to spring the prong into and out of engagement with the catch 7.
The laterally turned ends 20 of the prong 6 fit in the knuckles 12 and pivotally mount one end of the prong upon the base 5. AThe sides of the prong 6 may be bound to'- gether at the contracted portion 21 by a cross piece 26 looped at its opposite end about the sides of the prong and rigidly pressed thereon to hold the sides against springing together at the pivot and the laterally turned ends 20 against displacement from the knuckles 12.
Fitting over and reenforcing the side `portions 22 of the prong 6 is a sleeve 30 in the form of a short length of tubing of relative ly tough rubber orV other material preferably of resilient and antislip character. The sleeve or tube 30 is drawn over the side portions 22 of the prong from the contracted end'24L and is tensioned thereby so that its resiliency draws the side portions 22 and the contracted'portions 23 togetherr so that the contracted portions 23 will not pass over the head 18 of the catch 7 without the sides of the prong spreading apart. The head 18 is preferably rounded at 32 to engage between and spread the contracted sides 23 as the prong is closed toward the spo base 5, and then astlie contracted side portions 23 pass over the head 18 they are conracted by the rubber tube and by their own springiness into the groove 16 and the prong is thereby locked in closed positionr against the base 5. v
The side portions 22 ot the prong G straddle the hump 14 which, when the prong is closed, presses against the band or sleeveBO. 'l1 he sleeve 30, because o't its resilient charactor, gives or yields to the humpV 14e, so that'diiiferent amounts ot hair strands may be accommodated between the base 5 and the prong` `(i, and the device will accomino# date itself thereto and grip a Vfew or relatively, large number of strands of hair equally aswell. l
In use the device Vis inserted up into the hair with the back side presented to the head and the prong opened to permit a. mass of hair strands to pass between the base 5 and the prong (i. The prong is then swung into closed position and the contracted side portions 23 are sprung over the head 18 of the catch lor button 7 and into the groove 1G, whereupon v,the freer end ot the prong is locked to the base with the strands of hair firmly clamped between the prong and the base. l i' In addition to reentorcino, and drawing the'vsides ot theprong together, therband or' rubber sleeve 30, because of its yieldable and anti-slip character, binds the strands of hair irmly and positively and prevents accidentalfslipping of ther device after it is attached to th'evhair.
While the device may, of course, be em. ployed wherever found desirable,` it is par` ticularly:adaptedi'for attaching hair pieces upon the head and to the natural hair of the user. For this purpose the base 5 has longiti'idinal rows of apertures 38 on opposite sides lot thehiimp 1 4. and the catch 7 through which the Vwetted end of the hairpiece l() may be secured to the base 5, as by stitching 4t2' pas ing through the apertures `38 and p stitched tothe adj acent'end of the hair piece.
'lt is to be understood that in actual practice in attaching a hair piece, or the like, the device is not as large as illustrated, the c-xi'ilai'geiiient Vin the drawing being merely to clarity tl'ievdisclosui'e.
Thedevice may be arranged crosswise of thel end ot the hair piece 40, as shown, or
otherwise as desired.
Fiiitlierinore, the contracted portion :23 of the prongmeinber 6 may be adapted to pass 'freely over the catch 7, until the sleeve 30 is placed over the prong and the sides of the prong may be contracted by the sleeve-30 when it is placed thereon, so that the portion Lesa-,seo
23 is thereafter sprung over and from the catch 7.l
1 claim zn 1. As an article of manu-facture, a tastening devicefcomprising a base member, a catch on said base member, a hump on said base member, a prong plvoted on said base memloer and having a pair ot side portions adapted to stia'dd'le said hump and engageable with said catch, and a single resilient sleeve embracing both side portions of the prong along said hump for yieldable cooperation with the hump centrally'between the lside portions of the prong.
prong along the hump and between the con-p tracted catch engaging and laterally turned pivoted portions of the prong for yieldable cooperation with the hump' centrally between the sides of the prong.
3. is an article of manufacture, a fastening device `comprising a base member, abutton catch' on said base member having a head andreduced between the head andthe base member, `a hump on said base member, a wire prong doubled Aback and pivoted on said hase member `at its tree ends, said prong having side portions" adapted to straddle said hump and contracted outwardly Aof said humpstraddling portions to be sprung over and from the head of said catch, and a rub# ber sleeve embracing both side portions ot the prong alongA the hump,`said sleeve opposing lspreading of the catch engaging portions of the prong` and cooperating with said hump to bind the device upon the strands of hair.
As' an article o't manufacture, a tastening 'device comprising a base nien'iber, `a catch on said hase member, a hump on said base iiieinbei, a prong pivoted on said base member and having a pair ot side portions adapted to straddle'said hump and engage-r able outwardly ot said hump with said catch and af single resilient sleeve eiiibiaeing both side portions ot said prong for yieldable cooperation with the hump therebetween and opposing spreading ot said side portions.
In witness whereof, I hereunto subscribe my name this 13th day of December, 1926.
'BERNARD A. STERLING.