US 1654735 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 3, 1928.
W. O. KEELING CARBURETOR 2 Sheets-Shet 1 Filed Sept. 28, 1925 gawenfor' I 14 0. [5% A27 j r, I a
w. o. KEELING CARBURETOR 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Sept. 28, 1925 I ZZCZfZk/y Patented Jan. 3, 1928.
UNITED STATES P WILLIAM omvnn KEELING, or;
Application filed September as,- 1925. serial No. 59,112.
This invention gas from low grade gasoline and cold air making plants may be con-' so that small gas structed and used in houses or small shops in conjunction with the standard gas lconsuming apparatus manufactured for using the standard gas as produced in large cities.
A further object of the invention resides in providing a structu of the above mentioned character, which will produce stand ard test 'gasoperating on the principle of absorption in which air forms the absorbing agent for the gasoline.
Another object of the invention resides in providing an apparatus including a combined absorption chamber and dehydrater in which the structure for producing the absorption of the gasoline by the air and the dehydration thereof to produce a dry gas of standard test are of specially constructed character to permit the ready assemblage of the parts.
The invention also comprehends other objects and improvements in the details ofv construction and arrangement of parts which are more particularly pointed out-in the following detailed description and in the 7,
claims directed to a preferred form of the invention. various changes may be made in the size, shape, construction and arrangement of the parts without departing scope of the invention as herein set forth.
In the drawings forming part of this application,
Figure 1 is a side elevationlof the inter connected apparatus forming a carbureting and storing machine which is shown enclosed within a suitable housing shown in section. v
Fig. 2 is a vertical longitudinal sectional View through the absorber and dehydrater.
Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a perspective of one of the trays.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged detail perspective of one portion of one of the trays illustrating particularly the manner of securing the baffle and breaker material in the chambers or pockets of the trays.
It has heretofore been proposed to pro-.
it being understood however that -5 is supplied from the spirit or I duce carbureting devices of the character somewhat similar to the present construction, but which operate on an entirely different principle, namely, that of producing the gas by vaporization or aeration. It has been found, however, from practical experimentation that in order to produce standard test gas comparing with that used 1n illuminating systems in large cities, it is necessary to use high test gasoline usually of 82 Baurn specificgravity. These known devices will not operate successfully with a low grade of gasoline ity of 68 lBaum. The present mvention 1nvolv-es the use of the principle of absorption for the production of high test gas from as to produce a fire proof container. The
carbureti'ng apparatus constructed in accordance with this invention includes a suitableframe work 3 having a plate 4 0n the top thereof on which is mounted a suitable electric motor 5 having air compressor so that in the operation of the motor the air compressor will be operated in a well known manner for compressing air to be forced through the pipe 8. The motor with current from a suitable gas operated cated at 9.
A combined absorption chamber and dehydrater is indicated which includes an open top casingll on which is secured a suitable cover 12 in air and liquid-tight relation in any suitable manner. This housing 11 is provided with an inlet pipe 13 through which gasoline may be suitably supplied thereto and which is adapted to be filled to the level of the petcock 14:, while a petcock 15 is mounted in the bottom of the tank to permit the draining of the housing when desired. a
- A plurality of trays indicated at 16, 17, 18 and 19 respectively and of similar construction, are mounted in inverted relation within the housing 11 as clearly shown in Figures 2 and 3 for a purpose now tobe described. Each of these trays comprises wall portion 20, and side walls 21, and one end wall 22. 'The tray 18 has the end wall having a specific gravprovidedin'one end w1th a suitable door or doors indicated by,
by the numeral 10 ahorizontal a belt connection 6 with the pulley thereof and a pulley on a suitable 35 switch structure which is indi- Ill) thereof extended substantially beyond the lower edges of the side walls as indicated at they may be termed for the by the numeral 26. The baflle material used in connection with this invention consists preferably of a plurality of lengths of short rope of a. suitable character adapted for posit-ioning vertically within the tray in com- 1 pa'ct relation as. illustrated bytheenlarged perspective view in Fig. 5. These rope sections or fragments are secured to the horiv zontal walls or portions of the trays by being provided with suitable cementitious material as indicated'by the numeral 27 on the ends thereof which are inserted into contact with the horizontal wall 20 so that this cementitious material will harden after the insertion of the rope sections into the pockets housin and effectively retain the same therein.
The enclosed ends of each adjacent tray pro essingupwardly from the bottom of the casing are positioned in reverse relation with respect to the remaining trays as clearly illustrated by Fig. 2 so as to provide a air: cuitous and zig-zag upward passage from the bottom of the housing to the top portion thereof. As shown in Figs. 2 and, 3, onl
bafile material 26 while'the tray 19 is merely provided with partition walls 24 and the pockets thereof remain empty. The trays 16, 17 and 18 form the absorption chamber portion of the device while the tray 19 forms the dehydrating chamber so that all moisture in the mixture absorbed by the air passing through the housing-11 will be separated from the dry gas which is contained within the gas chamber 28 in the top portion of .the 11. All'liquid gasoline separated from t e' absorption product is returned by gravity to the absorber portion of the hous The pipe 8 is connected as illustrated in Fig. 2through the provision of a suitable fitting as indicated at 29 with the chamber 25 at the closed end of the tray 16 so that the.compressed air is delivered to the first absorption pocket of the tray 16 from which itpassesthrough the perforated partition wall 24 toward the open end of said tray. Up'on leaving the open end of the tray 16 the air is forced upwardly around the end of the tray into the end pocket of the'tray 17 and upon passing through the tra 17 moves outwardly around the open end t ereof into absorption material in the the tray 18 and subsequently after passing through the length of the tray 18 and the ockets' thereof enters into the dehydratingc amber or tray 19. As the vapor passes through this chamber the liquid portion is separated by the partition wall 24 and is returned to the absorber portion of the housing. The gas from the dehydrater thenpasses into the chamber 28 and is then in, a substantially dry state and which will test up to the standard required for illuminating gas such as is present in use in large cities and is in condition for efficient use with ordinary gas burning apparatus using the usual standard test gas as manufactured for illuminating purposes in large cities.
An outlet pipe 30 is connected with the cover 12 of the chamber to provide a passage for the gas from the chamber 28 to a suitable stora e receptacle 31. This receptacle may inclu e a movable dome 32 for contain ing a variable amount of gas therein under pressure in conjunction with the stationary part 33 in which it is movable and suitably sealed to preventescape of the gas. Guides 34 may be, provided on the side of the stationary part 33 for guiding the movement of ofthe switch 9 so that the projections 36 thereon are adapted tolie above. and below the switch blade for closing the same and opening the same according to the position y of movement of the dome 32 so asto autotrays 16, 17 and 18 are provided with the matically maintain a constant supply of gas through the gas supply main 37 which ex-' character as used and well known in the art for the purposes above described.
A suitable controlling device is indicated at 38 for controlling the air supplied to the absorber while a blow-oft valve 39 provides for the release of excess pressure in'the outlet or air supply pipe generated in the compressor.
In making gas in this apparatus, the air from the compressor enters the housing 11 through the pipe 8 and is conducted below the level of the gasoline therein as indicated at 40 and to the bottom of the housing where it is forced into the tray 16. This air in passing throughthe trays 16, 17 and 18 is broken up by the packing 26 into minutely divided form so that it will completely and fully absorb the gasoline within the said with'gasoline to provide a gas having the proper density and the candle power and upon subsequent, passage through the dehydrating tray l9 any excess fuel Will be separated therefrom so that when the gas passes into the chamber 28 it will be thoroughly dried, and in condition for use in standard gas burning apparatus. As heretofore set forth this invention produces standard candle power gas eiiiciently from gasoline having a specific gravity of 68 Baum. I
It will thus be seen from the above description that an etficient carbureting apparatus has been produced which utilizes a combined absorber and dehydrator of simple construction which will efficiently produce absorption of gasoline by air and dehydrate the treated air ;to produce a dry standard candle power gas.
Having thus described my invention, .What
I claim as new is v 1. A device for producing absorption of gasoline by air comprising a closed housing, a plurality of tray members mounted in su perimposed inverted position in said housing, said tray members being open at one end and at the top, said tray members being shorter than the housing and having their open ends positioned in staggered relation with the open ends of alternate trays and communicating with the open top of the tray next above adjacent the. closed end thereof to provide a continuous circuitous passage from the bottom to the top of said-housing,
an air inlet pipe communicating with the closed end of the bottom tray, a plurality of pieces of bafile material mounted in adjacent relation extending from the bottom to the top of the trays, and completely filling said trays, means securin said bafil .material in the trays, said bafii e material 0 structing the passage through said trays and adapted to be normally submerged in liquid fuel whereby air for carburetion will be forced through the submerged baflie material and broken up for absorption of the fuel to produce illuminating gas.
2. A device for producing absorption of gasoline by air comprising a closed housing, a plurality of tray members mounted in superimposed inverted position in said housing, said tray members being open at one end and at the top, said tray members being shorter than the housing and having their similar ends terminating in staggered rela tion, the open ends of alternate trays communicating through the open top of the tray next above adjacent the closed end thereof to provide a continuous-circuitous passage from the bottom to the top of said housing, an air inlet communicating with the closed end of the bottom tray, a plurality of rope sections mounted in compact adjacent relation, ex-
tending transversely of the passage through said trays and completely filling the trays to form an obstruction in said passage, means securing the ends of the rope sections to the trays, said trays and rope material being normally submerged in liquid fuel. whereby air forced through said trays will be broken 7 up into finely divided form to absorb said fuel for producing illuminating gas.
In testimony whereof I afiix my signature.
WILLIAM OLIVER KEELING.