US 1656334 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F; Y. MCKENNEY SOAP AND WATER GUN Jan, 17, 1928.
Filed Jan. 14. 1925 A I anims/w11 Patented Jan. 17, 1928.
UNITED vSTATES PATENT oEFlcE.
FRED Y. MUKENNEY, 0F CHATTANOOGA, TENNESSEE, ASSIGNOB T0 THE'XEIJLY U- FACTUBING COMPANY,.OF CHATTANOOGA, TENNESSEE, A CORPORATION 0l' TEN- NESSEE.
soar AND WATER GUN.
i Application led Jlanuary 1.4,'1925.` Serial No. 2,378.
Myinvention relates to a soap and water gun intended to be used on the end of a hose lino or faucet or mounted on a handle in any ,convenient way for washing railway cars, buildings, floors and the like. It is an objectof my invention to provide a device of the character described which may be adjusted to provide a soapy solution or clear 'water'as desired.y
A further object of the invention is to pro'vide a'device of this character. with means lfor ,applying pressure of steam or compressed'air' to the fwater of the -soapy 'solution if desired. 'i
Referring to the 'accompanyin which is made a partghereof an on' whic similar reference 4characters indicate similar parts, .Figure 1 is a perspective of my device in positionY` on a brush, and' v Figure 2, a side, elevation on a larger lscale with parts broken away to show the.l
interior construction. y
In the drawings reference character 10 1ndicates the cylindrical outer casing, of the device which has removable'heads at 11 and 12 and a perforated container 13 for soluble material. The perforatedl container is starshaped in section lwithlcorrugations runnin from' end toend, and. tapers from one en to the other," the larger end being open or provided with a cover of wire gauze or thel like to retain the soap or other soluble material in the container while the lower or left-hand end is closed except for an opening to receive the pipe 14.
The pipe 14 is supported on the head 12 prefera ly in a position extending approximately axially of the casing 10. As here shown the head 12 has flanges 15 and 16 concentric with a threaded flange surrounding i the end of the casing. A plate, 17 fits inside 'the flange 15 and against a shoulder thereof, said plate.17 havin a rearwardly extend- .ing externally-threa ed portion engaging threads on the flan 4e 16. The plate 17 has passages for liqui preferably formed as ni ples 18 extending Iv toward the con` tainer 13.
a The head 12 has an axial passage 19 for A- f liquid and is adapted to be connected to a' faucet or the like by a union 20. Athree way valve 21 intersects the passage andis aP-tid tv9 @Siebllsh commumcatlon wlth a drawing lateral passage 22. When the valve is l in the posltion shown water or other liquid will pass directly through the pipe 14 anda part will also flow into the passage 22 and thence to 'a chamber 23 communicating' with the u1pples 18. v
Thel head 11 terminates ina threaded reduced portion supporting a nozzle 24 in line with the opening of the pipe-14. A nozzle 254 is supported axially of nozzle` 24 and is" by a cock 27. i Y
Figurehl illustrates lone mannerv in which the device may be utilized. vAsheie shown the-casing 10 'has straps 28 applied thereto adjacent the heads which'straps terminate 1nl hooks 29 extending`- over the'handle 30 of a brush 31. A pipe 32 is attached to the device by a union 20' and a ipe 33' 'is se-y cured tothe nozzle 24. This enables the user to apply clear rinsing water to the floor or other work being cleanedl by'the brush 31 by turning the valve 21 into a position opposite that shown whereby the branch passage 34 of the valveextends downward and is shut oif. He may also a ply a mixture of s'ap and water withthe valve in the position illustrated in Figure 2 or a mixture containing a largerfpropor# tion of soap by turning the valve so as to bring -itsbranch 34 into horizontalV position' extending toward the right and its branch 35 into vertical position, the branch 36 then` extending vertically downward whereby all `the entering iiuid must pass through the nipples 18 so as to impinge the container.
It will be understood that granular soap may be used in the container whereupon the onr the soap in water will be sprayed on the 'soap and will flow over and throu h the grains and out' throigh the perforations 37. Solid orsemiliqui soap may also be used, the only limita tion being that the soap., shall not be soft enou h to run out throughthe perforations emi-liquid soap being most easily handled is preferred for use in my Vdevice and it will 4be seen' that in 'use the water will fall `in 'a spray on the surface of the soap and will run-oil immediately as a lsoapy solution'v w1thout, any chance of forming aliquid blanket over the body of soap by reason of the number of perforations 37. This tends to produce a very uniform solution at all stages of use regardless of whether there be much or little soap in the container. Such free flow is facilitated by thc tapering forni ot' the container` and also by the star-shaped conformation whereby the outer edges of the container may bear against the casing at the upper end or against supporting devices inl the casing while the remainder of the surface remains free to permit the solution to 'iiow freely out through the walls of the container and down along the same.
The terms water and soap are usedv for convenience in the specification but it will be understood that any soluble material may be used in the container and any suitable solventcan be used in connection therewith.
It will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes ma be made in the device without departing rom the spirit of the invention and therefore I do not limit myself to what isshown in the drawing and described in the specification but only as indicated in the appended claims.
Having. thus fullydescribed my said in# ventiom what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
1. In a. solution apparatus, a .cylindrical casing, a perforated lon itudinally corru-V gated container for solub e material fitting" in the casing at one end and tapering toward the other, an inlet for a solvent at one endy of the casing, and an outlet at the other end, substantially as set forth.
2. In a solution apparatus, acylindricalcasing, a perforated longitudinally corrugated container for soluble material ttinv' in the casing at one end and tapering toward the other, an inletfor a solvent at one end of the casing, an outlet at the other end, and means arranged axially of the casing for injecting gas under pressureinto the solution at said outlet, substant-ially as set forth.
3. In a solution apparatus, a cylindrical casing, a perforated longitudinally corrugated container for soluble material fitting in the casing at one end and tapering toward the other, an inlet for a solvent at one end of. t-he casing, an outlet at the other end, a nozzle concentric with said outlet saidnozzle point-in outward, and a pipe for supplying gas un er pressure leading substantially as set forth.
4. In a solution apparatus, a casing, a
to said nozzle,
soap container in the casing having a perforated longitudinally `corrugated outer wall tapering from the inlet end of the casing toward the outlet end, and means at the inlet end for spraying water into the containe'r the perforations inthe container being' so proportioned to the inlet means that the solution runs off as fast as formed to preventblanketing of the soap, substantially as setforth.
5. A mixing device comprising an outer casing, a perforated container or soluble material within the outer casing and comprising a wall having a reater surface area than a container of a s ape corresponding to that of the outer casing, removable heads for each end of said casing, a perforated spray plate supported b one of said heads -said'last mentioned hea having a plurality of concentric anges one of which engages said outer casing and the other of said flanges supporting said plate, a tube disposed longitudinally in the casing and connecting said head with the casing beyond said perforated container and means for directing a solvent through said head against said plate or through said head and said tube into the container, substantially as set forth.
6. A mixing 'and connecting said head with the casing be'- Y yond said perforated container, and means for directing a vsolvent alternately through the head and tube into the casing or through the head and chamber into the container or through both at once, .substantially as set forth.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand at Chattanooga, Tennessee this 8th day of January, A. D. nineteen hundredand twenty-five. l
FRED Y. MKENNEY.
device comprising an outer| lcasing, a perforated container for .soluble v material within the outer casing and com-