US 1658093 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 7, 192s. l 1,658,093
0.0.NYGAARD COMBINED SKATE AND SKI Filed May 25. 192
Patented 7, 1928.
UNITED STATES 1,658,093 PATENT OFFICE.n
OSCAR O. NYGAARD, OF SAUGUS, MASSACHUSETTS.
COMBINED SKATE kAND SKI.
Application filed May 25, 1926. Serial No. 111,513.
My present invention relates to skates and more particularly to combined skate and ski, combined ice skate and snow skate, or combined ice skate and roller skate.
The ordinary ice skate, while particularly well adapted. for sliding or skating on glare ice, is practically useless on anything else, even hard, packed snow, as the weight of the skater thereon is too closely concentrated on a single and narrow straight line, with the result that even on hard packed, snow, the skate runner cuts into the snow to such an extentthat skating is impossible. Va'- rious types of snow skates have been devised and some of them .have been reasonably successful. They do, however, fail in solving the problem of having a device which mayV be rapidly, accurately and economically adapted for use on either ice, snow or icel crust. These three principal conditions may be met and usually are met within a very short distance in the winter and it is advantageous to have a device which may be adapted to meet fany of these conditions at a relatively short notice.
In my present invention, I have devised a structure adapted to be associated with the ordinary ice skate, the association with such skate resulting in a structure that produces the combined result of having a snow skate or ski and` a holding means therefor and these two elements may be quickly dissociated from each other to again leave the single skating element for use on ice. In practicing my improved invention, I prepare a snow skate runner or a preferably relatively small ski and in such snow skate structure and in the ski structure build a connecting means which may be directly associated with the. runner of an ordinary skate and associated in such a. way that the ice skate and snow skate or ice skate and ski form practically aunitary structure and yetL Another object of my invention is an iniproved combination of ice skate, connecting means, and snow skate. i
Other objects and novel features of the construction and arrangement of parts comprising my device will appear as the description of the .invention progresses.
In the accompanying drawings illustrating preferred embodiments of my invention,
Fig. l is a side elevation of a combined ice skate and snow skate;
Fig. 2 is a sectional elevation on thelin 2 2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the ice skate combined with a ski; v
Fig. 4 is a sectional elevation on theY line 4 1 of F ig. 3; f
Fig 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4 but illustrating a different form of v connecting'k means; A
Fig. 6 is a sectional view showing a still further modified form of connect-ing means and formof runners for use on ice and suitplate 13 and heel strap 111-. The runner 1()v is ordinarily tapering in cross section, as Will'be obvious from an inspection of Fig. 2, and I utilize this tapering structure to assist in holdingv ontok the skate a snow runner comprised essentially .of a metallicsubstantially rectangular open top runner 15, of a width enough greater than the .width of theY skate blade 1() to insure that suoli open top .runner will not cut through or sink into the snow unless such .snow is light and fluffy;
Particularly is it desired that thewidthof the bottom of the rectangular structure 15 shall besuch that it Will readily support the weight of the ordinary user on'vhard packed snow, such as is usually met with on roadways after the same is packed down by pass? ing sleighs or vehicles. In order to insure sufficient lightness of therectangular snow blade 15, I make the same of sheet metal and on each side of the side Walls secure l members 16, preferably of some light but hard Wood, these members 16 being spaced apart from eachother and having their op'- posing surfaces beveled to provide a space substantially similar to the shape of the Ll l.)
cross sectional area of the skate blade 10. The forward end of the rectangular snow skate blade 15 is formed either solid or hol low and is curved upwardly, as indicated at 16, the upper surface of this upwardly extending portion being provided with a stop 17 and against which the front end of the runner or blade 10 abuts. rearward end of the blade 15 is hingedly mounted a closure 18, thisV closure 18 being provided with wings 19 for engaging either side of the rectangular blade y15 and is also provided with-a hand-hold 2O, 'by means of which the closure 18 may beswung on its pivot. With this form of my invention, it will be obvious that a pair of ordinary skates, as above described, maybe placed on the wearers feet as soon as he would ordinarily leave his ho-me, and also placed thereon are snow blades 15. lt is then possible for the wearer to skate along the road way until a pond or other place is reached where glare ice exists, at which place and time the snow blades 15 may be removed from the runners 10 and the ordinary skating indulged in. This is of considerable advantage particularly in country districts where no means of mechanical transportation is readily available. being able with .ease and at will to detach and changefrom'ice to snowor from snow to ice use is of special value to children who can thus have the benefit of the help of their elders in securely attaching the skates to their feet before leaving home and which will add to their safety and comfort.v
Instead of utilizing a snow blade 15, I may utilize a ski 21 and on such ski secure a holding means 22 similar in use and appearance to the snow blade 15. rlihe member 22 is providedy on its interior with spaced members 23, which assist, in connection with the blade 10 of the skate, in holding the skate and ski rigidly together. Y In place of the rectangular frame 22 with its enclosed plates of material 23, l may substitute a plurality of spring plates 24: spaced apart from each other and providing a means for yielidingly holding the skate blade 10 in pof sition on the ski. Either of these methods outlined may be employed and it is possibleV portions being spring members which hold the skate blade 10 in proper position relative to the snow skate.
On the extreme..
The feature of In Fig. 7 is shown a modified form of the invention in which the ice skate runner 10 has attached thereto clips 29 which clipsV are formed integral with bearing members 30 in which is mounted a shaft 31, carrying at either end the usual rollers 32 of a roller skate. y K
Having thus described my invention, what l claim as new is: i
1. in a device of the kind described, the combination of a rectangular snow skate blade, a longitudinal passage formed therein and extending substantially throughoutY the length thereof, a stop positionedat the forward end of such passage, said passage being adapted to receive and hold against movement an ordinary skate blade and a' closure for said longitudinal passage whereby retrograde movement of they skate blade in the rectangular passage isV prevented. i v
2,. In a device of the kind described, the combination with a snow skate having a longitudinal passage extending throughout the length of one side thereof, non-metallic material in the bottom of said passage, anice skate fitting within said passage and vhaving* its lower faceengaging with the non-metallic filling and yielding means for closing the end of the passage whereby `retrograde movement ofthe skate blade in said passage is prevented. v,
3. In a device of the kind described', the combination of a rectangular snow skate bladel formed. of wood, a. pair of parallelly arranged metal 'platessecured to the upper face of said blade and defining a passage, a stop positioned at the forward end'of said passage, said passage being adapted to re ceive. and holdv an ordinary skate'y blade and' a yielding closure' for the opposite end of said passage for preventing retrograde`- movement of the skateblade with respect, to the snow skate blade.
a. ln a device of the kind described, the combination of a. snow skate runner having a longitudinal'passage at one side thereof, comprised of non-metallic material enclosed within a metallic lasiug and said passage adapted toieceive an ice skate.
5. In a device of the kind described, the
:combination of a snowskate run-ner having a longitudinal passageat one vside thereof adapted to receive an iceskate blade, said .snow skate runner having a non-metallic ieu body portion with an outer metallic cover-l ing.
6. In combination with an ice skate, arunner adapted for slidingon snow having a non-metallic body portion with an outer metallic covering, `and means for attaching said snow skate runner to the ice skate.
7. In a device of the kind described, the combination of a snow skate blade, including spaced metallic, plates, "non-metallic plates arranged between the metal plates and spaced from each other to define a passage, a stop positioned at the forward end of such passage, said passage being adapted to receive and hold an ordinary skate blade.
8. n a device of the kind described, the
combination of a snow skate blade, ineluding spaced metallic plates, non-metallic plates arranged between the metal plates and spaced from each other to deline a passage, astop positioned at the forward end of such passage, said passage being adapt-ed to receive and hold an ordinary skate blade, a Closure for the opposite end of vsaid passage for preventing retrograde movement of the skate blade with respect to the snow skate blade and a clamping means associated With the closure for Clamping the ordinary skate blade in the passage.
In testimony whereof, I have signed my; naine to this specification.
OSCAR O. NYGAARD.