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Publication numberUS1658455 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 7, 1928
Filing dateMar 13, 1926
Priority dateMar 13, 1926
Publication numberUS 1658455 A, US 1658455A, US-A-1658455, US1658455 A, US1658455A
InventorsMetzech Herman, Florence C Werner
Original AssigneeMetzech Herman, Florence C Werner
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Solar heater
US 1658455 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 7, 192a. 1,558,455

H. METZECH ET AL SOLAR HEATER Fi1ed-March 13. 1926 Patented Feb. 2 7, 1928.


Hanna-n mn'rzncn AND FLORENCE c. WERNEB,0F 'cHIcAeo, rumors.

1 (sonar: HEATER.

Application flled amen 13, 1926. Serial 1 0,154,435.

This invention relates to solar heaters and is designed to provide an apparatus for the heating of Water or other fluids which will utilize the rays of'the sun forthat purpose andwill be adjustable to the position of the sun whereby a maximum efliciency may be attained.

yVith the above and other. objectsin view as Will be apparent, this inventionconsists in the construction, combination and ar rangement of parts. all as hereinafter more fully described, claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawings wherein:

- Figure 1 is an elevation of a heater constructed in accordance with the present in.- vention;' s

Figure 2 is a plan view thereof; I

Figure '3 is an elevation of one row of lenses illustrating the mounting thereof;

Figure 4 is anenlargement of one'lens illustrating the supporting means therefor and the means for adjusting the lens so as to vary its position;

Figure 5 is a vertical section line V-V of Figure 4. v

The present invention is designed to mount a boiler or tank so that it may be oscillated or moved tovarious positions and taken -along there held to receive the full efiectof the rays of the sun. v A portion of the surface of this boiler or tank is surrounded by a lurality or series of rows of lenses which are adjustably mounted to receive and concentrate the ra s of the sun upon the adjoining wall of t e boiler or tank thereby heating the contents thereof. j

In carrying out the present invention, frames or upright sup .orts 10 are rovided to support a cylindrica ta nk'or boi er 11 b means of the hollow trunnions 12 on eac side thereof, operating, in. the bearings '13 at the top of said frames ,or upright supports. One of the trunnions 12 is provided with a worm wheel 14 which meshes with a worm 15 mounted on the arm 16 carried by the adjoining frame or upright support 10. The worm 15 is rotated by a suitable handle for the adjustment of the tank or boiler to the position best suited to the reception and j concentration of the rays of the sun.- iknintakepipe 117 enters the lower end of the tank 11 to supplya fluid to the interior of the tank or boiler 11 while an outlet pipe 17 passes through the upper end of said tank for the removal of the heated fluid from the said boiler or tank 11.

A'frame 18 is mounted on the trunnions 12' and is adapted to move with the trunnions and the tank or boiler 11. This frame is 00- PATENT oF-FicE- extensive'both as to width and length relative to the adjacentjportion of the exposed wall surfaceof the boiler or tank 11 and is removed therefronr a distance sufliciently great to allowa proper concentration of the rays of the sun upon-the tank wall bythe .lenses carried by said frame.

The-frame 18 is made up of aplurality of 0 I horizontal frame pieces and-a series of transverse vertical pieces 19. Between each pair of vertical pieces 19 is mounted a series or row of lenses 20,-each lens being carried in a frame 21 mounted on studs 22 journalled in the vertical pieces 19. One of the studs 22 of each lens hasa worm gear 23 fixed thereto which cooperates with a Worm 24 carried by a shaft 25 parallel to and mounted on the adjacent vertical frame pieces 19. The shaft 25 of one vertical row of lenses may be rotated by a suitable handle 26 to adjust all of the lenses 20 in that particular row simultaneously to the same angle. Thus each row of lenses 20 is adjustable independently of every other row and all of the lenses may thus be adjusted to properly receive and concentrate the suns rays upon the wall of the tank or boiler 11.

It will be observed that after the apparatus has been properly adjusted, that the heat waves fromthe sun will be concentrated upon aportion of the ex 'osed surface of the tank wall irrespective o the position of the sun. 1

y We are aware that many changes may be made, and numerous details of construction may be varied through a wide range without departing from the principles of this invention, and we therefore do not propose. limiting the patent granted hereon otherwise than as necessitated by-the prior art.

We claim as our invention: I 1.In' comb1nat1on,xa tank, a frame cooperating withv the wall thereof, a plurality 0 nections between the lenses of each row and the shaft corresponding to that row whereby the rotation of said shaft adjusts said row of lenses.

2. In combination, a tank, a frame cooperating with the wall thereof, a plurality of rows of lenses mounted in said frame, pivotal mountings for each, of said lenses, ami means for simultaneously adjustingthe lenses of each row on their pivots. 10 In testimony whereof, We have hereunto subscribed our names.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3905352 *Aug 31, 1973Sep 16, 1975Arnold JahnSystem for collecting and transferring usable solar heat
US3934573 *Feb 28, 1975Jan 27, 1976Dandini Alessandro OSpherical system for the concentration and extraction of solar energy
US4043315 *Feb 3, 1976Aug 23, 1977Cooper Nathan ESolar heat collector
US4064865 *Apr 28, 1975Dec 27, 1977Depew Walter LSolar actuated boiler and appurtenances
US4066062 *Oct 28, 1975Jan 3, 1978Elmer HoustonSolar heating system
US4303057 *Aug 16, 1979Dec 1, 1981Crandon Reba LSwimming pool solar heater
US4305383 *Oct 30, 1978Dec 15, 1981Bloxsom Dan ESolar energy collector
US4419983 *Sep 28, 1981Dec 13, 1983Holland Beecher JDevice for passive solar heating and storage of a liquid
US4566434 *Dec 24, 1984Jan 28, 1986Lindenbauer Leo KSolar energy collector
US4619244 *Feb 17, 1984Oct 28, 1986Marks Alvin MSolar heater with cavity and phase-change material
US4634086 *Nov 22, 1985Jan 6, 1987Kei MoriSolar ray collecting device for use in a spacecraft
US6227673 *Sep 18, 1997May 8, 2001O'hara-Smith Stephen C.Adjustable reflector
US6793355 *Jan 3, 2003Sep 21, 2004Green Logic Associates LimitedMirror ball
US20120180782 *Jul 7, 2010Jul 19, 2012Vkr Holding A/SSolar apparatus with at least two solar collectors with different exposure
U.S. Classification126/607, 126/699, 126/700
International ClassificationF24J2/06
Cooperative ClassificationY02E10/44, F24J2/06
European ClassificationF24J2/06