|Publication number||US1658455 A|
|Publication date||Feb 7, 1928|
|Filing date||Mar 13, 1926|
|Priority date||Mar 13, 1926|
|Publication number||US 1658455 A, US 1658455A, US-A-1658455, US1658455 A, US1658455A|
|Inventors||Metzech Herman, Florence C Werner|
|Original Assignee||Metzech Herman, Florence C Werner|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (14), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 7, 192a. 1,558,455
H. METZECH ET AL SOLAR HEATER Fi1ed-March 13. 1926 Patented Feb. 2 7, 1928.
Hanna-n mn'rzncn AND FLORENCE c. WERNEB,0F 'cHIcAeo, rumors.
1 (sonar: HEATER.
Application flled amen 13, 1926. Serial 1 0,154,435.
This invention relates to solar heaters and is designed to provide an apparatus for the heating of Water or other fluids which will utilize the rays of'the sun forthat purpose andwill be adjustable to the position of the sun whereby a maximum efliciency may be attained.
yVith the above and other. objectsin view as Will be apparent, this inventionconsists in the construction, combination and ar rangement of parts. all as hereinafter more fully described, claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawings wherein:
- Figure 1 is an elevation of a heater constructed in accordance with the present in.- vention;' s
Figure 2 is a plan view thereof; I
Figure '3 is an elevation of one row of lenses illustrating the mounting thereof;
Figure 4 is anenlargement of one'lens illustrating the supporting means therefor and the means for adjusting the lens so as to vary its position;
Figure 5 is a vertical section line V-V of Figure 4. v
The present invention is designed to mount a boiler or tank so that it may be oscillated or moved tovarious positions and taken -along there held to receive the full efiectof the rays of the sun. v A portion of the surface of this boiler or tank is surrounded by a lurality or series of rows of lenses which are adjustably mounted to receive and concentrate the ra s of the sun upon the adjoining wall of t e boiler or tank thereby heating the contents thereof. j
In carrying out the present invention, frames or upright sup .orts 10 are rovided to support a cylindrica ta nk'or boi er 11 b means of the hollow trunnions 12 on eac side thereof, operating, in. the bearings '13 at the top of said frames ,or upright supports. One of the trunnions 12 is provided with a worm wheel 14 which meshes with a worm 15 mounted on the arm 16 carried by the adjoining frame or upright support 10. The worm 15 is rotated by a suitable handle for the adjustment of the tank or boiler to the position best suited to the reception and j concentration of the rays of the sun.- iknintakepipe 117 enters the lower end of the tank 11 to supplya fluid to the interior of the tank or boiler 11 while an outlet pipe 17 passes through the upper end of said tank for the removal of the heated fluid from the said boiler or tank 11.
A'frame 18 is mounted on the trunnions 12' and is adapted to move with the trunnions and the tank or boiler 11. This frame is 00- PATENT oF-FicE- extensive'both as to width and length relative to the adjacentjportion of the exposed wall surfaceof the boiler or tank 11 and is removed therefronr a distance sufliciently great to allowa proper concentration of the rays of the sun upon-the tank wall bythe .lenses carried by said frame.
The-frame 18 is made up of aplurality of 0 I horizontal frame pieces and-a series of transverse vertical pieces 19. Between each pair of vertical pieces 19 is mounted a series or row of lenses 20,-each lens being carried in a frame 21 mounted on studs 22 journalled in the vertical pieces 19. One of the studs 22 of each lens hasa worm gear 23 fixed thereto which cooperates with a Worm 24 carried by a shaft 25 parallel to and mounted on the adjacent vertical frame pieces 19. The shaft 25 of one vertical row of lenses may be rotated by a suitable handle 26 to adjust all of the lenses 20 in that particular row simultaneously to the same angle. Thus each row of lenses 20 is adjustable independently of every other row and all of the lenses may thus be adjusted to properly receive and concentrate the suns rays upon the wall of the tank or boiler 11.
It will be observed that after the apparatus has been properly adjusted, that the heat waves fromthe sun will be concentrated upon aportion of the ex 'osed surface of the tank wall irrespective o the position of the sun. 1
y We are aware that many changes may be made, and numerous details of construction may be varied through a wide range without departing from the principles of this invention, and we therefore do not propose. limiting the patent granted hereon otherwise than as necessitated by-the prior art.
We claim as our invention: I 1.In' comb1nat1on,xa tank, a frame cooperating withv the wall thereof, a plurality 0 nections between the lenses of each row and the shaft corresponding to that row whereby the rotation of said shaft adjusts said row of lenses.
2. In combination, a tank, a frame cooperating with the wall thereof, a plurality of rows of lenses mounted in said frame, pivotal mountings for each, of said lenses, ami means for simultaneously adjustingthe lenses of each row on their pivots. 10 In testimony whereof, We have hereunto subscribed our names.
HERMAN METZECH. FLORENCE G. WERNER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3905352 *||Aug 31, 1973||Sep 16, 1975||Arnold Jahn||System for collecting and transferring usable solar heat|
|US3934573 *||Feb 28, 1975||Jan 27, 1976||Dandini Alessandro O||Spherical system for the concentration and extraction of solar energy|
|US4043315 *||Feb 3, 1976||Aug 23, 1977||Cooper Nathan E||Solar heat collector|
|US4064865 *||Apr 28, 1975||Dec 27, 1977||Depew Walter L||Solar actuated boiler and appurtenances|
|US4066062 *||Oct 28, 1975||Jan 3, 1978||Elmer Houston||Solar heating system|
|US4303057 *||Aug 16, 1979||Dec 1, 1981||Crandon Reba L||Swimming pool solar heater|
|US4305383 *||Oct 30, 1978||Dec 15, 1981||Bloxsom Dan E||Solar energy collector|
|US4419983 *||Sep 28, 1981||Dec 13, 1983||Holland Beecher J||Device for passive solar heating and storage of a liquid|
|US4566434 *||Dec 24, 1984||Jan 28, 1986||Lindenbauer Leo K||Solar energy collector|
|US4619244 *||Feb 17, 1984||Oct 28, 1986||Marks Alvin M||Solar heater with cavity and phase-change material|
|US4634086 *||Nov 22, 1985||Jan 6, 1987||Kei Mori||Solar ray collecting device for use in a spacecraft|
|US6227673 *||Sep 18, 1997||May 8, 2001||O'hara-Smith Stephen C.||Adjustable reflector|
|US6793355 *||Jan 3, 2003||Sep 21, 2004||Green Logic Associates Limited||Mirror ball|
|US20120180782 *||Jul 7, 2010||Jul 19, 2012||Vkr Holding A/S||Solar apparatus with at least two solar collectors with different exposure|
|U.S. Classification||126/607, 126/699, 126/700|
|Cooperative Classification||Y02E10/44, F24J2/06|