US 1659526 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 14, 1928. 1,659,526
Q. HARADER FIREPLACE scmm v Filed Sept. is. 1926 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 X22533? mg W14 m 1? Feb. 14, 1928. I 1,659,526
Q. HARADER FIREPLACE SCREEN Filed Sept. 13. 1926 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Quin fer Halve 6v;
I I zlwuantoz Patented Feb. 14, 1928.
OFFICE- qunfmaitrramna, or an; wasnrfie'ron.
I FIREPLACE sews. j
A licants filed September 13, 1921;. Serial No. 185,240.
. The present invention relatesto fire place screens. V An importantob ect of the invention 1s to provide a protectivescreen for fire places wh1ch will eliminate the possib lity of 1 n ting rugs and furniture by flylng sparks rom thefire place. p O
A. further object of the lnventlon is the provision of an'apparatus of the above character which is designed to present a neatappearance and which will effectively enclose the fire place. I j
A still further object of the invention is the provision of a protective screen which may be quickly and conveniently rolled so as to uncover the fire place for cleaning purposes and to permit convenient, building of the fire. A
Still another object of the invention is the provision of a screen of the above typewhlch is comparatively simple and durable of construction and which may beconveniently adjusted to a lowered or an elevated open position.
- Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent as the description progresses.
In the accompanying drawings forming a part ,ofthis application and. in which like reference characters are employed to designate corresponding parts throughout the same:
Figure 1 is a front elevational view of my improved apparatus shown in operative position with respect to a fire place.
. Figure 2 is an end elevational view of the same.
Figure 3 is an enlarged vertlcal sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of Figure 1.
Figure 4 is a similar view taken through one end of the apparatus.
Figure 5 is a fragmentary longitudinal sectional view through the screen rolling apparatus. p i
Figure 6 is a horizontal sectional view through one of the panels.
Figure 7 is a perspective vlew of one of the anels.
Figure 8 is a fragmentary perspective view of the upper portion of the screen in assembled position.
Referring to the drawings wherein for the purpose of illustration is shown the preferred embodiment ofmy invention, the numeral 10 generally designates a conventlonal fire place. a
'in one of the sleeves 15.
With particular reference to the structure of my nnpr'oved screen, the numeralllfindicates the screen "housing or hood which includes a top, sides, ends, and anopen bottom, as shown in Figures 3 and 4. The upper portion of the hood is rounded as at 12, t e structurebeing preferably formed of sheet metal or any desirable material. The hood is secured immediately above the fire place chamber by means of bolts 13 suita ly anchored in the brick work. It will be noted also thatthe ends of the hood are closed by end plates 14 formedwat their centers with circular openings and provided with interiorly projecting bearing sleeves 15 arranged in longitudinal alinement.
The bearing sleeves 15 support a rotatable roller structure comprising atubular roller 16 closed at its ends and provided at one end with a stub shaft 16 rotatably fitted The opposite end of the roller cylinder 16 is formed with a circular head 17,, the outer face thereof being provided with a circular recess 18.. The annular wall of the recess 18 is formedto provide gear teeth 19 forming an internal gear.
The peripheryof the head 17 is provided with ratchet teeth 20, the purpose of which will later appear. Formed in the center of the head 17 and fproj ecting outwardly thereof is a stub sh'a respective bearin sleeve 15.
The screen 22 has its upper edge secured to the roller 16. The screen is of such dimensions that its lower edge will terminate adjacent the floor when the screen isin loweredposition. Secured to the lower longitudinal edge of the screen 22 is a rod 23 having knobs 24 formed on its ends. This rod 23 and knobs24 are of heavy construction so that when the roller is released, the screen will beun ound therefrom as the rod and its knobs descend by gravity.
21 rotatably fitted in the An essential feature of the present apparatus is the provision of means for elevating the screen when it is desired to' gain access to the fire place chamber. TlllS may be affected by releasable spring means which will automatically operate to rotate the roller to a winding position or, as shown in the accompany' g drawings, by manually operated mechanism.
This mechanism comprises a shaft 25 rotatably mounted in an olfset bearing sleeve 26 upon the end plate 14 in which the shaft 21 is journalled. Secured to the outer end of the shaft 25 is a crank 27 carrying on its outer end a handle 28. Fixed to the inner end of the shaft 25 is a pinion 29 located within the recess 18 formed in the head 17 and meshing with the internal gear 19. It is apparent that rotation of the crank 27 will impart similar movement to the pinion 29 and cause the head 17 and roller to be rotated.
In order that the screen may be retained in elevated open position, the roller is adapted to be held against rotary movement by means of a pawl 30, one end thereof being.
pivotall connected with a bracket 31 secured withint e hood while the outer end is formed with a tooth 32 adapted to engage the ratchet teeth 20. The pawl 30 is preferablyprovided with an upwardly projecting arcuate finger piece 33 extending through a slot in the hood and arranged for convenient movement of the pawl. It will thus be noted that the tooth 32 formed on the outer end of the arm will normally contact with the ratchet teeth and prevent forward rotary movement of the roller 50 that the screen will be held in a raised position. When it is desired to lower the screen, the finger piece 33 is grasped and the pawl elevated thereby disengaging the tooth 32 from the ratchet teeth a permitting the screen to unwind from the roller.
Asthe screen 22in its lowered position is disposed forwardly of the fire place chamher, it is necessary to provide means to revent the escape of sparks past the ends 0 the screen. This is affected in the present instance by providing a pair of panels 34 composed of' rectangular metal plates having angular flanges 35 formed at the outer vertical edges. Secured to the inner vertical edges of the panel plates 34 are supporting standards 36 of circular cross section, the
to positions as shown in Figure 6, to inwardly extending positions against the sides of the fire place. In order that the heat from the fire lace may readily circulate through the pane the panel plates 34 are provided with openings and have wire screening 38 secured t erem.
neeacae From the foregoing description and the drawings, it will e readily seen that a compact and highly eflicient fire place screen has and capable of convenient operation. When the screen isin a lowered position in front of the fire place, it may be raised by rotation of the crank 27. When the the has been built inthe fire place and it is desired toagain close the front of the same, the pawl- 30 is elevated by grasping the finger piece 33 -and elevating the pawl to permit 'free rotation of the roller.
It is to be understood that the form of my invention herewith shown and described is to be taken as the preferred example of the same, and that various chan es as to the shape, size and arrangement 0 parts may be, resorted to without de arting from the spirit of the invention or th scope of the subjoined claims.
Havingthus described my'invention, what is claimed is: I a
1. A fire place screen comprising a roller, means for supporting the roller at the top of the fire place, a screen wound upon the roller and adapted to extend in front of the fire place'in spaced relation thereto, and panels mounted at the opposite sides of the fire place for swinging movement to position extend: ing forwardly to the sides of the screen to span the spaces between the said sides of the fire place and the said sides of the screen, and to position away from the screen and against the said sides of the fire place.
2. A fire place screen comprising a roller, means for supporting the roller at the top of a fire place, a screen wound upon the roller and adapted to extend in front of the fire' place, and panels mounted at the opposite sides of the fire place for swinging movement to position extending forwardly to the sides of. the screen, to span the spaces between the said sides of the fire place and the said sides of the screen, and to position away from the screen and against said "sides of the fire place, each of the-panels comprising a therein, and
metal plate. having an opening I in said opena sheet of foraminous materia mg.
In testimony whereof I afiix my signature.