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Publication numberUS1661093 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 28, 1928
Filing dateNov 11, 1926
Priority dateNov 11, 1926
Publication numberUS 1661093 A, US 1661093A, US-A-1661093, US1661093 A, US1661093A
InventorsRogers George D
Original AssigneeRogers George D
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Doll
US 1661093 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

G. D. ROGERS Feb. 2a, 1928.

DOLL

I Filed NOV. 11. 1926 ATTORNEYS Feb. 28, 1928. 1,661,093 I G. D. ROGERS DOLL Filed Nov. 11. 1926 2 Shqets-Shee. 2

r. 1 I J a Z2 it i 1 v j I INVENTOR 6.,D. Rogers, v

ATTORNEYS Patented Feb. 28 1928.

PATENT mm n. 1806235, or Horrorlriiw, unan mity 01 m SD L- t hippliqation ifiled November 11, 1928. Serial No. 147,500.

' jMy invention relates to'improvenients in dolls, which are moved mechanically 1n manner to simulate dancing, and consists in the combinations, constructions and an is adapted to bend at theknees and to, siimih taneously swing horizontally in a circle and sway or oscillate vertically substantially at the waist line; thus producing 'rytlunic movements whichlclosel resemble thehody movements ofanfactua hnla dancer,

A further object of the "inventionfiis the provision in adollof *the cheracter describedof a novel niotiontransniitting mechanism for making nse'ofthe power of a suitableflprime mover to effect movement of parts of the doll to simulate movements of thehula dan'ce. i Other objects and advantages of the y invention will "be apparent from the following description, considered/in conjunction with tlie accompanying drawings, in whichz- X Figure l is side elevation of the improved doll mechanism with ;the"clotliing and non-essential members shown more or less diagrammatically in Hot and [dash lines, Figure 2 is a view 'ofjthe supporting and operating structure of the device,

Figure 3 is a side view of'the structure of the device as shown in Figure 2.

Figure 4;} is a section n substantially along the line ofl igure 3, a nd Figure 5 is a perspective view of a pivoted guide bar that is used in the operating mechanism of gthe device. i

The supporting structure ,of the device may comprise a pair" of feet 1 which are secured firmly at 2 a, a hase K A pailt legs are provided and each comprises a lower sectiont which is cdn'iiectedat itsjlower end' by a horizontal pivot element with" the correspondingffoot 1." The upper-end of each lower section 41s connected pivotally by hori'zontal'fpivot *elementsfiwith" a connector plate"? {that is disposedvertically edgewise. .Each leg also'includes an upper e haYie p e ev r e we se nected by a horizontalpivot element 9 with the corresponding connector late? above the upper end of the corresponi. ing {lower leg section/i; The lower and up jei'" sections ofeach leg may havetheir -a jacent-ends formed toproduce gears 10 and1'1"respectively, the teetli'of which are in mesh with each other. i

Thefupper end portions of the up )er sections 8'ofthe legs aierigidly secur "to the opposite end portions of transverse rock shaft" 12 which "is journaled in transversely "aligned openings in depending hanger ai'ins '13 at the opposite ends of a-tra-nsverse cross bar 14. i

The body of the supporting structure of the deviceincludes' a pail-[of uprightside bars having inturned attaching members Sitipat their lower ends secured firmly at "17' on the end portions of the cross bar 14.

"The body side bars carry an upper body fra iief18fwhich 1nay"be the casing of a clockwork mechanism generally indicated :The supporting "structure of the device also may include apair of lower links 20 having their upperends pivotally connected as at: 21 to the connector plates 7 and having their lower endsffplivetally connectedyas at' 22, to the feet *1, eac

2 respectively are parallelwith the assoelated upper leg sections 8 and have their lower ends; piyotally connected as a524, with the connector plates above the upper ends of the lower links 20. P 'Theliliks 23' are Iconconnected by retractile springs 27 with the body side 'bars 15/ The retractile springs '2'? tend to ma-intaimthe legs of *the device of the legs becauseof the weight of? the cross bar 14 and the parts of. the device which are carried or superimposed on the crossbar.

The actuating mechanism of the device may include the aforesaid clock work mechanism 19.andadriven shaft"28 which g g V of the links QObeing parallel at all times with the associated lowerleg section Apai'r of upper links "upright as shown in 'Figs fQ andS and 'prevent a'ecidentalbehtling of the legs at'the "joints, between theupper and lower sections 1O that is included in the clock work mechanism.

, pivotally supported at its lower end by a the ring 44 at the front of the body of the bearing 29 on the cross bar 14 intermediate the body side bars 15, the upper end portion of the shaft 28 being journaled in a suitable supporting member, as at 30, within the casing of the clock work mechanism so that the shaft 28 is mounted to turn about a vertical axis and so that a gear 31 on the extreme upper end portion of the shaft 28 will receive motion from a slowly turning gear 32 The shaft 28 may be termed a crank shaft since it includes a portion 33 which extends obliquely to the axis of rotation of the shaft 28. A yoke has a head or web portion and a pair of arms 35 and 36', respectively. which are vertically spaced and are pivot-ally supported on the inclined crank portion 33 of the shaft 28. A guide pin 37 is rigid-at its inner end with the middle portion of the yoke head or web and extends slid-ably through a vertical slot 38 in a vertical guide bar 39. The guide bar 39 may have vertically alined pivot elements 40 and 41, respectively, which are ourn'aled in rearwardly extending arms of brackets 42 and 43. The brackets 42 and 43 are carriedby the cross 7 bar 14 and the rear portion of the upper body frame or casing 18, respectively. The pin or rod 37 supports a ring or hoop 44 which may be ellipticalin configuration and which is located in encircling relation to the body side bars 15 and the guide rods 39, the rod 37 being rigidly secured at its outer end'to the inner face of thering 44 intermediate the length of the back portion of the ring 44 and so that'the major axis of the ring 44 extends transversely of thebody of the device. The ring 44 defines the waist portion of the doll and a skirt 45 may be suspended from the ring 44 as shown in I Fig. 1.

-The casing 18 of the clock work mechanism may have any suitable form-producing matter secured thereon as indicated at 46 to fill out the upper portion of the body of the device as required to closely resemble the body of a doll and such fillers matter may cary a head 47 and it is obvious that arms may also be provided on the upper portion of the body of the device if desired and secured thereto in any suitable manner, no arms beingshown in the drawings. A waist or upper body garment 48 may be used to cover the body of the device, such garment jbeing securedin any suitable known manner lit) to the bodyofthc device and attached at its lower end to the ring 44. I g

The rock shaft 12 carries a rocker arm 49 a which is inclined downwardly and forwardly from the rock shaftfwlmn the legs of the device are erect asshown in Figs. 2 and 3. A curved connecting rod 50 is pivotally connected at its lower end at 51 with the outer and of the rocker arm 49 and extends through "'54. Since the upper end of the connecting rod 50 is pivotally attached to the crank pin 52 it will be manifest that rotation of the gear 53 will cause reciprocation of the con-' ncct-ing rod '50 so that'the legs'of the device will bend at the joints betweeujthe upper and 7 lower sections thereof as the gear 53 rotates and a complete rotation of; the gear 53 will cause the device to lllOVelilOll'l an erect position to a squattingposition and then to again I return to the erect or upright position. From the foregolng descript on of the various parts of the device, the operation thereof may be readily understood. The ring 44 will lie in a plane that is inclined to the hotizontal when the axis of rotation of the shaft 28 is vertical as shown in the drawings and the ring supporting crank portion 33 of the shaft 28 is oblique to the verticalas shown. When the clock work mechanism is actuated, the shaft 28 will be turned fabout its axis ofrotation at a relatively slow speed and the ring 44 will be swung bodily in a circle about the axis of rotation of the shaft 28, being guided in its bodily movement about the axis of rotation of the shaft 28by the supporting pin or rod 37 and the guidebar 39. The guide bar 39' may bemounted to turn about the axial lines of the journal pin portions 40 and 41 thereof sufficiently to permit a smooth turningor swinging movement of the ring 44 about the axis of the shaft 28, as shown, or it is obvious that the" guide bar 39 may be made rigid with the bracket arms 42 and 43 and the guide slot 38 made sufiiciently wide to permit the sup.- porting pin 37 to swing laterally far enough to permit the required swinging movement. i

of the ring 44 about the axis of the shaft 28;

As the ring 44 swings bodily ina circle about the axis of rotation of the shaft 28 it also sways or oscillates vertically about an axis which will be shifted about theaxis of V rotation of the shaft 28 as the crank portion 33 of the shaft 28 swings about the axis of rotationof the shaft 28. At the sametime, the bodyportion of the device, including the ring 44, will be shiftedvertically by reason of the bending'of the legs; of the device at the joints between the upp'er andlower see tions of the legs. The driving connections" between the clock workmechani'sm and the connecting rod 50 for bending the legs of.

nuances a constantly varying/axisthat: isoblique a) the verticallmay be 'relatively arranged so that the ring 44 may be moved I any idesircd number of times, within limits, about the r axis of rotation of theshaft 28 duringeach complete cycle of bending movements'of the legs oft-he device. The effectiofthe'movements which have just beendescribed of the legs and the body )ortion of thedevice is to arise simulation y the device of all the movements of an actual hula dancer during the performance of the so-called hula dance in an extremely realistic manner, the body embodiments in forms other than that which "is lllustrated 1n the accompanying drawings and I therefore consider as my 'ownall such *nmdiiications and adaptations thereof as fairly fall withint-he scope the appended claims.

of rotation 'of the shaft, a guide member spaced from said shaft and extending parallel to the axis of rotation of said shaft, a

motion transmitting member pivotally connected with said obliquely extending member and engaged with said guide member, and a ring carried by said motion transmitting member, and providing means for supporting a skirt for the doll, the axis of said ring being parallel to the oblique member of said shaft, the structure so assembled being adaptedto impart a rhythmical motion to the device. V

2. In a device adapted to be inserted in the body of a doll, a rotatable shaft having a member extending obliquely to the axis of rotation of the shaft, a guide member spaced from said shaft and extending parallel to the axis of rotationof said shaft, a motion transmitting member pivotally connected with said obliquely extending memher and engaged with said guide member, a ring carried by said motion transmitting member and providing means for supporting a skirt for the doll, the axisv of said ring being parallel to the oblique member of said shaft, and means for supporting said shaft for rotation about a vertical axis, the struc-' ture so assembled being adapted to impart a rythmical motion to the device.

3. In a mechanical doll, a body frame structure a shaft supported by said body frame structure for rotation about an axis extending longitudinally of said body, said shaft having a portion extending obliquely to the axis of rotation of the shaft, a ring en- "circling said body frame i structure, ,Jmotion transmitting:means COIIIIGC-blllfl said ring =w1th sa1d'oblique portion of said sl1aift,,and

guide means co-operating with said'motion transmitting means to prevent said, ring from rotating about a given axis and to permitsaid ring to swing bodily about the axis of rotation of the shaft and to simultaneously osciliate in another direction.

l- "In a mechanical doll, a body frame structure a shaft supported by said body frame structure for rotation about an axis extending longitudinally of said body, said shaft having a portion extending obliquely to the axis of rotation of the shaft,a ring encircling said body frame structure, motion transmitting means connecting said ring with said oblique portion of said shaft, and guide means co-operatingwith said motion transmitting means to prevent "said ring from rotating-about a given axis and -to-permit said rlng to swingbodlly about the axis of rotatlon of the shaft and to snnult'aneously oscillate in another direction jointed legs supporting said body frame structure,

and a driving means having n'lotiontransmitting connections with said shaft and with said jointed legs,Jrcspectively, whereby saidshaft will be rotated at a slow speedand said legs will be simultaneouslybent attheir joints 'and strightened repeatedly.

5. In a mechanical doll, a body frame structure including a cross frame member atthe lower end of the body having depending hanger portions at its ends, a transverse rock shaft journaled in said hanger portions of said cross frame membelgfiexible legs comprising upper sections secured at their upper ends to the ends of said rock shaft, connecting plates pivotally connected with the lower ends of said upper leg sections, lower leg sections pivotally connected at their upper ends tosa id connecting plates underneath the lower ends of the upper leg sections, meshed gear members integral with the adjacent ends of corresponding upper and lower leg members, foot members pivotally connected with the lower ends of said lower leg members and attached to a fixed support, lower links parallel with the lower leg sections and connected ')ivot.ally with said connectingplates and said foot members, other links pivotally connected at their lower ends with said connecting plates and pivotally connected adjacent to the upper ends to the hanger portions of said cross frame member, the upper ends of said last mentioned links extending above said cross frame member, retractile springs connecting the extending upper end portions of said last named links with said body frame structure, a rocker arm carried by said rock shaft and inclined downwardly and forwardly when said legs are extended, a rotary member carried by said body frame, a crank pin on said rotary member and a connecting rod. for transmitting motion from said crank'pin to said rocker arm, as and for the purpos a pair of side bars carried by said cross frame member, and an upper frame carried by said side bars, a shaft rotatably supported at its ends on said lower cross frame member and said upper frame, respectively, said shafthaving a portion extending obliquely to its axis of rotation, a guide bar extending pa 'allel to said side bars at the rear of the body frame structure, said guide bar having a vertical slot, a rod pivotally connected with said oblique portion of said shaft and extending through the slot of said guide bar, a ring encircling said guide bar and said side bars and firmly secured to the outer end of said rod, and means carried by the upper frame member for turning said shaft.

. '7 In a mechanical doll, a body frame structure including a cross frame member, a pair of side bars carried by said cross frame member, and an upper frame carried bysaid side bars, a shaft rotatably supportd at its ends on said lower cross frame member and said upper frame, respectively, said shaft'having a portion extending obliquely to its axis of rotation, a guide bar extending parallel to said side. bars @ttllQ rear. of the body frame structure, said guide bar having a vertical slot, a rod pivotally connected with said oblique portion of said shaft and extending through the slot of said guide bar, a ring encircling said guide bar and said side bars and firmly secured to the outer substantially in a circle about the Vertical median line of the bodyand for simultaneous oscillation about, anotheraxis, means Within said body for moving said garment supporting ring about both axes, jointed legs-supporting said body, a 1311111811110V61 Within said body, and motion transn'iitting means connecting said prime mover with the ring moving means and with said jo nted legs, respectively, whereby said ring will be swung in a circle and simultaneously oscillated about another axis and said, legs will be alternately bent attheirjoints and extended concurrently with the actuation of said rin GEORGE, 1). ROGERS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2526886 *Apr 8, 1949Oct 24, 1950Macdonald William RCombination lamp pedestal and dancing doll
US2637936 *Mar 4, 1950May 12, 1953Mechanical Man IncAnimated figure
US2958144 *Dec 16, 1958Nov 1, 1960Demko Steve RHula hoop doll
US3744182 *Dec 8, 1969Jul 10, 1973Marvin Glass & AssociatesSelf-propelled toy
US5224896 *Jan 24, 1992Jul 6, 1993Breslow, Morrison, Terzian & Associates, Inc.Ambulatory doll
US5318471 *Dec 6, 1991Jun 7, 1994Glovier Lloyd HRobotic joint movement device
US6163992 *May 13, 1999Dec 26, 2000Blue Ridge Designs, Inc.Motion toy
US6200191Jan 21, 1999Mar 13, 2001Blue Ridge Designs, Inc.Structure of motion toy
US7338341 *Oct 29, 2004Mar 4, 2008Bang Zoom Design Ltd., LlcDancing toy
WO1993014846A1 *Sep 17, 1992Aug 5, 1993Breslow Morrison Terzian & AssAmbulatory doll
Classifications
U.S. Classification446/354
International ClassificationA63H13/00, A63H13/12
Cooperative ClassificationA63H13/12
European ClassificationA63H13/12