|Publication number||US1661510 A|
|Publication date||Mar 6, 1928|
|Filing date||Mar 27, 1926|
|Priority date||Mar 27, 1926|
|Publication number||US 1661510 A, US 1661510A, US-A-1661510, US1661510 A, US1661510A|
|Original Assignee||Sproston Edmund|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (16)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 6, 1928.
E. SPROSTON FLOOR TREATING MACHINE Filed March 27. 1926 s Sheets-Sheet Inventor B. fipmalor; p;
c co: 0 00 00000 00 0 oOaOO 00000 c06 0 90000 0000c 0000. can 0 000 o March 6, 1928.
E: SPROSTON 1, 10
FLOOR TREATING MACHINE Filed March 27. 1926 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 llyv'elyior E Sproshay ,5!
Patented Mar. 5, 1928.
UNITED STATES PATENT- OFFICE.
EDMUND BEBOSI'ON, OF WmNIZPEG, MANITOBA,
Application filed larch 27,1928. Serial In. 9853-18.
The invention eletes.to-improvements in floor treating machines and an object of the invention is to provide an electrically driven machine by the use of which one can do the various types of work required on a floor such as sand papering, brush1ng, washing waxing; oiling and so forth.
A further object of the invention 13 to construct a machine having reciprocating 19 carriages to which the various appliances used on the floor can be easily and quickly attached and which are arran ed such that oil or wax or other liquid can e readily fed thereto during their reciprocation.
A further object -'s to construct chine so thatthe flow of the oil, wax or such 1 liquid can be readily controlled and such that the liquid can be constantly stirred to keep it in n free running condition. a L
A further object of the Invention s to construct the machine so that all the interior working parts con be readily inspected or removed as occasion demands. Y
I A further object is to construct themd' chine so that it can be readily adgusteclm respect to the floor on which it is 0 rating.
Fig. 2 1s areal! view thereof. it
I .Fig. 3 isfan enlarged detailed vertical sectional view at 3-3"Figure -2,' the motor and certain other interior pertsheing shown inside elevation, I
'40 1 Fig: 4 lsc-ivertlc zil sectional "view at iv-4 Figure 3. v Y 7 r Fig. 5 issnlenlcrged detailed vertical sectional view at 5-35" Figure Fig. 6 is an enlar ed detailed vertical time] view at 6-43 Fignre-BL n I "Fi 7; isna ,horizontal zsectional TIBWIM? 7 Figure 5.
of one of the carriages."
: Fig. 9 is a 'perspec tive- 'ew oil the dethem-a-' ward cily wax or other liquid containin chamber 16,;the entrance to which is-ha. j o c throw h the filling opening 2. v A bearing Fig. 8 is a persgective VIOWYOf a. portion wax to the floor cloth.
Fig. 10 is a perspective, view of one of the sprin clips utilized to hold the head to the carriage. v
Fig. 11 isle; perspective view of aportion of the brush utilized.
mountable heads utilized. for feeding oil r Fig. 1251s a perspective view of the type of spring clip utilized to attach the brush to the carriage. on
Fig, I' 13 is a vertical sectional view through the end o'f'the brush and carriege and-show- 7 ing how the spring clipzattaches the brush tothe carriage; i v. I
Fig. 14 is an'enlerged detailed vertical sectional view at 14-+14' Fi re 1.
Fig. 15 'is a horizonta sectional view at 15 -15 Figure 14. I o
In the drawings like characters of refcreme indicate corresponding parts in the several figuresf The "various working parts of the me- I chine otherthan" the motor and the carirage wheels are housed within a casing 1 of a suit- 'ablh design, the casingoeing provided,"01"-d wardly within" filling opening 2 cLndreafi wardly of the filling opening withnn inclinedbearingiace 3 to which anelectric motor 410i anynp'proved design is fastened hy bolts 5.. A filling ca dcovers the open- 0 mg 2 and the back end 0 the casing is closed by aremovable back 7. fastenedhy removable screws 8 to the casing sides. r
Rearwardly the-casing is ed nstebIy supported 'by *gcen trellv located caster-wheel 9 35 and forwardly it is adjustably supportedby similar carriage wheels 10 and 11, the
structural details of "which are hereinafter 1 described. A forked arm 12'is attached to the sides of the casing and is rovided "with go suitable handle 13. jward part ofthe casing is provided with :transverselyextending, horizontal and verti "Intemorly the forcol partitions-'14 and 15 which confine enforend ofthc motor shaft 18- i s i On the lower end of the motor shaft I mount a bevel pinion 19 fastened thereto by a jam screw 20 and above the pinion the motor shaft presents a spiral thread or worm 21. The partition 15 is provided with a bearing 22 which rotatably supports a short shaft 23 having one end provided with a gear wheel 24 meshing with the bevel pinion 19 and the other end fitted with a paddle 25 operating in the rear part of the compartment 16. The gear wheel and paddle are fastened to the shaft 23 by jam screws26 and 27.
It will be observed that when the bevel pinion 19 is meshing with the gear 24, there is a clearance space underneath it. This is provided so that if I do not desire to operate the paddle I can release the screw 20 and thereby permit the bevel pinion to slip down into a position resting on the bearing lug where the said pinion will be out of mesh with the gear wheel.
The removable back 7 carries a pair of similar spaced bearing brackets 28 and 29 which extend inwardly of the casing and carry similar aligned bearings 30, the bearings supporting rotatably a counter shaft 31, the ends of which are provided outside the bearings with cranks 32 and 33 disposed 180 degrees apart. Between the bearings and on the shaft, I mount a worm wheel 34 which is fastened to the shaft and which is driven by the worm 21.
For-wardly the casing is provided with four horizontally disposed suitably spaced sockets 35 and the removable back 7 is also provided with four suitably spaced horizontally disposed sockets 36 and these front and rear sockets are utilized to support four tubes or ipes 37, 38, 39 and 40 arranged in pairs. am screws 41 are provided to fasten the ends of the pipes in the rear sockets. According to this arrangement, when the back 7 is removed, the pipes pull out of the front sockets and accordingly withdraw from the casin with the back.
The inner tubes or ipes are provided centrally of their lengti and on their under sides each with a feed opening 42 and the forward end of each casing is provided with interior branching ducts 43 and 44 which communicate through the front bosses with the interior of the latter pipes or tubes. The meeting ends of the ducts open through the bottom of the partition 14 to the compartment 16 and an adjustable valve 45 is supplied for controlling the flow from the compartment throughthe ducts, the stem of the valve being screw threaded and mounted in the casing and the upper end thereof being supplied with a finger piece 46 for adjustment purposes.
The pairs of tubes carry carriages 47 and 48 and as the carriages are both of similar construction the description of one will suffice. Centrally on the upper side the car riage presents spaced upstanding lugs 49 and 50 and it is provided also with lengthwise extending parallel holes 51 and 52 adapted to slidably receive a pair of the rods or pipes. In this way each carriage is slidably mounted for endwise reciprocation on the rods and the carriages are reciprocated by links 53 and 54 attached to the cranks at one end and having the other ends fastened to the lugs 49 and 50 by pivot pins 55. The under sides of the carriages are hollow or open and they present substantiall rectangular frames which receive block like holders later described. The amount of reciprocation given the carriages by the cranks is such that the feed openings 42 never pass outside of the carriage walls or frames.
The carriages are utilized to carry the various floor working attachments which will obviously require to be changed depending on the nature of the work to be done on the floor. When it is desired to apply a liquid such as oil or wax on the floor. I utilize a substantiallyrectangular block-like holder 56 for each carriage, each holder being provided on the top face with a rectangular rim 57 adapted to pass into the carriage frame and being provided at the ends with transverse end slots 58 and 59 and having the interior thereof providing a liquid distributing compartment 60 presenting a perforated bottom as indicated at 61. I
might here point out that the ends of the carriages and the ends of the holders above the slots, both converging upwardly, such construction being best shown in Figure 3.
The holders are detaehably fastened to the carriages by similar pairs of end clips 62, these clips each being provided with side arms 63 and 64 fastened to the sides of the blocks by similar screws 65. Each clip also is provided with an-inwardly extending and downwardly inclining jaw 66 which has the lower edge thereof provided with a row of teeth 67. The jaws are adapted to enter the slots 58 and 59.
When a floor cloth 68 is to be attached to the holder, it is spread over the bottom face of the holder and the ends of the cloth are entered in the slots, it being understood that at this time the holder is free of the carriage and accordingly the upper ends of the spring clips can be swung inwardly over the holder to clear the jaws from the slots. The ends of the cloth having been placed within the slots, the upper ends of the clips' are then ulled outwardly and such action causes the aws to move in and grip the ends of the cloth and hold it in place as best shown in Figure 5. The holder with the cloth so attached is then laced on the carriage, the upwardly extending and inwardly converging ends of the clips at this time being slipped up the ends of the carriage. The
floor cloth resiliently resists the outspreading of the upper ends of the clips so that when the holder is finally in place, there is enough pressure exerted by the floor cloth on the clips to hold the holder in place on the carriage. This arrangement of clips provides a very convenient fastening not only for the floor cloth but also a very simple method of demountably attaching the holder to the carriage. Whilst I have mentioned a floor cloth, it will be readily understood that sand paper or other strips of material which might be required for working on a floor, could be attached to the holder in the same manner as the floor cloth described.
When the several floor cloths have all been attached to the holders and the holders placed on the carriages, it will be apparent that the floor cloths will be reciprocated by the running motor and that the liquid from the compartment 16 can flow to the floor cloth, the amount used depending on the setting of the valve 45. Here it is explained that the liquid flows down the ducts and into the innermost tubes and from the tubes through the holes 42 into the distributing compartment 60 and through the perforations 61 to the floor cloths. The rapid reciprocation of the carriages will cause the liquid admitted to the compartments 60 to be distributed well over the perforated bottoms of the compartments so that there will be an even distribution on the floor cloths.
If sand paper or other strips are to be used which require no liquid, one will naturally close the valve to prevent the feed of the liquid from the compartment 16. When it is desired to polish say a Waxed floor, I provide similar brushes 69 which can be used instead of the holders 56. brushes have the backs thereof constructed to seat in the carriage frames in the same manner as the holders and they are provided at the ends with similar spring clips 70 fastened by screws 71 to the ends of the brush and adapted to clip on the inclined ends of the carriage.
The caster wheel 9 is provided with a shank 7 2 which isrotatably mounted within a sleeve-like bearin 73 secured to the back 7 of the casing and t e shank is also'mounted so that it will slide endwise within the sleeve. An adjusting screw 74 is carried by the sleeve and engages the upper end of the shank and a jam screw 75 is provided for locking the adjusting screw in any set position. Obviously upon the adjusting screw being screwed down, the shank will be shifted downwardly and such will cause the raising of the rear end of the casing from the floor.
The carriage wheels 10 and IL are mounted in the following manner. Each side of the casing is provided with vertical guides 76 and 77 which receive slidably These therebetween a block 78. The block carries a horizontally disposed spindle 79 which extends outwardly between the guides and on the spindle I locate a sleeve 80 on which the carriage wheel is rotatably mounted. The free end of the spindle is screw threaded and carries a jam 'nut 81 which engages the outer end of the sleeve. Accordin to this arrangement I can adjust the spindle in each instance byundoing the nut, then sliding the block between the guides u or down as required and then tighten up the nut to cause the sleeve to jam against the faces of the guides and in so doing frictionally hold the block in its adjusted position. Whilst I have described in detail the manner in which the carriage wheels and castor wheel can be adjusted, it will be readily understood that I do not desire to be limited to such particular construction as anyocon venient adjustable arrangement of these wheels will suit my purpose.
I wish here to point out that all the working parts of this machine can be readily inspected or removed when desired and in this connection, it will be apparent that if the screws 8 be removed, the back of the casing will pull out and will carry with it the brackets, the crank shafts and parts associntcd therewith, the tubes and the carriages. This being done, one can readily inspect the lower end of the motor shaft; and the bevel gear and pinion.
lVhat I claim as my invention is z- 1. A floor treating machine comprising a casing, wheels adjustably supporting the casing, a driving'motor mounted. on the easing, a plurality of paralleltubular guides carried by and within the casing and extending from the front to the rear thereof, similar carriages slidably mounted on the guides, a liquid containin compartment associated with the casing, driving connections between the motor and the carriages causing the reciprocation of the carriages, floor treating members detachably secured to the carriages and presenting liquid distributin chambers and means for feeding the liqui in regulated quantities from the former compartment to the latter compartments and through the tubular guide members.
2. A floor treating machine comprising a casing, wheels adjustably supporting the casin a driving motor mounted on the casing, a liquid receiving compartment contained within the casing, parallel guide tubes passing lengthwise within and carried by the cusing, said guide tubes having each an outlet opening in the under side thereof, similar carriages slidably mounted on the guide tubes driving connections between the motor and the carriages causing the reciprocation of the carriages in the operation ofthe motor, holders detachably secured to the carriages, said holders providing interior liquid receiving compartments having perforated bottoms, means for feeding the iquid in regulated quantities from the former compartment to the latter compartments and through the tubes and floor working members carried by the holders and underlying the same.
3. A floor treating machine comprising a casing, wheels adjustably supporting the casing, a driving motor mounted on the easing and presenting a motor shaft extending downwardly into the casing, a rotatably mounted counter shaft within the casing, cranks carried by the shaft, parallel guides carried by and extending from the front to the rear of the casing, similar carriages slidably mounted on the guides, links pivotally connecting the cranks with the carriages and floor working members demountably attached to the carriages.
4. A floor treating machine comprising a casing, adjustable wheels supporting the same, a driving motor mounted on the casing and presenting a driving shaft extendim downwardly into the casing, a counter shaf t rotatably mounted within the casing, cranks secured thereto, a worm on the motor shaft, 21. ear wheel secured to the counter shaft an meshing with the worm, a plurality of similar parallel guide members contained within and passing from the front to the back of the casing, similar carriages slidably mounted on the guide members, a link pivotally connectin each carriage with a crank on the crank s aft and floor working members detachably secured to the carriages.
5. A floor treating machine comprisin a casing, said casing being provided with a emountable back, wheels adjustahly supporting the casing, a driving motor mounted on the upper part of the casin and having the driving shaft thereof exten ing downwardly therewithinand presenting aworm,brackets contained within the casing and secured tothe removable back thereof, a counter shaft rotatably carried by the brackets, cranks secured to the counter shaft, a worm wheel secured to the counter shaft and en aging with the worm, a plurality of paralle iide members extending from the front to t e back of the casing and having their rear ends secured to the casing back and their forward ends withdrawably supported in the forward end of the casing, carriages slidably mounted on the guide members, links pivotally connected to the cranks and to the carriages and floor working members detachably secured to the carriages.
6. A floor treating machine comprising a casing, wheels adjustably supportin the easing, a driving motor on the to o the easing and having the driving sha t thereof extending downwardly into the casing and presenting a worm, a liquid receiving compartment contained within the casing, a shaft rotatably mounted in the wall of the compartment, a paddle wheel secured to the latter shaft and within the compartment, a bevel gear secured to the latter shaft, a bevel pinion secured to the motor shaft and meshing with the bevel gear, a counter shaft rotatably mounted within the casing, cranks secured to the counter shaft, a worm wheel secured to the counter shaft and meshing with the worm, parallel horizontal tubular guides carried by and extendin from the front to the rear of the casin said guides being provided on the under sides with feed openings carriages slidabl mounted on the uides and having their un er sides open, lin s ivotally connected to the cranks and to' tie carriages, holders detachably secured to the under sides of the carriages and providin interior liquid receiving compartments aving perforated bottoms, means for feeding the liquid from the former compartment in regulated quantities into the forward ends of the guides and floor working members detachably secured to the holders and underlying the same.
7. In a floor treating machine, in combination, tubular guides having feed openings in the under sides thereof, carriages slidab y mounted on the guides and having their under sides open, holders detachably secured to the carriages and presenting interior liquid receiving compartments havin openings in the bottoms thereof and means or attaching floor treating members to the holders, the said members underlying the holders.
8. In a floor treating machine, in combination, a reciprocating carriage, a holder underlying the carriage and having the ends thereof presenting horizontally disposed end notches, similar spring clips having their ends pivotally attached to the ends of the holder and detachably fastening the holder to the carriage, said oh s bein provided with downwardly. extending an lnwardly inclining jaws entering the end notches and a floor cloth underlying the holder and having the ends thereof entering the end notches and held therein between the jaws and the bottoms of the notches in the attached position of the holder to the carriage.
9. In a floor treating machine the combination of a liquid reservoir, a fountain reciprocating tool movable relative to said reservoir and equipped with a li uid receiving chamber and a hollow tu e passing through said tool and supporting the same for reciprocating movement, said tube having a liquid inlet communicating with the reservoir and a liquid outlet communicating with the liquid receiving chamber of the tool.
10. In a floor treating machine the combination of a casing having a liquid reservoir formed therein, a air of arallel hollow guide tubes mount in sai casing, a passage formed in the easing and establishing mounted on said tubes and including a liquid communication between the liquid reservoir receiving chamber arranged to receive the and the end of one of said tubes, there being liquid discharged through said opening. 10 an opening formed in the lower portion of Signed at Winnipeg this 6th day of Januthe said tube intermediate the length thereof ary, 1926.
for the diseharge of liquid received through said passage and a fountain tool slidably EDMUND SPROSTON.
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|US2447172 *||Dec 30, 1944||Aug 17, 1948||Gordon James||Floor waxing and polishing means|
|US2577294 *||Dec 16, 1944||Dec 4, 1951||Aben Clarence R||Reciprocating brush device for cleaning soles of shoes|
|US2671914 *||Sep 19, 1952||Mar 16, 1954||Rucker Ralph V||Power-driven fountain brush|
|US2676347 *||Mar 2, 1949||Apr 27, 1954||Hershey Mfg Co||Power-operated scalp brush|
|US5327609 *||Jan 24, 1991||Jul 12, 1994||Reinhoud B.V.||Mopsweeping apparatus with continuous action|
|US5381578 *||Dec 9, 1992||Jan 17, 1995||Armbruster; Joseph M.||Polisher with rectangular pad and handle assembly|
|US5548860 *||May 31, 1994||Aug 27, 1996||Dakota Way||Ultra-speed conversion means for floor treating machines|
|U.S. Classification||15/50.2, 15/22.2, 15/98|
|Cooperative Classification||A47L11/4058, A47L11/4072, A47L11/12, A47L11/4069, A47L11/408, A47L11/4036|
|European Classification||A47L11/40N, A47L11/40J4, A47L11/40K, A47L11/40F, A47L11/40G4, A47L11/12|