US 1663083 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
O. C. KAVLE,
SPRING REEL `FOR CQNDUCTORS /XINVE/vro/e /M Filed D60. 8, 1925 17 TT RNE-Ys Patented llilar. 20, 1928 i- UNITED" SfTATE OSCAR C. KAVLE,
NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK.A e
SPRING REEL ron Vconnections. I
Application led December This invention relates to a portable hair waving machine and refers more particularly to the. means .for receiving and supporting one or more flexible cables carrying certain implements used in the permanent wavingand other'treatment of the hair.
These cables usually consist of electric conductors having one end connected to a suitable plug adaptedto be inserted'in a ,lamp orwall socket for electricconnection with the. source of supplywhile the other ends are connected to .electric heaters or equivalent devices used in the process of waving or curling hair and inasmuch as the lamp or wall sockets to which they arcattached are necessarily placed in fixed loca tions in order that the patrons in different portions of the parlors may be conveniently served.
The main object of the present invention is to provide simple and efficient means for storing thelarger` portion ofthe cable between the plug or heaters in relatively small compact space out of the way of travel and at the same time to allow any one of the cables with the waving tool or other implement thereon to be easily and quickly drawn out from its storage receptacle to any extent within its length and as easily -replaced without liability to excessive wear, knottin-g or kinking.
In other words7 I .have sought to provide an automatic device for taking up the slack of the larger portion ofthe cable or cables between the plug and operating tool or'tools and at the same time to allow the cable to be drawn out by hand to any desired degree within its length.
Other objects and uses relating to specific parts ofthe device will be broughtl out in the following descriptione ln the drawings:v Y
Figure 1 is a face view of a portable hair ,waving device vembodying the various features of my invention.
; Figure 2 is an enlarged transverse vertical sectional view taken on line 2- -2, Figure l. Figure' is an enlarged .face view, partly broken away, and partly in section of the same device. j,
AAs illustrated this device comprises a hOllow .case yor. housing -el-f adapted to be secured by any suitable fastening means to a stationary or portable frame not shown,
8, 1925 SeralN'o. 74,110. k-
and is'preferably divided midway between its 4front and rear-sides to form oppositev similar sections i2- -k and `-2- having their meeting faces clamped together vby bolts 3* or equivalent fastening means OIE' SYRACSE, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO E. FREDERICS, INCL, OF i revoluble about theaxes o f the studs independently of each other. Suitable spacing members -7- and -7- surround their respective studs --5-' and -5- betweenthe outer walls of the sections -2- and -2"- and adjacent ends of the hubs of the drums for holding the latter in spaced relation to the adjacent walls ofy the case for receiving portions of the electric conducting cables in a manner presentlyA described. t
An additional spacing member -8 surrounds the adjacent inner'ends of the studs 5- and -5- between the adjacent ends of the hubs of the drums (3- and -6- "for'holding them in spaced relation to each other and permittingv their independent rev'- oluble movement.. f
Each of the drums --.6- and -6- is preferablycomposed of'opposite similar circular sheet metaldiscssecured together face to face by bolts' -9- which are preferably arranged in uniformly spaced relation circumferentially at points between and some distance from theperiphery and axis ofthe 100 drums. v Y
The circumferential edges of the Ofpposite section-s of each Adrum are spread apart to forman annular groove -1iO-V while the intermediate portions between the bolts 106 #Q -and studs are also spread apart to form an interveningv annular chamber v-11-. v
' The lower reduced portions of the case sections -2 and -2"- are providedy with 110 `within the planes of rotation offtheir corresponding provided with peripheral grooves -l/1- for receiving the cables in a manner presently described.
- Separate coiled springs -15- are arranged within they chambers -11- of the Vdrums -6- and -6- for automatically rotating said drums in reverse directions and for this purpose the inner ends of, the springs are fastened at 1G- to their corresponding studs -5- and -5- while their outer ends are fastened to suitable lugs -17- projecting laterally into said chainbers from the inner walls thereof as shown in Figure 2.
These springs are preferably wound in reverse directions around their respective studs -5- and -5- `for retracting the drums rotarily in reverse directions after the latter have been rotated by `their respective cables in a manner presently described.
A pair of separateelectric conducting ,cables-iS- are'attached at onefe'nd to a plug -19- which in turn may be attached toa lamp socket, wall socket, or other terminal connections of a source of electric supply, said cables being passed through insulating bushings -20- in opposite sides of the case -lnear and preferably ust below the studs -5- so as to extend from the outside to the inside of the case where they are first wound in reverse directions.
one or more turns around the spacing sleeves -7- and -7- and within the spaces between the outer walls of the case and adjacent end faces of the drums -6-, -6-.
These cables are then extended through suitableropenings -21- in the bottoms of the respective4 grooves -10- of their respective drums -6- and --6- and are wound in reverse directions one or more turns around the peripheries of said drums grooves and then extended around opposite faces of the corresponding sheaves -l3- and thence Voutwardly through openings -22A in opposite sides of the lower reduced portion ofthe case, the corresponding vends of the cables being secured to separate electric heaters -23- or other electric implements adapted to be used in the process of waving or curling hair.
The coiled spring -l5- of each drumv is wound around the stud or shaft 5 of each drum in a direction opposite the winding of the cable around the drum for increasing the tension of the spring as the cable is unwound by hand thereby causing the spring to automatically rewind the cable on cable is released.
vThe cable of -each drum is also Wound around the corresponding stud in a direc-v which the cable extends so as to frictionally lock the sheave against rotation without engaging the cable when the cable is drawn outwardly through the opening Q2- with a sliding motion against thel periphery of the sheave and permit the rotation of said sheave when the cable is being rewound upon Vthe pulley when the outward pull upon the The stop -25- is located slightly above the normal ylocking position of the ballfto prevent displacement of the ball from the peripheral groove in the smaller sheave, particularly during the rewinding ofthe cable on the larger drum.
The object in using two or more cables on vthe same deviceis to permit simultaneous service to acorresponding number .of patrons but it is evident'that these devices may be multiplied indefinitely or reduced toa single cable andv its associated drum land sheave, if desired, without departing from the spirit Vof this invention.
is drawn. outwardly 'through the opening '-22- thereby unwinding it from one side of the larger drum and causing it'to slide around the opposite side of the smaller drum during `which operation the springy -lwill maintain a continuous retractmgmluence upon the drum and cable for taking up rthel slack of such cable and as soon as the operator has finished the necessary work by the use of the implement -23- the pull upon the cable may be released thus permitting it to be rewound upon the larger dium with greater freedom than the withdrawing operation by reason of the' free rotation of the smaller drum.
By this arrangement the cable is always kept free from the floor and at the saine tiine is always ready for use while the friction between each cable and its sheave serves to prevent unwinding of the cable fioiii its druin by the weight of the implement attached to said cable.
Vhat I claim is:
l. In a device of the character described, a case, a drum and a sheave both rotatably mounted within the case to rotate about parallel axes and in substantially the saine plane, a cable wound around the drum and extending from one side thereof around the opposite side of the sheave and outwardly through an opening in the case and provided with an electric implement, the other end of the cable being extended through a separate opening inthe case to the exterior thereof and provided with means for attachment to a source ofelectric energy, and a spring for rotating the drum in a direction to rewind the cable thereon.
2. In a device of the character described,
a case, a drum and a. slieave `both rotatablyl mounted within the case to rotate about parallel axes and in substantially the same plane, a cable wound around the drinn and extending from one side thereof around the opposite side of the sheave and outwardly through an opening in the case and provided with an electric implement, the other end of the cable being extended through a separate opening in the case to the exterior thereof and provided with means for attachment to a source of electric energy, a spring yfor rotating the drum in a direction to rewind the cable thereon, and meaiis'cooperating with one of the drums for frictionally retarding its movement in one direction and permitting its free movement in the reverse direction. t
3. In a device of the character described, a case, a plurality of drums rotatably iiioiintedco-axially within the case for in` ingadapted to be drawn outwardly for rotating their corresponding drums against the action of their respective springs.
4. In a device of the character described, a case, a plurality of drums rotatably mounted co-axially within the case for independent rotary increment, separate springs one for each drum and each rotating its drum the reverse of the other, separate cables` wound in reverse directions upon their respective drums and having their opposite ends extending through openings in thev ease to the exterior thereof for connection respectively with a source of electric energy and with'electric implements, theends carrying the implements being adapted to bev drawn outwardly for rotating their corresponding drums against the action of their respective springs, and devices for retarding the uiiwinding ofthe cables from their respective drumsfand for permitting free rewinding of said cables on their drums.
In witness whereof I have hereunto setr my hand this 5th day of February,'l925.
OSCAR C. KAVLE.