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Publication numberUS1664899 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 3, 1928
Filing dateJan 17, 1927
Publication numberUS 1664899 A, US 1664899A, US-A-1664899, US1664899 A, US1664899A
InventorsFrederick Ries
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Explosive package and carrier
US 1664899 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 3, 1928.

F. RIES EXPLOVSIVE PACKAGE AND CARRIER Filed Jan. 17. 192'? Patented Apr. 3, 1928.

UNrrsD STATES FREDERICK a-IEs, 0E common, cALiEoaNIA.

ExrLosrvE PACKAGE AND GARRIER.l l

'Application led January 17,' 1927. kSerial No. 161,547.

points of use with a maximum degree ofV safety and the packages of explosivesv being adapted to be positioned in protective carriers that are arranged on air craft and particularly air craft that isutilized in war. l

Further objects of my invention are to provide an explosive package and carrler that offers a maximum degree of safety toV the explosive container against gun-lire, shocks and vibration and fire.

With the foregoing and other objects 1n view, my invention consists in certain features of novelty and arrangement of parts that will hereinafter be more fully described and claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which- Fig. 1 is a top plan view of an aeroplane that is equipped for handling my improved explosive packages.

Fig. 2 is an enlarged cross section.taken approximately on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.

y Fig. 3 is an enlarged vertical section taken approximately on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is a detail section showing the bayonet joint connection between the explosive package and the carrier therefor.

Referring by numerals to the accompany-` ing drawing, 10 designates the fuselage of an aeroplane and formed in the sides thereof, preferably toward the rear, are pockets or chambers 11 that receive the housings or carriers for the explosive packages. Each housing consists of an outer shell 12 of suitable sheet metal, the top or upper end 13 of which is rounded and the lower end of this housing is closed by a hinged plate or door 14. The inner edge of this plate or door is connected by a hinge 15 to the lower end of the inner wall of the housing 12 and the outer ed e of said door 'is secured by a. suitable latc 16 to the lower edge of the outer wall of the housing. Suitable means may be provided to release the latch 16 and, when released, the door 14 will, by gravity, swing downward into a vertical plane as illustrated by dotted lines in Fig. 3.

Housing 12 is positioned in the chamber of with` ,small air chambers.

Asaw-dust and immediately A the pocket 11 and is supported therein by means of suitable shockv absorbers 17 which may be of any desired form, either neumatic, hydraulic, or of the type including rubber or springs. y

-Arranged on the inner surface of the wall 12 of the'housing, is a layer 18 of .asbestos or analogous lire-proof material and arranged against this layer of asbestos, is a wall 19 of sponge rubber,i. e. rubber that is filled Arranged against this-wall of sponge rubber, is a .layer 20 of against said layer ofl saw-dust, is a layer 21 of cotton. Posi- .tioned against-this layer of cotton, is a layer 22 o f wool with which is incorporated pulverized cork or comminuted sponge. The layers of wool, cotton and saw-dust are separated and held in place by any suitable soft fabric such as cheese-cloth or silk gauze.

Arranged against the inner face of the layer 22 of wool, is a thin wall 23 of aluminum and the lower ends of the sides of this aluminum wall terminate a short distance above the plane occupied bythe lower ends of the side walls of the outer housing 12.

Arranged between the lower portions of the side walls of housing 12 and the inner member 23, are plates 24 upon which the lower ends of the layers of materialdS to 22 inclusive rest. Arranged on the under surface of l the rounded upper portion of inner wall 23, is

a cushioning member 25 of soft elastic material such as sponge rubber and which serves as a seat or bearing for the rounded upper ends of the explosive containing packages.

It will be understood that the housing for explosive packages is of suliicient length to accommodate'a number of the packages and each of the latter includes an outer shell 26 of suitable sheet metal, `which shell is substantially cylindrical in form and provided with a rounded upper end 27 that is adapted to lit snugly against the cushioning member 25 within the housing.

Projecting outwardly from the lower portion of each cylindrical housing 26 and on opposite sides thereof, are pins 28 that are adapted to enter bayonet slots 29, the latterbeing formed in the lower portions of the inner walls`23 of the housing and by such arrangement, the packages for the containers of' the explosive may be removably secured within the housing of the carrier.

Arranged against the inner falce of the wall 26 ofthe package, is a layer. 30 of asbestos and arranged directly on this layer of asbestos, is a layer 31 of sponge rubber'. Arranged against said layer of sponge rubber, is a layer 32 of saw-dust and upon the latter is arranged a layer 33 of cotton. Arranged against said layer of cotton, is an inner layer 34 of wool having incorporated therewith pulverized cork or comminuted sponge. The layers of material 31 to 34 inclusive are separated by suitable soft fabric such as cheese-cloth or silk gauze.

Connected by a hinge 35 to the lower edge of the metal shell 26 of the package, is a plate 36 that functions as a closure for the lower end of said package and said door is adapted to be retained in closed position by means of a suitable latch 37. Arranged on the inner face of the door 36 is a layer 37 l of asbestos and arranged on the latter, are cushioning layers of sponge rubber, sawdust, cotton and wool, the arrangement being the same as on the inner surface of the shell 26.

The chamber 38 within the package just described is adapted to be occupied by the bottle 39 that contains the explosive such as nitro-glycerine and it is the intention that the explosive containers be placed in the packages at the point where said containers are filled and thus the containers in the cushioned packages may be safely transported to the aeroplane where they are installed in the cushioned housings and secured therein by the engagement of the pins 28 in the bayonet slots 29.

After the packages have been placed in the cushioned housings, the doors 14 of said housings are closed and latched and thus the containers of the high explosive are carried in cushioned packages, which in turn are positioned in the cushioned housings, thus minimizing the danger of explosion due to vibration or percussive blows.

The outer shell 12 of the housing provides an effective armor against projectiles and in the event that the housing receives externally delivered blows, the force of the latterwill be absorbed by the cushioning elements that line the housing and the packages.

When the containers of explosive are earried by an aeroplane engaged in warfare and it is desired to drop the containers from 'the plane while the same is in flight, the latch 16 that normally holds door 14 in closed position is released and said door will swing downward into a vertical plane by gravity and the latch 37 that holds the door of the package in closed position is then released and said door will likewise swing downward into a vertical position, thus permitting the container 39 to drop and explode when it strikes the ground, a building or a shi While I have shown my improve exploslve package and carrier as being applied to an aeroplane, it will be understood that the'same construction may be utilized on all forms of air craft and, where the explosive containing packages are tobe transported for a considerable distance, the housings may be applied to railway cars, boats, motor trucks, or lthe like, thus enabling the explosive containers to be conveyed for considerable distances with minimum danger oi explosion from shocks or vibration.

It will be understood that minor changes in the size, form and construction of the various parts of my improved explosive package and carrier may be made and substituted for those herein shown and described witho'ut departing from the spirit of vmy invention, the scope of which is set forth in the appended claims.

I claim as my invention:

1. In an explosive package and carrier, the combination with a housing comprising inner and outer walls of metal, a plurality of layers of cushioning material arranged between said walls and a door for normally closing the bottom of said housing, of an explosive container package removably positioned within said housing and comprising an outer wall of metal, a plurality of layers of cushioning material arranged within said wall, a metal door normally closing the lower end ot the explosive container package, and a plurality of layers of cushioning material arranged upon the inner surface of said door.

2. 1n an explosive package carrier, a housing of sheet metal open at its lowerend, a gravity door hinged to the lower portion of said housing and adapted to normally close the opening at said lower end, a layer of tireroof material on the inner surface of the wa l of said housing, a plurality of superimposed layers of cushioning material arranged 'within said housing with the outer layer in contactwith said layer of fire-proof material, a metal wall disposed against the inner layer of cushioning material,l a layer of cushioning material arranged on the surface of said metal wall at the upper end thereof, a cushioned explosive container package removably positioned within said housing with its upper end normally bearing against the cushioning material at the upper end of the inner metal wall thereof, a door normally closing the lower end of said explosive container package, and a plurality of layers of cushioning material arranged on the inner face of said door 3. In an explosive package and carrier, the combination with an internally cushioned housing, of an explosive containing package removably positioned withinl said housing and comprising a metal shell, a lining of fire-proof material for said shell, a plurality of superimposed layers of cushioning material arranged within said shell with the outer layer disposed adjacent to thelayer of fireproof material and a cushioned door nor- Awithin said mally closing the lower end of'said cushioned shell which door com rises an outer plate of metal, and a plura 'ty of superimposed layers of cushioning material arranged upon the inner face of said metal plate.

4. The combination with a carrier, of a sheet metal housing, shock absorbers mounted on the carrier and supporting said sheet metal housing, a gravity door normally closing the lower end of said housing, a plurality of super-imposed layers of cushioning material arranged within said housing against the wall thereof and a cushioned explosive containin package removably positioned cushioned housing.

5. The combination with a carrier, of a sheet metal housing, shock absorbers mounted on the carrier and supporting said sheet metal housing, a gravity door normally closing the lower end of said housing, a plurality of super-imposed layers of cushloning material arranged withln said housing against the wall thereof, a cushioned explosive containing package removably positioned within said cushioned housing and a cushioned gravity door normally closing. said cushioned package.

In testimony whereof I aiiix my signature.

FREDERICK Rius.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4877136 *Apr 18, 1988Oct 31, 1989Bridgestone CorporationVibration free container for transportation
US5522566 *Aug 10, 1994Jun 4, 1996The Boeing CompanyFighter aircraft having low aerodynamic drag and low radar signature configuration
US5636813 *Jun 5, 1995Jun 10, 1997The Boeing CompanyFighter aircraft
US5683061 *Jun 3, 1996Nov 4, 1997Hardy; RichardFighter aircraft
US9234732 *Jan 31, 2014Jan 12, 2016The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The NavyExplosives storage system
Classifications
U.S. Classification206/521, 220/560.1, 89/1.51, 220/900, 109/84, 206/819, 244/121, 89/1.54
International ClassificationB64D1/04, F42B39/14
Cooperative ClassificationY10S206/819, Y10S220/90, B64D1/04, F42B39/14
European ClassificationB64D1/04, F42B39/14