US 1665624 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 16.1928. 1,665,624
A W. L. CONRAD PRCQESSING APPARATUS Filed April 5, 926 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR ATTORN S April 10, 1928.
1,665,624 W. L. CONRAD PROCESSING APPARATUS Filed April 5. 1926 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 BY WM #my Patented Apr. 10, 1928.
UMTS-D ASieTES 1,665,624, .PATENT ori-"ics,
WILLIAML. CONRAD, 'or Posron, iviiissacnusn'rrs.
Application filed Aprilv 5, 1326. Serial No. 99,76-5;
This invention relates toprocessing apparatus. Y v
Processing apparatus in which textile material is subjected Ato a process involving .the use of a treating liquor has many applications such as boiling, dyeing, chemicking, bleaching, etc. ff Theapparatus embodying the invention i-s designed to carry on a process continuously and to operate on a web or rope of fabric or on a skein of yarn or lilresinaterialwhich is continuously fed into the keir or vat in which liquid is circulated and continuously withdrawn therefrom. The apparat-us is so constructed and arranged as to accumulate enough of the fabric between the entering and leaving points to allow the fabric to be subjected to` the action of the liquor-for a suflicient'length of time for they liquor toV have the desired action on the fabric.
The processing apparatus hereinafter described constitutes an improvement on the structure covered by GranttPatent 1,074,568, September 30,1913.k The device shown in the patent is eflicient inf operation, but'because of its construction requires considerable head room which is not always available. For instance, in plants where the old style keirs or vats are used there isr coinparatively little head room and therefore these lreirs orgvats' cannot be replaced .by the keirsdisclosed in the Gantt patent.
This invention has for its salient object to provide processing apparatusof the type set forth so constructed and arranged that coinparatively little headroom will be required thereby. Another object of the invention is to provide an apparatus of the character described so constructed'and arranged that theifabric treated therein will be thoroughly permeated byl andluni-formly treated witlifthe treating liquor.
Furtherobjects ofthe'invention will appear from the following specification taken in connection with the. drawings, which form a p'art'of this application, and in which Fig. 1 is a vertical' sectional elevation of apparatus constructed in 'accordance with the invention; and
Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the structure shown in Fig. 1.
' rl`he invention briefly described consists of apparatus comprisinga-receptacle in which thel treatingliquor is circulated and means fordepositing the fabric, preferably. iii rope,
open width or skein forni, in the: receptacle. The fabric feeding or depositing. means is so constructed :thatthe fabric will be fed backv and forth transverselyof the receptacle and also longitudinally of the receptacle andthe feeding means is so constructed-that comparatively little head room ris required above the top ofthe receptacle. form of the invention,illustrated, acairiage is reciprocably mounted on the top. of! the receptacle and hasV mounted thereon feed rolls and there is also suspendedg below the carriage a pivoted memberr through which the fabric passes and by means of which itis fed transversely back and` forth across the receptacle; .The treatingliquor is conducted to the top of the receptacle andis sprayed on the fabric as it is depositedin zigzagfolds in the receptaclef The fabric is thus thoroughly and uniformly; permeated with the treating liquor. Further details of thev invention will appear4 fromthefollowing de- ScriptiOn.` f
In4 the particular forinofvzthe apparatus illustrated, `,there ist shownl a receptacle. or leir 10 provided f withA a .fabric containing ln the particularportion .11, this portion being separated vents vthe fabric from contacting therewith. i
The counteiweight 16also acts as a telltale to rshow the position of the rack. The pur.-
pose oflthe rack 13 and tell tale yweight 16 i is to notify the attendant ory operative when theliquor initlie keii212 isrlow and'to prevent the fabric from reaching the bottom of the lreir. i
Aibuoyant' frame or floatQO is mounted inthe portion 11of the heiry and `is adapted to support the fabric-'21 as it isdeposited in the portion 11 ofthe keir by means of the guiding and feeding apparatus hereinafter described.' i
Fabric feeding amd guiding mechanism.
The fabric feeding and' guidingv mechanism is supported on a pair of rails 25 and -26 mounted oni thetop of thekeir andv exrtendinglongitudinally thereof. A carriage 7 is` provided with vtwo sets of rollers 28 and 29 which are mounted on the tracks 25 `and 26. f
The carriage 27 has a funnel shaped mouth or opening 30 adapted to receive and guide the fabric to the feed rolls 31 and 32. The roll 31 is splined on the shaft 33 and slidably mountedthereonand the shaft is driven by a pulley 34 which is connected to any suitable source of power.` The roll 32 isdriven by frictional engagement with the i roll 3l and is mounted on a freely rotatable shaft 35.` The shaft 35 also has `secured thereto a disk 36 which is connected by a pitman 37 to a crank 38;` The crank 38 is connected to the pivot 39 of a sleeve or tube 40 pivotally supported in lugslll extending downwardly from the frame 27. The `upper end of the tube 4:0is disposed below the feed rolls 31 and 32 `in a position to receive the fabric as it is fed downwardly by the feed The carriage27 is reciprocated longitudi- V nally of the receptacleon theftracks 25 and 26 bymeans of a shaft 50 having right and lefthand `threads which engage a nut 51 mounted :on the carriage. The shaft is ro-` tatedfby means `of apulley .52 which in turn is driven in anyisuitable manner. The
nut and shaft/are constructed in the usual manner; so that as the carriage reaches one c end of the track its movement will be auto- `tion of the material `with the treating liquor matically reversedso that it willbe alternately reciprocated in opposite directions. i
In order to insure the thorough permeameans is provided `for spraying the liquor on the material as it is fed downwardly from the` feed rolls and before it is piledin zigzag folds acrossthe receptacle or is submerged in the bath ofliquor. This is ac-l i `complished by means of a pump which Fig. 2, extend around the four sides of theV is adapted to continuously `withdraw liquor from the bottomof the receptacle and feed` theliquor upwardly through aconduit 61 to pipes 62, 63, 64 and 65, which, as shown in top of the receptacle.` These pipes are p1ovided with openings therein adapted to direct the liquor downwardly as shown iniF ig.
Y 1 so that it will impinge against and thorbottom of the receptacle and the liquor is I drawn into the pump through this pipe and is pumped out through pipe 61.
Anoverflow pipe is connectedfto the receptacle l0 and Vis adapted to conduct the liquor downwardly into the bottom of the receptacle through conduits 71 and 72. If desired, a plurality of units similarto that above described may be used in which case the conduit 72 may be connected to the other units in the Vmanner shown and described in Patent 1,074,568. i
The fabric is led from the bottom layer supported on the float 20 aroundidler rolls or guide rods 75 through an opening 7 6 in a bracket 77 and through squeeze rolls or 3H wringer rolls 78 which squeeze out excess liquor fromthe fabric. .p i A ,-l i
From the foregoing description it will be seen that the treating liquor willthoroughly and evenly permeatelthe `fabric `before the material is immersed in the bath of liquor in the keir. It will also be evident that the feeding and guiding means, because of its construction, will requireV a minimum amount of head room butwilloperate efficiently to I deposit the material evenly throughout the length and 'breadth of the receptacle. Y
Although one specific embodiment of the invention has been particularly shown and described, it will be understood that the invention capable of` modificationand that changes in the construction and inthe arrangement ofthe variouscooperatinglparts may be made without departing/from the spirit or scope of the invention, as expressed p in the following claims. A.
What Iclaim is; y 1. Apparatus of the character described comprising a receptacle, drawing feed rolls located above the receptacle, means for moving saidrolls axially longitudinally, of said receptacle, and meansforreceiving the fabric from said rolls and distributing the fab,n
ric back and forth across the receptacle as the `rolls move longitudinally ofthe recepn y tecle. i 2. Apparatus of the character` described comprising a receptacle, drawing feedrolls n f located above the receptacle, `means for mov#` ing said rolls axially longitudinally of said receptacle, and means located below the-feed rolls for receiving the `fabric from said rolls and distributing the fabric back and forth y across the receptacle as the.rollsumovelongitudinally of the receptacle.
3. Apparatus of the characterdescribed comprising areceptacle, .drawing feed rolls located above the receptacle, means for moving said rolls axially longitudinally ofsaid receptacle, and pivoted means for receiving l thefabrc from said rollsand distributing the fabric back and forth acrossthere.- ceptacle as the rolls movelongitudinally of the` receptacle.
4. Apparatus of the' character described comprising Va receptacle, acarriage mounted above the receptacle, means for reciprocatieo y' carriage, and guide means for leading thev fabric to said rolls. v
5. Apparatus of the character described comprising a receptacle, a. carriage mountedV above the receptacle, means for reciprocating said carriage longitudinallyv of the receptacle, drawing feed rolls mounted on said carriage, and means for receiving the fabric from the feed rolls and guiding the fabric back and forth across the receptacle as the carriage is reciprocated.
' 6. Apparatus of the character described comprising a receptacle, a carriage mounted above the receptacle, means for` reciproeating said carriage longitudinally of the receptacle, drawing feed rolls mounted on said carriage, and pivoted, tubular means located below said rolls for receiving the fab-` ric from the feed rolls and guiding the fabric back and forth across the receptacle as the carriage is reciprocated.
7. Apparatus of the character described comprising a receptacle, a carriage mounted above the receptacle, means for reciprocating said carriage longitudinally of the receptacle, drawing feed rolls mounted on said carriage7 and pi-voted, tubular means mount-` ed on said carriage for receiving ythe fab.
ric from the feed rolls and guiding the fabric back and forth across the receptacle as the carriage is reciprocated.
8. Apparatus of the character described comprising a keir, drawing feed rolls mount# ed above the keir and means forreciprocating said feed rolls in an axial direction and longitudinally of the keir.
9. Apparatus of the character described comprising a lreir, drawing feed rolls mounted above the lreir, means for reciprocating said feed rolls in an axial direction and longitudinally of the ykeir, and means for receiving the fabric from said rolls and vguiding the fabric back and forth transversely of the lreir.
10. Apparatus of the character described comprising a receptacle, feed rolls located abo-ve the receptacle, means for moving said rollsaxially longitudinally of said receptacle, means for receiving the fabric `from said rolls and distributing'the fabric back and forth across the receptacle as the rolls move longitudinally of the receptacle, and
means for impregnating the fabric with treating liquor before itpreaches said feed rolls.
11. Apparatus of the character described comprising a heir, feed rolls mounted above the leir, means for reciprocating said feedv rolls in an axial direction and longitudinally of the lreir, means for receiving the fabric from said rolls and guiding the fabric back and forth transversely ofthe heir, and
means for spraying treating Vliquor on the fabric before itfpassesbetween said feed rolls.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this 30th day of March, 1926.
WILLIAM L. CONRAD.