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Publication numberUS1666380 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 17, 1928
Filing dateJul 23, 1924
Priority dateJul 23, 1924
Publication numberUS 1666380 A, US 1666380A, US-A-1666380, US1666380 A, US1666380A
InventorsAlbert G Heinle
Original AssigneeThomas A Mcquaide
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for making chains
US 1666380 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 17, 1928.

A. G. HEINLE APPARATUS FOR MAKING CHAINS Filed July 23. 1924 a Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Apr. 17, 1928.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

ALBERT G. HEINLE, OF GRAFTON, PENNSYLVANIA, A8SIGNOR-OI' THREE-EIGHTHS TO THOMAS A. MCQUAIDE, OF PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA.

APPARATUS FOR Application filed .Tu1y23,

The present invention relates to chain making, and more particularly to the making of the relatively heavy links for anchor chains, towing chains, and the like. Such links usually weigh from 80 to 100 pounds. and have a length of from to inches, and because of their relatively great weight and size as compared with the links of ordinary chains, it has not been possible to adapt the usual chain making machines to their manufacture. Heretofore it has been customary to form open links of this character by hand methods, and then to interconnect the links and hammer and weld their ends together to 5 complete the chain. Such methods are slow and laborious, and hence relatively costly. In accordance with the present invention, the individual links are made from bar stock by cooperating forming and bending dies, each link, as it is formed. being simultaneously permanently connected to another pre viously formed link. By this method it is possible to make the links much more expeditiously than by the present hand methods, and at a greatly reduced cost. because of the increased output and reduction in the amount oi labor required. Furthermore, a better and more uniform product results from this method of manufacture.

In the accompanying drawings:

Figure 1 is a sectional plan view of a preferred form of link-forming apparatus embodying my invention;

Figure 2 is a longitudinal section on the line 11-11 of Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a transverse section on the line IIIIII of Figure 1;

Figure 4 is a detail view, on a larger scale, showing the final position of the bending dies in forming a link;

Figure 5 is a plan view of a completed link;

Figure 6 is a detail view, on a larger scale, of a bending die and of its connectionto the die plunger;

Figures 7 8, 9 and 10 are plan views, more or less diagrammatic, of the apparatus, illustrating certain steps in the ormation of a link;

Figure 11 is a plan view of a link having a cross-brace or truss-bar for reinforcing the same, and

Figures 12, 13 and 14 are detail views MAKING CHAINS.

1924'. Serial No. 727,651.

showing a modified form of forming die for making the link shown in Figure 11; Figure 12 being a section on the line XIIXII of Figure 13', and Figure 14 being a section on the line XIV'XIV of Figure 13.

Referring to Figures 1, 2 and 3, the linkformingapp'aratus therein shown comprises a base 2 having longitudinal guides 3 detachably mounted thereon by bolts 4. 'Slidably mounted on the base, between these guides, is a. die plunger 5 operatively connected with the piston 6 of a fluid pressure cylinder 7, whereby the plunger is reciprocated on the base. The guides 3 have their inner longitudinal edges rabbeted to overlap the rabbeted longitudinal edges of the plunger, whereby the latter is held to the base during its reciprocatory movements.

Detachably mounted on the base by bolts 8 is the lower section 9 of a forming die. The upper section 10 of the forming die is detacha'bl-y secured by a pin 11 to the lower end of a piston-rod 1'2, and has a downwardly ext-endingintegral projection 13 adapted to fit an opening 14 in the lower section of the die. The piston rod 12 is connected to a piston 15 working in a fluid pressure cylinder 16, wherebythe upper section 10 of the forming die is adapted to be raised and lowered. The cylinder 16' is carried by an arched support 17, the lower ends of which are secured to the base by bolts 18. The forming die has a peripheral semi-cylindrical groove 19 formed partly'in its lower section and partly in its upper section.

Detachably mounted on the base is a templet 20 adapted to be held in correct position by a series of removable pins 21 inserted in openings in the base. This templet is provided for cooperation with bending dies 22 pivotally connected to the bifurcated forward end ofthe die plunger'5. Each-bending die carries a roller 23 for cooperation with the templet, and a grooved bending roller 24. Each bending die is pivoted to the plunger by means of a pin 25 and has a tail iece 26 adapted to be received in a recess 27 between the outer edge of the plunger and the inner edge of the corresponding guide 3; These recesses are provided by cutting away the inner longitudinal edges oi the guides adjacent their torward ends. The end of the tail piece 26- of each bending die is beveled for straight bar a having its'ends oppositely beveled, as illustrated in Figures 1 and 3, is heated to the proper temperature to facilitate the bending thereof, and is then placed in the apparatus in the position shown in Figure l. The bar is supported in this position upon supports 28 mounted on the base 2, adjacent the ends of the tcmplet 20. Fluid is then admitted to the cylinder 7,

. causing the die plunger to move forwardly.

As the plunger moves forwardly, the grooved bending rollers 24 engage the bar a and bend it into link form in the groove 19, as illustratedin Figures 7 and S. The bending dies are guided during such forward movement of the die plunger through the cooperation of the rollers with the supports 28 and the templet- 20. Grooves are formed in the end portions of the templet to receive the ends of the baras it is bent into the groove 19.

Fitting in a recess 29 in the bifurcated end of the die plunger is a follower 30 adapted to be held in said recess to move with the plunger by means of a latch 3f pivoted on the plunger. ln Figures 7, 8, 9 and 10 this latch is shown as swinging on a vertical axis for convenience of illustration. Obviously it can be mounted in this manner or to swing on a horizontal axis as shown in Figures 1 and 2. The follower 30 cooperates with the forming die to shape one end of the link, as clearly illustrated in Figure 8. The final position. of the bending dies is shown in Figure 8, and also in the detail view'of Figure 4. It will be seen that the bending rollers 24, in their final position, have bent the beveled ends of the bar 'into overlapping relation, but that these ends are not perfectly conformed to the forming die.

Mounted for reciprocation in a groove 32 in the lower face of the base 2 is a longitudinally extending bar 33. This bar is held in position by a st up 34 engaging the rear end portion of the bar. This bar extends through an opening 35 in the forward end of the base, and the projecting end portion of the bar is surrounded by a coil spring 36 interposed between a washer 37 on the end I of the bar and the forward end of the base.

Adjacent its rear end the bar has an upwardly' extending lug 38 which extends through a longitudinal slot 39 in the base and into a longitudinal recess 40 in the plunger 5. It will be apparent that the spring 36 tends to maintain the lug 38 in engagement with the forward end wall of the recess 40. Adjacent its forward end the bar carries adetachably mounted forming block 41. This block, on the forward movement of the die plunger, engages the templet 20 whereby the forward movement of the bar 33, under the influence of thespring 36, is

limited.

When the parts have assumed the position shown in Figure 8, fluid is admitted to the opposite end of the cylinder 7 to retract the die plunger. After the initial rearward movement of the plunger, a pin 42 is inserted in an opening 43 in the base 2 to hold the follower 30 in engagement with the forming die and the link. Thereafter, the lug 38 is engaged by the forward end wall of the recess 40,whereby continued rearward movement of the die plunger moves the bar 33 rearwardly, compressing the spring 36. The forming block 41 is thus moved into engagement with the overlapping beveled ends of the link, and these ends are conformed thereby to the forming die, as illustrated in Figure 9. The pin 42 is then removed from the opening 43 and the die plunger 5 again moved forwardly to the position shown in Figure 8, whereupon the latch 31 is engaged with the follower 30. The die plunger 5 is then retracted, and as it moves rearwardly, fluid is admitted to the cylinder 16 to raise the upper section 10 of the forming die. A crane hook 4.4 may then be engaged with the formed link and the same may be carried thereby to a forge located at a convenient point near the forming apparatus. The link may have its overlapping beveled ends heated to a welding temperature in the forge, and such ends may then be welded together to form a completed link, such as is illustrated in Figure 5. After the link has been completed, it may be moved by the crane hook and placed in a vertical position in a slot 45 in the base 2, as indicated in dash lines in Figure2. Previous to this, the upper section 10 of the forming die will have been lowered into engagement with the lower section 9 thereof. The forming die has a slot- 46 in its rear end registering with the slot 45 and receiving a portion of the link when in the dash line position shown in Figure 2. A bar 5 maynow be placed in position for forming the next link, and the operations described for forming the first link repeated. It will be noted by reference to Figure 2 that in placing the bar 7) in position on the supports 28, it is inserted through the previously formed link, so that when the bar 7) is formed into link form. it is permanently united with the previously formed link. In like manner each succeeding link is formed and simultaneously connected to the previously formed and connected links. As successive links are added to the chaimthe crane hook 44 will be correspondingly raised.

In forming very heavy chains, it is often lilt) desirable to reinforce each link by a crossbrace or truss-bar 47, as illustrated in Figure 11. In that case, I employ a modified form of forming die. This die is made in upper and lower sections 9 and 10 having the peripheral groove 19 formed partly in-each section. The die is provided with a transverse opening 48 to receive the cross-brace 47, this transverse opening being formed partly in each section of the die. One section of the die is provided with a plurality of pins 49 adapted to be received in openings 50 in the other section of the die, whereby the two sections of the die are held in proper relation. In forming a braced link with this modified form of die, the crossbrace 47 will be placed in the transverse groove in the lower section of the die while the upper section thereof is raised, and the latter will then be lowered into position. The link will then be formed from a bar of stock material in the same manner as described for the unbraced link. As the bar is bent into link form in the peripheral groove of the forming die, it will be simultaneously united with the cross-brace or truss-bar a7, the latter having bifurcated or grooved ends to receive the sides of the link.

It will be noted, particularly by reference to Figure 4;, that in bending a bar into link form, one beveled end is positioned above the other, so that when the overlapping beveled ends are welded together, the welded joint is in shear rather than in tension. This is important, as it provides a stronger joint than where the beveled ends are overlapped in side by side relationship.

WVhile I have shown and described a preferred form of apparatus embodying my invention, it will be understood that changes may be made in the details of construction and in the arrangement of parts without departing from the spirit of the invention or scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. Apparatus for forming chain links, comprising a fixed forming die having a peripheral groove, and unitary means "for bending the bar into link form in said groove in a single operation.

2. Apparatus for forming chain links, comprising a fixed forming die having a peripheral groove, means for supporting a bar in the plane of said groove, and unitary means for bending said bar into link form in said groove in a single operation.

3. Apparatus for forming chain links, comprising a forming die having a peripheral groove and a link receiving recess for receiving a part of one link while a second link is being formed, a plunger, means car ried by said plunger for bending a bar into link form in said groove, and means for reciprocating said plunger.

4. Apparatus for forming chain links,

comprising a normally fixed forming die having a peripheral groove, means for supporting a bar in the plane of said groove, a plunger, means carried by said plunger for bending said bar into link form in said groove, and means for reciprocating said plunger.

5. Apparatus for forming chain links, comprising a forming die having a peripheral groove and divided along its entire length in the plane of the groove, said groove being formed partly in each section of the die, means for bending a bar into link form'in said groove, and means for opening and closing said die.

6. Apparatus for forming chain links, comprising a fixed forming die having a peripheral groove, unitary means for bending a bar into link form in said groove in a single operation, and forming means for thereafter acting upon the ends of said link.

T. Apparatus for forming chain links, comprising a forming die having a peripheral groove and a transverse opening intersecting said groove, said die being divided in the plane of said groove and said groove and transverse opening being formed partly in each section, means for bending a bar into link form in said groove, and means for opening and closing said die.

8. Apparatus for forming chain links, comprising a forming die having a peripheral groove, a plunger having a bifur- 'ated end, a bending die pivoted to each arm of the bifurcated end or the plunger, each of said bending dies comprising a grooved bending roller and aguide roller, a templet for cooperation with said guide rollers, means for supporting a bar in the plane of the peripheral groove in the forming die and in position to be engaged by said bending rollers and bent into link form in said peripheral groove as said plunger is advanced, and means for reciprocating said plunger.

9. Apparatus for forming chain links, comprising a two-part forming die having a peripheral groove formed partly in each )artthereof a lun er means carried b said plunger for bending a bar into link form in said groove, means for reciprocating said plunger, and operating means for opening and closing said die.

10. Apparatus for forming chain links, comprising a forming die having a peripheral groove, a plunger, means carried b said plunger for bending a bar into ]in' form in said groove, a templet for cooperation with said means and means for reciprocating said plunger, substantially as described.

11. Apparatus for forming chain links, comprising a forming die having a peripheral groove, a plunger, means carried by said plunger for bending a bar having beveled ends into link form in said groove with said beveled ends in overlapping relation, means for reciprocating said plunger, and means connected with and actuated by said plunger on the return stroke thereof for acting 011 said overlapping ends to conform the latterto said die.

12. Apparatus for forming chain links, comprising a f0 'ming die having a periph eral groove, a plunger, means carried by said plunger for bending a bar having beveled ends into link form in said groove with said beveled ends in overlapping relation, means for reciprocating said plunger, means actuated by said plunger on the return stroke thereof for acting on said overlapping ends to conform the latter to said die, and means movable with the plunger but separable therefrom for cooperation with the die for holding said link for the action of said secondmentioned means.

13. Apparatus for forming chain links comprising a forming die having a peripheral groove, a unitary means for bending a bar about the die into link form in said groove in a single operation, a reeiprocable frame in which the bending means is carried, and forming means yieldably mounted on the carrierv for thereafter acting upon the ends of the link.

14-. A link forming apparatus including abed member, a normally fixed forming die thereon, a reciprocable frame movable about the die having forming means thereon operable upon movement of the frame in one direction, end closing means on the frame movable into operative position upon reciprocation of the frame in the reverse direction, and meanscfor reciprocating the frame.

15. A link forming apparatus including a separable forming die having a peripheral groove therein, said die having a cross bar receiving cavity formed between the separable parts thereof, and forming means operable about the bar.

16. A link forming machine including a bed, a die member mounted on the bed, a reciprocable frame associated with the bed, a pair of pivotally supported i'neinbers on the frame, each of said members having a pair of rollers thereon, one of which rollers travels about the die and the other of which is arranged for cooperation with a guiding template, and a ten'iplate on the bed for cooperation with one of the rollers.

17. A. link forming machine including a bed, a die member mounted on the bed, a reciprocable frame having a bifurcated end associated with the bed, flexibly supported bending rolls carried by the bifurcated ends of the frame, and .a follower between the bifurcated ends of the carrier.

18. A link forming machine including a bed, a die member mounted on the bed, a reciproeable frame having a bifurcated end associated with the bed, flexibly supported bending rolls carried by the bifurcated ends of the frame, a follower between the bifurcated ends of the carrier, and a latch for releasably connecting the follower with the carrier.

In testimony whereof have hereunto set my hand.

ALBERT G. HEINLE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2485096 *Apr 17, 1946Oct 18, 1949Hoff Harry JMachine for forming lawn mower handles and the like
US2565703 *May 22, 1948Aug 28, 1951Goodrich Co B FApparatus for splicing cushion tires
US2578216 *Mar 17, 1947Dec 11, 1951Western Wire Products CompanyWire-forming machine
US2653631 *Jul 23, 1948Sep 29, 1953Gen ElectricSupport wire forming apparatus
US2659408 *Feb 13, 1950Nov 17, 1953Saginaw Wire Products IncWire bending die unit
US2711204 *Oct 30, 1950Jun 21, 1955Gen Motors CorpTube bending machine
US2714916 *Dec 3, 1952Aug 9, 1955Green Lee BWork gripping and flexing chuck mechanism
US2995155 *Jul 25, 1956Aug 8, 1961Saginaw Wire Products IncWire bending die mechanism
US5287721 *Aug 12, 1992Feb 22, 1994United States Surgical CorporationApparatus and method for forming curved needles
Classifications
U.S. Classification59/27, 72/217
International ClassificationB21L3/00, B21L11/14, B21L1/00
Cooperative ClassificationB21L3/00, B21L11/14, B21L1/00
European ClassificationB21L3/00, B21L11/14, B21L1/00