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Publication numberUS1667149 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 24, 1928
Filing dateNov 5, 1926
Priority dateAug 11, 1925
Publication numberUS 1667149 A, US 1667149A, US-A-1667149, US1667149 A, US1667149A
InventorsErwin Gerlach
Original AssigneeSiemens Ag
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Acoustic device
US 1667149 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 24,1928.

E. GERLACH ACOUSTIC DEVICE Filed Nov. s. 1926 nun - J. I J7 lRr erat'or Erwin fflll CH /EIMQ z/f Patented A r. 24, 1928. UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE. I

ERWIN GEELACH, E BERLIN-SIEMENSSTADT, GERMANY, ASSIGNOR T0 SIEMENS & HALSKE, AKTIENGESELLSGHAFT, or SIEMENNSSTADT, NEAR BERLIN, GERMANY,

A. CORPORATION OF GERMANY.

ACOUSTIC DEVICE.

Application filed November 5, 1926, Serial No. 146,333, and in Germany August 11, 1925.

My invention relates to improvements in acoustic devices, particularly to a special diaphragm arrangement for acoustic devices such as electric loud-speaking or microphone apparatus. It is the principal object of my invention to secure an especially pure transmission and a good reproduction of the sound waves or oscillations.

.Accordingto this invention the diaphragm constructed with a surface which may be produced by simply folding a smooth or fiat plate of suitable material, the individual portions of which are bent in an outward direction parallel to the edge of the fold.

' Preferably, an electrodynamic system is employed for producing the oscillations of the diaphragm. For this purpose, the oscillat-.

ing edge at the junction of the two portions of the plate is disposed in an electromagnetic field and carries a metallic rib which is fed with the alternatin or fluctuating electric currents correspon ing to speech, music, or other sounds, or in other words,

telephonic currents. Of course the diaphragm may be constructed of two bent plates connected at one side. Through the electrically transmitted sound energy the common edge of the two plates is moved in such a manner that the oscillations pass uniformly longitudinal into the halves of the diaphragm whilst, by suitable selection of the curvature of the diaphragm surfaces,

provision is made for the oscillations being converted into transverse diaphragm oscillations. The diaphragm may suitably be made of especially light metal or insulating material such as common or hard paper (pertina-X) and the like.

In the accompanying drawings several embodinients of my invention are illustrated diagrammatically. The drawingsrepresent the invention as follows:

Fig. .l is a perspective view-of one form of diaphragm embodying my invention; Fig. 2 is a face view of magnet with parts of the diaphragm and damping means interposed between the magnet poles and the rib carried bythe diaphragm; Fig. 3 is a fragmentary View, looking in the'direction of the arrow 3 in Fig. 2, with parts in section,

and showing another arrangement of the damping means; Fig. 4 is a diagrammatic end view, with parts 1n section, illustrating still another form of my invention.

Fig. 5 is a vertical cross-section through a sound box, which may be used in connection with my invention,

Fig. 6 shows a special manner of supportin -the diaphragm,

ig. 7 is a partial cross-section through a suitable means for supporting the dia- P g Fig. 8 shows upon an enlarged scale, some of the parts represented in Fig. 7 and Fig. 9 is a vertical cross-section of anapparatus effective towards both sides.

Referrin to Fig. 1, the oscillatin edge of the diaphragm m carries as a rein orcing rib l, a U-shaped sheet for instance of aluminium, embracing the stilt edge or hold a at thejunction of the two curved diaphragm portions and riveted thereon.

Such reinforcing-metallic ribs increase the stabilityof the diaphragms and besides afford the essential advantage of enabling me to use an electrodynamic system for driving the diaphragms. In this case the metallic rib is disposed in a magnetic field and fed with current corresponding. to speech or other sounds. Another advantage of this arrangement consists in enabling the forces for exciting the diaphragm to attack, not at a single point, but; uniformily along the stiti' edge of the diaphragm. A bendng of this edge which otherwise may sometimes happen when actuating the diaphragm, is made impossible because of the rib, andan apparatus with such a diaphragm affords an excellent reproduction of sound and a very high acoustic power without any disturbing noises.

The device comprises an electromagnet preferably of an extension equal to that of the metallic rib, the latter being arranged-ina ap as narrow as possible between the po es of the magnet (see Figs. 2, 3 and 9).

Care must be taken, however, that the rib can not touch the magnet poles. For this reason, according to Figs. 2 and 3, cushions or bolsters of felt, velvet or other suitable material may be interposed between the rib and the magnet poles, the bolsters thus giving an additional damping efiect and increasing the purity in the reproduction of sound waves. Referring to these figures, Z is the conducting rib, s. is the bolster and N, S are the magnet poles. The manner of attaching the ends of the diaphragm is shown in Fig. 4 by the way of example. Resilient ribbons, strips, wires d or the like are provided for holding the condu'ctor Z laterally, the, individual frequency of the total magnet sys tem is preferably'below th'e limitspofaudibility;

If the air at both sides of the diaphragm has a common connecting path through which the differences of air pressure produced by the oscillating diaphragm will be compensated, th'e efiiciency of the diaphragm is liable to decrease.

In Fig. 5 a means -for..av0iding the air pressure compensation is illustrated in a vertical longitudinal section. This means is a sound-proof box f,.one side ofwhich is closed by means of the diaphragm m, which with its ends is attached to the edges of the box.

Oscillations of the diaphragm m are produced'by mechanism operating the stiff edge a of the diaphragm. The inner surface of the box is referably lined with sound .absorbing or amping material suchas felt or the like, in order to revent the occurrence of undesired oscillations.

. Referring to Fig. 6, a will be seen that,

instead of a box closed at one sideby the diaphragm, I may employ a structure in which the free longitudinal edges of the diaphragm m are secured to additional bars of flange 6 which prevent the pressure differences from compensating each other. The construction of the means I) may be such as to hinder air compensation from the highest just to the lowest audible frequencies. For frequencies below this limit the compensation causes no disturbances.

It will be understood that a rib Z such as shown in Figs. 1, 4. and 9 may be also provided in Figs. 5, 6 and 7.

In the embodiments of the invention, the

outer, stationary edges of the diaphragm are fixed either to the box (Fig. 5) or to marginal pieces or bars 6. Fig. 6). In order to avoid disturbing vibrations at the 'materials own rate, the dia hragm is preterably secured with the ai of intermediate bolsters of felt, velvet 'or'the like, as shown in Fi Z. Referring to this figure, p are A the b0 sters, f is the box or a marginal piece forfsecuring the ends of the diaphragm m,

Projectin teeth at-those edges of the bolsters w 1ch touch the -diaphragmprevent the diaphragmfrom having a distinct line of clam ing. which might favour the tendency o the structure to oscillateaccording to its own rate. This constructional form is represented in Fig. 8. Referring to Fig. 9 it will be seen that two diaphragms m effective towards two opposite sides are provided in an apparatus of the .typedescribed; This figure 1s a crosssection through the apparatus. The folded diaphragms m are attached to the soundproof box f. Between the box 7 and the ends of the di'aphragms m bolsters p are disposed in the manner described with reference to Fig. 7, the ends of the bolsters p being preferably .formed as shown in Fig.

8. The oscillations of the diaphragm, shown at the left of Fig. 9 are-produced by electrodynamically effective means, while the diaphragm shown at the right-is electromagnetically operated. The first-named diaphragm m has the U-shaped metallic rib l of the type shown in Figs. 1 and 4. The

rib is,arranged in the field of the electromagnet N, .5 (see Figs. 4 and 9). and is sup; plied with the alternating currents for sound reproduction. Between the conducting ,rib

Z and the poles of the magnet N, S, damping bolsters s, s are clamped (see Figs. 2, 3 and .9). The stifl' edge of the other diaphragm m- (Fig. 9) is attached to the armature A of an electromagnet M, the winding of which is energized by the electric currents which correspond tothe sound to be reproduced.

The inner surface of the sound box 7 is lined with a sound damping or absorbing material 2, for instance felt.

It will be understood that in Fig. 9 the two diaphragms can also be disposed to be actuated by two similar driving systems or by means of a single driving system. Besides, any numberof folded diaphragms of the type described may be used in a single apparatus without departing from the spirit of the present invention. or instance, a plurality of diaphragms may be telescoped into each other with thestifi' edges or 'folds adjacent to each other. It is also possible to connect the free .ends of several diaphragms for obtaininga cylindrical acoustic surface. m5

In order to protect the rather delicate diaphragm against mechanical injury, it is advisable to arrange a screen or network 3/, Fig. 9, or the like of gauze or other'suitable material in front of the outer side of the Hi! diaphragm, either directly in contact therewith. or spaced therefrom.

vIt will be obvious to anyone skilled in the art that the devices described and shown herein may'serve for the conversion of elec- I15 'trical energyinto sound energy as well as for converting. sound energy into electrical energy withoutchanging 'th e constructional form of the device. In other words, any one of the devices shown may serve either 121) as a telephone receiver or as a transmitter, though in the specification in general the apparatus is assumed to be a loud spea'kerl If the device is'used as a transmitter the oscillations of the stifi' edge will act upon an 12 electric circuit electromagnetically, -electrodynamically or by regulating a resistance.

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is l. In an acoustic device for converting electrical ener into sound energy or sound energy into e ectrical energy, the combination of a diaphragm including two curved surfaces with a common folded edge, the. individual parts of said diaphragm'bei'ng bent outwardly in a fanlike manner, a reinforcing metallic rib fixed to the folded edge of the said diaphragm, and an electro magnet system, the said rib being adapted to carry telephonic currents and disposed be tween the poles of the said electromagnet system in such manner as to oscillate transversely to the length of the rib and symmetrically to the said surfaces of the diaphragm.

2. In an acoustic device for converting: electrical energy into sound energy or sound energy into electrical energy, the combination of a diaphragm including two curved surfaces with a common edge, the individual parts of said diaphragm being bent outwardly in a fanlike manner, a U-shaped rib, ,connected'to and embracing the said common edge of the diaphragm, and an electromagnet system, the said U'sha ped rib bein'g adapted to carry telephonic currents and disposed between the poles of the said electromagnet system in such manner as to oscillate transversely to the length of the rib and symmetricallyto the individual surfaces of the said diaphragm.

3. In an acoustic device for convertiiig electrical energy into sound energy or sound energy into electrical energy, the combination of a diaphragm consisting of two curved plate members with a common edge, these plate members being bent outwardly in a fanlike manner, a U-shaped edge rib of light metal riveted on and embracing the common edge of the diaphragm, and an electromagnet system, .the said edge rib being adapted to carry telephonic currents and disposed between the poles of the said electromagnet system in such manner as to oscillate transversely to the length ofthe rib and symmetrically to the individual plate members of the said diaphragm.

lln an acoustic device for converting electrical energy into sound energy or sound energy into electrical energy, the combination of a diaphragm including two curved surfaces with a common edge, the individual parts of said diaphragm being bent outwardly in a fanlike manner, a reinforcing metallic rib fixed to said common edge, a magnet system, the said rib being'adapted to carry telephonic currents and disposed between the poles of the said magnet system 7 in such manner as to oscillate transversely fill to the length of the rib and symmetrically to the individual surfaces of the said diaphragm, and resilient means interposed betweenthe said rib and the poles of the said magnet system. r

5. In an acoustic device for converting electrical energy into sound energy or sound energy into electrical energy, the combination of a diaphragm including two curved surfaces with a folded edge in common,

the individual parts of said diaphragm being the free ends of the said diaphragm, said walls having such an extension that the air on both sides of the said diaphragm is prevented from compensating air pressure differences at least within the range of the v audible frequencies; 6. In an acoustic device for converting electrical energy into sound energy or sound energy into electrical energy, the,combination of a diaphragm including two curved surfaces with a folded edge in common, the

individual parts of said diaphragm being bent outwardly in afanlike manner, a reinforcing metallic 'rib fixed to the folded edge of the said diaphragm, an electromagnet system, the said rib being adapted to carry telephonic currents and disposed be tween the poles of the said electromagnet system in such manner as to oscillate transversely to the length of said rib and sym- -metrically to the individual surfaces of the said diaphragm, and a sound proof box, to the edges of which the free ends of the said diaphragm are attached to close said box on one side.

In an acoustic device for converting electrical energy into sound energy or sound energy into electrical energy, the combination of a diaphragm including two curved surfaces with a folded edge in common, the individual parts of said diaphragm being bent outwardly in a fan-like manner, a reinforcing metallic rib fixed to the folded edge of the said diaphragm, an electromagnet sysem, the said rib being adapted to carry telephonic currents and disposed between the poles of the said electromagnet system in such manner as to oscillate transversely to the length of said rib and symctrically to the individual surfaces of the said diaphragm, a sound proof box, to one side of which the free ends of the said diaphragm are attached to close said boX on that side, and bolsters interposed between the free ends of the said diaphragm and the wall of the said box.

8. in an acoustic device for converting electrical energy into sound energy or sound energy into electrical energy, the combination of a diaphragm including two curved surfaces with 'a folded edge in common, the

llll

mon, said members being bent outwardly ,in

individual parts of said diaphragm being bent outwardly in a fanlike manner, a rein forcing metallic rib fixed to the folded edge of the said diaphragm, an electromagnet system, the said'rib being adapted to carry telephonic currents and disposed between the poles of the said electromagnet system in such manner as to oscillate transversely to the length of said rib and symmetrically to the'individual surfaces of the saiddiaphragm, a soundproof box, to one side of which the free ends of the said diaphragm said box. I

are, attached to close said box on that side,

and a-sound damping lining on theinner tem, the said rib being adapted tocarry telephonic currents and disposed between the poles of the said electromagnet system in such manner as to oscillate transversely to the-length of said rib and symmetrically to the individual surfaces of the said dia-- phragm, a soundproof box to one side of which the free ends of the said diaph'ragm are attached to close said box on that side, bolsters interposed between thefree ends of the said diaphragm and the edges of the said box, and sound damping meansdisposed on the inner surface of the 10. In an acoustic device for converting electrical energyinto sound energyor sound energy into electrical energy, the combina tion of a diaphragm consisting of two curved plate members with a folded edge in the-said U-shaped rib being adapted to carrycommon, said membersbeing bent outwardly in a fanlike manner, a sound proof box to one; side of which the free ends of the said members are attached to close said box on that side, bolsters interposed between the free ends of thesaid diaphragm and the a fanlike manner, a sound proof box'to one side of which the free ends of the said members are attached to close said box on that side, bolsters interposed between the free ends of the said diaphragm and the walls of the said'box, a U-shaped rib connected to and embracing the folded edge of the said diaphragm, an electromagnet system, the'said U-shaped rib being adapted to carry telephonic currents and /disposed between the partsof the said diaphragm being bent out-r wardly in a fanlike manner, a sound proof box to one side of which the free ends of thesaid diaphragm are attached to close said box on that side, bolsters interposed between the free ends of the said diaphragm and the edges of the said box, the bolsters having toothed edges in contact with the'edges of the diaphragm, a reinforcing metallic rib fixed to the connnonedge of the said diaphragm, and a magnet system, the said rib being disposed between the poles of the said magnet system in such manner as to, oscillate transversely to' the length of said rib and symmetrically to the individual surfaces of the'said diaphragm.

13. In an acoustic device 'for converting electrical energy into sound energy or sound energy'into electricalv energy, the combination of a diaphragm consisting of two curved surfaces with a common edge, the individual plate members connected at one edge, and V bent outwardly in a fanlike manner, a reinforcing metallic rib fixed to the common edge of the I said diaphragm, an electromagnet system, the said rib being adapted to carry telephonic currents and disposed between the poles of the said electromagnet system in such manner as to oscillate trans:

walls of the said box,a U -shaped rib connect-. versely to the length of said rib and symed to and embracing the common edge of the said members, and an electromagnet system,

telephonic currents and disposed between the poles of the said electromagnet system in such manner asto oscillate transversely to the length of the rib and symmetrically to plate members with a folde edge in coman acoustic device for converting electrical energy into sound energy or sound energy into electrical energy, the combination of a diaphragm consistin of two curved metrically to the individual members of the said diaphragm, and a protecting network arranged on the outside of the said diaphragm.

14. In a device ofthe character described, a diaphragm consisting of-two curved portions, a U-shaped rib into which extend the 7 adjacent edges of said diaphragm portions,

tions, a U-shaped rib into which extend the adjacent edges of said' diaphragm=portions,'

' said rib being free to vibrate in a direction said rib being free to vibrate in a direction transverse to itslength, and a magnet inv the field of which said rib is located. 4

16. In a device-of the character described, I

a diaphragm consisting of adjoining curved portions, a grooved vibratory rib embracing the adjacent edges of said diaphragm-portions, and means for securing the other edges of said diaphragm portions.

"edge portions are located, andan electric circuit in which said edge portions; are 'in-Y eluded.

18. In a device of the character described, a diaphragm consisting of two curved sections, a vibratory conducting rib secured to said sectionsand forming contiguous edge portions therefor, a magnet in the field of which said rib is located, and an electric circuit in which said rib is included. v

In testimony whereof I afiix my signature.

ERWIN GERLAGH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3107746 *Apr 29, 1960Oct 22, 1963Richard NamonSpeaker design
US3239029 *Aug 19, 1963Mar 8, 1966Richard NamonSpeaker design
US4882760 *May 26, 1987Nov 21, 1989Yee Raymond MSound reproduction system
US4903308 *Feb 10, 1988Feb 20, 1990Linaeum CorporationAudio transducer with controlled flexibility diaphragm
US5198624 *Nov 14, 1989Mar 30, 1993Linaeum CorporationAudio transducer with controlled flexibility diaphragm
US6061461 *May 8, 1998May 9, 2000Paddock; Paul W.Audio transducer
WO2002056636A2 *Jan 14, 2002Jul 18, 2002Paddock Paul WLoudspeaker transducer
Classifications
U.S. Classification381/163, 181/148, 181/144, 381/423, 312/7.1, 381/186
International ClassificationH04R9/00, H04R9/04
Cooperative ClassificationH04R9/045
European ClassificationH04R9/04M