US 1668269 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
.May I, 1928. 6
s. B. FAISON SHIIIGLB, sum, mm mm: ROOF r1166 April 20, 1925 I Afro/ma),
, UNITED "STATES AT NT OFFICE.
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1 Application med April 20, 1925, Serial No. 24,012.
I This invention relates to devices or means that arecspecially adapted for use in facilitatiiig the accurate andspeedy, as well as economical, laying of shingle, slate and tile.
roofs. Heretofore, the
laying off ot a roof has had to be chalk-marked on the sheeting, or
otherwise marked with horizontal and vertical (or diagonal, if desired) lines that are 'ings on .being confined to any certain type but ca- 1 pable of sired) the shing es,
on the felt-cover of the*shee ting of the roof-,
deck a very tedious and rather unsatisfactory plan, requiring somewhat skilled and hi'gh priced labor.' The object, therefore, of my invention herein is to'provide a layer of felt or similar'cover, for the sheeting comprising the roof-deck, such cover or layer ein'g previously imprinted, stenciled, or
.duly arranged in the desired relation and intended-for use as guide or pattern means whereby skilled'or of limited experience, can instant- 'l and accuratel align and space (if deslate, tile and the like that he is touse in making up the outer finishing-surface of the roof, thus economizing in time and in the degree or class of 1abor'jrequired, and being further adapted to various types of roofs, the saidpriormarkt e saidfelt layer or cover not a variety of forms, and so arran ed as to 'r'operly space and align shin es, slate,- ti e and the-like of any size or outline,
I and suited to the deep lapof asphalt shingles and the tip or shallow lap of tile. Besides,
- the said imprintedfelt-layei afiords a'ddimore especi in or tional insulation to :the roof and will help.
prevent leakscaused by driving rains, and
ally in connection w1th composition shin les. somewhat needing'such a 11n- 'e details of structure and the'method of la the roof, "to include my felt ifinfinnte or guide-marked layer, w11l be y hereinafter described in connection with theaccbmpanying sheet of drawings,
'tomy impro herein upon a] 1 is aplan view of one side of a roof that. is made up of ordinal; rectangular shingles, the latter being lai aceordmg method or means and plan reviously or an already marked or guide-imprinted felt-layer for the roof-deck and adjacent to both slanting edges of a dormer-window, or other break or insert in the roof; andthe workman, whether, highly- I Figure 2 is a plan view similar to Figure 1 bli showing my improved duly marked pattern orlwork sheets adapted to the use of diagonally-laid tile or Shingles according to what is generally known and styled as the French method, whereinthe upper angle or corner of thetile-or shingle is placed at marked or specially determined, intersections of horizontal and vertical lines as previouslymarked or charted on my said felt-layer.
I will first refer to the invention as illustrated in Figure 1. In this view, 3 indicates the felt layer or roof-sheeting cover that is laid in suitable widths, as usual, on
the ordinary roof-deck composed of'boards or sheeting A. On this felt-layer is imprinted or marked, in any suitable but ac-' curate and approved manner, a series of continuous parallel horizontal lines 4 that are of uniform, equal distances apart to suit ,the depth of exposure of, each shingle,.slate,
or tile and to upwardly space or block-ofl the roof, and I further imprint or mark on the said felt-layer. a series of alternately staggered parallel vertical lines 5 that are of uniform ual distances apart to suit the width of t e respective shingles, slates or tile and the intervals or spaces 6 to be allowed, as desired or as customary, in setting and securing said shingles, slates or tile in staggered array for use in making up a roof. Thus, the lines 4 serve for horizontal-spacin'gindicators or finder-guides, and the lines 5 serve for vertical-spacing indicators or finder-guides, in instantly and accurately vsetting or laying the respective shingles, slates or tile on the felt-layer or cover-sheet of the roof-deck ,for their subse-' quent nailing or fastening in permanent place, in due spaced or other desired align-.
ment. 4 .v
Nails 7 for the shingles, and nails 8 for the lapped edges 9 of the layer-felt widths, are provided to secure the said parts in place on no adaptation 7 ing it ahead on I will now refer to the invention in the light illustrated in Figure 2, wherein uare ti e or shingles D are used instead vo the elongated shin les 11 seen in Figure 1, and wherein, also, t e guide-lines 4 and 12fintersect each other at right-an les, those being v the horizontal lines and t ose 12 being the vertical ones, the latter being continuous, instead of being in or alternatlng as in Figure 1." At a rnating intersections.
shingle at an an le of 45 to the said intersecting guide-f es 4 and 12. The.
shingles or tile D are properly trimmed for fitting in place against the slop sides 10,
-10,' :'of-the dormer-window 10. ails S are used'to secure the appeaedes9 of the lengths of the felt-layer 3 an nails C are likewise used in sec the shingles or tile D in plaoeon the said felt-layer 3 and the roof-deck boards A beneath.
I claim n In a roof, the combination of a roof deck,- a plane unbroken sheeting-covenof felt or like material having previously imprinted on its upper surface suitably spaced and intersected guide-line's to form a pattern-chart whereby the laying and securing of sh' is facilitated in a speed and accurate manner to suit the various designs of roof to'be effected, and fastening-nails driven through thesaid shingles, slate or tile finishing-members and the intervening pattem-chart into the said roof-deck, substantially as shown and described.
SHERWOOD BADGER arsou.
les slate, or tile outer-surface finishing-men! rs