US 1668626 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 8, 1928. 1,668,626 E. J. BRANDT I COIN ASSORTING MACHINE Filed Jan; 1'7. 192'! 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 May s, 1926 6 1,668,626
E. J. BRANDT COIN AS SORTING MACHINE Filed Jan. 17. 1927 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 E. J. BRANDT com ASSORTING MACHINE Filed Jan. 17. 1927 4 Sheets-Shed 4 May 8,1928.
Patented May 8, 1928.
PATENT ornqcizp EDWARD J. BRANDT; or WATEBTOWN, wxsconsm, .ASSIGNOR To nnnnnrnuromnmc CASHIER COMPANY. or WATERTOWN, WISCONSIN, A CORPORATION or wrsconsm.
Application filed January 17, 1927 Serial No. 161,566.
My invention relates to new and useful improvements. in money handlinginachines and more particularly to a machine for assorting coins of different denominations, the
principal object of tliek'invention residing in the provision ofsuch a device which is compact in form and suitable forva-r ous places such as cash cages, the machine being or counter level. I
Another object of the invention resides in the provision of ainaclnne'ofthe character described wherein the intake for thecoins is on a relativelylowlevel whereas theoutletfor the coinsis on a relativelyhighnlevel, means being provided! for forwardingor directing thecoin's from the relatively low inlet to the relatively high outlet.
Further "objects consist in so forming the machineas to prevent riders, to provide means for delivering single coins on edge, to provide means for preventing coins following the one to'be discharged "from "clogging the discharge openings, "end in the provision of means for preventing clogging of the coins in the receiving hopper.
lVith the above and other objects in view, which will appear as thedescription proceeds, my. invention iconsists in the novel details of constructiomimd arrangement of parts described in the followingspeeiiiea tion; and illustrateddn the accoinpzinylng drawings; and whilel "have illustrated and described the preferredembodiments of the invention, as they now appear to me, it will be understood that such changes may be made as will "fall, within the scopeof the appended claims. i
In the drawings: Fig; 1 is a longitudinel vertical section through the machine with i parts 311mm i n elevation. i
Fig: 2' is a view of th'e"discharge endof the nmchinei Fig. is a transverse" vertical section through the machine looking -towards the outletfopening therein. Fig. 4 is-a transversevertical section, with parts shown inelevation through the pocket which receives the coins from the hopper. Fig. 5is ai detail horizontalsection on the line of Fig.4.
particularly]- ilhistrated Fig: 6 a detail in side elevation showing one ofthecoln supporting ribs ad a-Cent the discharge opening.
Fig. 7 isa fraglnental detail showing a topplan at the point of the discharge opening shown in Fig. 6, and
Fig. 8 is a fragmenta-l detail showing the relative positions of the openings in the cylinders and the coin supporting ribs formed interiorly of the cylinders.
Incarrying'out myi invention I provide the end plates 1 and 2, the end plate 1 being formed w.ith 1: eripheral teeth whereby the same may be rotated through means of the worm gear 3 mounted'upon the shaft 4; and adapted to be operated from any suitable source. The end plate 2 is stationary and is providedwith the transversely spaced discharge openings 5, 6,7, 8, and 9 through which the coins,-of different denominations, aredisoharged in zinmnner to be later described. Carried by'the end platel are the concentricacylinders 10,11, 12,13 and 14, all but 10*being provided with openings f positioned"between I spirally extending ribs '16 extendinglongitudinally of the interior surfaces of the rcylinders, the openings 15*being in ed e alignment with one of the ribs betweenwiicli it is positioned but rela-. tivelyspacedfrom the opposite rib as more in Fig. 8 of the drawingsfand the purpose of which will |.e presently described. The ends of the ribs 16, adjacent the discharge o iienings 5, (i. 7, 8 and 9 are angulai'lyofiset as shown kit 17 inig. (J of the drawings and'ezich oi' the ribs is of lac width or thickness to support only onecoin onitsedge and is too narrow or thin to support any-two coins side by side on edge.* A vertically extending plate is extends parallel with the plate 1, but spaced therefrom, as shown more particularly in Fig. 1 of the-drawingsand'thispliite forms :1. bearing fortheslmft 19 carried by Hm end of the plate 1 This plate 18 has an inlet opening 20 through whichcoins ofa plurality of (lenonli'nations are adapted to pass from the hopper indicated at 21. The plate 18, adlacent the opening 20, is cut awaytto provideithe spring tongue 22wliicl'1 is ZilltlPllBCltOllQ moved or agitated in a manner-to be 'lziter described to agitat'e thecoins within the hopper and so that thefcyl'inders may be" rotated" as previously described.
fcrentially spaced blades 2501? the shape shown more particularly in Fig. 1 and as the plate 1 rotated the blades 25 will pick up the coins which have been received on the band 23, from the hopper 21, and raise them so that they willbe dischurged into the innermost cylinder 14:, a substantially conical or various sided guide member 26 being secured to the inner face of the plate '8 with its apex on a use. with the longitudinal. center of the inner cylinder. The blades as shown extendinwardly towards the center of the plate 1 and are otsuch a length that as they are rotated they will engage the spring tongue 2" as shown 'more particularly in Fig. il ot' the drawings and force the same inwardly towards the hopper 21 and thereby agitatethe coins within the hopper, adjacent the inlet opening 20, so that they will not become clogged.
From the above detail description it is thought that I have clearly set forth the construction of my machine and I will endeavor now to more clearly set forth, in detail, the operation. .The coins of many denominations are poured into the hopper 21 and will be discharged therefrom onto the band 23 through the opening 20. .The plate 1, with the concentric cylinders, 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 is rotated as has been described through the worm gear 3 and the blades 25, rotating with the plate 1 and associated cylinders, gather the coins. The band and plate form a pocket for receiving the coins from the hopper. The coins are raised to the top of the machine and then drop from the blades, engaging the guide member 26 to be discharged into the innermost cylinder ll. The openings in this innermost cylinder .14 are of greater diameter than the openings in the other cylinders and will allow all coins to pass therethrough with the exception of that of the largest. denomination being assorted, say fifty cent pieces. As the cylinders are rotated the coins within the cylinder 1 L will ride upon the ribs 16 and as suchribs are spirally arranged will be directed towards the outlet end of the machine. As stated the larger coins, say the fifty cents coins, will ride along the ribs, or roll along them. and are discharged through the outlet opening 9 in the end plate 2. Those coins of a lesser size will be discharged through the openings for reception in the next adjacent cylinder.
This operation will continue throughout the different cylinders until the coins of each particular tlGIlOl'l'lllltltlOD are discharged through their respective openings. Preferably the openings in the cylinder 13 will be of a size to allow all coins to pass therethrough other than those of a quarter size, the
v the remaining cylinders.
openings in the cylinder 12 will allow all coins to pass therethrough other than those of a nickle size, the openings in the cylinder 11 being of such a size as to allow all coins to be discharged therefrom except pennies; the outermost cylinder 10 being the only one without openings but having the ribs of the same character as those of As has been stated thefifty cent pieces are discharged through the opening 9 in the end plate 2, the quarters are discharged through the opening 8, the nickles through the opening 7, the pennies through the opening (5, and the dimes through the opening 5. So that only a single. coin will be discharged through the openings in the end plate at time and to prevent following coins from cloggingthe discharge openings, the ends of the ribs 16 are angularly olfsct as shown at 17. It will be seen that as the cylinders are rotated there will only be sufficient time, due to the oliset of the ribs, to allow a single coin to pass through the discharge opening. I also wish to lay particular stress on the' fact that the ribs are only of such a width or thickness as to support a single coin and it will be impossible for any two coins-to be supported side by side to provide what are known as riders.
I also la 1 iarticular stress '11 )011 the s rin b tongue 22 which is agitated by the bla es 2:") to keep the coins within the hopper 21 agitated at all times to prevent clogging of the coins at the inlet opening 20. As the coins are received upon the ribs of the various cylinders they are not only fed towards the discharge end of the cylinders but are raised by the ribs to position them on a suitable level for discharge through the openings in the end plate. As has been previously set forth the openings '15 in the cylinders are in edge alignment withone of the ribs but spaced from the opposite rib. Preferably they will be in edge alignment with that rib upon which the coins are sup ported and the coins of a smaller size will readily fall through the openings whereas those of the larger size to be retained in the cylinder will overlie the space formed between the edge of the opening and the opposite rib.
From the above it will be seen that I have provided a machine of the character described, for assorting coins of different denominations, which is very compact in -form and might be easily supported upon a counter or shelf for dealings with the ublic. The inlet opening for the coins is a jacent the bottom of the machine or on arelatively low point whereas the discharge openings are .on a relatively high point. By this arrangement the hopper 21 which initially contains the coins does not have to be high and in fact does not extend above the outermost cylinder circumference. It can readily be appreciated that if the inlet opening was adjacent the top of the machine that the hopper would have to be raised to extend relatively high and if the discharge Openings were positioned relatively low or near the surface 01 the shelf or counter the coins could not readily be discharged into containers or receptacles for receiving the same Having fully described my invention What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. In a coin assorting machine, comprising a revolvable cylinder, a stationary end plate at the discharge end of the cylinder, said end plate having an elevated discharge opening therein in registry with the cylinder, and means associated with the cylinder for feeding the coins longitudinally thereof and elevating the same to the discharge opening in the end plate.
2. In a coin assorting machine, the combination of a series of concentrically arranged sorting cylinders, a supply hopper, a pocket in communication with the hopper, and revolvable means Within the pocket for elevating the coins and depositing the same within the inlet end of the coin sorting cylinders. T p
3. In a coin assorting machine, the combination of a series of concentrically arranged sorting cylinders, a coin hopper, a pocket in communication with the hopper for receiving the-coins from the hopper, means NVltllll] the pocket for delivering the coins to the inlet end of the cylinders, and an agitator Within the hopper, said agitator being actuated by the pocket delivery means to agitate the coins Within the hopper.
4. In a coin assorting machine, comprising series of concentrically arranged sortlng cylinders, each of said cylinders being provided on their inner surface with spirally extending ribs. a stationary cylinder head having elevated discharge openings therein in registry with each cylinder, said ribs being angular-1y off-set at the delivery end to expedite the discharge of the separated coins through the corresponding elevated discharge opening in the cylinder head.
In testimony whereof I hereunto affix my signature.
EDW'ARD J. BRANDT.