|Publication number||US1669730 A|
|Publication date||May 15, 1928|
|Filing date||Mar 15, 1926|
|Priority date||Mar 15, 1926|
|Publication number||US 1669730 A, US 1669730A, US-A-1669730, US1669730 A, US1669730A|
|Inventors||Walper Curry O|
|Original Assignee||Standard Plastering System Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Patented May 15, 1928.
STATES rasant vnarrar orf-Fica j CUBBY Q. WIPER, 0F DETROIT, MICHIGAN, ASSIGNOR T0 STANDARD 1E1liASTIJJBJINGfV SYSTEME, INC., 0F DETROIT, MTCHIGAN, .EL CORPQRATION 0F MICHIGAN.
WALL AND CELING GONSTBUGTIOLN".
AppliatiollV filed March 15, 1926. Serial No. 94,793a
This invention relates to wall construction and the means entering thereinto wherein wall boards are used and wherein such'wall boards are usually coated `with plaster or similar finishing material to secure a smooth surface. The invention more especially has reference to ireproofor h'reresisting con` structions wherein metal replaceswood to a substantial extent, and hasy for its object to facilitate the application of vWall boards to metallic structures in a simple and eective manner, so that the use of nails or rivets may be avoided in such wall construction and the ready application, positioning and securing ofthe wall boards relative to the studding or supports accomplished effectively and quickly.
By my invention l provide for a supporting and protection'of the`lipper and lower edges of wall boards as well as a means of mounting the boards on supports which admits of the use of very simple parts in the wall construction and the assembling of such parts with great facility.
The invention Cfurther contemplates the use of Achannels for the engagement of upper and lower edges of wall boards and the use of clips for the engagement of said channels with metallic studding, said clips being relatively adjustable on such studding to accommodate wall boards of any width, and the invention still further aims to provide for the easy application of the clips to the studding and the efective locking of the clips thereto by the said channel'swhen the wall construction is assembled.
Still further, the said invention provides for the'v incorporation in the wall construction of wood or similar nailing strips Ito facilitate the hanging of pictures, the attachment of moldings or the attachment of base-boards, etc.- as may be desired.
A further object of the invention is to provide for the incorporation in such` wall con *structiony of strips which may be nailin strips projecting beyond the face of the w l boards and forming limits for a plasteredL surface-subsequently applied, whereby such strips assist in the supporting and protecting of the edges of such surface plaster, and it is further proposed to secure such strips in position in the same manner as the wall boards are secured in position by channels and clips.
Still further, the invention aims to provide a special form of clip lending itself excellently to the carrying out of the purposes `of this invention, and still further objects subsidiary to orfresulting from the construction or operation of the invention as it mayl be carried into effect will become apparent as the invention is hereinafter further disclosed. f
lin carrying the said invention into effect I may provide a studding, channel irons and a range on the anges of the channel irons, vertically slidable clips having upwardlyand downwardly extending outer porticns and bayonetslots in their inner portions adr mitting of their application to the channel irons by an annular movement so that they are locked against removal from such chan? nel irons except by a similar annular movement, and further strips of channel material adaptedto fit over the edges of wall boards more or less snugly, the wall being constructed by arranging the wall boards.
respectively, and-whereby the said channel strips lock the said clips against angular movement and prevent their release from the studding. I also propose to secure nail.-v ing strips of wood'by means of said clips to said studding such as at the foot of the studding to facilitate the nailing of a base board thereto and near the upper ends of the studof picture.
ding to facilitate the nailin molding or Wall boards, there y providing limitations'between which `a coat of plaster" or other surfacing material may be spread.
All lof which is more particularly described and ascertained hereinafter, by Way of example, having reference to the accom panying drawing, wherein- 4 Figure 1 is a sectional view of a wall and ceiling embodying the improved construction; i i
Figure 2 is a fragmentaryperspective view of the wall construction;
Figure 3 is a detail fragmentary perspective view illustrating the method of securing the channel strips to the studding;
Figure 4 is a transverse section of one of the studs illustrating the method of applying one of the clips thereto;
Figure is a detail perspective view of one of said clips;
Figure 6 is a similar View illustrating a modilied form of the clip suitable for use at points where it is only required to engage a number on one side thereof;
Figure 7 is a fragmentary perspective view of one of the nailing strips, and
Figure 8 is a fragmentary sectional view of part of the wall construction.
Similar characters of reference indicate similar parts in the several figures of the drawings.
The illustrations show studding 1 in the form of ehamiel irons having flanged edges 2\which in the construction of a wall are secured in position in any convenient manner Such as by having their lower ends sunk into the ioor 3 and their upper ends bolted to beams 4 as shown in Fi ure 1. The said beams 4 are also indicate as being of channel configuration having flanges 5 and 6 and suspended by rods 7 from a ceiling structure 8.
rlhe studding is enclosed by wall boards 9 which are provided with or are received by upper and lower channel members 10 and 11, these channel members embracing the upper and lower edges of the said wall boards and being engaged by clips 12 carried by the studding 1. The said clips are indicated as being in the form of a fiat late 13 having a bayonet slot 14 therein a apted to receive one of the flanges of a stud and to extend over a portion of the stud adjacent such flange as clearly shown in Figure 4 which also illustrates the method of applying the clip to the stud by an annular movement as shown by the relative positions of the dotted and full line drawings of the clip. The outer end of the said plate 13 of the clip 12 is divided and bent to form an upwardly turned tongue 15 and a downwardly turned tongue 15 being intended when the clip is in use to engage one of the channel members 11 and the tongue 16 one of the channel members 10.
The clips are so proportioned that the channel members are snugly fed between the tongues of the clip and the flange of the stud with which the clip is engaged as clearly illustrated in Figure 3, thereby lookin the clip against angular movement and isengagement from the stud and securing the channel members in lateral abutment with the flange of thestud.
The said clips are located on the studding between the adjacent channel members 10 and 1l of wall boards 9 arranged one above the other, the downwardly turned tongues of the cli s securing the upper end of the wall boar therebeneath in position relative to the studdng and the upwardly turned tongues 15 similarly securing the lower ends of the wall boards thereabove.
For use such as at the top and bottom of the studding I prefer to use a device such as the clip 17 such as that shown in Figure 6 having but one tongue 18 instead of two as in the clip 12, which admits of this clip being used tlush with the floor or otherwise where the additional tongue would be an obstruction or unnecessary.
The construction describedherein admits of the incorporation in a wall of nailing strips, moldings or wood or other inserts such as the nailing strips 19 and 20, the said strips 19 being well adapted to facilitate the nailing of a base board 21 to the base of the wall and the strips 2() providing for thc hanging of pictures, the application of pictul'e molding, or the mounting of plate rails. lt is preferred to make these strips with raised portions 22 which extend outwardly of the wall when the strips are in position to an extent approximately in a plane with the surface of a finishing coat of plaster or other material 23 which may be applied to the wall so that the said raised portions of the strips will form boundaries for the edges of the plaster coat and supports therefor and the faces of the said projecting portions 22 will thus be exposed'. This plaster coat when applied to the wall conceals the channel members and the clips as will be readily apparent, and I prefer to superimpose layers of wire or other suitable fabric reinforcing strips 24 over the said channel members and clips and also similar layers of fabric 25 over the abutting vertical edges of the wall boards for the purpose of reinforcing the plaster or'y other coat of material at such points.
The term nailing strips is, of course, used merely in a general sense as they may be used for other purposes than nailing and for example as mere ornamentation.
The same system of mounting the wall boards is carried out in the ceiling wherein it will be seen that the clip de ends from the lower flange 6 of the channel eam 4 and engages the channel members 10 in the same manner as where the wall boards are arranged vertically except that sueh channel members engage the said wall boards horizontally instead of vertically.
It will be obvious that a wall may be built in this manner with ease and dispatch, and that the actual securing of the wall boards to the studding does not call fora great amount of skill and the Work may in fact be done by quite an inexperienced man once the studding has been placed in position, the application of the lmal coat of material bein of course the work of a plasterer. The istance between the studs may vary without adding difculties to the application of the wall boards as the ends of the boards do not necessarily have to overlap the studs as in nailed constructions and a comparatively small number of studs may be used in the wall construction as a result of the strengthening effect of the channel members 10 which, extending throughout the length of the wall, act as horizontal braces.
This invention may be developed within the scope of the following claims without departing from the essential features of the said invention, and it is desired that the specification and drawing be read as merely illustrative and not in a limiting sense, eX- cept as necessitated by the prior art.
l-Vhat I claim is r l. In a wall and ceiling construction, studding, wall boards in spaced edge-wise relation, supporting members applied to the meeting edges of adjacent boards transversely of the studding and slightly spaced from one another in back-to-back relation and means engaging said studding and retaining said supporting members.
2. In a wall and ceiling construction, studding, wall boards in spaced edge-wise relation, supporting members applied to the meeting edges of. adjacent boards transversely of the studdin and slightly spaced from one another in ack-to-back relation, and clips anchored ony said studding, each clip retaining a pair of said adjacent supporting members.
3. In a wall and ceiling construction, studding, wall boards in spaced edge-wise relation, supportin members applied to the meeting edges of a jacent boards transversely of the studding and slightly spaced from one another in back-to-back relation, and clips -slidably mounted on said studding, each clip retaining'a pair of said adjacent supporting members.
4. In a wall and ceiling construction, studding, wall boards placed vertically edge to ed e adjacent said studding, a clip supported by said studding, said clip resting on the upper edge of a lower board and supporting the lower edge of the next upper board, and oppositely directed tongues formed on said clip and retaining said boards.
5. In a wall and ceiling construction, studding, wall boards placed vertically edge to edge adjacent said studding, supporting members applied to the meetlng edges of adjacent boards and slidably spaced from each other, a clip supported by said studding, said clip resting on the .upper supporting member of a lower board and supporting the lower supporting member of the neXt upper board, and .oppositely directed tongues formed on said clip and retaining said adjacent supporting members.
In testimony whereof I aix my signature.
CURRY bO. WALPER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2913571 *||Jan 4, 1954||Nov 17, 1959||Gen Motors Corp||Luminous ceiling|
|US2978076 *||Jan 29, 1958||Apr 4, 1961||Nat Gypsum Co||Long length lath partition system|
|US3077057 *||Apr 21, 1958||Feb 12, 1963||Forkin Matthew||Construction of wall, ceiling and like surfaces|
|US4672787 *||Oct 25, 1985||Jun 16, 1987||Murphy John J||Wall system construction, parts and methods of assembly|
|U.S. Classification||52/359, 52/250, 52/417|
|International Classification||E04B2/78, E04B2/76|