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Publication numberUS1670217 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 15, 1928
Filing dateOct 24, 1925
Priority dateSep 5, 1925
Publication numberUS 1670217 A, US 1670217A, US-A-1670217, US1670217 A, US1670217A
InventorsScheidt Ernst Otto
Original AssigneeScheidt Ernst Otto
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sterilization of clear and turbid liquids by means of ultra-violet rays produced in vacuum tubes by high-voltage electric current
US 1670217 A
Abstract  available in
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 15, 1928. I

E. o. SCHEIDT STERILIZATION OF CLEAR AND TURBID LIQUIDS BY MEANS OF ULTRA VIOLET RAYS PRODUCED IN VACUUM TUBES BY HIGH VOLTAGE ELECTRIC CURRENT Filed Oct. 24, 1925 2 Sheets-Sheet i ID LIQUIDS BY MEANS OF ULTRA VIOLET SCHEIDT 2 Sh eets-$heet 2 Fig.5

Filed OQt. 24, 1925 STERILIZATI-ON OF CLEAR AND TUBE RAYS PRODUCED IN VACUUM TUBES BY HIGH VOLTAGE ELECTRIC CURRENT Patented May 15, 1923.

UNITED ERNST OTTO SCHEIDT, OF WERDER-HAVEL, NEAR BERLIN, GERMANY.

STERILIZATION F CLEAR A ND TURBID LIQUIDS BY MEANS OF ULTRA-VIOLET RAYS PRODUCED IN VACUUM TUBES BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC CURRENT.

Application filed October 24, 1925, Serial No. 64,6?6, and in Germany September 5, 1925.

My invention relates to the sterilization of clear and turbid liquids by means of ultraviolet rays produced in vacuum tubes'\by high voltage electric current.

The sterllizing action of ultra-violet rays (chemically acting waves) is known. Hitherto a. mercury vapor lamp made of quartz hasv been employed for the sterilization of liquids and also in therapeutics. In therapeutics the ultra-violet rays have found extensive application, whereas they have been employed to only a limited extent in the in dustries. The reason may be that the mercury vapor lamp made of quartz is too sensitive for industrial purposes and that the consumption of current is too great as compared with the results obtained.

The object of my invention is to eliminate this drawback and to make the ultraviolet rays available for general use and for any manner of application by reducing the consumption of electric energy, thus making its use economical.

According to my invention the well-known 'process according to Moore and disclosed in his United States Patent No. 702,315, dated June 10, 1902, in which-vacuum tubes -containing attenuated gases, of which argon, carbon dioxide, hydrogenand oxygen are examples, are subjected to the passage of high frequency alternatin .current stepped up by appropriate transformers from the ordinary alternating current. House-lighting circuit is used for the production of ultra-violet rays, which light rays are produced by the tI'ZlllSft)l'll'liltlOIl of high-voltage alternating current.

For the purpose of obtaining a sterilizing action the sterilizing tubes, hereinafter designated as tubes 6, are filled with an appropriate gas according to whether they should produce stronger or weaker ultra-violet rays, the generation of heat rays being almost perfectly avoided, while ultra-violet rays are 45 developed in large quantities.

In certain of the adaptations of the Moore system as known, the vacuum tube is apportioned into two bulbous portions in each of which terminates an electrode, said bulbous portions being connected by an elongated glow tube. v The apparatus of the present invention is-conveniently combined with the Moore apparatus by substituting the s terilizing CO1l hereinafter more fully described fog the elongated portion of the Moore glow tu e.

Instead of tubes of glass employed in Moores system, tubes of pure mountain crystal or pebble-crystal are employed through which the chemically acting rays 66 lllillly pass unobstructcdly.

have ascertained that, by using such tubes with the correct composition of gas for the generation of the rays the sterilization of clear or turbid liquids may be carriedout within a few seconds, whereas the mercury vapor lamp heretofore employed requires several minutes up to one hour for the sterilization, according to whether clear or turbid liquids are to be treated. A much 7 larger quantity of liquid can therefore be treated during a given time interval by the new process than with the known mercury vapor lamp.

EXPQIlIUQIIiS made with large quantities 7! of milkshowed a reduction of exceedingly numerous bacteria up to 0, 3% after a radiation exposure of only 6 seconds, the sporeforipation agents having been destroyed entire y.

The apparatus of my invention is formed mainly of quartz, porcelain and glass and therefore from a hygienic standpoint can hardly be excelled. Attendance on the device is required only for switching in the current and for opening the cocks or taps through which the liquid is poured over the tubes. The liquid flows down the quartz tubes and streams around them in a circle in a thicknessof about' mm. The quartz 9o tubes are surrounded by porcelain jackets or shells between which and the tubes there is a space of only about .mm., in which space there is enclosed a jacket of liquid closed at the top around the quartz tube. The liquid which drips off the tubes at the lower ends of the jackets is caught by a. porcelain gutter and is discharged. at the lower end of the latter. During the process of sterilization thetemperature of the liquid rises by about 3 to 5 C. only. The nutrition value of the milkis not only maintained but it has been ascertained that the vitamines are increased by the radiation.

Special attention has been paid to the joining of the glass of the Moore tube desig nated by the reference character 11 in the accompanying drawings with the quartz of the sterilizing tubes They are therefore provided with conically ground joints. ground glass of the Moore tube should be placed over the ground quartz of the-sterilizing tube because quartz hardly expands at all, whereas glassqexpands to a greater degree when slightly heated. The joint is surrounded by mercury indicated at. vl2 in the drawing. 'Even with the ground seats 4 the ground joint would not keep tight in traversed by cold water and thus the ground mercury would omts into the tu spite of the mercury seal since the expanding glass loosens the ground joints and the ass through the ground lie. The mercury is therefore cooled, for which purpose a cooling coil 13 is provided in the mercury. This coil is joint is kept permanently tight.

The uniform distribution of the liquid over the quartz tubes is attained by delivering it around the tube in uniform ets by means of two semi-annular tubes perforated at the inner circumference. Small balls of lass located in the charging funnel ett'ect in any case a, perfectly uniform covering 03f the sterilization tube with the liquid to be sterilized.

An apparatus for carrying out my invention is illustrated by way of example in the accompanying .drawing' i In the drawing is: Fig. 1, a sectional front elevation, Fig. 2, a side elevation,

'Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section through a-portion of one of the porcelain jackets, showing the internal spiral groove of said acket 7 Fig. 4 is a longitudinal section through one of the mercury sealed joints between a Moore tube and the quartz tube over which the liquid to be treated flows,

Fig. 5 is a side elevatidn of one-of the cocks controlling the flow of the liquid to be treated over the quartz tube and the semi-annular tubes associated with said cock,

Fig. 6 is an elevation ofthe parts shown,

in Fig.25 at a right angle to Fig. 5, and

Fig. 7 is a plan view of the parts shownin Figs. 5 and 6.

in this device. The two materials cannot be united by,weld1ng.-

It is necessary that the '7. The liquid is now' caught by the porcelain tubes 8'having internal spiral surfaces (see particularly Fig. 3) and which surround the quartz tubes 6. The tubes 8 are internally gilded for the purpose of reflecting the rays. The liquid thus flows around and descends along the sterilization tubes 6. The lower turns of the quartz coils dip into a catch gutter 9 made of porcelain in which the liquid treated by radiation is collected to be discharged through the discharge pipe 10. If milk is sterilized in the apparatus it may be filled directly into bottles by means of suitable bottle filling devices or it may be caught in larger containers for further treatment.

The apparatus of my invention may be modified by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit or the ambit of myinvention and it is intended that these be covered the appended claims:

What I claim is 1. I An apparatus for sterilizing liquids by means of ultra-violet rays generated by highvoltage electric current, comprising a lon slnuous quartz tube which by being charge to an attenuated degree with an appropriate attenuated gas, known for the purpose produces in the vacuum tubepurely chemically acting ultra-violet rays, said quartz tube being connected at its ends with a. glass tube,

' similarly charged with attenuated gas and carrying the opposite electrodes of a source of high frequency current.

2. An apparatus for sterilizing li uids by means of ultra-violet rays generated y high voltage electric current, comprising a 1011 sinuous quartz tube which by being charge to an attenuated degree with an approprlate attenuated gas, known for the pur ose produces in the tube purely chemical y acting ultra-violet rays, said quartz tube being connected at its ends with a glass tube, simllarly charged with attenuated gas and carr in the opposite electrodes of a source offiig frequency current, and semi-annular tubes perforated at their inner circumferences located at the upper bends of said quartz tube for applying the liquid to'said quartz tube in such a manner that the said quartz tube is covered by a film of liquid along its entire length.

3. An apparatus for sterilizing liquids by means of ultra-violet rays generated by highvoltage electric current, comprising a lon sinuous quartz tube whichby being charge to an attenuated degree'with an appropriate attenuated gas, known for the purpose pro duces in the tube purely chemically acting ultra-violet rays, .said quartz tube being connected at its ends with a glass tube, similarly charged with attenuated gas and carrying the opposite electrodes of a source of high frequency current, and a porcelain tube 1 'surroundlng said quartz tube and provided 130 re a on its inner surface with spiral grooves to impart a rotating motion to the liquid descending around said quartz tube and to produce a closed jacket of liquid in the space between said two tubes by adhesion and to obtain a longer exposure of the liquid to the radiation.

4. An apparatus for sterilizing liquids by means of ultra-violet rays generated by highvoltage electric current, comprising a long sinuous quartz tube which by being charged to an attenuated degree with an appropriate attenuated gas, known for the purpose produces in the tube purely chemically acting ultra-violet rays, said quartz tube being connected at its ends with a glass tube, similarly charged with attenuated gas and carrying the opposite electrodes of a source of high frequency current, semi-annular tubes perforated at their inner circumference located at 'the upper bends of said quartz tube, a porcelain tube surrounding said quartz tube and provided on its inner surface with spiral grooves, a charging funnel at the upper end of said porcelain tube and small glass balls within said funnel for uniformly distributing the liquid over the surface of said quartz tube.

5. An apparatus for sterilizing liquids by means of ultra-violet rays generated by highvoltage electric current, comprising a long sinuous quartz tube which by being charged to an attenuated degree with an appropriate attenuated gas, known for the purpose produces in the tube purely chemically acting ultra-violet rays, said quartz tube being connected at its ends with a glass tube, similarly charged with attenuated gas and carrying the opposite electrodes of a source of high frequency current, semi-annular tubes perforated at their inner circumferences located at the upper end of said quartz tube, a porcelain tube surrounding said quartz tube and having its inner surface provided with spiral grooves and gilded for reflecting the rays, a charging funnel at the upper end of said porcelain tube and small glass balls within said funnel for uniformly distributing the liquid over the surface of said.

quartz tube.

6. An apparatus for sterilizing liquidsby means of ultra-violet rays generated by highvoltage electric current, comprising a long sinuous quartz tube which by being charged to an attenuated degree with an appropriate attenuated gas, known for the purpose produces in the tube purely chemically acting ultra-violet rays, said quartz tube being connected at its ends with a glass tube, similarly charged with attenuated gas and carrying the opposite electrodes of a source of high frequency current, semi-annular tubes perforated at their inner circumferences located at the upper end of said quartz tube, a porcelain tube surrounding said quartz tube and having its inner surface provided with spiral grooves andgilded for reflecting the rays, said quartz tube and said glass tube being joined by means of ground surfaces surrounded by mercury, a coil traversed by cold water for cooling said ground joint, a charging funnel at the upper end of said porcelain tube and small glass balls within said funnel for uniformly distributing the liquid over the surface of said quartz tube.

In testimony whereof my hand. a

ERNST OTTO SCHEIDT.

I have hereunto set

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2636991 *May 12, 1950Apr 28, 1953Hanovia Chemical & Mfg CoMethod and apparatus for irradiating liquids
US2935611 *Jul 26, 1957May 3, 1960Corn Products CoUltra-violet sterilization apparatus
US4141686 *Mar 24, 1977Feb 27, 1979Lewis James HDisposable liquid sterilizer unit
US5785845 *Nov 9, 1995Jul 28, 1998Colaiano; RobertWater purifying system
US6264836Jan 21, 2000Jul 24, 2001Robert M. LantisMethod and apparatus for decontaminating fluids using ultraviolet radiation
Classifications
U.S. Classification250/434, 422/24, 313/112, 277/590, 313/114, 277/930, 313/22, 250/438, 313/43, 277/602, 313/111, 313/609
International ClassificationC02F1/32
Cooperative ClassificationY10S277/93, C02F1/325
European ClassificationC02F1/32D